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Tatianah Reed SOC 310 February 3rd, 2020 Karl Marx and Max Weber are easily considered as two of sociology’s founders. Both Marx and Weber set the groundwork for major sociological ideas that modern sociologists still build on. Marxism, developed by Karl Marx, focused mainly on class conflicts as well as the capitalist system. Weberianism, developed by Max Weber, focused a lot on power, class, and status. Although they focused on similar topics, their theories and explanations were conflicting. However, both men were interested in the economy and how society finds themselves in certain economic situations. While the two sociologists shared similar views regarding this idea, their views about other topics conflicted with each other in many other aspects. One difference in views they had regarded “The Social” and how it shaped political and economic power in the contemporary era. Along with this, their differing views of the concept of “The Social” are shown through The Corporationand the contemporary organization theory; each supporting Marxist and Weberian ideas in different ways. In this essay, the specific ways in which Marx and Weber’s conceptualization of “The Social” differ will be thoroughly explained, as well as specific examples to how The Corporationand contemporary organization theory supports each sociologist’s conceptualization. Marx’s idea of “The Social” is production relationships, while Weber’s is meaningful relationships. The Corporationsupports Marx’s idea by showing the relationship between the production of material goods and the workers that produce it. This also makes its way right into contemporary organization theory, by supporting Marx with his worker
alienation idea. With Weber, on the other hand, The Corporation, supports his idea on “The Social” through presenting the motives behind large corporate decisions. For contemporary organization theory, Weber’s concept of “The Social” connects to this through his ideas of legitimacy. Marx, Weber, and the Corporation The concept of “The Social” is described as what held together social order and social status (Lievanos 2020a). Marx conceptualized this as production relationships, as his main focus in his sociological work was capitalism. Specifically, his conceptualization of “The Social'' stemmed from his idea of species being, which is the essence of humanity’s creative capacities (Lievanos 2020a). In a production relationship, humanity’s creative capacities are to be protected, or they lose themselves. Marx’s belief of alienated labor falls right into this as well.