e-Broschure-Wurde-Pflanze-2008

e-Broschure-Wurde-Pflanze-2008 - The dignity of living...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: The dignity of living beings with regard to plants Moral consideration of plants for their own sake Federal Ethics Committee on Non-Human Biotechnology (ECNH) 1 Starting point of the discussion 3 1.1 Legislative context 3 1.2 Preliminary remarks on the ethical discussion 3 2 Notes on the decision tree 7 2.1. What counts morally for its own sake: the collective, the species or the individual? 8 2.1.1 Plant collectives 8 2.1.2 Species 11 2.1.3 Individual 12 2.2 Possible positions for a moral consideration of plants for their own sake 14 2.2.1 Pathocentrism: plants count because they are able to experience something in some way as good or bad, and therefore have their own interests 14 2.2.2 Plants count, because they have a good of their own and therefore something can be «in their interest», or because they are alive 17 2.3 What has a good of its own, or its own interests? 18 2.4 What weight do the interests of plants have in comparison with the same interests of other organisms? 19 3 Conclusions on handling plants 20 3 1.1 Legislative context The Federal Constitution has three forms of protection for plants: the pro- tection of biodiversity, species protec- tion, and the duty to take the dignity of living beings into consideration when handling plants. The constitutional term «living beings» encompasses animals, plants and other organisms. At legislative level, the Gene Technol- ogy Act limits the scope of the term to animals and plants. Previous discus- sion within constitutional law relates the term Würde der Kreatur («dignity of living beings») to the value of the individual organism for its own sake. Since its establishment by the Fed- eral Council in April 1998, the ECNH has been expected to make proposals from an ethical perspective to concre- tise the constitutional term dignity of living beings with regard to plants. Al- though previous discussion of Würde der Kreatur was marked by the context of the legal interpretation of the con- stitution an ethical discussion should be carried out independently of this. 1 Starting point of the discussion 1.2 Preliminary remarks on the ethical discussion In preparation for this ethical discus- sion, in 2004 the ECNH commissioned a literature review by Prof. Jürg Stöck- lin (Botanical Institute of the University of Basel). It has since been published as «Die Pflanze. Moderne Konzepte der Biologie» in the series «Beiträge zur Ethik and Biotechnologie». 1 Flori- anne Koechlin, biologist and member of the ECNH, supported this study by carrying out four interviews with Prof. Bernhard Schmid (Head of the Institut für Umweltwissenschaften at the Uni- versity of Zurich), Prof. Thomas Boller (Botanical Institute of the University of Basel), Prof. Ted Turlings (Laboratoire d’écologie et d’entomologie, Institute of Zoology, University of Neuchâtel), and Prof. Frederick Meins (Friedrich Miescher Institute, Basel). Between 2003 and 2006 the ECNH heard from several other external experts from...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 12/25/2009 for the course ENV S 188 taught by Professor Mcginnis during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

Page1 / 24

e-Broschure-Wurde-Pflanze-2008 - The dignity of living...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online