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Unformatted text preview: Page 1 Lecture Outline Issues: (a) Is visual memory special? (b) Theories of visual memory (c) How is spatial info represented? 1. Introduction 2. Special status of visual information Quantity of info, extraordinary subjects, picture memory, exceptions 3. Hypothesis: Superior visual code 4. Hypothesis: Dual code 5. Cognitive maps & spatial information Evidence for cognitive maps, distortions of shape /position and distance Examples German shepard s ears, Snoopy s ears Christmas tree vs. frozen pea Windows in your living room Did George Washington have a beard? Rotate uppercase n 90 degrees clockwise Seattle vs. Montreal Example: Extraordinary Imagery Toscanini said to have over 250 symphonies in memory Illustrative quote from Marek Visual Memory is Special Remember much more visual information than non-visual information Extraordinary subjects: Talmudic scholars Shepard (1967): 612 pictures Standing et al. (1970): 2560 pictures Standing (1973): 10,000 pictures ... 1,000,000? Page 2...
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- Fall '08
- Cognitive Psychology