L13Episodic.6slides - One night he saw Jupiter, and to his...

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Memory Long-term memory Working memory Sensory memory Explicit memory Implicit memory Semantic memory Episodic memory 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 Number of ideas from original sentences 4 3 2 1 Very sure old Very sure New Old sentences New sentences Rating There is an interesting story about the telescope. In Holland, a man named Lippershey was an eye-glass maker. One day his children were playing with some lenses. They discovered that things seemed very close if two lenses were held about a foot apart. Lippershey began experimenting and his “spyglass” attracted much attention. He sent a letter to Galileo, the great Italian scientist. Galileo at once realized the importance of the discovery and set about to build an instrument of his own. He used an old organ pipe with one lens curved out and the other in. On the first clear night he pointed the glass toward the sky. He was amazed to find the empty dark spaces filled with gleaming stars! Night after night Galileo climbed to a high tower, sweeping the sky with his telescope.
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Unformatted text preview: One night he saw Jupiter, and to his great surprise discovered near it three bright stars. 100 90 80 70 60 50 Semantic Syntactic Order Identical % Correct Sachs (1967) # of syllables between sentence and test 0 80 160 "The reproduction [referring to a recall protocol] is a beautiful illustration of a strong tendency to rationalize, common to all my subjects. Whenever anything appeared incomprehensible or [odd], it was either omitted or explained. Rather rarely this rationalization was the effect of a conscious effort. More often it was effected apparently unwittingly, the subject transforming his original without suspecting what he was doing wrong." Remembering is not the re-excitation of innumerable fixed, lifeless and fragmentary traces. It is an imaginative. ..construction, built out of the relation of our attitude towards a whole active mass of organized past reactions or experience. It is thus hardly ever really exact. -- Bartlett (1932)...
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L13Episodic.6slides - One night he saw Jupiter, and to his...

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