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Unformatted text preview: 1 Page 1 1 Issues: (a) How is language structured? (b) Language comprehension (c) Language in the brain 1. Language Taxonomy Hierarchical taxonomy of language Phonemes, morphemes, words, phrases, sentences 2. Phrase Structure Surface structure vs. deep structure 3. Language comprehension Lexical access & context effects Recovering deep structure Actives vs. passives 4. Language and the Brain Brocas aphasia, Wernickes aphasia 2 Complicated sentences can be comprehensible Daddy, what did you bring that book that I dont want to be read to out of up for? Simple sentences can be incomprehensible The horse raced past the barn fell. 3 Production Idea Sentence Words Coordinated Vocal articulation Sounds Comprehension Sounds Words Phrases/Sentences Ideas People communicate Ideas by constructing and deconstructing arbitrary intermediate sounds (language). 4 5 Smallest unit of speech sound Around 40 in English Range from 11 to around 60 across languages (Out of 100 total) Different phonemes in different languages L vs. R in Japanese Tonal differences (Chinese) clucking sound (Xhosa - South Africa) Rules of order Fpibs not okay Pritos okay Tlitos not okay 6 Smallest unit that signals meaning prefixes, suffixes, roots (-ed, -s, syn-) Can be entire words 50-80,000 morphemes...
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- Fall '08
- Cognitive Psychology