353Bonding_AttachmentLec3outline

353Bonding_AttachmentLec3outline - Bonding and Attachment...

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Bonding and Attachment
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Parent Infant Bonding: Klaus and Kennel: neonatologists caring for premature and high risk infants Found that patients whose newborns were hospitalized in ICU nurseries often had a difficult time relating once the infant was out of the hospital
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Also showed a higher incidence than expected for physical abuse and failure to thrive. Began to study the process of attachment between all newborns and their parents.
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Klaus and Kennel definitions of terms as they use them in their research Bonding: the emotional tie from parent to infant
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Sensitive periods: a period of time for infant contact in the first minutes, hours, days which may alter parents’ later behavior with infant Critical period:
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Caretaker bonding correlated with infant survival; power of attachment allows for self-sacrifice in meeting infant’s needs. Measuring bonding presents a challenge. Look at aspects of maternal care behavior
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Control group had normal routine, glimpse at birth, id at 6-12 hrs, 20-30 minutes every 4 hours Experimental group: 1 hour extra contact at birth; 5 hours each day
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Mothers who had greater contact showed more soothing, fondling, eye contact at one month and one year At two years used more words, fewer imperatives
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1972-1982 17 studies done on the effects of separating babies 13 dealt with first hour. Swedish study showed extra 15 minutes at birth:
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Possible reasons for the impact of first hour contact
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McFarlane research (97 English mothers): When did you first feel love for your baby?
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Breastfeeding studies: early contact with rooming in are associated with more successful breastfeeding; longer duration Brazelton: nursing support/education about newborn abilities; (turning to mother’s voice) led to more appropriate interaction at 3-4 months of age
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Segal found that factors such as mother’s economic status, race, housing, education and # of previous children and age also had significant effects on the relationship with the baby
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This note was uploaded on 12/26/2009 for the course PSYCH 353 taught by Professor Gaer during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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353Bonding_AttachmentLec3outline - Bonding and Attachment...

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