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353F09peer Relationshipsoutline

353F09peer Relationshipsoutline - Peer Relationships...

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Peer Relationships
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Development of Peer Relationships True social behavior evident after 1 st few months of life. Belief now that friendships can develop during the first year of life. Can also be enduring Simple interactive stage—respond and try to regulate other peer behavior Complimentary interactive: continuity of exchange, increasingly complex during 2 nd yr of life.
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Children and Play Parten: steps to play/sociability 1. nonsocial activity: 2. parallel play: 3. associative play: 4. cooperative play:
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Children’s play
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Function of Peers Peers as Companions: Intimacy and Affection:
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Peers as Support and Reinforcers: provide time, resources, guidance, encouragement and feedback. Marked tendency for gender specific reinforcement Reciprocity: reinforce those who reinforced us Aggressive responses continue if recipient is submissive, end if not tolerated
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Peers as models-social comparison: More likely to imitate warm, competent behaviors and from peers who are more similar More likely to model behaviors seen reinforced Children like being imitated by “high status” peers
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Children as young as 3-5 differentiate “attractive/unattractive” and judge based on these attributions Rate attractive peers Unattractive children viewed Children with physical handicaps
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