353postChildrenwithDisabilitiesLecture12

353postChildrenwithDisabilitiesLecture12 - Children with...

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Children with Special Needs
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Children with special needs Parental expectations and adaptation Types of disabilities, handicaps Social, emotional and cognitive implications Historical/cultural variations Sibling relationships Peer relationships Social Competence of Siblings and Peers
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Parents who give birth to a child with a disability often experience strong emotions Denial, pain, guilt and sense of loss are often expressed
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Parents are encouraged to treat the child as normally as possible and to begin early intervention services Ask questions and get informed ( www.our-kids.org ) Be aware of the energy it takes to parent a child with special needs. Realize strength and get support
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Specific stressors on the family/system
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Developmentally Handicapped Children encompass several components (Jones) Mental Retardation and Developmentally Delayed describe various levels of abilities and functions Sensory and Motor Challenges:
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Low tolerance of frustration: Poor self-concept: Short attention span:
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Concrete thinking: unable to generalize, see relationships Social Relationships limited:
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Cerebral Palsy: Chronic conditions affecting body movement and muscle coordination; Caused by faulty development or damage to the motor areas of the brain Effects may include: inability to fully control motor function; muscle tightness or spasticity; disturbance in gait or mobility; difficulty swallowing, problems with speech.
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May include perceptual difficulties; impairment in speech, hearing or seizures; mental retardation, difficulties with feeding, bladder and bowel control, breathing difficulties Treatment/management issues. Technology advancements for children with no cognitive impairments key.
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