353postGender and Developmentlecture

353postGender and Developmentlecture - Gender and...

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Gender and Development
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Sex-Role/Gender Role: attitudes, self- concepts, conduct expected of a person in a given society based on his/her sex/gender. Expectations differ in terms of norms, beliefs, institutions Socialization is multiply determined and influenced
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Issues of establishing biological sex/gender Chromosomal: Gonadal (sex organs): Hormones are present in both: males have more androgens, females more estrogens. Levels appear to have some influence on brain organization/behavior
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Morphologic: Gender Identity:
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Historic bias regarding gender roles attributed to evolutionary reality that women bore/raised children and men were masters of their destiny out foraging.
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Gender bias in occupations: some greater flexibility, but still see “illusory correlation” present Male: Females:
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A child’s earliest notion of male/female comes from parents. Parents treat, dress and give differentiated toys and expect different behaviors from sons and daughters.
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One study had ratings based solely on gender. Looked at one-day old infants matched on weight, length and APGAR scores. Daughters rated as Sons rated as
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Developmental Vulnerabilities: from conception boys more vulnerable; increased sensitivity to disease in utero; more likely to have developmental problems (mr; adhd)
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