353postRoleofParentsLecture4

353postRoleofParentsLecture4 - Parenting The Role of...

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Parenting: The Role of Mothers and Fathers
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Does parenting matter? Bi-directionality: a set of interactive processes whereby parents and children react to each other/influence each other
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Mothers and Fathers Industrialization led to long hours away from home/fields. Increased role differentiation—fathers seen more as economic providers than socializers/trainers Scholars promoted “women” natural caregiver given lactation
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Psychology as a science focused on maternal influence on development; All major theories emphasize maternal role 1960’s began to see some changes in research emphasis noted below
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1. Attachment /Bonding literature led to question whether fathers had a role in socialization –results indicated strong relationship. 2. Shift in family structure which often resulted in a change in father-child relationship. Research on father absence, or father’s role when the mother was unavailable (surrogate caretaker)
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3. Fathers became more active and vocal in their wishes/desires to be integral figures in their children’s life. 4. Although full-time and working mothers spend more time with their children, direct interaction seems less frequent than expected. Presence may involve cooking, reading, parallel activities.
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5. Amount of time spent not direct correspondence to influence 6. Infants are not passive recipients. Can distinguish mother/father and elicit different behaviors
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