353PostSchoolsLecture13

353PostSchoolsLecture13 - The Schools The School as a...

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Unformatted text preview: The Schools The School as a socializing agent Compulsory education leads to direct supervision by non-relatives with significant influence Promotes loyalty beyond the family School serves as a form of political socialization; Wasburn notes 5 main messages Nationality: Political authority: Citizenship: Information worth knowing: Democratic values: Schools teach cognitive skills: reading, writing and arithmetic General skills of paying attention, sitting quietly, working together and finishing tasks Transmits dominant goals and values Many cultures like China and Russia & US stress instruction on things such as: patriotism, national history, obedience, diligence, personal cleanliness, physical fitness, language usage. Sorting and sifting agency: select for upward mobility; early academic success does not assure success, but early academic failure predicts longer term academic failure (Temple and Polk) Hidden Curriculum: cope with interpersonal situations, learn to wait turns, cant always get a turn, learn to censure or ignore distractions; learn to cope with evaluation Quotes from 1 st grade classroom: Anthroplogist Sieber Brint, Contreras and Matthews (2001) looked at Socialization Messages in Primary Schools Divided into 4 categories 1. Values connected to work performance; (orderliness and industriousness) 2. Values connected to interaction between self and others (self-control and respect for others) 1. Traditional Virtues such as honesty, fairness and reliability 1. Modern Values such as appreciation of cultural diversity and individual uniqueness Interviews with principals and teachers; review of curricular materials and observations at the schools Data collected from 2 nd and 5 th grades; 60 public schools, 4 private schools 5 levels of classroom and school organization serving a socialization function 1. teacher initiated interaction/class rules 2. subject-matter curriculum 3. routine practices in classroom activities 4. students participation in co-curricular programs 5. public space in visual displays, oral and verbal rituals The great majority of teacher initiated classroom interactions involved messages about orderliness and effort. Efforts to quiet students, keep from asking questions without recognition, redirect attention Second were messages about work effort: staying on task finish up on time, work faster. I dont see XXX working Next most common messages were related to regulation of self and relation to others Help students control impulses that allow them to work with others, as well as learn to make choices for themselves to problem solve....
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353PostSchoolsLecture13 - The Schools The School as a...

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