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350Prehistory&Shang (2.1) F'09

350Prehistory&Shang (2.1) F'09 - Pre-history and Shang...

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Pre-history and Shang Civilization
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Early Hominids 1. Early Homo Erectus (teeth found) 2. Peking Man: discovered 1920s Homo erectus No agriculture Not ancestor of Modern Chinese 3. Homo sapiens All from Africa
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Neolithic age 10,000 B.C. - Yangshao culture Agriculture loess land, shifting; millet, wheat, hemp Sericulture ( how make?) Pottery (no potter’s wheel) red and black
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Yang Shao Pottery
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Longshan Culture Fixed agriculture, animals Warfare Divination by scapulimancy Wheel-made pottery Shapes similar to Bronze Age vessels of Shang
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Written Records (Mythology vs History) Culture Heroes Fu Xi r ° (Ox-tamer) Shen Nong r° (Divine Farmer) Huang Di r° (Yellow Lord) Sericulture, writing
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Sage Rulers 1. Yao r (Calendar) 2. Shun r (Filial) 3. Yü the Great r ° (water control) Xia dynasty r (hereditary succession) Bad last ruler (Mandate of Heaven) Themes: Qualification of ruler vs. Primogeniture Filial Piety Water control
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