Legalism (6.1A) F'09

Legalism (6.1A) F'09 - Legalism e Han Feizi d 233 B.C and...

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Legalism Han Feizi e d. 233 B.C. and the rise of the State of Qin e (Ch’in)
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Opposite of Confucianism Actually practiced First Emperor (Qin Shihuang/Ch’in Shih- huang) Clear laws, harsh punishments Bureaucratic centralization, strong government Influences China to this day (see Reader article)
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Han Feizi (Han Fei Tzu) Synthesized earlier thought: Lord Shang, (Shang Yang) Prime Minister of Qin (Ch’in) 361-338 fa e Law (harsh punishments) Shen Buhai (Shen Pu-hai) d. 337 Prime Minister of Han shu e Statecraft (manage officials) (Chan, p. 255, Ebrey p. 51)
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Han Fei Tzu: Life Prince of Han Nobleman (only one of philosophers) Studied with Xunzi (Hsün Tzu) [human nature =?] Together with Li Si (d. 208, PM of Qin) Stuttered, not listened to Wrote book Ignored by Han king Adopted by Li Si, Prime Minister of Qin 234 Qin attacks Han Han Fei sent as envoy -> hostage Li Si forces suicide in 233 B.C.
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Warring States 481-221 B. C.
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The Han Feizi 55 chapters Clear, concise Handbook for ruler
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1. Rejects Past Chan 252-3 (Opening) Can’t know Yao and Shun; 2,000 years ago; cannot bring them “back to life” Is “stupidity and perjury” Rabbit story (de Bary, 201, Reader) Man from Song watches stump, waits for rabbit (shouzhu daitu e ) Must base policies on present needs
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The Quiz 1.Do you regard learning as an activity that morally transforms the individual? Yes
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Legalism (6.1A) F'09 - Legalism e Han Feizi d 233 B.C and...

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