Rise of Modern China (14.1) F'09

Rise of Modern China (14.1) F'09 - The Rise of Modern China...

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Unformatted text preview: The Rise of Modern China Ming to PRC today (!) Themes (Also see Disc Ques 11) 1. Foreign treatment of China-> lasting distrust 2. Conditions for rise of Communist Party (CCP) 3. Role of Intellectuals Sense of responsibility for government 4. Anti-tradition vs. influence of tradition Ming Dynasty 1368-1644 Problem of Mongols Rebuild Great Wall in stone Porcelain, Blue and White See Ebrey 218-219 Build Forbidden City in Beijing Qing Dynasty 1644-1911 Manchus Manchu women did not bind feet All men Manchu haircut (see Crouching Tiger movie) Use Chinese bureaucracy Promote Confucianism More Chinese than the Chinese 1700 Height of Chinese Civilization before decline and encounter with West A. Encounter with West British Expansion Want trade 1793 Macartney Mission Qianlong Emperor to Macartney: We possess all things. I set no value on objects strange or ingenious, and have no use for your countrys manufactures. British want Chinese silk, porcelain, TEA TEA TEA Only grown in China (only in 1820s smuggle plants to India) Becomes British craze, national drink (to this day) Must pay in silver (1780 16 mil ounces of silver into China) 1/10 of British gov. revenues from tea N.b. U.S. Boston Tea Party 1773 =Chinese tea (Americans refused British tariffs) OPIUM British must find product Chinese would buy Smuggle in opium to pay for tea 1820 9 mil ounces of silver out of China Switch in balance of payments Traders push for war William Jardine, of Jardine Matheson (Cambridge Univ. Library archives) Opium War 1840-42 Force Chinese to allow trade (in Opium) (Think if Cali cartel did that to the US!)(Think if Cali cartel did that to the US!...
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Rise of Modern China (14.1) F'09 - The Rise of Modern China...

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