Taoism1 Laozi (5.1) F'09

Taoism1 Laozi (5.1) F'09 - Taoism/Daoism Lao Tzu and the...

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Unformatted text preview: Taoism/Daoism Lao Tzu and the Tao-te ching The Vinegar Tasters (The Tao of Pooh p. 2) Confucius = ? Buddha = ? Lao Tzu = ? Taoists: Enjoy life, dont take too seriously Spontaneity, instinct, go with flow Philosophic vs. Religious Taoism Religious Taoism later Deities, immortals, temples Quest for immortality Elixirs, alchemy Will discuss after midterm Philosophic Taoism: 2 Texts 1. Tao-te ching a & & (Daodejing) or the Lao Tzu a & (Laozi ) 2. The Chuang Tzu a & (Zhuangzi ) Laozi and the Daodejing The Daodejing a & & Classic of the Way and Its Power Short, only 5,000 characters, but influential Meaning obscure but profound Poetic, appeals to non-rational, intuition 2 sections: Tao a and Te a (Dao, De: Way, Power) or Te and Tao (Dedaojing ) 81 Chapters (short, verse) Purposive vs. Contemplative Lao Tzu (Laozi) a & Old One, Old Philosopher Reputed ca. 600 B.C.; legendary? Text written later, ca. 300 B.C. (refs to Menciuss thought) But philosophy around earlier The Tao (Dao) = The Way a Compare to Confucian Way (Disc Ques) Nature, Cosmos, Universe Not imposed, ethical precept Away from all human artifice, not practiced Always prevails Understand through mystical intuition You can only surrender to it! The Dao The Way that can be spoken of is not the constant Way The name that can be named is not the constant name. The nameless is the beginning of Heaven and Earth; The named is the mother of all things.-- Laozi , Chap. 1 The Way Chap 4 (Chan,141) Tao is empty It may be used but its capacity is never exhausted Chap 18 (Chan, 148) When the great Tao declined, The doctrines of humanity (jen ) and righteousness (i ) arose....
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Taoism1 Laozi (5.1) F'09 - Taoism/Daoism Lao Tzu and the...

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