Taoism in Action (8.2) F'09

Taoism in Action (8.2) F'09 - Daoism in Action Six...

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Daoism in Action Six Dynasties (220-589) Religious Daoism 8.2
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Political Background Han dynasty 206 B.C.E. – 220 C. E. 220 C.E. End of Han dynasty Problems: Huge estates grow: no tax Peasants become landless serfs Much slavery: master can execute, etc. Private armies
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Political disunity: Big Mess China breaks into different states Three Kingdoms (220-265) [Ebrey p. 87 map] Wei: in North (poet-general Cao Cao) Wu: in South Shu: in West (Sichuan) No state can assert central control North and South Split
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Period of Disunion 220-589 North: Non-Chinese people control Xiongnu (Huns) [329-352] Xianbei (proto-Mongols) [352-370] Tibetans [351-394] Toba Wei (Turks) [386-534] South: Chinese aristocrats High culture, style, court intrigue
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2 New Religions take hold 1. Religious Daoism (Taoism) 2. Buddhism (next week) Confucianism discredited: associated with strong central state (but people see need for that) Time of change, new ideas
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Apply Daoism to Life (General) Live happy, carefree life Away form politics (Zhuangzi) Unconventional, spontaneous Nurture health, attain immortality Reclusion in time of disorder Great art: landscape painting, poetry
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Vinegar Tasters: Confucius, Buddha, and Laozi
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Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove “Pure talk” (no politics)
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All great poets Unconventional, spontaneous
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Non-conformity Indulging desires and pleasures of the body (Ruan Ji, a nudist; “house is my trousers”) Reject rites and conventions Confucians denounced (Xi Kang executed) Free mind and body: poetry, sex Sharpen imagination, philosophical wit
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Taoism in Action (8.2) F'09 - Daoism in Action Six...

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