Women & Confucianism (4.2B) F'09

Women & Confucianism (4.2B) F'09 - concubines...

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Women and Confucianism
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Early Attitudes Analects 17:25 (Chan, 47) only 1 ref. “Women and servants are hard to deal with. If you are familiar with them, they cease to be humble. If you keep a distance from them, they resent it.” Book of Songs (Ebrey, 34) “Clever men build cities, Clever women topple them… Disorder is produced by women”
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Roles for Women Ideals vs. Reality Complement males Manage Household Food Clothes, spinning and weaving Sacrifices: need principal wife Raise children: Education! Responsible for moral upbringing. (pressure)
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Mother of Mencius
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Ideal vs. Reality 3 Obediences (ideal) To Father To Husband To Son Filial Piety (reality) Authority of Mothers
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Empress Lü of Han Set up puppet ruler and ruled under his name, 187-180 B. C.
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Empress Wu Zetian (Tse-tien) of Tang, dominated court from 655-705
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Feng Yen (In Reader) What image does he provide?
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Feng Yen (In Reader) Wife dominates home Principal wife is mistress over
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Unformatted text preview: concubines Divorce: woman keeps dowry Influence of natal family Outside connections (Magistrate Cheng) Informal power Ban Zhao A.D. 48-116 Admonitions for Women (N Jie o &) Highly Educated Court historian Text advocates subordination and complementarity Instructions for daughter at marriage Submission (place baby below bed, husband control wife) Labor in house (spindle) Ancestral sacrifices Yin Yang (yielding vs. firmness) conjugal love Education for both boys and girls Womanly virtue, speech, appearance, work Compare Funerary Inscription (BB) By Zhu Xi (1130-1300) Describes Confucian woman Highly Educated; instructed children Needlework, writing Family sacrifices Serves mother-in-law (20 yrs. no sit down) Pays for funeral with dowry Matched husband, he conferred with Much informal power...
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Women & Confucianism (4.2B) F'09 - concubines...

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