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1933-39: emigration; policies unorganized; tried all kinds of policies to make life hardfor Jews and see if they would just leave on their own.1938: acceleration in Nazi policies; Kristallnacht: final reminder that Jews were notwanted in Germany; first time Jews got sent to concentration camps because theywere Jews; coerced emigration1939-41: Nazi invasion of Poland marks a shift in Nazi policy; emigration almostimpossible now; ghettolization with Jewish councils (Judenrat; leaders such asCzerniakow of the Warsaw Ghetto, who committed suicide; or Rumkowski, dictatorwho tried to let the Lodz Ghetto outlive the Nazis and almost succeeded) [movie: ADay in the Warsaw Ghetto]; also at this point, Nazis thinking what they should dowith the Jews ultimately, e.g. Madagascar plan, Lublin plan, etc. (no consensus yet)1941-45: invasion of Russia (June) -> final solution (decision made by Oct. 1941);Jewish armed resistance emerged (never an activity before final solution stage)1933-34Nazi policy was fairly moderate, not wishing to scare off voters or moderately-minded politicians.Also, at this point Hitler first sought for communists (immediate threat), not Jews(long-term threat in his eyes).Tens of thousands of Jews fled to other European countries in 1933 as Hitler came topower, but at this point Nazi goals are still unclear to most people.1933 AprilJewish businesses were boycotted. (but boycotts failed)Jews were also banned from government jobs.