This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Part A Some terms: Anti-Semitism: coined in 1873 by Wilhelm Marr in a pamphlet. Enlightenment: basically throughout the 18 th c. Romanticism: late 18 th c. early 19 th c. - if referring to music specifically: 1820s - 1900 Karl Marx: 1818-1883- Born to parents who had been Jewish for a long time, but later his father got baptized, and Marx was baptized when he was six. - Cofounder of Marxism (with Engels)- Ideas not really heard of during his life time.- Marxism didnt get many peoples attention until after Marxs death- Some tried interpreting Marxs work and concluded that Marx regarded Jews as the embodiment of capitalism and the creators of its evils, and that Marx was embarrassed of his Jewish background. But some others say this is nonsense. Adolf Hitler (1889-1945): dates - joined the Nazi Party (DAP) in 1919 - became leader in 1921- Beer Hall Putsch 1923- Mein Kampf published 1925- Appointed chancellor 1933 and remained at the position till 1945- Head of state (Fuhrer) 1934 - 1945 Jewry in Music, 1850 Author Richard Wagner (1813-1883) Purpose Wagner attacks / accuses Jews of being evil, inartistic, and unwanted. Historical Context Richard Wagner is a 19 th century composer, living during the Romantic Era of the music field and also a time when a few Jewish figures in the fields of arts and literature became notable in Germany. These figures include composer Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847, so when Wagner wrote this essay, Mendelssohn already died), lyric poet Heinrich Heine (Germanys most famous...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 12/26/2009 for the course JS 211g at USC.