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ES 11_2_09 GMO - Genetically Modified Food Genetic...

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Genetically Modified Food ”Genetic Modification” (GM) Use special technology to alter the genetic makeup of animals, plants, or bacteria "genetically modified," "genetically engineered," or "transgenic” Recombinant DNA technology Combining genes from different organisms or altering organisms own DNA – Examples: Bt corn produces own pesticide - gene from Bt bacteria Roundup Ready Soybeans resist Roundup herbicide - altered soybean’s genes GM salmon - grows faster and survives cold water - genes from other fish species Biotechnology (not always GM) More general term Use living organisms or their components, such as enzymes, to make products that include wine, cheese, beer, and yogurt Examples: Genetically modified bacteria produce an enzyme that separates milk to help make cheese used to use rennet from a young calf’s stomach lining to get this enzyme Malolactic bacteria is added to wine during fermentation; smoother and less acidic taste No genetic modification here
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