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Carl Gauss - JOHANN CARL FRIEDRICH GAUSS(1777-1855 German...

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(JOHANN) CARL FRIEDRICH GAUSS (1777-1855) German mathematician and scientist, to whom history has accorded a place with Archimedes and Newton as one of the three greatest mathematicians of all time, are frequently called the founder of modern mathematics. The importance of his work in astronomy and physics is scarcely less than that in mathematics. His full stature became known only in the 20th century since many of his discoveries were published long after his death. During his lifetime he published 155 titles. He was born at Brunswick, April 30, 1777, and died at Gottingen, Feb. 23, 1855. Gauss was of Nether-Saxon peasant origin. Many anecdotes refer to his prodigious precocity, particularly in mental computation. As an old man he said facetiously that he could count before he could talk. In elementary school he soon impressed his teacher, who is said to have convinced Gauss’s father that the son should not learn a trade, but
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follow a learned profession. In secondary school, after 1788, he rapidly distinguished himself in ancient languages and mathematics. At the age of 14 Gauss was presented to the Duke of Brunswick at court, where he was permitted to exhibit his computing skill. On this occasion he was given several mathematical textbooks. Until his death in 1806 the duke generously supported Gauss. Gauss conceived almost all his fundamental mathematical discoveries between the ages of 14 and 17. In 1791 he gave attention to the arithmetic-geometric mean. Gauss now manifested his outstanding trait of critical analysis and thus began to do creative work. He called this acuteness the rigor antiques. In 1792,
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