(JOHANN) CARL FRIEDRICH GAUSS (17771855)
German mathematician and scientist, to whom history has accorded a
place with Archimedes and Newton as one of the three greatest
mathematicians of all time, are frequently called the founder of modern
mathematics. The importance of his work in astronomy and physics is
scarcely less than that in mathematics. His full stature became known
only in the 20th century since many of his discoveries were published
long after his death. During his lifetime he published 155 titles.
He was born at Brunswick, April 30, 1777, and died at Gottingen, Feb.
23, 1855. Gauss was of NetherSaxon peasant origin. Many anecdotes
refer to his prodigious precocity, particularly in mental computation. As
an old man he said facetiously that he could count before he could talk.
In elementary school he soon impressed his teacher, who is said to have
convinced Gauss’s father that the son should not learn a trade, but
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follow a learned profession. In secondary school, after 1788, he rapidly
distinguished himself in ancient languages and mathematics.
At the age of 14 Gauss was presented to the Duke of Brunswick at
court, where he was permitted to exhibit his computing skill. On this
occasion he was given several mathematical textbooks. Until his death
in 1806 the duke generously supported Gauss. Gauss conceived almost
all his fundamental mathematical discoveries between the ages of 14
and 17.
In 1791 he gave attention to the arithmeticgeometric mean. Gauss now
manifested his outstanding trait of critical analysis and thus began to
do creative work. He called this acuteness the rigor antiques. In 1792,
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 Spring '09
 lee
 Physics, Carl Friedrich Gauss

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