libautdev - The main feature in the last 25 years has been...

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aspect of libraries. 25 years ago library catalogue automation followed by integrated library automation systems were just being introduced. Alongside, in the early 1980s before the period we are looking at, it was possible to dial up databases such as the British Library’s BLAISE database or the US National Library of Medicine’s Medline. But these facilities required good phone lines and were not available outside western Europe and the United States. In the early 1990’s catalogues began to be accessible on the internet but were not web-based and required the catalogue software to be run interactively across the internet using various different protocols. By the end of the decade, true web-based catalogues using the power of hypertext were available. Libraries began to include in their catalogues digital resources internally held and externally held (predominantly external). MARC formats included a field 856 which is used to link to an external resource by means of a URL (the internet address). Subscriptions were possible to electronic resources. Digital library software became available and UNESCO encouraged its implementation in developing countries by making Greenstone available free-of-charge, a digital library software package developed at Waikatu in New Zealand. Links could be made from a library catalogue to material in such a digital library. The Soros Foundation set up eIFL (Electronic Information for Libraries) with the aim of creating national purchasing consortia (Derek Law. Bridging the digital divide: a review of current progress Library management 25 (2004) 1 / 2 pp 17-21. They have since become involved in supporting other activities such as promoting library automation systems, mindful of the fact that without a catalogue of print and digital materials the library user cannot easily find out what is accessible. eIFL supported the European Union funded project to implement Newgenlib in Aleppo and Homs university libraries alongside providing them with licenses at a reasonable price to access electronic resources. . Marshall Breeding keeps records of as many library automation packages and the sites where they are used as he can find the information. He publishes the results each year in Library Journal. The latest was published on the web in January 2009. He reviews the market as well as providing statistics about library automation suppliers. This is a useful guide to make comparisons with developing countries. Unfortuantely in his tables he makes only the distinction between the US and the rest of the world. Open Source is increasing mainly provided by third parties. Equinox provides support for the
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This note was uploaded on 12/29/2009 for the course IWBL WBS4845 taught by Professor Mehmetali during the Fall '09 term at Middlesex UK.

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libautdev - The main feature in the last 25 years has been...

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