Chap006_ProblemSolvingCreativity_s

Chap006_ProblemSolvingCreativity_s - Chapter 6 Part 2...

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Chapter 6 – Part 2 Problem solving & creativity Melody Chao, Fall 2009
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Learning objective 3 approaches in understanding human rationality Problem solving Some shortcomings: Escalation of commitment Overconfidence Creativity
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Problem Solving Introduction What is a problem? Four elements of a problem : 1.Initiate state 1.Operations 1.Limits of operations 1.Final state (goal)
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Four elements of a problem : Initiate state Operations Limits of operations Final state (goal) Task 1
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Problem Solving Common strategies in problem solving Trials and errors May be used for initial stages of problem solving May be useful if movements or the steps are reversible But it is NOT always feasible
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Problem Solving Common strategies in problem solving State Space Analysis 1. List all possible states… 2. You can always find the solution Best for well-defined problems… But maybe quite time consuming
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Water-lily problem Water lilies double in area every 24 hours . Task 2
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A B C Task 3
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Obstacles from Past experience Mind Set Set up expectation influence our interpretation & responses
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How do set effect affect the strategy we use in solving “real” problems?
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Set effects The Three Kingdoms ( ) Zhuge Liang ( ) The story of arrow-borrowing ( ) Mission Impossible! He has agreed to “make” 100,000 arrows in 3 days Which was IMPOSSIBLE given the He then “made” 100,000 arrows by … …
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Set effects He then “made” 100,000 arrows by… 1. sending 20 boats to the enemy ( Cao Cao’s; ) camp under a dense fog, with fake soldiers (made by bundles of grass) standing on the boats.
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Set effects He then “made” 100,000 arrows by… 2. the boats pretended to attack the enemy; under dense fog, the enemy just defended by shooting arrows 3. each boat collected about 5000-6000 arrows mission accomplished!
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Ready to solve more problem? Group discussion…
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How to save a life…. Suppose a patient has an inoperable stomach tumor. There are certain rays which can destroy this tumor if their intensity is large enough. At this intensity, however, the rays will also destroy the healthy tissue which surrounds the tumor (e.g., the stomach walls, the abdominal muscles, and so on). How can one destroy the tumor, without damaging the healthy tissue, through which the rays must travel on their way? Discuss your solutions…
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How to save a life…. A fortress
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Chap006_ProblemSolvingCreativity_s - Chapter 6 Part 2...

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