GOV 2306 Test 1 - UNIT 1 THE CONTEXT FOR TEXAS POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT 1 How has Texas changed politically socially and economically since World

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UNIT 1 THE CONTEXT FOR TEXAS POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT 1. How has Texas changed politically, socially, and economically since World War II? 2. Discuss the changing Texas population and the effects on and implications for Texas government and politics. 3. What are the main elements of the Texan Creed, and how has each shaped Texas government and politics? 4. Identify the major ideologies in Texas and their characteristics? Compare and contrast liberals and conservatives on their philosophy of government and their stands on the major issues of today. 5. What is the nature of income distribution in Texas, and why does Texas ranks among the most unequal states? The Context for Texas Politics and Government INTRODUCTION I am forced to conclude that God made Texas on his day off, for pure entertainment, just to prove that all that diversity could be crammed into one section of earth . - Author Mary Lasswell Texas is neither southern nor western, Texas is Texas. - Senator William Blackley Wide open spaces, oil wells, longhorn cattle, pickup trucks, country music, cowboy boots, barbecue, the Alamo, armadillos, chili cook-offs, the Dallas Cowboys, “Texas twang”: these are images that come to mind for most Americans when they think of Texas. This chapter will explore the people and the land that have shaped Texas politics and continue to make the Lone Star state unique. Remember that politics and government structures flow from, and are shaped by, the population, history, and economy of the political entity. Therefore we must first understand Texans, their culture and their history to be able to comprehend Texas politics and the government of the state of Texas. The Roots of Texas Politics and Government The roots of Texas politics and government are to be found in the early settlers of a huge and varied land and the type of society and government they created. . Settlement Patterns in Texas History The Tejanos or Mexican Settlers
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The first area of the state to be settled by Europeans was the Rio Grande Valley. In the 1600s, Spaniards developed settlements along the Rio Grande and as far north and east as San Antonio. These settlements did not penetrate much beyond San Antonio, but the influence of Spain extends throughout the state. Most of the major rivers have Spanish name: the Rio Grande, Pecos, Nueces, Frio, San Antonio, Guadalupe, San Jacinto, for example. Many other geographic features and a number of cities and counties also have Spanish names. Texas state laws are still very much influenced by past Spanish law, especially laws on landownership and rights and community property. f Anglo Settlers Around 1800, Anglo (non-Hispanic whites) settlements began to appear in East Texas. Most were from the upper South. After Texas independence, the legalization of slavery drew more settlers from the lower South—Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and Louisiana. The upper Southerners—from Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkansas, and North Carolina—settled especially in the western and central parts of the state,
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This note was uploaded on 12/30/2009 for the course CH 45915 taught by Professor Laude during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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GOV 2306 Test 1 - UNIT 1 THE CONTEXT FOR TEXAS POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT 1 How has Texas changed politically socially and economically since World

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