TD 301 Notes - Elements of Drama Quizzes Cover...

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8/31/09 Elements of Drama Quizzes Cover Setting (Time/Place) and Author’s notes Major events Character traits. Major quotations Read a play twice (at least) First: world of the play, story Read setting, character list, notes! Second: elements and analysis From EF “The questions below are designed to forestall the immediate (and crippling) leap to character and normative psychology that underwrites much dramatic criticism” -not to jump to stereotypes, don’t make assumptions, these are not real people Questions from EF *The physical world? -Space, time, climate, mood, music *What is the social world? -Class, groupings, interaction, power, language *Change/Movement -Time, power, emotion, space *What does the play ask of me? From Ef: Before making judgements we must ask questions. This is the deepest meaning of the idea, often repeated but little understood, that the sudy of art shows us how to live. The story of the play *Dramatic Action -The main goal, problem, focus -What is done? To what end? *Stanislavsky: the spine -Ex. Hamlet revenges his father’s death and purges Denmark of corruption Aristotle’s Six Parts of Tragedy *Plot
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-Plot vs. Story Story involves everything that is told.k HOW is the story told How are the “parts” arranged? Climactic (build up to climax) vs Episodic (each episode doesn’t have to rely on the one before it) Ritual, Pattern, Experimental Beginning (Rising Action) *Given Circumstances -Setting, Situation *Point of Attack (where does plot start in terms of story) *Exposition (explaining what’s already happened) -What’s already happened? -How is it revealed? Middle: Conflict *Inciting incident (must be in play) -Major Dramatic Question *Complications/Obstacles -Discovery: information, objects, characters *End -Climax, Resolution (how fix crisis), Denoument (unraveling) *How? Intensity? Bias? Inevitable? Satisfying? In trifles, feminist play in terms of women’s rights. *Character -Representational or Presentational? Rep (trying to be flesh and blood of person…mode of realism…trying to be human being) Pres (artificial character...a narrator is a presentational character). -Protagonist (agon=struggle), Antagonist -Foil (similar traits as the protagonist…reflection on the protagonist) -Confidante (who the main character talks to, gets info from this) -Stock character (not representational…taking one stereotype and then amplifying it) -Narrator/Chorus/Non-Human (animals) *Theme (Idea) *Diction (Language) *Music (Sound) *Spectacle 9/2/09
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Aristotle’s Six Parts of Tragedy Plot, Character, Thought (Idea)-Title, Symbols, Names, Diction (Language), Music (Sound)-what you hear, Spectacle-what you see Style *”isms”-style of the production Realism *Late 1800s (don’t need to know dates) *Avant garde (in its time) *Premise: Art that shows life as it is -Mimetic *Goal: theatre as a tool for progress…social change…correct society…use theatre to make life better Social Influence *Charles Darwin: The Origins of Species (1859) *Evolution vs. Creationsim -Heredity/Environment -Survival of the fittest -A species to be studied *Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) -Basic human instincts
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