T018 - a- AEt vn I- L do chn ti S nghip cng nghip ha x hi...

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Unformatted text preview: a- AEt vn I- L do chn ti S nghip cng nghip ha x hi ch ngha nc ta c bt u t cui nm 1960. i hi i biu ton quc ln th III( 9- 1960) ca ng lao ng Vit Nam quyt ngh Nhim v trung tm ca thi k qu min Bc nc ta l cng nghip ha x hi ch ngha, m mu cht l u tin pht trin cng nghip nAEng. S nghip n nay vn cn tip tc. Cng nghip ha x hi ch ngha nc ta tin hnh trong hon cnh v iu kin:- Trong sut thi gian tin hnh cng nghip ha, tnh hnh trong nc v quc t lun din bin rt si ng, phc tp v khng thun chiu. Bt u cng nghip ha c bn nm th quc M m rng chin tranh ph hoi min Bc. t nc phi thc hin ng thi hai nhim v chin lc: Min Bc va chin u chng chin tranh ph hoi, va xy dng; min Nam thc hin cch mng gii phng dn tc. t nc thng nht, c nc i ln ch ngha x hi c vi nm th k th gy ra chin tranh bin gii. Chin tranh bin gii kt thc li ko theo cm vn ca M.- Nu nhng nm 60, h thng x hi ch ngha ln mnh, pht trin nhanh khng thua km nhiu so vi cc nc t bn ch ngha pht trin, c uy tn trn th gii to ra hon cnh quc t thun li cho 1 cng nghip ha nc ta, th sang nhng nm 70, 80 hon cnh quc t li gy bt li cho qu trnh cng nghip ha nc ta. Sau cuc khng hong du la ca th gii( 1973) cc nc x hi ch ngha do chuyn dch c cu v aei mi cng ngh chm hn so vi cc nc t bn ch ngha, hiu qu thp, uy tn trn th tr ng quc t gim, cng cc sai lm khc dn n s sp ae ca Lin X v cc nc ng u, lm mt i th tr ng ln v s gip khng nh t cc nc ny( c tnh 1 nm 1 t la, chim 7% GDP ). Cng nghip ha nc ta xut pht t im rt thp v pht trin kinh t- x hi, v pht trin lc lng sn xut v t trng thi khng ph hp gia quan h sn xut vi trnh v tnh cht pht trin ca lc lng sn xut. Nm 1960 cng nghip chim 18,2% thu nhp quc dn sn xut, 7% lao ng x hi trong cc ngnh kinh t quc dn; nng nghip chim t l tng ng l 42,35 v 83%; sn lng lng thc bnh qun u ngi di 300 kg; GDP bnh qun u ngi khong di 100 la. Trong khi phn cng lao ng x hi cha pht trin v lc lng sn xut trnh thp th quan h sn xut c y ln trnh tp th ha v quc doanh ha l ch yu. n nm 1960: 85,8% taeng s h nng dn vo hp tc x; 100% h t sn c ci to trong...
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This note was uploaded on 01/01/2010 for the course FSD FSD taught by Professor Vinh during the Spring '09 term at ITT Tech Flint.

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T018 - a- AEt vn I- L do chn ti S nghip cng nghip ha x hi...

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