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asean - M u Trong bc tranh a dng ca th gii sau chin tranh...

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Më ®Çu Trong bøc tranh ®a d¹ng cña thÕ giíi, sau chiÕn tranh l¹nh, xuÊt hiÖn nhiÒu tæ chøc hîp t¸c vµ liªn kÕt kinh tÕ, khu vùc thu hót sù héi nhËp cña nhiÒu quèc gia, nhiÒu nÒn kinh tÕ. Trong ®ã ngoµi tæ chøc th¬ng m¹i thÕ giíi (WTO) ra ®êi tõ GATT ph¶i kÓ ®Õn liªn minh Ch©u ¢u (EU), tæ chøc hîp t¸c kinh tÕ Ch©u ¸ - Th¸i B×nh D¬ng (APEC)... Hoµ vµo dßng ch¶y chÝnh cña thÕ giíi lµ toµn cÇu hãa khu vùc hãa ASEAN ra ®êi víi môc tiªu c¬ b¶n lµ ®¶m b¶o æn ®Þnh, an ninh vµ ph¸t triÓn cña toµn khu vùc §«ng Nam ¸. Tõ mét tæ chøc liªn minh kinh tÕ chÝnh trÞ x· héi láng lÎo ASEAN ®· v¬n lªn thµnh mét khèi kh¸ v÷ng ch¾c víi nÒn kinh tÕ ph¸t triÓn, an ninh chÝnh trÞ t¬ng ®èi æn ®Þnh. Nghiªn cøu thÞ trêng tiÒm n¨ng réng lín víi h¬n 500 triÖu d©n nµy sÏ më ra c¬ héi míi cho hµng xuÊt khÈu ViÖt Nam. Chóng ta hy väng vµo mét t¬ng lai kh«ng xa ASEAN sÏ trë thµnh mét thÞ trêng thèng nhÊt vµ ph¸t triÓn. I. Sù ra ®êi cña “Héi c¸c níc §«ng Nam ¸ ”(ASEAN) Tõ sau n¨m 1945 ë §«ng Nam ¸ (§NA), nhiÒu quèc gia ®éc lËp ®· ra ®êi díi nhiÒu h×nh thøc kh¸c nhau. N¨m 1945, Indonexia , ViÖt Nam vµ Lµo tuyªn bè ®éc lËp , Anh trao tr¶ ®éc lËp cho Mianma, M· lai vµo n¨m 1947,1957…….. 1
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Sau khi giµnh ®îc ®éc lËp ,nhiÒu níc §«ng Nam ¸ ®· cã dù ®Þnh thµnh lËp mét sè tæ chøc khu vùc nh»m t¹o nªn sù hîp t¸c ph¸t triÓn trªn c¸c lÜnh vùc kinh tÕ , khoa häc , kü thuËt vµ v¨n ho¸ ; ®ång thêi h¹n chÕ ¶nh hëng cña c¸c níc lín ®ang t×m mäi c¸ch ®Ó biÕn §NA thµnh vên sau cña hä. Víi môc tiªu c¬ b¶n lµ ®¶m b¶o æn ®Þnh, an ninh vµ ph¸t triÓn cña toµn khu vùc, ngµy 8-8-1967, HiÖp héi c¸c níc §«ng Nam ¸ gäi t¾t lµ ASEAN ®îc thµnh lËp . Khi míi ra ®êi, tæ chøc nµy chØ cã 5 níc tham gia lµ Th¸i Lan, Singapore, Indonexia, Malaysia vµ Philippin, ®Õn nay ASEAN ®· ®îc më réng víi 10 thµnh viªn vµ ®· c«ng bè c¸c v¨n kiÖn chÝnh thøc: - Tuyªn bè B¨ng Cèc n¨m 1967: lµ b¶n Tuyªn bè thµnh lËp tæ chøc ASEAN. Néi dung cña tuyªn bè nµy gåm 7 ®iÓm, x¸c ®Þnh môc tiªu ph¸t triÓn kinh tÕ vµ v¨n ho¸, hîp t¸c thóc ®Èy tiÕn bé x· héi cña c¸c níc thµnh viªn trªn tinh thÇn duy tr× hoµ b×nh vµ æn ®Þnh khu vùc. - Tuyªn bè Cuala Lumpua n¨m 1971: ®a ra ®Ò nghÞ x©y dùng §«ng Nam ¸ thµnh mét khu vùc hoµ b×nh, tù do vµ trung lËp, gäi lµ tuyªn bè ZOPFAN . - HiÖp íc Bali n¨m 1976: nªu lªn 6 nguyªn t¾c nhÊn m¹nh ®Õn sù hîp t¸c song ph¬ng hay ®a ph¬ng gi÷a c¸c níc ngoµi HiÖp héi trªn c¸c lÜnh vùc kinh tÕ, v¨n ho¸, x· héi… x©y dùng nÒn hoµ b×nh v÷ng ch¾c 2
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vµ nÒn kinh tÕ ph¸t triÓn cho céng ®ång c¸c quèc gia trong HiÖp héi, n©ng cao møc sèng nh©n d©n.
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