4.Slides - Chapter 2: Chapter The Person and the Situation...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2: Chapter The Person and the Situation What is the self? What Numerous philosophical Numerous theories of “the self” theories The human skin as a special The boundary boundary Mental boundaries are less Mental clear clear No answers here Attributions Attributions Explanations we make for why things Explanations happen happen Internal vs. external attributions: Me vs. the situation Me Self-goals Self-goals Self-Accuracy Self-Verification Self-Improvement Self-Enhancement These goals determine what information These we seek and the attributions we make about ourselves about Self-serving bias Self-serving Internal attributions for success; external Internal attributions for failure attributions Bernstein et al. (1979) Bernstein Why do we have this bias? Motivation – to self-enhance Motivation Positive expectations Different criteria for different conclusions: Desired conclusions – CAN I believe this? Undesired conclusions – MUST I believe this? Do we all engage in the self-serving bias? Do Exceptions: Depression or low self-esteem Cultural differences Individualism vs. Collectivism Individualism Individualistic Western countries “Me” identity Uniqueness is Uniqueness valued valued “Be all you can be” “I don’t need your don’t opinion on how to raise my kids!” raise Collectivistic Eastern countries “We” identity Belongingness is Belongingness valued valued “Nail that stick out the Nail furthest is the first to get hammered” get “It takes a village to It raise a child” raise ...
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