11.Slides - Belief in a Just World (BJW) Belief Most people...

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Unformatted text preview: Belief in a Just World (BJW) Belief Most people believe that the world is just “People get what they deserve and deserve People what they get.” what “Good things happen to good people; bad Good things happen to bad people.” things Items from Just World Scale Items “People who get lucky breaks have usually earned their People good fortune.” good “It is rare for an innocent person to be wrongly sent to It jail.” jail.” “When parents punish their children, it is almost always When for good reasons.” for “Although evil men may hold political power for a while, Although in the general course of history good wins out.” in “People who meet with misfortune have often brought it People on themselves.” on “Many people suffer through absolutely no fault of their Many own.” (reverse scored) own.” Belief in a Just World (BJW) Belief Greater altruism and coping with adversities For people with a very strong BJW, evidence For very that the world is unjust is threatening that Perception of victims How do people with a strong BJW justify How large-scale disasters? large-scale Melvin Lerner’s The Belief in a Just World: A Melvin Fundamental Delusion Fundamental Development and maintenance of a BJW Development Socializing children to believe in a just world Socializing may be necessary for “healthy” functioning may These beliefs are reinforced in many ways But how do adults hold onto this belief? Certain media may reinforce the belief Appel (2008) – amount of TV watching related Appel to strength of belief to Experiments show that stories can strengthen or Experiments weaken a BJW weaken Further suggested readings that are entirely optional, but in case you’re interested in one of these topics. Most are available on-line through PsycInfo. (Note: You will not need not to know anything from these readings for any of our exams!) to Alter, Adam L., & Oppenheimer, Daniel M. (2006). Alter, From a fixation on sports to an exploration of mechanism: The past, present, and future of hot hand research. Thinking & Reasoning, 12, 431-444. Thinking Lerner, Melvin J., & Miller, Dale T. (1978). Just world Lerner, research and the attribution process: Looking back and ahead. Psychological Bulletin, 85, 1030-1051. Psychological Bargh, John A., & Chartrand, Tanya L. (1999). The Bargh, unbearable automaticity of being. American Psychologist, 54, 462-479. Psychologist, ...
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