20.Slides - Milgram’s Shock Generator Shock Generator...

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Unformatted text preview: Milgram’s Shock Generator Shock Generator Caution On Amp Meter Amps Intensity Resistance Slight Shock Moderate Shock Strong Shock Very Strong Shock Intense Shock Extreme Shock Danger XXX Very Intense Extreme Strong Strong Moderate Danger XXX S S S Shock Shockhockhockhock Milgram’s Shock Generator Shock Generator Caution On Amp Meter Amps Intensity Resistance Slight Shock Moderate Shock Strong Shock Very Strong Shock Intense Shock Extreme Shock Danger XXX “Let me out of Hurts!”here! “That’s This Get mehere! Let me out of here! out of Experimenter: “Hey! All! Really …silence… “Ugh!” I told you I had heart trouble.wrong response. My no response as a “Treatheart’s bothering me!… My heart You havethe next highernow! of shock.” is Deliver no bother me level here! starting to right to hold me Get me out of here, please! ….Let me out!” out!” Let me out! Let me out! Let me Milgram’s Obedience Studies Milgram’s “Please continue.” “The experiment requires that you The continue.” continue.” “It is absolutely essential that you It continue.” continue.” “You have no other choice, you You must go on.” must Milgram’s Obedience Studies Milgram’s • What factors led to the highest What obedience? obedience? – The experimenter was physically close to the The teacher teacher – The experimenter was supported by a The prestigious institution (e.g., Yale U.) prestigious – The learner was placed some distance from The the teacher the – The teachers did not witness anyone else The defying the orders to continue defying Participants who stopped at each volt level at Shock level (v) Shock 300 300 315 330 345 360 375 450 Number Number 5 4 2 1 1 1 26 Percent 12.5 10.0 5.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 65.0 65.0 Power of the Situation Power Underestimating how much control Underestimating the situation (including other people) has over us has We conform, comply and obey more We often than we predict we would often Fundamental attribution error Fundamental Strong tendency to assume that Strong participants’ behavior was the result of their some underlying disposition of Individual Differences Individual Personal characteristics: No sex differences No political affiliation differences More education less obedient More Catholics more obedient Longer military service Obedience rates over time in the US How did you feel about your participation in this experiment? Defiant Very glad Glad Neither Sorry Very sorry 40 44 44 15 15 1 0 Obedient 48 48 36 36 15 15 1 1 All 44 44 40 40 15 15 1 1 Reflecting on Milgram’s contribution Reflecting Milgram’s experiments are powerful because Milgram’s they were very simple, very real, and very disturbing disturbing Typical for 1960s-1970s research in its Typical emphasis on the darker side of human nature: emphasis Bleak picture of people Social influence is portrayed as negative Social Individualism is celebrated Milgram’s experiments as the start of stricter Milgram’s ethical guidelines ethical From April, 1995 until June 30th, 200 Real life obedience Real R. Stewart perpetrated a series of ho fast food workers in popular fast food iin America n Read the story on this website: http://www.courier-journal.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20051009/NEWS0 http://www.courier-journal.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20051009/NEWS Social norms and conformity Social In new situations, how do we learn how In to behave? to By following descriptive norms, seeing By what other people are doing what Sherif’s (1935) – How do norms Sherif’s develop? develop? Autokinetic studies It moved about 3 inches Looks like 1 inch I’d say 2 inches 1½ inches The emergence of norms and their subsequent influence (Sherif, 1935) (Sherif, What’s going on? What’s People wanted to be certain and People confident in the correctness of their actions actions People looked to others to help define People reality” “reality” Once developed, the norm persisted Once beyond the immediate situation beyond ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/02/2010 for the course SOP 3004 taught by Professor Champers during the Fall '09 term at University of Florida.

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