24.Slides - Values and morality Values vs. preferences...

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Values and morality
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Values vs. preferences Values: Killing is wrong; Saving a drowning man is good Preferences: I hate broccoli; Don’t wear stripes with plaids; Avoid wine on long flights Moral judgments – right and wrong, based on values Normative judgments – based on preferences
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Absolutism vs. relativism Moral absolutism – there are universal moral principles For example, murder and rape against the law in every culture Moral relativism – What’s right and wrong is culturally-specific and even situationally-specific
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Moral absolutism Assumption: There are nonoverridable principles of morality which ought never to be violated. Premeditative killing is wrong. To choose to save a human life over a dog’s life is right. Moral reasoning – applying moral principles to particular situations (Lawrence Kohlberg)
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Moral reasoning Example: Particular situation: Fred is lying. Moral principle: Lying is wrong.
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This note was uploaded on 01/02/2010 for the course SOP 3004 taught by Professor Champers during the Fall '09 term at University of Florida.

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24.Slides - Values and morality Values vs. preferences...

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