36.Slides - women and 90 of men have fantasized about...

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We won’t cover “Chapter 9: Prosocial behavior” in class, so be sure to read it in the textbook
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Aggression (Chapter 10)
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Definition of aggression: Physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or harm
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Types of Aggression Emotional Aggression: Stems from angry feelings Instrumental Aggression: Intended to accomplish some goal Direct Aggression: Aggression carried out face-to-face Indirect Aggression: Aggression without face-to-face confrontation
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Is it human nature to be aggressive? Hobbes – “man is like a wolf” “The story of the human race is war. Except for brief and precarious interludes there has never been peace in the world; and long before history began murderous strife was universal and unending.” ~ Winston Churchill Rousseau – “noble savage”
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Percentage of male deaths caused by warfare 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Jivaro Shamatari Mae Enga Dugum Dani Murngin Namowei Huli Gebusi US & Europe, 20th c.
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Other findings In a cross-cultural study, about 80% of
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Unformatted text preview: women and 90% of men have fantasized about killing people they don’t like (Buss & Duntley, 2003) • Holden (2000) – toddlers are more likely to be physically aggressive than adolescents or adults Mythologizing violence • Many aspects of our culture glorify violence • American soldiers, cowboys, mafia figures, wrestlers, football players, hockey players, boxers • Crime dramas, murder mysteries, horror movies, violence in biblical stories, violent sports, stories about serial killers Euphemistic labeling of violent people • Freedom fighter vs. terrorist vs. insurgent • Robin Hood vs. thief • Guardian angel vs. vigilante • Martyr vs. kamikaze • General vs. gang leader • Nobleman vs. warlord Causes of Aggression • Instincts – Freud • Eros • Thanatos – Catharsis – release of Thanatos energy – Problem with an instinct approach...
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