37.Slides - • Correlational Evidence – Exposure to TV...

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Catharsis Some outlets for aggressive energy: Physical activity Fantasy aggression Direct (or indirect) aggression Does being aggressive reduce arousal? Does it reduce subsequent aggression?
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Catharsis Most evidence has shown that catharsis increases subsequent aggression Reduced inhibitions Reinforcement Changes perception of self and victim
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Media Violence and Aggression Specific examples: Several rapes and murders in England were copycat crimes of A Clockwork Orange (1971), soon after it was released Teenager obsessed with Natural Born Killers murders stepmother and half-sister 7-yr-old boy accidentally kills his 3-yr-old sister by mimicking professional wrestling move seen on TV In 1993, a 2-year-old girl is killed when a 5-year- old boy lights a fire, which his mother said was inspired by Beavis and Butthead
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Media Violence and Aggression
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Unformatted text preview: • Correlational Evidence: – Exposure to TV violence among 8-yr-olds was related to criminal behavior and aggression at age 30 – Effect specific to males, but not females Media Violence and Aggression • Experimental Studies – Exposure to aggressive films and video games increases aggressive behavior – Laboratory experiments show stronger, but similar results to field studies – Effects stronger with children Exposure to violence and being violent • Lots of researchers say that exposure to media violence leads to violence • A few researchers say that it does not • Problem with correlational studies: Aggressive people seek out aggressive media • The “file drawer” problem – failure to report null findings • Important factor : The role of dispositional characteristics...
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