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39.Slides - Thomas Hobbes Three main causes of conflict 1...

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Thomas Hobbes Three main causes of conflict: 1. Competition 2. Distrust (“diffidence”) 3. Glory
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Competition Over scarce resources or territory Over mates (usually men fighting over access to women) Two main causes of anger: blocked goals and perceived unfairness
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Related factors Frustration – when a person is prevented from achieving a specific goal or gratification Pain – increases irritability and aggression Heat – violent crime, rioting, general aggressiveness
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2. Distrust Competition often leads to distrust Legitimate retribution: Punches must be even-numbered Retribution must be equivalent in force to first punch (“an eye for an eye”)
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Shergill et al. (2003) Two participants were told to keep exerting equal amounts of pressure on each other’s fingers (taking turns) But each increased by about 40% more force each time Each person was convinced that s/he was responding with equal force Our own pain seems more vivid than our adversary’s pain
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