Personalities and Values Chtr 4

Personalities and Values Chtr 4 - Organizational Behavior...

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Unformatted text preview: Organizational Behavior The OB Model Our OB model has three levels of analysis Each level is constructed on the prior level 1-2 Interesting OB Dependent Variables Productivity Transforming inputs to outputs at lowest cost. Includes the concepts of effectiveness (achievement of goals) and efficiency (meeting goals at a low cost). Absenteeism Failure to report to work a huge cost to employers. Turnover Voluntary and involuntary permanent withdrawal from an organization. Deviant Workplace Behavior Voluntary behavior that violates significant organizational norms and thereby threatens the well-being of the organization and/or any of its members. 1-3 More Interesting OB Dependent Variables Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) Discretionary behavior that is not part of an employees formal job requirements, but that nevertheless promotes the effective functioning of the organization. Job Satisfaction A general attitude (not a behavior) toward ones job; a positive feeling of one's job resulting from an evaluation of its characteristics. 1-4 Personality and Values Individual Level 4-5 Chapter Learning Objectives After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Define personality, describe how it is measured, and explain the factors that determine an individuals personality. Describe the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator personality framework and assess its strengths and weaknesses. Identify the key traits in the Big Five personality model. Demonstrate how the Big Five traits predict behavior at work. Identify other personality traits relevant to OB. Define values, demonstrate their importance, and contrast terminal and instrumental values. Compare generational differences in values, and identify the dominant values in todays workforce. Identify Hofstedes five value dimensions of national culture. 4-6 What is Personality? 4-7 What is Personality? The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment. - Gordon Allport. 4-8 What is Personality? Our definition: The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others, the measurable traits a person exhibits 4-9 What is Personality? Why is personality important to us as managers? 4-10 What is Personality? Why is personality important to us as managers? Because research shows that we can make better personnel decisions when we have this information Hiring Promoting Managing Motivating Leading 4-11 What is Personality? Helpful in hiring decisions (Using personality tests) Helpful in determining how to manage subordinates It is that simple!...
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This note was uploaded on 01/02/2010 for the course EMSE 211 taught by Professor Richadcosentino during the Fall '09 term at GWU.

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Personalities and Values Chtr 4 - Organizational Behavior...

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