Motivational Concepts Chaper 6

Motivational Concepts Chaper 6 - Organizational Behavior...

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Unformatted text preview: Organizational Behavior The OB Model Our OB model has three levels of analysis Each level is constructed on the prior level 1-2 Interesting OB Dependent Variables Productivity Transforming inputs to outputs at lowest cost. Includes the concepts of effectiveness (achievement of goals) and efficiency (meeting goals at a low cost). Absenteeism Failure to report to work a huge cost to employers. Turnover Voluntary and involuntary permanent withdrawal from an organization. Deviant Workplace Behavior Voluntary behavior that violates significant organizational norms and thereby threatens the well-being of the organization and/or any of its members. 1-3 More Interesting OB Dependent Variables Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) Discretionary behavior that is not part of an employees formal job requirements, but that nevertheless promotes the effective functioning of the organization. Job Satisfaction A general attitude (not a behavior) toward ones job; a positive feeling of one's job resulting from an evaluation of its characteristics. 1-4 Motivation Concepts 6-5 Chapter Learning Objectives After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Describe the three elements of motivation. Identify four early theories of motivation and evaluate their applicability today. Apply the predictions of Cognitive Evaluation theory to intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. Compare and contrast goal-setting theory and Management by Objectives. Contrast reinforcement theory and goal-setting theory. Demonstrate how organizational justice is a refinement of equity theory. Apply the key tenets of expectancy theory to motivating employees. Compare contemporary theories of motivation. Explain to what degree motivation theories are culture-bound. 6-6 Motivation Recent Research: 55 percent of U.S. employees have no enthusiasm for their work Workers report to wasting roughly two hours per day (not counting lunch) talking with coworkers and surfing the web 6-7 Defining Motivation What is motivation 6-8 Defining Motivation The result of the interaction between the individual and the situation. The processes that account for an individuals intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal specifically, an organizational goal....
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Motivational Concepts Chaper 6 - Organizational Behavior...

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