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Unformatted text preview: YTRAN: MUSIS, READER WEEK 1 Paul Friedlander, "T he Roots of Rock and Roll: 1 went down to the Crossroads" A, Intro 3. Early rock and roll was from African— American music: Syncopated rhythms Raw vocal emotionalism Work-rant (call and response) b. Early 20th rural blues, urban blues, gospel, and jump band jazz >> pivotal form of early 19505 black music rhythm and btues >> R&R major musical foundation c. Traditional white styles of foik music (synthesis of black and white forms) >> important ingredients for early rock and roll d. Rockabilly, midfifties, white southern fusion of country music, blues, gospel, rhythm and blues >> provided musical and emotional catalysts for many white musicians to move past traditional country music and on to early R&R B. Biack Musical Roots a. Biues iv. . Locations of rural blues artist: back porch, road house, or in town square vi. vii. viii. Occurred in the early and mid 20th century Existed in many forms: popular blues (vocalists performing at concerts, sold records, etc...), rural blues (unemployed black men carrying guitars and sing about the hardship and pain of their lives) Characteristics of the blues: 1. 12 measures, 3 chords (I,IV, V), and repeated the first line of the verse _ twice before offering a third line (A—A—B) 2. Lyrics: were about struggle, adversity, and perhaps celebration 3. Instruments: steel—string acoustic guitar, sometimes burnished bottleneck (slide), sometimes harmonica, 2"d guitar, percussions sticks called “bones" Locations of popular biues artists: Mississippi area ‘ Muddy Waters: rurai blues artist from Mississippi, formed a seminal Chicago— baSed blues band in the late 19405 1. Band included drums, string bass, electric rhythm guitar, and piano >> core instruments 2. Lead electric guitar 8: harp >> solo instruments 3. This band set up became the model for the modern rock band Urban blues 1. Replaced rurai blues after the World War I! 2. Maintained emotionality, slurred lyrics, and bent notes of southern predecessor. However, they have expanded the lyrical topics to include urban landscape and some positivity and boastfulness 3. Line patter still follows the A—A—B format Noticeable Blues Performers 1. Willie Dixon— recorded by Howlin’ Wolf ("Spoonful") and harmonica great Little Walter (“My Babe”) 2. Elmore James - bottie neck-style guitar playing ...
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