Late19th-CenturyTrends

Late19th-CenturyTrends - Trends at the End of The...

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Trends at the End of The Nineteenth Century Gospel Hymns: Between the end of the Civil War and WWI, the U.S. “became the world’s foremost industrial nation” (274). This brought huge numbers of people into cities, particularly in the north. Wages were low, work was hard, and people often felt displaced and alienated. A response to this situation was a movement called “Urban Revivalism” (274). This was a ministry for “unchurched” urban Americans whose lives were difficult. Dwight Moody was a leader of this movement. Became involved with the Y.M.C.A. With his musical director, Ira Sankey, he helped developed a body of religious songs called •“Gospel Hymns,” which were similar in style and musical content to popular parlor songs of the day. •“Gospel hymns fed a desire to connect with God in an attitude of praise, with little concern for edification ” (275). •Gospel hymns almost always are verse-chorus (verse-refrain), with the verses being strophic and the refrain repeated the same each time. •Dotted eight/sixteenth note rhythms are pervasive, especially in the chorus. •Very simple harmonies. •Often the tenors and basses have an imitative part in the chorus-refrain. (For instance, note how they repeat “by and by” in the chorus of “Sweet By and By”). •Final choruses often about paradise or eternity.
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2010 for the course MUSL MUSL 147 taught by Professor Lovensheimer during the Fall '08 term at Vanderbilt.

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Late19th-CenturyTrends - Trends at the End of The...

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