psalmsandsingingschools - wore on the practice of •“...

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Psalms, Singing Schools, and the Great Awakening Puritans: •Psalm singing was encouraged by scriptures: were “a duty” The Puritans sang from the Ainsworth Psalter , which printed a tune with each Psalm; however, the psalms were versified to fit pre-existent tunes; •used ballad meter , which was known as Common Meter . Because most of the psalms were in Common meter, there were fewer tunes (39) than psalms (150), many of which used the same tune. It was thought that the Ainsworth ’s translations were faulty, so New England Puritans wrote their own psalter, The Whole Book of Psalms Faithfully Translated into English Meter (better known as • The Bay Psalm Book ); published in 1640, •it was the first book-length work published in colonies. •125 of 150 psalms were in Common Meter. Contained no music. Because the tunes were not printed, and because fewer people could read as time
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Unformatted text preview: wore on, the practice of •“ lining out ” became popular. Became known as the Old Way (Usual Way) and slowly the quality of singing deteriorated. Singing schools developed to teach people to • read music (the “Regular Way”) •Instructional books were created and the need for instructors was filled by “singing masters,” itinerant teachers who moved form place to place •were social as well as musical occasions – sexes mixed •ca. 1730-1770: The Great Awakening . A religious movement that stressed individual salvation and conversion; spiritual rebirth. Contrasted to the intellectual, hierarchical traditional religions •stressed music of praise, spontaneous and gleeful singing that had no “artistic” pretensions. •development of “folk hymns ,” sacred texts set to folk songs (mostly ballad tunes)...
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2010 for the course MUSL MUSL 147 taught by Professor Lovensheimer during the Fall '08 term at Vanderbilt.

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