balladnotes - down by a New Englander 3 strains of ballads...

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Ballads . Ballad: a narrative song in strophic form . Music serves as a neutral framework for the words: it does not “express” them. Often the same melody was used for different lyrics. Most in 4-line stanzas, rhyming lines 2 and 4. Alternated 8 and 6 syllable lines. Provided entertainment (story telling) as well as moral guides or lessons. [While they originated in oral traditions, many educated people knew and respected them: Seaborn Cotton, a Harvard student around 1650, kept a commonplace book (a journal-like notebook) in which he jotted down 3 English ballads in their entirety (and parts of others); the versions are different from any other in print, so we can assume he wrote them form memory (words only). Elnathan Chauncey, another Harvard student around 1655-60, also copied ballads into a notebook but also included several measures of an unidentified tune. This is the earliest known instance of music notation set
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Unformatted text preview: down by a New Englander. 3 strains of ballads in U.S.: •the imported ballad, little changed from European versions •the naturalized ballad, in which the European version is still recognizable but which is adapted somewhat to new cultural surroundings (textual and musical changes) •native ballads, which are wholly new stories indigenous to the U.S. Music and words are often newly created and the authors of both are often known.] Imported: “Barbara Allen.” 100s of versions. Early twentieth century (1915), American Olive Dame Campbell became aware of ballads in Appalachia that were identical to written versions of centuries-old ballads from the English tradition. She contacted folklorist Cecil Sharp, and he collected countless versions of known songs and examples of previously unknown ballads....
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