William Bradford Shockley(February 13, 1910 – August 12, 1989) was a British-born American physicist and inventor. Along with John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain, Shockley co-invented the transistor, for which all three were awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in physics. Shockley's attempts to commercialize a new transistor design in the 1950s and '60s led to San Francisco's "Silicon Valley" becoming a hotbed of computer innovation. In his later life, Shockley was a professor at Stanford, and he also became a staunch advocate of eugenics. MEEN 222 – 501 Fall 2009 Quiz #11 Student: SOLUTIONPrint First and Last Name
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