Nevid_13_personality_impulse_ctrl

Nevid_13_personality_impulse_ctrl - Abnormal Psychology in...

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Abnormal Psychology in a Changing World SEVENTH EDITION Jeffrey S. Nevid / Spencer A. Rathus / Beverly Greene Chapter 13 Personality Disorders and Impulse Control Disorders
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Personality Disorders Personality disorders - Excessively rigid behavior patterns, or ways of relating to others, that ultimately become self-defeating. Ego syntonic - Referring to behaviors or feelings that are perceived as natural parts of the self. Ego dystonic - Referring to behaviors or feelings that are perceived to be alien to one’s self-identity.
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Personality Disorders The DSM groups personality disorders into three clusters: Cluster A : People who are perceived as odd or eccentric. This cluster includes paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorders. Cluster B : People whose behavior is overly dramatic, emotional, or erratic. This grouping consists of antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic personality disorders. Cluster C : People who often appear anxious or fearful. This cluster includes avoidant, dependent, and obsessive– compulsive personality disorders.
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Overview of Personality Disorders
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Paranoid Personality Disorder Paranoid personality disorder - A personality disorder characterized by undue suspiciousness of others’ motives, but not to the point of delusion. People who have paranoid personality disorder tend to be overly sensitive to criticism, whether real or imagined. Clinicians need to weigh cultural and sociopolitical factors when arriving at a diagnosis of paranoid personality disorder.
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Schizoid personality. It is normal to be reserved about displaying one’s feelings, especially when one is among strangers. But people with schizoid personalities rarely express emotions and are distant and aloof. Yet the emotions of people with schizoid personalities are not as shallow or blunted as they are in people with schizophrenia.
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Schizoid Personality Disorder Schizoid personality disorder - A personality disorder characterized by persistent lack of interest in social relationships, flattened affect, and social withdrawal. Often described as a loner or an eccentric, the person with a schizoid personality lacks interest in social relationships. The person’s emotions usually appear shallow or blunted, but not to the degree found in schizophrenia.
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Schizotypal Personality Disorder Schizotypal personality disorder - A personality disorder characterized by eccentricities of thought and behavior, but without clearly psychotic features. Schizotypal personality disorder may be slightly more common in males than in females and is believed to affect about 3% of the general population. Investigators also find higher rates of the disorder among African Americans than among Caucasians or Hispanic Americans.
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Antisocial Personality Disorder Antisocial personality disorder - A personality disorder characterized by antisocial and irresponsible behavior and lack of remorse for misdeeds. They are not “antisocial” in the colloquial sense of seeking to
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This note was uploaded on 06/04/2009 for the course SALL ajjag taught by Professor Serr during the Spring '09 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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Nevid_13_personality_impulse_ctrl - Abnormal Psychology in...

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