Chapter 1 Worksheet - -Know what an isomer is and which biochemical reaction it results from(this will be helpful when you start to cover

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Biology 310 Worksheet Chapter 1 Worksheet Key Concepts -Know the characteristics of carbon that make it ideal for use in organic compounds -how many bonds can be formed -what other elements can form as many bonds -Be able to identify functional groups on a compound -Oxygen groups -Hydrogen groups -Nitrogen groups -Sulfur groups -Phosphorus groups -Stereoisomers- differences between conformation and configuration -Which conformations and configurations are most stable? -The difference between a diasteromer and an enantiomer, and the minimum number of chiral centers needed for each -Know the 4 Classes of Biochemical Reactions -____________________________ -based on electronegativities of bonding elements -____________________________ -(i.e. a nucleophilic substitution reaction) -____________________________ -involves the gain or loss of elections, (i.e. dehydrogenations) -____________________________ -transposition of double bonds or elimination reactions are this type of reaction
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Unformatted text preview: -Know what an isomer is and which biochemical reaction it results from (this will be helpful when you start to cover sugars)-Know what the 4 classes of biomolecules are. Sample Questions 1. Molecules with a single carbon that is bonded to 4 different substituents can adopt two different ___________________, which are called _________________, because they are not superimposable. 2. In the diagram below, the structure A is an example of a _________________ and structure B is an example of a _________________. A. O B. O H 3 C – C – OH H 3 C – C –H Biology 310 Worksheet 3. The two molecules at the right are a. Diastereomers b. Configurational isomers c. Epimers d. Enantiomers e. Conformational isomers 4. Which of the above two molecules is more stable? a. The molecule on the left b. The molecule on the right c. Both are equally stable 5. Which of the following elements cannot make the same number of bonds as carbon? a. Si b. N c. O d. P...
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2010 for the course MCDB 310 taught by Professor Walter during the Fall '09 term at University of Michigan.

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Chapter 1 Worksheet - -Know what an isomer is and which biochemical reaction it results from(this will be helpful when you start to cover

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