Wingfield 4

Wingfield 4 - Endocrinology 4 Endocrine Glands That are Not...

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Unformatted text preview: Endocrinology 4 Endocrine Glands That are Not Primary Targets of the Anterior Pituitary Gastrointestinal Hormones, Pancreas and Metabolism NPB 101, Autumn 2008 Readings: Ch. 14 pages 516-519; Ch. 17 pages 644-648; Chapters 18 and 19. Food intake Absorbable units Dietary protein Dietary carbohydrate Dietary triglyceride fat D I G E S T I O N Amino acids Glucose Fatty acids Monoglycerides A B S O R P T I O N Metabolic pool in body Body proteins (structural or secretory products) Amino acids Urea Urinary excretion (elimination from body) Storage, structural, and functional macromolecules in cells Glycogen storage in liver and muscle Triglycerides in adipose tissue stores (fat) Glucose Fatty acids Oxidation to CO 2 + H 2 O + ATP (energy) Expired (elimination from body) Use as metabolic fuel in cells Food intake Absorbable units Dietary protein Dietary carbohydrate Dietary triglyceride fat D I G E S T I O N Amino acids Glucose Fatty acids Monoglycerides A B S O R P T I O N Metabolic pool in body Body proteins (structural or secretory products) Amino acids Urea Urinary excretion (elimination from body) Storage, structural, and functional macromolecules in cells Glycogen storage in liver and muscle Triglycerides in adipose tissue stores (fat) Glucose Fatty acids Oxidation to CO 2 + H 2 O + ATP (energy) Expired (elimination from body) Use as metabolic fuel in cells Fig. 19-13, p. 702 Food intake Absorbable units Dietary protein Dietary carbohydrate Dietary tri- glyceride fat D I G E S T I O N Amino acids Glucose Fatty acids Mono- glycerides A B S O R P T I O N Metabolic pool in body Body proteins (structural or secretory ) Amino acids Urea, urinary excretion Storage, structural, and functional macromolecules in cells Glycogen storage Triglycerides in adipose tissue stores (fat) Glucose Fatty acids Oxidation to CO 2 + H 2 O + ATP (energy). Expired (elimination from body) Use as metabolic fuel in cells Anabolic Catabolic Table 19-5, p. 703 Anatomy of gastrointestinal (stomach and bowel) tract. Note that digestive juices from the pancreas and liver enter small bowel at the duodenum. The proximal 2/5 of small bowel is called the jejunum. The distal 3/5 is called the ileum. The small bowel empties into the colon (large bowel). © S. Brett Gall bladder stores and releases bile into intestine. Pancreas releases enzymes and bicarbonate into intestine www.eusimaging.com/conditions/con_bile_lg.html This is the normal appearance of the stomach, that has been opened along the greater curvature. The esophagus is at the left. In the fundus can be seen the lesser curvature. Just beyond the antrum is the pylorus emptying into the Frst portion of duodenum is at the lower right. The normal appearance of the gastric fundus on upper GI endoscopy is shown below at the left, with the normal duodenal appearance at the right. Small intestine showing blood supply to villi and smooth muscle lining Gastrointestinal Hormones Gastrin (secretory cells in stomach and duodenum) Secretin...
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2010 for the course NPB idk taught by Professor Wingfield during the Spring '09 term at UC Davis.

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Wingfield 4 - Endocrinology 4 Endocrine Glands That are Not...

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