Lecture_15_Atheroslerosis2 - Lecture 15 Atherosclerosis II...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 15 Atherosclerosis II Minimizing Risk of Atherosclerosis 2. Minimize consumption of dietary cholesterol 3. Minimize consumption of all fat 4. Minimize consumption of energy 5. Eating Margarine wont help 6. Maintain vitamin E levels 1. Substitute unsaturated fat for saturated fat Inuits Eat a high fat diet Low rate of heart disease Bleeders- long coagulation times Omega-3 fatty acids LDL LDL LDL LDL LDL LDL H-C-C-C-C-C-C=C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C- H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H Carbon #6 Long chain fatty acid Omega-6 fatty acid Linoleic acid Essential Fatty Acid O OH C H-C-C-C=C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C- H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H Carbon #3 Long chain fatty acid O OH C Omega-3 fatty acid Linolenic acid Essential Fatty Acid Omega-3 Omega-6 Eicosanoids Eicosanoids EPA DHA 1. Dilate blood vessels 2. Inhibit clotting 3. Reduce inflammation 1. Constrict blood vessels 2. Promote clotting 3. Promote inflammation Optimal Health Omega-3 Omega-6 1:1 to 4:1 Optimal Health 10:1 and 30:1 Major source of omega-6 fatty acids Corn , peanut, safflower, soybean OILS Major source of omega-6 fatty acids 1. Of 10,000 items in a typical grocery store, at least 2,500 use corn in some form during production or processing. 2. In the US, corn leads all other crops in value and volume of production more than double that of any other crop. 3. Corn is America's chief crop export, with total bushels exported exceeding total bushels used domestically for food, seed, and industrial purposes. 4. Corn subsidies in United States totaled $41.9 billion from 1995-2004. MICHAEL POLLAN: The author of 'Botany of Desire' Anchovies Bluefish Herring Mackerel Salmon Trout (lake) Tuna Good sources of omega-3 fatty acids COLD WATER FISH Important points to remember...
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Lecture_15_Atheroslerosis2 - Lecture 15 Atherosclerosis II...

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