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Lec 2 - Creationism Intelligent Design and Antievolutionism...

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August 31, 2009 Creationism, Intelligent Design, and Antievolutionism Guest Lecturer: Warren Allmon A. Organic Evolution 1. Darwin did not use evolution at the beginning. Used “Transmutation” or “Descent with modification” 2. The hypothesis that all organisms on earth are connected by genealogy AND have changed through time. You can believe one but not the other. B. On the Origin of Species (1859) tried to do two things: 1. To convince his reader that evolution (descent with modification) has occurred and is an adequate explanation for observations about life. Totally successful. - 1820, attended Cambridge - 1859, published on the origin of species - 1870, evolution was on exams at Cambridge - 1882, died. Since his death, no serious biologist/geologist has questioned whether evolution is true i. Evidence for evolution - Biogeography - Fossil record - Classification - Comparative anatomy - Observed small-scale changes - Genetics 2. To convince his reader that a particular mechanism- NATURAL SELECTION- is the main cause of evolution. Almost complete failure - More offspring are born than can survive to adulthood - Those that survive will, on average, be those with traits that allow them to live and reproduce more efficiently and effectively -
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