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Fall 2009-305 STUDY GUIDE EXAM 2

Fall 2009-305 STUDY GUIDE EXAM 2 - ssawicki 1 of 7 English...

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ssawicki 1 of 7 English 305 The English Language in America Exam 2 Study Guide I N ADDITION TO EXPLAINING CONCEPTS , BE ABLE TO ILLUSTRATE WITH EXAMPLES . A CQUISITION : L1, L2, AND B ILINGUAL HEW Chapter 10 ** Theories about Children’s Language Acquisition 330-335 -Debates about Language “Hard Wiring” ** Children Learning Sounds 335-338 ** Children Learning Words 338-346 -Deaf Children Learning ASL -Why Do We Talk with Our Hands? ** Children Learning Grammar 346-348 -Patterns of Children’s Error -Pinker’s “Blocking Principle” Language Acquisition in Special Circumstances 350-352 Critical Age Hypothesis 352-355 ** When Things Go Wrong 355-360 -Verbal Slips Children and Bilingualism 360-362 primary arguments for both the innatist (instinct) and behaviorist theories of L1 acquisition acquisition vs. learning in L1 universal grammar and arguments supporting it Broca’s area and Wernicke’s area Eric Lenneberg’s characteristics of biologically controlled behaviors parallel babbling stage of hearing and deaf babies and its significance in L1 acquisition theory overgeneralization in L1 acquisition U-shaped development of inflectional morphemes poverty of stimulus argument of L1 acquisition critical period (or age) hypothesis syntactic bootstrapping structural dependency and its place in language acquisition. constraints on the wanna contraction, questions formed with auxiliary verbs, non-constituents strings of words overextension in first language acquisition. “form over color” and “whole object” principles **** HEW Chapter 10 Language Acquisition handouts : Finegan, Ellis, Yule, Snoddon
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ssawicki 2 of 7 “FIS” phenomenon (Finegan) acquisition order of English Morphemes (Finegan) “This is a wug.” (Finegan) unitary system hypothesis and the separate systems hypothesis of bilingual language acquisition **interlanguages of L2 acquisition sensitive period for L2 acquisition item learning and system learning in L2 instruction affective filter, Stephen Krashen errors vs. mistakes in L2 acquisition types of transfer in L2 acquisition fossilization communicative competence in L2 acquisition (Yule) grammatical competence sociolinguistic competence strategic competence communication strategy Compare and contrast bilingual acquisition and L2 acquisition.
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