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Unformatted text preview: National Vital Statistics Reports Volume 57, Number 14 April 17, 2009 Deaths: Final Data for 2006 by Melonie Heron, Ph.D.; Donna L. Hoyert, Ph.D.; Sherry L. Murphy, B.S.; Jiaquan Xu, M.D.; Kenneth D. Kochanek, M.A.; and Betzaida Tejada-Vera, B.S.; Division of Vital Statistics Abstract Objectives--This report presents final 2006 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant and maternal mortality, and trends by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, marital status, educational attainment, injury at work, state of residence, and cause of death. It also presents more detailed information than previously presented about the mortality experience of the American Indian or Alaska Native and the Asian or Pacific Islander populations. Methods--Information reported on death certificates, which are completed by funeral directors, attending physicians, medical exam iners, and coroners, is presented in descriptive tabulations. The original records are filed in state registration offices. Statistical information is compiled in a national database through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Causes of death are processed in accor dance with the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10). Results--In 2006, a total of 2,426,264 deaths were reported in the United States. The age-adjusted death rate was 776.5 deaths per 100,000 standard population, a decrease of 2.8 percent from the 2005 rate and a record low historical figure. Life expectancy at birth rose 0.3 years, from a revised 2005 value of 77.4 years to a record 77.7 years in 2006. Age-specific death rates increased for those aged 2534 years but decreased for most other age groups: 514 years, 3544 years, 4554 years, 5564 years, 6574 years, 7584 years, and 85 years and over. The 15 leading causes of death in 2006 remained the same as in 2005. Heart disease and cancer continued to be the leading and second-leading causes of death, together accounting for almost half of all deaths. The infant mortality rate in 2006 was 6.69 deaths per 1,000 live births. Conclusions--Mortality patterns in 2006, such as the decline in the age-adjusted death rate to a record historical low, were generally consistent with long-term trends. Life expectancy increased in 2006 from 2005. Keywords: mortality c cause of death c life expectancy c vital statistics Highlights Mortality experience in 2006 + In 2006, a total of 2,426,264 resident deaths were registered in the United States. + The age-adjusted death rate, which takes the aging of the popu lation into account, was 776.5 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population. + Life expectancy at birth was 77.7 years. + The 15 leading causes of death in 2006 were: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Diseases of heart (heart disease) Malignant neoplasms (cancer) Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) Chronic lower respiratory diseases Accidents (unintentional injuries) Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) Alzheimer's disease Influenza and pneumonia Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis (kidney disease) Septicemia Intentional self-harm (suicide) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease (hypertension) Parkinson's disease Assault (homicide) + In 2006, the infant mortality rate was 6.69 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. + The 10 leading causes of infant death were: 1. Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (congenital malformations) 2. Disorders relating to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified (low birthweight) U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System 2 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 3. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 4. Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy (maternal complications) 5. Accidents (unintentional injuries) 6. Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord and membranes (cord and placental complications) 7. Respiratory distress of newborn 8. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 9. Neonatal hemorrhage 10. Diseases of the circulatory system Trends + The age-adjusted death rate in 2006 declined to a record low. + Life expectancy was 77.7 years, continuing a long-term increasing trend. Life expectancy increased for the total population, as well as for the black and white populations. Both males and females, overall and within the black and white populations, experienced an increase in life expectancy in 2006 compared with 2005. + Age-adjusted death rates decreased significantly in 2006 from 2005 for 10 of the 15 leading causes of death, and increased for 2 of the 15 leading causes. Rates for the top three leading causes--heart disease, cancer, and stroke--continued a longterm decreasing trend. Significant increases occurred for unin tentional injuries and kidney disease. + The differences in mortality between men and women increased slightly in 2006 from 2005. The age-adjusted death rate for men was 40.6 percent greater than that for women, up from 40.4 per cent in 2005, while the difference between male and female life expectancy was 5.1 years in 2006, a slight increase from the 2005 gap of 5.0 years. + Differences in mortality between the black and white populations persisted. The age-adjusted death rate was 1.3 times greater, infant mortality rate 2.4 times greater, and maternal mortality rate 3.4 times greater for the black population than for the white population. Life expectancy for the white population exceeded that for the black population by 5.0 years. + The postneonatal mortality rate decreased 4.3 percent and the infant mortality rate decreased 2.6 percent in 2006 from 2005. findings of this report, based on the final mortality file, are generally consistent with those based on preliminary data; the final mortality file incorporates some modifications to the preliminary file as described in ``Technical Notes.'' Separate companion reports will present additional details on leading causes of death and life expectancy in the United States (3,4). Mortality data in this report can be used to monitor and evaluate the health status of the United States in terms of current mortality levels and long-term mortality trends, as well as to identify segments of the U.S. population at greater risk of death from specific diseases and injuries. Differences in death rates among various demographic sub populations, including race and ethnic groups, may reflect subpopu lation differences in factors such as socioeconomic status, access to medical care, and the prevalence of specific risk factors of a particular subpopulation. Methods Data in this report are based on information from all resident death certificates filed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. More than 99 percent of deaths occurring in this country are believed to be registered (5). Tables showing data by state also provide information for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (Northern Marianas). Cause-of-death statistics presented in this report are classified in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10) (6). A discussion of the cause-of death classification is provided in ``Technical Notes.'' Mortality data on specific demographic and medical characteristics except educational attainment cover all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Educational attainment data are provided for the 20 states and the District of Columbia that used the 2003 version of the standard death certificate, and the 28 states that used the 1989 version of the standard death certificate. Details on reporting areas for educational attainment are provided in ``Technical Notes.'' Measures of mortality in this report include the number of deaths; crude, age-specific, and age-adjusted death rates; infant, neonatal, postneonatal, and maternal mortality rates; life expectancy; and rate ratios. Changes in death rates in 2006 compared with 2005, and differences in death rates across demographic groups in 2006, are tested for statistical significance. Unless otherwise specified, reported differences are statistically significant. Additional information on these statistical methods, random variation and relative standard error, the computation of derived statistics and rates, population denominators, and the definition of terms is presented in ``Technical Notes.'' The populations used to calculate death rates for 20002006 and the intercensal period 19911999 shown in this report were produced under a collaborative arrangement with the U.S. Census Bureau and are consistent with the 2000 census. Reflecting the new guidelines issued in 1997 by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the 2000 census included an option for persons to report more than one race as appropriate for themselves and household members (7); see ``Technical Notes.'' The 1997 OMB guidelines also provided for the reporting of Asian persons separately from Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander persons. Under the prior OMB standards issued in 1977, data for Asian or Pacific Islander persons were collected as a single group (8). Most death certificates currently collect only one race Introduction This report presents detailed 2006 data on deaths and death rates according to a number of social, demographic, and medical characteristics. These data provide information on mortality patterns among residents of the United States by such variables as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, marital status, educational attainment, injury at work, state of residence, and cause of death. Information on these mortality patterns is key to understanding changes in the health and well-being of the U.S. population (1). In contrast with previous final reports, this report presents detailed information on mortality patterns of the American Indian or Alaska Native and the Asian or Pacific Islander populations. Preliminary data for 2006 were presented in the report ``Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2006'' using a 99 percent (demographic file) sample of U.S. deaths weighted to independent control totals (2). The National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 3 for the decedent in the same categories as specified in the 1977 OMB guidelines; that is, death certificate data do not report Asian persons separately from Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander persons. Death certificate data by race--the source of the numerators for death rates--are thus currently incompatible with the population data col lected in the 2000 census and postcensal estimates--the denominators for the rates. To produce death rates by race for 20002006, and revised intercensal rates for the 19911999 period, the reported popu lation data for multiple-race persons had to be ``bridged'' to single-race categories. In addition, the 2000 census counts were modified to be consistent with the 1977 OMB race categories; that is, to report the data for Asian persons and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander persons as a combined category, Asian or Pacific Islander, and to reflect age as of the census reference date (9). The procedures used to produce the bridged populations are described in separate publications (10,11). The bridged population data are anticipated to be used over the next few years for computing population-based rates by race. Beginning with deaths occurring in 2003, some states allowed for multiple-race reporting on the death certificate. Multiple-race data for these states are bridged to single-race categories; see ``Technical Notes.'' Once all states are collecting data on race according to the 1997 OMB guidelines, use of the bridged race algorithm is expected to be discontinued. Readers should keep in mind that the population data used to compile death rates by race in this report are based on special estimation procedures--they are not true counts. This is the case even for the 2000 populations. The estimation procedures used to develop these populations contain some error. Smaller population groups are affected much more than larger populations (10). Over the next several years, additional information will be incorporated in the estimation procedures, possibly resulting in further revisions of the population estimates; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data presented in this report and other mortality tabulations are available at the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) website, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm. Availability of mortality microdata is described in ``Technical Notes.'' Results and Discussion Deaths and death rates In 2006, a total of 2,426,264 resident deaths were registered in the United States, 21,753 fewer deaths than in 2005. The crude death rate for 2006, 810.4 deaths per 100,000 population, was 1.9 percent less than the 2005 rate (825.9) (Tables 1 and A). The age-adjusted death rate in 2006 was 776.5 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population, a record low value that was 2.8 per cent lower than the 2005 rate of 798.8 (Tables 1 and A). Age-adjusted death rates are constructs that show what the level of mortality would be if no changes occurred in the age composition of the population from year to year. (For a discussion of age-adjusted death rates, see ``Technical Notes.'') Thus, age-adjusted death rates are better indica tors than unadjusted (crude) death rates for examining changes in the risk of death over a period of time when the age distribution of the population is changing. Age-adjusted death rates also are better indi cators of relative risk when comparing mortality across geographic areas or between sex or race subgroups of the population that have different age distributions; see ``Technical Notes.'' Since 1980, the age-adjusted death rate has decreased every year except 1983, 1985, 1988, 1993, and 1999. Those years coincided with influenza outbreaks (1215). Table A. Percentage change in death rates and age-adjusted death rates in 2006 from 2005, by age, race, and sex: United States [Based on death rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population, and age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards] All races1 Age All ages Crude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age-adjusted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Under 1 year5 . . . 14 years . . . . . 514 years . . . . 1524 years . . . . 2534 years . . . . 3544 years . . . . 4554 years . . . . 5564 years . . . . 6574 years . . . . 7584 years . . . . 85 years and over 1 2 White2 Male Black2 American Indian or Alaska Native2,3 Male Female Asian or Pacific Islander2,4 Both sexes Male Female Both Both sexes Male Female sexes Both Both Female sexes Male Female sexes Percent change 1.9 2.8 0.3 3.4 6.7 1.0 1.8 1.6 1.0 1.8 3.5 2.8 4.0 1.5 2.8 0.8 8.7 5.4 1.3 2.4 1.8 1.2 1.9 3.7 2.7 3.9 2.2 2.9 0.4 4.8 7.9 0.2 0.3 1.4 0.7 1.6 3.4 2.9 4.1 1.8 2.7 0.5 5.6 5.3 1.2 2.9 1.6 0.4 1.5 3.5 2.6 3.9 1.4 2.7 1.1 11.0 4.1 1.3 3.5 1.8 0.8 1.6 3.8 2.5 3.8 2.1 2.7 0.2 2.6 7.0 0.5 1.6 1.1 0.2 1.4 3.2 2.8 3.9 2.2 3.4 0.6 3.6 9.0 0.2 0.8 1.3 3.1 2.9 3.1 4.0 4.5 1.6 3.0 2.1 0.9 8.1 0.5 0.0 0.8 2.8 3.2 2.1 3.6 4.4 2.8 3.9 1.3 7.4 10.3 0.2 2.9 2.0 3.6 2.5 4.3 4.5 4.6 0.4 3.2 7.2 8.1 14.6 3.3 3.8 2.4 2.3 5.8 5.8 0.3 7.7 1.0 4.6 19.9 19.8 24.2 7.6 6.0 0.6 0.5 8.4 4.8 4.0 10.4 0.3 2.1 8.4 10.7 1.2 6.5 1.7 5.4 6.5 1.8 6.9 4.0 6.1 0.1 2.6 3.7 2.1 16.3 5.3 1.9 4.2 1.8 2.0 3.2 2.2 3.1 1.0 3.4 1.1 13.0 19.3 8.4 2.5 5.4 4.1 1.0 5.3 4.1 3.2 1.0 1.8 9.7 20.6 13.4 2.7 0.3 2.2 1.7 5.8 0.8 0.2 3.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Includes races other than white and black. Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006. The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 Includes Aleuts and Eskimos. 4 Includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and Other Asian or Pacific Islander. 5 Death rates for ``under 1 year'' (based on population estimates) differ from infant mortality rates (based on live births). 4 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 From 1980 through 2006, the age-adjusted death rate declined 25.3 percent (Figure 1 and Table 1). Race--In 2006, age-adjusted death rates for the major race groups (Table 1) were: + White population, 764.4 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population + Black population, 982.0 + American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) population, 642.1 + Asian or Pacific Islander (API) population, 428.6 Rates for the AIAN and API populations should be interpreted with caution because of reporting problems regarding correct identi fication of race on both the death certificate and in population censuses and surveys. The net effect of the reporting problems is for the AIAN rate to be approximately 30 percent understated and the API rate to be approximately 7 percent understated (16). In 2006, the age-adjusted death rate for the black population was 1.3 times that for the white population (Table B); that is, the average risk of death for the black population was about 30 percent higher than for the white population. The ratio (shown to one decimal place) has remained constant since 1997. From 1960 through 1982, rates for the black and white populations declined by similar percentages--22.6 and 26.5 percent, respectively. From 1982 through 1988, rates diverged (17), increasing 5.2 percent for the black population and decreasing 1.7 percent for the white population. The disparity in age-adjusted death rates between the black and white populations reached its widest point in 1989. Since then, the disparity between the two populations has narrowed as the age-adjusted rate for the black population declined by 23.0 percent and the rate for the white population declined by 16.9 percent (Table 1 and Figure 2). In 2006, decreases in age-adjusted death rates were observed for both white and black males and females compared with 2005. In order of relative magnitude of decrease, the reductions from 2005 were 3.9 percent for black females, 3.0 percent for black males, and 2.7 per cent for both white males and white females (Tables A and 1). Age-adjusted death rates have generally declined from 1980 through 2006 for white males and females. However, increases were observed for both white males and white females in 1983, 1985, 1988, and 1993. In addition, the age-adjusted death rate for white females increased in 1995 and 1999. For black males, age-adjusted death rates tended to decrease except for a period of increase from 1983 through 1988. Rates for black females decreased from 1980 through 2006, although with considerable variability in direction of change from year to year (Table 1). In 2006, the age-adjusted death rate for the AIAN population was 0.8 times that for the white population (Table B); that is, the average risk of death for the AIAN population was 20 percent lower than for the white population. Despite fluctuations over time and a trend toward convergence in rates from 1988 through 1999, the AIAN-white ratio has been consistently lower than 1.0 since 1980. The AIAN advantage in mortality is due in large part to the underreporting of AIAN mortality on death certificates. From 1980 through 1988, the age-adjusted rate for the AIAN population declined by 17.1 percent (Figure 2 and Table 1). However, the rate fluctuated from 1989 through 1999, peaking at 796.4 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population in 1993. Overall, the age-adjusted rate increased by 2.5 percent from 1989 through 1999, and has since trended downward. From 1999 through 2006, it declined by 17.8 percent. In 2006, the age-adjusted rate decreased by 3.2 per cent from 2005 for both sexes and by 4.6 percent for AIAN males (Table A). The rate for AIAN females did not change significantly from year to year. The age-adjusted death rate for the API population was 0.6 times that for the white population in 2006 (Table B). Some of this advantage is due to the underreporting of API mortality on death certificates. The 1,400 Rate per 100,000 U.S. standard population 1,400 Black 1,200 1,000 800 600 Asian or Pacific Islander 400 200 0 1980 1 Rate per 100,000 population 1,200 Age adjusted White AIAN1 Hispanic2 1,000 Crude 800 1990 2000 2006 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2006 NOTE: Crude death rates are on an annual basis per 100,000 population; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see "Technical Notes." SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Statistics Branch. American Indian or Alaska Native. 2 Mortality data for the Hispanic population of the entire United States became available in 1997. NOTES: Age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see "Technical Notes." Data for Hispanic origin and races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution; see "Technical Notes." SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Statistics Branch. Figure 1. Crude and age-adjusted death rates: United States, 19602006 Figure 2. Age-adjusted death rates, by race and Hispanic origin: United States, 19802006 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 5 Table B. Percentage of total deaths, death rates, age-adjusted death rates for 2006, percentage change in age-adjusted death rates in 2006 from 2005, and ratio of age-adjusted death rates by race and sex for the 15 leading causes of death for the total population in 2006: United States [Crude death rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population; age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population. The asterisks preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Age-adjusted death rate Percent change 2006 Percent crude of total death deaths rate 100.0 26.0 23.1 5.7 5.1 5.0 3.0 3.0 2.3 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.8 18.5 2005 to 2006 2.8 5.2 1.7 6.4 6.3 1.8 5.3 1.3 12.3 1.4 1.8 0.0 2.2 6.3 1.6 1.6 ... Male Black to to female white 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.0 1.3 2.2 1.4 0.7 1.4 1.4 1.2 4.0 2.1 1.0 2.2 3.9 ... 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.5 0.7 0.9 2.1 0.8 1.1 2.3 2.1 0.4 0.8 2.7 0.4 5.8 ... 2 Ratio AIAN2,3 API2,4 Hispanic5 to to to non white white Hispanic white 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.4 1.9 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.0 2.4 0.9 0.5 2.0 ... 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.8 ... 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.7 1.5 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.4 1.5 1.0 0.6 2.7 ... Rank1 ... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 ... Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Number 2006 All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,426,264 Diseases of heart . . . . . . . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) 631,636 Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) 559,888 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) 137,119 Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . (J40J47) 124,583 Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . (V01X59,Y85Y86) 121,599 Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) 72,449 Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) 72,432 Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) 56,326 Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . (N00N07, N17N19,N25N27) 45,344 Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) 34,234 33,300 Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) 27,555 Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . (K70,K73K74) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal 23,855 disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I10,I12,I15)6 Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(G20G21) 19,566 Assault (homicide). . . . . . . . (*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) 18,573 All other causes (residual) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447,805 810.4 776.5 211.0 200.2 187.0 180.7 45.8 43.6 41.6 40.5 40.6 39.8 24.2 23.3 24.2 22.6 18.8 17.8 15.1 11.4 11.1 9.2 8.0 6.5 6.2 149.6 14.5 11.0 10.9 8.8 7.5 6.3 6.2 ... . . . Category not applicable. 1 Based on number of deaths. See ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006. The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 AIAN is American Indian or Alaska Native; includes Aleuts and Eskimos. 4 API is Asian or Pacific Islander; includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and Other Asian or Pacific Islander. 5 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys. 6 Cause-of-death title was changed in 2006 to reflect the addition of Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15). API-white ratio has been consistently low over time, with a trend toward incremental divergence in rates since 1990 (Table 1 and Figure 2). From 1981 through 1985, the age-adjusted rate for the API population increased by 7.7 percent to reach a peak of 586.5 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population. The rate fluctuated from 1985 through 1993 before starting a persistent downward trend. From 1993 through 2006, the age-adjusted rate for the API population decreased by 24.2 percent. In 2006, the rate for the total API population decreased by 2.6 percent from 2005 and that for API males decreased by 3.4 percent (Table A). There was no significant change in the rate for API females. Hispanic origin--Problems of race and Hispanic-origin reporting affect Hispanic death rates and the comparison of rates for the Hispanic and the non-Hispanic population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Mortality for Hispanics is somewhat understated because of net underreporting of Hispanic origin on the death certificate. Hispanic origin on the death certificate is underreported by an estimated 5 percent (16); see ``Tech nical Notes.'' The age-adjusted death rate for the Hispanic population in 2006 was 564.0, a decrease of 4.5 percent from the rate of 590.7 observed in 2005 (Tables C and 2). The age-adjusted death rate for the total non-Hispanic population decreased by 2.6 percent relative to 2005. In 2006, the age-adjusted rate for the non-Hispanic white popu lation decreased by 2.5 percent from 2005, and that for the nonHispanic black population declined by 3.2 percent. Among Hispanic males, the age-adjusted death rate decreased by 5.8 percent in 2006 from 2005. The age-adjusted death rate for nonHispanic white males and non-Hispanic black males declined 2.4 and 2.7 percent, respectively. Among Hispanic females, the age-adjusted death rate decreased by 3.4 percent. Non-Hispanic white females and non-Hispanic black females experienced declines of 2.6 and 3.7 per cent, respectively (Tables C and 2). In 2006, the age-adjusted death rate (Table 2) was 28.7 percent lower for the Hispanic population than for the non-Hispanic population. Similarly, the age-adjusted death rate for the Hispanic population was 27.4 percent lower than the rate for the non-Hispanic white population, and considerably lower, at 43.7 percent, than that for the non-Hispanic black population. The large differences in mortality between the His panic and non-Hispanic populations are partly a function of the Hispanic population's lower age-specific death rates, particularly at older ages (Table 4). Part of the difference is also attributable to underreporting of Hispanic origin on the death certificate. In addition, various hypotheses 6 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table C. Percentage change in death rates and age-adjusted death rates in 2006 from 2005, by age, Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States [Based on death rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population and age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race. Data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins1 Age All ages Crude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age-adjusted . . . . . . . . . . Under 1 year3 . . . 14 years . . . . . 514 years . . . . . 1524 years . . . . 2534 years . . . . 3544 years . . . . 4554 years . . . . 5564 years . . . . 6574 years . . . . 7584 years . . . . 85 years and over 1 2 Hispanic Both sexes Male Female Non-Hispanic2 Both sexes Male Female Non-Hispanic white Both sexes Male Female Non-Hispanic black Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Male Female Percent change 1.9 2.8 0.3 3.4 6.7 1.0 1.8 1.6 1.0 1.8 3.5 2.8 4.0 1.5 2.8 0.8 8.7 5.4 1.3 2.4 1.8 1.2 1.9 3.7 2.7 3.9 2.2 2.9 0.4 4.8 7.9 0.2 0.3 1.4 0.7 1.6 3.4 2.9 4.1 2.3 4.5 3.8 8.7 3.6 1.0 0.5 3.2 2.2 2.8 5.6 5.8 4.4 3.1 5.8 4.4 13.3 7.2 0.2 2.4 3.0 3.3 3.7 5.8 7.5 7.0 1.3 3.4 3.1 2.0 1.7 3.8 4.9 3.9 0.5 1.5 5.3 4.2 2.9 1.5 2.6 0.9 1.7 8.3 1.4 2.4 1.1 0.8 1.7 3.4 2.5 3.9 1.1 2.5 0.4 7.5 8.2 1.5 3.7 1.3 0.9 1.7 3.5 2.4 3.7 2.0 2.8 1.6 6.3 9.7 1.1 0.1 0.9 0.5 1.6 3.2 2.8 4.0 1.4 2.5 0.3 4.6 7.9 1.7 3.8 1.0 0.1 1.4 3.3 2.3 3.8 0.9 2.4 0.6 10.7 6.9 1.7 5.2 1.3 0.4 1.4 3.6 2.2 3.6 1.8 2.6 1.5 4.5 8.5 1.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 1.4 3.0 2.6 3.9 2.0 3.2 1.2 4.2 8.8 0.2 0.2 1.0 3.0 2.7 3.1 3.8 4.4 1.3 2.7 0.1 1.3 7.2 0.5 0.8 0.5 2.6 2.9 2.0 3.2 4.1 2.7 3.7 2.5 8.3 10.5 0.4 2.4 1.7 3.5 2.4 4.3 4.3 4.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figures for origin not stated are included in ``all origins'' but not distributed among specified origins. Includes races other than white and black. 3 Death rates for ``under 1 year'' (based on population estimates) differ from infant mortality rates (based on live births). have been proposed to explain Hispanics' favorable mortality out comes. The most prevalent include the healthy migrant effect, which argues that Hispanic immigrants are selected for their good health and robustness, and the ``salmon bias'' effect, which posits that U.S. resi dents of Hispanic origin may return to their country of origin to die or when ill (18,19). Within the Hispanic population, the age-adjusted death rate for males was 1.4 times the rate for females (Table 2). The corresponding male-female ratios were 1.4 for the non-Hispanic white population and 1.5 for the non-Hispanic black population. Age-adjusted death rates in 2006 for selected Hispanic subgroups (Table 5), in order of relative magnitude, were: + Puerto Rican population, 718.0 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population + Mexican population, 574.7 + Cuban population, 570.1 + Central and South American population, 370.3 The age-adjusted death rate for the Puerto Rican population was significantly higher than the rates for the Mexican and Central and South American populations. The difference between the ageadjusted rate for the Central and South American population and that for the Cuban and Mexican populations was statistically significant. The difference between the rate for the Cuban population and that for the Puerto Rican and Mexican populations was not statistically significant. Tests of significant differences among the Hispanic subgroups are affected by the large statistical variation in age-specific death rates for some of the subgroups, which reflects their relatively small population sizes. Death rates by age and sex The only statistically significant increase in age-specific death rates in 2006 occurred among those aged 2534 years, with a 1.8 percent increase over 2005 (Table A and Figure 3). In 2006, age-specific death rates decreased by a statistically significant margin from 2005 for age groups 514 years, 3544 years, 4554 years, 5564 years, 6574 years, 7584 years, and 85 years and over. The death rates for males declined in 2006 from 2005 for age groups 14 years, 514 years, 3544 years, 4554 years, 5564 years, 6574 years, 7584 years, and 85 years and over. The largest sta tistically significant decrease for males occurred among those aged 14 years (8.7 percent). The only statistically significant increase in agespecific death rates among males, 2.4 percent, occurred for those aged 2534 years. For females, death rates declined for the age groups 514 years, 5564 years, 6574 years, 7584 years, and 85 years and over. The largest drop in age-specific rates for females occurred among those aged 514 years, at 7.9 percent. None of the observed increases among females were statistically significant. Race--Age-specific death rates declined for white males in 2006 for age groups 14 years, 3544 years, 5564 years, 6574 years, 7584 years, and 85 years and over (Table A). The largest decrease, 11.0 percent, occurred for those aged 14 years. Rates increased for white males aged 2534 years, at 3.5 percent. Rates for the black male population in 2006 decreased for age groups 4554 years, 5564 years, 6574 years, 7584 years, and 85 years and over. The largest statistically significant decrease for black males was for those aged 85 years and over, at 4.4 percent. The only statistically significant change for AIAN males was an 8.4 percent decrease for the age group 5564 years. Rates for API males decreased for those aged 6574 years--the group with the largest statistically significant decrease at 5.3 percent-- and 7584 years. For white females, the death rate decreased in 2006 for those aged 514 years, 5564 years, 6574 years, 7584 years, and 85 years and over. The largest decrease, 7.0 percent, was observed for age group 514 years. Age-specific rates for black females decreased National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 7 40,000 20,000 10,000 Rate per 100,000 population Under 1 year1 Male 85 years and over 7584 years 6574 years 6574 years 5564 years 5564 years 7584 years Female 85 years and over 1,000 4554 years 3544 years 2534 years Under 1 year1 4554 years 3544 years 2534 years 1524 years 1524 years 514 years 14 years 100 14 years 514 years 10 1955 1960 1 1970 1980 1990 2000 2006 1955 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2006 Death rates for "Under 1 year" (based on population estimates) differ from infant mortality rates (based on live births); see Figure 7 for infant mortality rates and "Technical Notes" for further discussion of the difference. SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Statistics Branch. Figure 3. Death rates, by age and sex: United States, 19552006 for age groups 4554 years, 5564 years, 6574 years, 7584 years, and 85 years and over, with the oldest group having the largest decrease at 4.6 percent. None of the changes in age-specific death rates for AIAN females between 2005 and 2006 were statistically significant. For API females, the only statistically significant change was a 5.8 percent decrease for those aged 5564 years. Hispanic origin--For the Hispanic origin population in 2006 com pared with 2005 (Table C), the age-specific death rate decreased for age groups under 1 year, 14 years, 3544 years, 5564 years, 6574 years, 7584 years, and 85 years and over. The largest decrease was for age group 14 years, at 8.7 percent; no significant increases in age-specific death rates for Hispanics occurred in 2006 from a year earlier. Rates for Hispanic males decreased for age groups 14 years, 4554 years, 5564 years, 6574 years, 7584 years, and 85 years and over. The largest decrease was for the age group 14 years-- 13.3 percent. For Hispanic females, age-specific rates decreased by a statistically significant amount in 2006 from 2005 for those aged 6574 years, 7584 years, and 85 years and over. The largest decrease, 5.3 percent, was for the age group 6574 years. In 2006, life expectancy at birth for the U.S. population was 77.7 years, an increase of 0.3 year from 77.4 years in 2005 (Tables 68). The trend in U.S. life expectancy since 1900 has been one of gradual improvement. In 2006, the life expectancy for females was 80.2 years, a 0.3-year increase from 2005, and the life expectancy for males was 75.1 years, a 0.2-year increase from the previous year. From 1900 through the late 1970s, the sex gap in life expectancy widened (Fig ure 4; data prior to 1975 not shown), from 2.0 years to 7.8 years. Since its peak in the 1970s, the sex gap has been narrowing. The difference in life expectancy between the sexes was 5.1 years in 2006, a slight increase from the 5.0-year gap in 2005. Life expectancy increased 0.4 year for the black population in 2006 to 73.2 years compared with 2005. Life expectancy for the white population increased 0.3 year to 78.2 years. The difference in life expectancy between the white and black populations in 2006 was 5.0 years, a 0.1-year decrease from 2005 and the smallest gap ever recorded. The white-black gap has been narrowing gradually from a peak of 7.1 years in 1989 to the current record low (Figure 4). This resumed a long-term decline in the white-black difference in life expect ancy that was interrupted from 1982 through 1989 when the gap widened. Among the major race-sex groups (Tables 7, 8, and Figure 5), white females continued to have the highest life expectancy at birth (80.6 years), followed by black females (76.5 years), white males (75.7 years), and black males (69.7 years). Life expectancies increased by 0.4 year for both the black male and black female populations. Life expectancies increased for white males by 0.3 year and for white females by 0.2 year. Life expectancy for black males declined every year from 1984 through 1989, then resumed the long-term trend of increase from 1990 through 1992 and 1994 through 2004 (Table 8). For white females, life expectancy increased most years from 1970 through Expectation of life at birth and at specified ages Life expectancy at birth represents the average number of years that a group of infants would live if the group was to experience throughout life the age-specific death rates present in the year of birth. Life table data shown in this report for data years 20002006 are based on a newly revised methodology and may differ from figures previously published. The revised methodology is similar to that developed for the 19992001 decennial life tables; see ``Technical Notes.'' Life tables were generated only for the total U.S., black, and white populations. 8 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 8.0 Difference in life expectancy at birth in years Female-male life expectancy 7.5 7.0 than one who has reached 50 years. On the basis of mortality expe rienced in 2006, a person aged 50 years could expect to live an average of 30.7 more years for a total of 80.7 years. A person aged 65 years could expect to live an average of 18.5 more years for a total of 83.5 years, and a person aged 85 years could expect to live an average of 6.4 more years for a total of 91.4 years (Tables 6 and 7). 6.5 Leading causes of death The 15 leading causes of death in 2006 accounted for 81.5 per cent of all deaths in the United States (Table B). Causes of death are ranked according to the number of deaths; for ranking procedures, see ``Technical Notes.'' By rank, the 15 leading causes in 2006 were: Diseases of heart (heart disease) Malignant neoplasms (cancer) Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) Chronic lower respiratory diseases Accidents (unintentional injuries) Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) Alzheimer's disease Influenza and pneumonia Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis (kidney disease) 10. Septicemia 11. Intentional self-harm (suicide) 12. Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis 13. Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease (hypertension) 14. Parkinson's disease 15. Assault (homicide) The 15 leading causes of death in 2006 retained the same ranking as in 2005. The age pattern of mortality can vary greatly by cause of death. As a result, the changing age distribution of a population can signifi cantly influence changes in crude death rates over time. In contrast, the influence of such shifts in the population age structure is eliminated by age-adjusted death rates. Therefore, age-adjusted death rates are better indicators than crude rates for showing changes in mortality over time and among causes of death, and consequently are used in this report to depict trends for leading causes of death (Figure 6). In 2006, the number of deaths decreased from 2005 by 0.9 per cent, or 21,753 fewer deaths. The age-adjusted death rate for all causes decreased by 2.8 percent. This reduction in the risk of dying has been driven mostly by net decreases in the leading causes of death such as heart disease, cancer, stroke, Chronic lower respiratory dis ease, diabetes, Influenza and pneumonia, and hypertension. The drop in the death rate due to Influenza and pneumonia may be due, in part, to less severe influenza seasons during 20052006 and 20062007 compared with 20032004 and 20042005 (14,15). Among the 15 leading causes of death, the age-adjusted death rate declined significantly for 10 of the leading causes (Table B). Long-term decreasing trends for heart disease, cancer, and stroke--the three leading causes of death--continued in 2006, with decreases of 5.2 percent for heart disease, 1.7 percent for cancer, and 6.4 percent for stroke compared with 2005. Except for a relatively small increase in 1993, mortality from heart disease has steadily declined since 1980 (Figure 6). The age-adjusted death rate for cancer, the second leading 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 6.0 White-black life expectancy 5.5 5.0 0 1975 1980 1990 2000 2006 NOTE: Life expectancies for 20002006 were calculated using a revised methodology and may differ from those previously published; see "Technical Notes." SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Statistics Branch. Figure 4. Differences in female-male and white-black life expectancy: United States, 19752006 1998. In 1999, life expectancy for white females fell below 1998's record high, and did not increase again until 2003. From 1989 through 1992, during 1994, and from 1995 through 1998, life expectancy for black females increased. In 1999, life expectancy for black females declined as it did for white females, only to begin climbing again in 2000. Life tables shown in this report may be used to compare life expectancies at selected ages from birth to 100 years. For example, a person who has reached 65 years will live to an older age, on average, 85 80 White female 75 Age in years Black female 70 White male Black male 65 60 0 1970 1980 1990 2000 2006 SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Statistics Branch. Figure 5. Life expectancy, by race and sex: United States, 19702006 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 9 1,000.0 ICD7 ICD8 ICD9 1 Diseases of heart 2 Malignant neoplasms ICD10 100.0 Rate per 100,000 population 3 Cerebrovascular diseases 5 Accidents (unintentional injuries) 10.0 9 Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis 13 Hypertension 14 Parkinson's disease 1.0 7 Alzheimer's disease 0.1 1958 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 NOTES: ICD is the International Classification of Diseases. Circled numbers indicate ranking of conditions as leading causes of death in 2006. Age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see "Technical Notes." SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Statistics Branch. 2005 2006 Figure 6. Age-adjusted death rates for selected leading causes of death: United States, 19582006 cause of death, has shown a gradual but consistent downward trend since 1993 (Figure 6). The rate for stroke has generally declined since 1958, with one exception: an increase of 2.6 percent from 1992 through 1995 (Figure 6). Some of the decrease in deaths from heart disease and stroke in 2006 from 2005 may be due to changes in cause-of-death coding rules in 2006; see ``Technical Notes'' for more detail. Additional causes of death with a significant decrease in the age-adjusted death rate relative to 2005 were, in order by magnitude of decrease: Influenza and pneumonia (12.3 percent), Chronic lower respiratory diseases (6.3 percent), hypertension (6.3 percent), diabetes (5.3 percent), Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (2.2 percent), Septicemia (1.8 percent), and Alzheimer's disease (1.3 percent). The decline in the rate for Alzheimer's disease is the first since 1999. The mortality trend for Alzheimer's disease has generally been one of rapid increase (Figure 6). From 1979 through 1998, for example, the rate for Alzheimer's disease increased dramatically due to improvements in diagnosis, awareness of the condition within the medical community, and other unidentified factors (20). The transition from ICD9 to ICD10 also brought substantial changes to the coding and selection rules for this condition. This created a major disruption in the time series trend for Alzheimer's disease during 19981999 (Figure 6). The large increase in 1999 from 1998 is at least partly due to the ICD transition (21). Evaluating the observed change poses a problem because the comparability ratio (representing the net effect of the new revision on cause-of-death statistics) for Alzheimer's disease may be understated (2124). Since 1999, the rate has trended upward until 2006. Significant increases occurred in 2006 over 2005 in the ageadjusted death rate for unintentional injuries (1.8 percent) and kidney disease (1.4 percent). The death rate for unintentional injuries generally declined by about half from a 40-year high in 1966 of 67.6 deaths per 100,000 standard population to a low of 33.2 in 1992. Since then, it has tended to increase gradually to current levels (Figure 6). Kidney disease is another condition substantially affected by the transition from ICD9 to ICD10. Thus, evaluating the observed change in the death rate for kidney disease from 1988 through 1999 is also complicated by a comparability ratio that may be understated (2224). Since 1999, the age-adjusted death rate for this cause has increased by 11.5 percent (Figure 6). Although mortality from Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease has not been on the list of 15 leading causes of death since 1997 (25), it is still of concern. HIV disease continues to be one of the five leading causes of death for specific age groups in the total U.S., black, and Hispanic populations. In 2006, a total of 12,113 persons died from HIV disease (Table 10). The age-adjusted death rate (4.0 per 100,000 standard population; Table 16) declined for the 11th consecutive year, decreasing 4.8 percent in 2006 from 2005. The age-adjusted death rate for this cause reached its highest point of 16.3 per 100,000 standard population in 1995 and then declined rapidly through 1998 (26). The rate of decline for this cause of death has slowed considerably since 1999. Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile (C. difficile), a bacterial inflammation of the intestines, is of growing public health concern because it is often acquired in hospitals or other health-care institutions with long-term patients or residents and accounts for an increasing number of deaths (2730). In 1999, 793 deaths were due to C. difficile; by contrast, in 2006, 6,225 C. difficile deaths were recorded. Because of this substantial increase, beginning in 2006, C. difficile is included among the rankable causes of death and is shown appended to 10 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 the List of 113 Selected Causes of Death in tables in this report; see ``Technical Notes.'' In 2006, this cause was not among the 20 leading causes for the overall population. However, it ranked among the top 20 causes of death for the population aged 65 years and older or 75 years and older for several of the major race-sex and race-ethnic-sex groups. Changes in mortality levels by age and cause of death have a major effect on changes in life expectancy. Life expectancy at birth increased in 2006 over 2005 by 0.3 year because of decreases in mortality from heart disease, cancer, Chronic lower respiratory dis eases, and stroke. Decreases in mortality from these same causes of death also generated increases in life expectancy among the male and female populations, when analyzed separately. The increase in life expectancy in 2006 from 2005 for the population as a whole could have been greater than 0.3 year were it not for the increase in mortality from unintentional injuries, Viral hepatitis, homicide, and kidney disease. (For a discussion of contributions to the change in life expectancy, see ``Technical Notes.'') The relative risk of death in one population group compared with another can be expressed as a ratio. Ratios based on age-adjusted death rates show that males have higher rates than females for 12 of the 15 leading causes of death (Table B), with rates for males being at least twice those for females for five leading causes. The largest ratio, 4.0, was for suicide. Other large ratios were evident for homicide (3.9), Parkinson's disease (2.2), unintentional injuries (2.2), Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (2.1), heart disease (1.5), cancer (1.4), diabetes (1.4), and kidney disease (1.4). The difference in life expectancy between males and females increased 0.1 year in 2006 over 2005, to 5.1 years (Table 8). The difference between male and female life expectancy was a result of greater improvements in mortality among females than males, par ticularly with respect to trends for heart disease, unintentional injuries, cancer, and suicide. Age-adjusted death rates for the black population were higher than those for the white population for 9 of the 15 leading causes of death (Table B). The largest ratio was for homicide, at 5.8. Other causes for which the ratio was high include hypertension (2.7), kidney disease (2.3), Septicemia (2.1), diabetes (2.1), stroke (1.5), and heart disease (1.3). For six of the leading causes, age-adjusted rates were lower for the black population than for the white population. The smallest black to-white ratios were for suicide and Parkinson's disease (0.4 each); that is, the risk of dying from suicide or Parkinson's disease is more than double for the white population than for the black population. Other conditions with a low black-to-white ratio were Chronic lower respiratory diseases (0.7), Alzheimer's disease (0.8), and Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (0.8). The difference in life expectancy between the black and white populations narrowed from 5.1 years in 2005 to 5.0 years in 2006 (Table 8), due primarily to greater improvements in mortality for the black population than the white population. The black population gained ground due to improvements in death rates for suicide, Chronic lower respiratory disease, Alzheimer's disease, and Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (data not shown). Age-adjusted death rates were lower for the AIAN population than the white population for 8 of the 15 leading causes (Table B). The smallest ratios were for Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease (0.5 each), Chronic lower respiratory diseases (0.6), and heart disease, cancer, and stroke (0.7 each). Age-adjusted rates were higher for the AIAN population than the white population for five leading causes. The largest ratio was for Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (2.4). Other causes for which the ratio was high include homicide (2.0), diabetes (1.9), and unintentional injuries (1.4). Rates for the AIAN population are underestimated by about 30 percent (16). For the API population, age-adjusted death rates were lower than those for the white population for all of the 15 leading causes (Table B). The largest ratios were for stroke (0.9), hypertension (0.9), Influenza and pneumonia (0.8), and homicide (0.8). The smallest ratios were for Chronic lower respiratory diseases (0.3) and unintentional injuries, Alzheimer's disease, and Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (0.4 each). Rates for the API population are underestimated by about 7 percent (16). Age-adjusted death rates were lower for the Hispanic population for 10 of the 15 leading causes of death compared with the nonHispanic white population (Table B). The smallest ratios were for Chronic lower respiratory diseases and suicide (0.4 each), followed by cancer, Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease (0.6 each), heart disease and unintentional injuries (0.7 each), and stroke, Influenza and pneumonia, and Septicemia (0.8 each). Age-adjusted death rates for the Hispanic population were greater than for the non-Hispanic white population for 3 of the 15 leading causes of death. The largest ratio was for homicide (2.7), followed by Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (1.5) and diabetes (1.5). Rates for the Hispanic population are under estimated by about 5 percent (16). Leading causes of death for the total population and specific subpopulations are examined in more detail in a separate National Vital Statistics Report on leading causes by age, race, Hispanic origin, and sex (4). Injury mortality by mechanism and intent In 2006, a total of 179,065 deaths were classified as injuryrelated (Table 18). Injury data are presented using the external cause-of-injury mortality matrix for ICD10 as jointly conceived by the International Collaborative Effort (ICE) on Injury Statistics and the Injury Control and Emergency Health Services (ICEHS) section of the American Public Health Association (31,32). The ICD codes for injuries have two essential dimensions: the mechanism of the injury and its manner or intent. The mechanism involves the circumstances of the injury (e.g., fall, motor vehicle accident, poisoning). The manner or intent involves whether the injury was purposefully inflicted (where it can be determined) and, when intentional, whether the injury was self-inflicted (suicide) or inflicted upon another person (assault). In the List of 113 Selected Causes of Death, the focus is on manner or intent, with subcategories showing selected mechanisms. The matrix has two distinct advantages for the analysis of injury mortality data: It contains a comprehensive list of mechanisms, and data can be displayed by mechanism with subcategories of intent (Table 18) or vice versa. Four major mechanisms of injury in 2006-- motor-vehicle traffic, poisoning, firearm, and fall--accounted for 74.6 percent of all injury deaths. Motor-vehicle traffic--In 2006, motor-vehicle traffic-related injuries resulted in 43,664 deaths, accounting for 24.4 percent of all injury deaths (Table 18). The decrease in the age-adjusted death rate for National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 11 motor-vehicle traffic-related injuries from 14.6 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population in 2005 (33) to 14.4 in 2006 is statistically sig nificant. Poisoning--In 2006, 37,286 deaths occurred as the result of poisonings, 20.8 percent of all injury deaths (Table 18). The majority of poisoning deaths were either unintentional (73.8 percent) or suicides (16.4 percent). However, a substantial proportion (9.5 percent) was of undetermined intent. The age-adjusted death rate for poisoning in 2006 increased significantly by 12.7 percent over 2005, from 11.0 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population to 12.4. Unintentional poisoning death rates in the United States have increased each year from 1999 through 2006 (data prior to 2006 are not shown). Firearm--In 2006, 30,896 persons died from firearm injuries in the United States (Tables 1820), accounting for 17.3 percent of all injury deaths that year. Firearm suicide and homicide, the two major com ponent causes, accounted for 54.6 and 41.4 percent, respectively, of all firearm injury deaths in 2006. In 2006, the age-adjusted death rate for firearm suicide decreased significantly from 2005 by 3.5 percent, from 5.7 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population to 5.5. However, the age-adjusted rate for all firearm injuries was the same in 2006 as in 2005--10.2 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population (Tables 1820). In 2006, males had a firearm-related, age-adjusted death rate that was 6.7 times that for females. By comparison with the rate for the white population, the rate for the black population was 2.3 times higher; AIAN, roughly equivalent; and API, 64.4 percent lower (Table 19). The non-Hispanic white population's rate was 1.2 times that for the Hispanic population, and the rate for the non-Hispanic black population was 2.8 times that for the Hispanic population (Table 20). Fall--In 2006, 21,647 persons died as the result of falls, 12.1 per cent of all injury deaths (Table 18). The overwhelming majority of fall-related deaths (96.2 percent) were unintentional. In 2006, the ageadjusted death rate for falls increased significantly over 2005 (33) by 4.5 percent, from 6.6 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population to 6.9. causes increased by 21.6 percent for AIAN males, 19.6 percent for black males, 13.2 percent for white males, and 12.6 percent for white females (Table 21). The age-adjusted death rate also increased by 15.4 percent for API males, 11.4 percent for Hispanic females, 6.9 percent for black females, and 3.0 percent for Hispanic males, but these increases are not statistically significant. Alcohol-induced mortality In 2006, a total of 22,073 persons died of alcohol-induced causes in the United States (Tables 23 and 24). This category includes not only deaths from dependent and nondependent use of alcohol, but also accidental poisoning by alcohol. It excludes uninten tional injuries, homicides, and other causes indirectly related to alcohol use, as well as deaths due to fetal alcohol syndrome (for a list of alcohol-induced causes, see ``Technical Notes''). In 2006, the age-adjusted death rate for alcohol-induced causes for males was 3.2 times the rate for females. Compared with the rate for the white population, the rate for the black population was 13.9 percent lower; AIAN, 3.5 times higher; and API, 73.6 percent lower. The rate for the Hispanic population was 1.3 times the rate for the non-Hispanic white population and 1.4 times the rate for the non-Hispanic black population (Tables 23 and 24). During 20052006, the age-adjusted death rate for alcohol-induced causes for the total population remained unchanged at 7.0 per 100,000 U.S. standard population. Among the major race-sex and race-ethnic-sex groups, rates decreased significantly for non-Hispanic black females (11.8 percent), non-Hispanic black males (9.5 percent), and black males (8.8 per cent). The age-adjusted death rates for both black males and non-Hispanic black males declined for the 7th consecutive year by an average 6.5 percent and 6.6 percent per year, respectively. For Hispanic males, the rate declined by 3.1 percent, but this was not statistically significant. For Hispanic females, the rate increased by a statistically significant 15.4 percent, from 2.6 to 3.0 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population. Drug-induced mortality In 2006, a total of 38,396 persons died of drug-induced causes in the United States (Tables 21 and 22). This category includes not only deaths from dependent and nondependent use of legal or illegal drugs, but also poisoning from medically prescribed and other drugs. It excludes unintentional injuries, homicides, and other causes indirectly related to drug use, as well as newborn deaths due to the mother's drug use (for a list of drug-induced causes, see ``Technical Notes''). For males in 2006, the age-adjusted death rate for druginduced causes was 1.8 times the rate for females. The age-adjusted death rate for black females was 21.4 percent lower than the rate for white females, whereas the rate for black males was 1.1 times the rate for white males. The age-adjusted death rate for the API population was 83.0 percent lower than that for the white population (Table 21). Compared with the rate for the Hispanic population, the rate for the non-Hispanic white population was 2.0 times higher, and that for the non-Hispanic black population was 1.8 times higher (Table 22). In 2006, the age-adjusted death rate for drug-induced causes increased 12.4 percent over 2005, from 11.3 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population to 12.7, a statistically significant rise. Among the major race-sex and race-ethnic-sex groups during the same period, the age-adjusted death rate for drug-induced Marital status For those aged 15 years and over, the number of deaths in 2006 among persons who were married was 921,539; widowed, 887,747; divorced, 306,289; and never married, 258,640 (Table 25); see ``Technical Notes.'' Those who never married had the highest age-adjusted death rate, followed by divorced persons, then widowed persons, and then married persons. The never-married group had an age-adjusted death rate 68.3 percent higher than those who were ever married and 2.3 times the rate for the currently married. The age-adjusted death rate for widowed persons was 93.4 percent higher than that for persons who were currently married at the time of death. Divorced persons had a rate 96.0 percent higher than those who were married at the time of death. For all age groups 15 years and over, age-specific death rates for married persons were much lower than those for never-married per sons. For those aged 1524 years, divorced persons had the highest death rate, whereas for those aged 2534 years, widowed persons had the highest death rate. Never-married persons had the highest death rate among those aged 3544 years, 4554 years, 5564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. 12 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 For each marital status group in 2006, males had higher ageadjusted death rates than females, ranging from 35.6 percent greater for the never married to 73.2 percent greater for those married at the time of death. Educational attainment Age-specific and age-adjusted death rates are shown by educa tional attainment for age groups in the range of 2564 years (Table 26). Figures for states that used the 2003 version of the standard death certificate are shown separately from those for states that used the 1989 version of the death certificate (see ``Technical Notes''). In the District of Columbia and the 20 reporting states that used the 2003 version of the death certificate, a total of 112,032 decedents aged 2564 years had received a high school diploma or equivalent, compared with 100,364 who had completed some college or collegiate degree and 58,774 who had achieved less than a high school diploma or equivalent. For the total population, and for males and females separately, mortality is inversely associated with educa tional attainment; that is, the average risk of death decreases markedly with increasing educational attainment. The age-adjusted death rate for those with less than a high school diploma or equivalent was 528.8 per 100,000 U.S. standard population-- 13.8 percent higher than the rate of 464.8 for those with a high school diploma or equivalent and 2.6 times the rate of 200.0 for those with some college or collegiate degree. For the 28 reporting states that used the 1989 version of the death certificate, a total of 129,835 decedents aged 2564 years had com pleted 12 years of education, compared with 86,521 who had com pleted 13 years or more and 59,419 who had completed less than 12 years. The age-adjusted death rate for those with less than 12 years of education was 685.8 per 100,000 U.S. standard population-- 42.1 percent higher than the rate of 482.5 for those with 12 years of education and 3.5 times the rate of 197.6 for those with 13 years of education or more. Rates are shown only for those aged 2564 years because persons under age 25 years may not have completed their education. Rates are not shown for older ages because of misreporting of edu cational attainment on the death certificate; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data on educational attainment must be interpreted with caution because of misreporting on the death certificate and biases that result from dif ferences between the classification of educational attainment on the death certificate and in census surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' work for the population aged 15 years and over increased 4.8 percent in 2006 over the year before (Table 28). For specific sex and race groups, the age-adjusted death rate increased for white males (2.4 per cent) and decreased for white females (25.0 percent), but did not change significantly for black males and was unchanged for black females. State of residence Mortality patterns vary considerably by state (Table 29). The state with the highest age-adjusted death rate in 2006 was Missis sippi (961.2 per 100,000 U.S. standard population), with a rate 23.8 percent above the national average. The state with the lowest age-adjusted death rate was Hawaii (629.6 per 100,000 standard population), with a rate 18.9 percent below the national average. Variations in mortality by state are associated with differences in socioeconomic status, race, and ethnic composition as well as differ ences in risk for specific causes of death (34). Infant mortality In 2006, a total of 28,527 deaths occurred in children under 1 year (Table D), 87 more deaths than in 2005. In 2006, the infant mortality rate was 6.69 per 1,000 live births, the neonatal mortality rate (deaths of infants aged 027 days per 1,000 live births) was 4.45, and the postneonatal mortality rate (deaths of infants aged 28 days1 year per 1,000 live births) was 2.24 (Table 30 and Figure 7); see ``Technical Notes'' for information on alternative data sources. The year-to-year change in the neonatal mortality rate during 20052006 was not statistically significant; however, the infant mortality rate decreased 2.6 percent from 6.87 in 2005 to 6.69 in 2006, and the postneonatal mortality rate decreased 4.3 percent from 2.34 in 2005 to 2.24 in 2006 for all races combined. Rates also decreased significantly for male infants for all races (3.2 percent), male postneonates for all races combined (5.7 percent), white infants (3.0 percent), white postneonates (5.2 percent), and black infants (3.2 percent). The 10 leading causes of infant death in 2006 accounted for 69.2 percent of all infant deaths in the United States (Table E). By rank, the 10 leading causes were: 1. Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (congenital malformations) 2. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified (low birthweight) 3. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 4. Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy (maternal complications) 5. Accidents (unintentional injuries) 6. Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord and membranes (cord and placental complications) 7. Respiratory distress of newborn 8. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 9. Neonatal hemorrhage 10. Diseases of the circulatory system In comparison with 2005 results (33), unintentional injuries in 2006 ranked higher (5th) than cord and placental complications (6th), and Injury at work For persons aged 15 years and over, a total of 5,298 deaths were reported on death certificates as due to injuries at work (Table 27). Rates were lowest for age groups 1524 years and 65 years and over. The risk of work-related death was much greater for males than for females--the age-adjusted death rate for males was 4.2 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population compared with 0.3 for females, resulting in a mortality ratio of about 14 to 1. The age-adjusted rate for the white population, 2.3, was slightly higher than the rate for the black population at 2.0. Male-to-female ratios for the white and black populations were 14.3 and 9.5, respectively. The number of deaths due to injuries at work increased by 185 deaths in 2006 over 2005. The age-adjusted death rate from injury at National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 13 Table D. Number of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal deaths and mortality rates, by sex: United States, 20052006 [Rates are infant (under 1 year), neonatal (under 28 days), and postneonatal (28 days11 months) deaths per 1,000 live births in specified group] 2006 Infant age and sex Infant Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Neonatal Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Postneonatal Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2005 Rate Number Rate Number Percent change1 from 2005 to 2006 28,527 15,980 12,547 6.69 7.32 6.03 28,440 16,018 12,422 6.87 7.56 6.15 2.6 3.2 2.0 18,989 10,564 8,425 4.45 4.84 4.05 18,770 10,444 8,326 4.54 4.93 4.12 2.0 1.8 1.7 9,538 5,416 4,122 2.24 2.48 1.98 9,670 5,574 4,096 2.34 2.63 2.03 4.3 5.7 2.5 Based on a comparison of the 2006 and 2005 mortality rates. Diseases of the circulatory system replaced Necrotizing enterocolitis of newborn as the 10th leading cause of death among infants in 2006. The 10 leading causes were the same in 2006 as in 2004 (35). Changes in rates by cause of death among the 10 leading causes were statistically significant for only one condition, maternal compli cations, which decreased 7.9 percent in 2006 from 2005 (Table E). The ratio of male-to-female and black-to-white infant mortality rates were 1.2 and 2.4, respectively, in 2006--the same as in 2005. Race cited on the death certificate is considered to be relatively accurate for white and black infants (16). For other race groups, however, race may be misreported on the death certificate (36); the reader is directed to a forthcoming report using data from the linked file of live births and infant deaths for better measures of race and infant mortality (37); see ``Technical Notes.'' Hispanic infant mortality--In 2006, the infant mortality rates for Hispanic infants and non-Hispanic white infants were 5.52 and 5.59 deaths per 1,000 live births, respectively (data not shown). Among Hispanic subgroups, the infant mortality rate was 7.69 per 1,000 live births for Puerto Rican, 5.67 for Mexican, 5.26 for Cuban, and 2.84 for Central and South American infants. None of the Hispanic infant mortality rates changed by a statistically significant amount during 20052006. Infant mortality rates by specified Hispanic origin and race for non-Hispanic origin are somewhat understated and better measured using data from the linked file of live births and infant deaths (36); see ``Technical Notes.'' Maternal mortality 50 40 Deaths per 1,000 live births Infant 30 20 Neonatal 10 Postneonatal 0 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2006 NOTE: Rates are infant (under 1 year), neonatal (under 28 days), and postneonatal (28 days11 months) deaths per 1,000 live births in specified group. SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Statistics Branch. Figure 7. Infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality rates: United States, 19402006 In 2006, a total of 569 women were reported to have died from maternal causes (Tables 33 and 34). As in previous years, the number of maternal deaths does not include all deaths occurring to pregnant women, but only those deaths reported on the death certificate that were assigned to causes related to or aggravated by pregnancy or pregnancy management (ICD10 codes A34, O00 O95, and O98O99). Furthermore, the number excludes deaths occurring more than 42 days after the termination of pregnancy and deaths of pregnant women due to external causes--unintentional injuries, homicides, and suicides (6). An increasing number of states are adopting a separate item on the death certificate indicating pregnancy status of the decedent to improve measurement (see ``Technical Notes''). The number of areas with such an item has increased from 16 states in 1996 to 32 states and the District of Columbia in 2006. The maternal mortality rate for 2006 was 13.3 deaths per 100,000 live births. Black women have a substantially higher risk of maternal death than white women--their maternal mortality rate of 32.7 is roughly 3.4 times the rate for white women, at 9.5 deaths per 100,000 live births. Hispanic maternal mortality--In 2006, the maternal mortality rate for Hispanic women was 10.2 deaths per 100,000 live births, compared 14 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table E. Number of infant deaths, percentage of total infant deaths, and infant mortality rates for 2006, and percentage change in infant mortality rates from 2005 to 2006 for the 10 leading causes of infant death in 2006: United States [Rates are infant deaths per 100,000 live births. Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Percent of total deaths 100.0 20.4 17.0 8.1 5.9 4.0 4.0 2.9 2.8 2.2 1.9 30.8 Percent change2 from 2005 to 2006 2.7 1.6 0.4 1.1 7.9 2.7 0.4 7.2 6.4 9.9 0.8 ... Rank1 ... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . (Q00Q99) Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified. . . (P07) Sudden infant death syndrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R95) Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P01) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (V01X59) Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord and membranes . . . . . . . . . . (P02) Respiratory distress of newborn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P22) Bacterial sepsis of newborn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P36) Neonatal hemorrhage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P50P52,P54) Diseases of the circulatory system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I00I99) All other causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Number 28,527 5,819 4,841 2,323 1,683 1,147 1,140 825 807 618 543 8,781 Rate 668.8 136.4 113.5 54.5 39.5 26.9 26.7 19.3 18.9 14.5 12.7 205.9 . . . Category not applicable. 1 Based on number of deaths; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Based on a comparison of the 2006 infant mortality rate with the 2005 infant mortality rate. 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Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2006. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr54/nvsr54_10.pdf. 58. Rosenberg H, Maurer J, Sorlie P, Johnson N. Quality of death rates by race and Hispanic origin: A summary of current research, 1999. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(128). 1999. 59. Sorlie P, Rogot E, Johnson N. Validity of demographic characteristics on the death certificate. Epidemiology 3(2):1814. 1992. 60. Mulry M. Summary of accuracy and coverage evaluation for census 2000. Research Report Series Statistics #20063. Washington, DC: Statistical Research Division, U.S. Census Bureau. 2006. Available from: http://www.census.gov/srd/papers/pdf/rrs2006-03.pdf. 61. Poe G, Powell-Griner E, McLaughlin J. Comparability of the death certificate and the 1986 national mortality followback survey. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(118). 1993. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_02/sr02_118.pdf. 62. National Center for Health Statistics. Technical appendix. Vital statistics of the United States, 1989, vol I, natality. Hyattsville, MD. 1993. 63. National Center for Health Statistics. Technical Appendix. Vital statistics of the United States: Mortality, 1999. Hyattsville, MD. 2004. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/datawh/statab/pubd/ta.htm. 64. Hoyert D. Effect on mortality rates of the 1989 changes in tabulating race. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 20(25). 1994. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_20/sr20_025.pdf. 65. Anderson R. Method for constructing complete annual U.S. life tables. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(129). 1999. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_02/sr02_129.pdf. 66. National Center for Health Statistics. U.S. decennial life tables for 198991, vol 1 no 2, methodology of the national and state life tables. Hyattsville, MD. 1998. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/lifetables/life89_1_2.pdf. 67. Kestenbaum B. A description of the extreme aged population based on improved Medicare enrollment data. Demography 29:56580. 1992. 68. Wei R, Curtin LR, Arias E, Anderson RN. United States decennial life tables for 19992001, methodology of the United States life tables. National vital statistics reports; vol 57, no 4. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2008. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr57/nvsr57_04.pdf. 69. Arriaga E. Changing trends in mortality decline during the last decades. In: Ruzicka L, Wunsch G, Kane P, editors. Differential mortality: Methodological issues and biosocial factors. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1989. 70. Arriaga E. Measuring and explaining the change in life expectancies. Demography 21(1):8396. 1984. 71. Kominski R, Adams A. Educational attainment in the United States, March 1993 and 1992. Current population reports, Population charac teristics P20476. Washington, DC: U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1994. Available from: http://www.census.gov/population/socdemo/education/ p20-476/P20-476.pdf. 72. Sorlie PD, Johnson N. Validity of education information on the death certificate. Epidemiology 7(4):4379. 1996. 73. Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Sutton PD, Ventura SJ, et al. Births: Final data for 2006. National vital statistics reports; vol 57 no 7. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2009. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr57/nvsr57_07.pdf. 74. MacKay A, Berg C, Duran C, Chang J, Rosenberg H. An assessment of pregnancy-related mortality in the United States. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19(3):20614. 2005. 75. Hoyert D. Maternal mortality and related concepts. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 3(33). Hyattsville, MD. 2007. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 88. Chiang C. Introduction to stochastic processes in biostatistics. New York: Wiley. 1968. 89. DeNavas-Walt C, Proctor B, Smith J. Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States: 2006. Current population reports P60233. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. 2007. Avail able from: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/p60_233sa.pdf. 90. DeNavas-Walt C, Proctor B, Lee C. Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States: 2005. Current population reports P60231. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. 2006. Avail able from: http://www.census.gov/prod/2006pubs/p60-231.pdf. 91. Fay M, Feuer E. Confidence intervals for directly standardized rates: A method based on the gamma distribution. Stat Med 16(17):791801. 1997. 92. Schenker N, Gentleman J. On judging the significance of differences by examining the overlap between confidence intervals. The American Statistician 55(3):1826. 2001. 93. Arnold S. Mathematical statistics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. 1990. 18. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for injury deaths, by mechanism and intent of death: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for injury by firearms, by race and sex: United States, 19992006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for injury by firearms, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 19992006 . . . . . . . . . . . 21. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for drug-induced causes, by race and sex: United States, 19992006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for drug-induced causes, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 19992006 . . . . . . . . . . . 23. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for alcohol-induced causes, by race and sex: United States, 19992006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for alcohol-induced causes, by Hispanic origin, race for nonHispanic population, and sex: United States, 19992006 . . . . . 25. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for ages 15 years and over, by marital status and sex: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for ages 2564 years, by educational attainment and sex: Total of 20 reporting states and the District of Columbia using the 2003 version of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death and total of 28 reporting states using the 1989 version of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for ages 15 years and over, by injury at work, race, and sex: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for injury at work, by race and sex: United States, 19932006 . . . 29. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for major causes of death: United States, each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30. Infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality rates by race and sex: United States, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, and 19752006. . 31. Number of infant deaths and infant mortality rates for 130 selected causes by race: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . 32. Number of infant and neonatal deaths and mortality rates, by race for the United States, each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, and by sex for the United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33. Number of maternal deaths and maternal mortality rates for selected causes, by race: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . 34. Number of maternal deaths and maternal mortality rates for selected causes, by Hispanic origin and race for non-Hispanic population: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 89 91 92 93 94 95 List of Detailed Tables 1. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates, by race and sex: United States, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, and 19802006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 19972006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. Number of deaths and death rates, by age, race, and sex: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. Number of deaths and death rates, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, age, and sex: United States, 2006 . . 5. Number of deaths and death rates by age, and age-adjusted death rates, by specified Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. Abridged life table for the total population, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . 7. Life expectancy at selected ages, by race and sex: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. Life expectancy at birth, by race and sex: United States, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, and 19752006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. Death rates by age and age-adjusted death rates for the 15 leading causes of death in 2006: United States, 19992006 . . 10. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by age: United States, 2006 . . . . . 11. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by age: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . 12. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006 13. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for nonHispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . 14. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006 . . . . 15. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Entero colitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Entero colitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006 . . . . . . 18 96 97 21 22 23 98 99 100 24 26 26 27 28 32 36 41 101 107 110 114 115 49 57 116 65 73 81 18 Table 1. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates, by race and sex: United States, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, and 19802006 [Crude rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified age group; age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for census years and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' Beginning 1970, excludes deaths of nonresidents of the United States. Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards] All races1 Year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White2 Male Female Both sexes Black2 Male Number 2006 . 2005 . 2004 . 2003 . 2002 . 2001 . 2000 . 1999 . 1998 . 1997 . 1996 . 1995 . 1994 . 1993 . 1992 . 1991 . 1990 . 1989 . 1988 . 1987 . 1986 . 1985 . 1984 . 1983 . 1982 . 1981 . 1980 . 1970 . 1960 . 1950 . 1940 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,426,264 2,448,017 2,397,615 2,448,288 2,443,387 2,416,425 2,403,351 2,391,399 2,337,256 2,314,245 2,314,690 2,312,132 2,278,994 2,268,553 2,175,613 2,169,518 2,148,463 2,150,466 2,167,999 2,123,323 2,105,361 2,086,440 2,039,369 2,019,201 1,974,797 1,977,981 1,989,841 1,921,031 1,711,982 1,452,454 1,417,269 1,201,942 1,207,675 1,181,668 1,201,964 1,199,264 1,183,421 1,177,578 1,175,460 1,157,260 1,154,039 1,163,569 1,172,959 1,162,747 1,161,797 1,122,336 1,121,665 1,113,417 1,114,190 1,125,540 1,107,958 1,104,005 1,097,758 1,076,514 1,071,923 1,056,440 1,063,772 1,075,078 1,078,478 975,648 827,749 791,003 1,224,322 1,240,342 1,215,947 1,246,324 1,244,123 1,233,004 1,225,773 1,215,939 1,179,996 1,160,206 1,151,121 1,139,173 1,116,247 1,106,756 1,053,277 1,047,853 1,035,046 1,036,276 1,042,459 1,015,365 1,001,356 988,682 962,855 947,278 918,357 914,209 914,763 842,553 736,334 624,705 626,266 2,077,549 2,098,097 2,056,643 2,103,714 2,102,589 2,079,691 2,071,287 2,061,348 2,015,984 1,996,393 1,992,966 1,987,437 1,959,875 1,951,437 1,873,781 1,868,904 1,853,254 1,853,841 1,876,906 1,843,067 1,831,083 1,819,054 1,781,897 1,765,582 1,729,085 1,731,233 1,738,607 1,682,096 1,505,335 1,276,085 1,231,223 1,022,328 1,028,152 1,007,266 1,025,650 1,025,196 1,011,218 1,007,191 1,005,335 990,190 986,884 991,984 997,277 988,823 988,329 956,957 956,497 950,812 950,852 965,419 953,382 952,554 950,455 934,529 931,779 919,239 925,490 933,878 942,437 860,857 731,366 690,901 1,055,221 1,069,945 1,049,377 1,078,064 1,077,393 1,068,473 1,064,096 1,056,013 1,025,794 1,009,509 1,000,982 990,160 971,052 963,108 916,824 912,407 902,442 902,989 911,487 889,685 878,529 868,599 847,368 833,803 809,846 805,743 804,729 739,659 644,478 544,719 540,322 289,971 292,808 287,315 291,300 290,051 287,709 285,826 285,064 278,440 276,520 282,089 286,401 282,379 282,151 269,219 269,525 265,498 267,642 264,019 254,814 250,326 244,207 235,884 233,124 226,513 228,560 233,135 225,647 196,010 169,606 178,743 148,602 149,108 145,970 148,022 146,835 145,908 145,184 145,703 143,417 144,110 149,472 154,175 153,019 153,502 146,630 147,331 145,359 146,393 144,228 139,551 137,214 133,610 129,147 127,911 125,610 127,296 130,138 127,540 107,701 92,004 95,517 141,369 143,700 141,345 143,278 143,216 141,801 140,642 139,361 135,023 132,410 132,617 132,226 129,360 128,649 122,589 122,194 120,139 121,249 119,791 115,263 113,112 110,597 106,737 105,213 100,903 101,264 102,997 98,107 88,309 77,602 83,226 14,037 13,918 13,124 13,147 12,415 11,977 11,363 11,312 10,845 10,576 10,127 9,997 9,637 9,579 8,953 8,621 8,316 8,614 7,917 7,602 7,301 7,154 6,949 6,839 6,679 6,608 6,923 5,675 4,528 4,440 4,791 7,630 7,607 7,134 7,106 6,750 6,466 6,185 6,092 5,994 5,985 5,563 5,574 5,497 5,434 5,181 4,948 4,877 5,066 4,617 4,432 4,365 4,181 4,117 4,064 3,974 4,016 4,193 3,391 2,658 2,497 2,527 6,407 6,311 5,990 6,041 5,665 5,511 5,178 5,220 4,851 4,591 4,564 4,423 4,140 4,145 3,772 3,673 3,439 3,548 3,300 3,170 2,936 2,973 2,832 2,775 2,705 2,592 2,730 2,284 1,870 1,943 2,264 44,707 43,194 40,533 40,127 38,332 37,048 34,875 33,675 31,987 30,756 29,508 28,297 27,103 25,386 23,660 22,173 21,127 20,042 18,963 17,689 16,514 15,887 14,483 13,554 12,430 11,475 11,071 -- -- -- -- 23,382 22,808 21,298 21,186 20,483 19,829 19,018 18,330 17,659 17,060 16,550 15,933 15,408 14,532 13,568 12,727 12,211 11,688 11,155 10,496 9,795 9,441 8,627 8,126 7,564 6,908 6,809 -- -- -- -- 21,325 20,386 19,235 18,941 17,849 17,219 15,857 15,345 14,328 13,696 12,958 12,364 11,695 10,854 10,092 9,446 8,916 8,354 7,808 7,193 6,719 6,446 5,856 5,428 4,866 4,567 4,262 -- -- -- -- Female American Indian or Alaska Native2,3 Both sexes Male Female Asian or Pacific Islander2,4 Both sexes Male Female National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 See footnotes at end of table. Table 1. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates, by race and sex: United States, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, and 19802006--Con. [Crude rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified age group; age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for census years and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' Beginning 1970, excludes deaths of nonresidents of the United States. Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards] All races1 Year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White2 Male Female Both sexes Black2 Male Death rate 2006 . 2005 . 2004 . 2003 . 2002 . 2001 . 2000 . 1999 . 1998 . 1997 . 1996 . 1995 . 1994 . 1993 . 1992 . 1991 . 1990 . 1989 . 1988 . 1987 . 1986 . 1985 . 1984 . 1983 . 1982 . 1981 . 1980 . 1970 . 1960 . 1950 . 1940 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810.4 825.9 816.5 841.9 847.3 848.5 854.0 857.0 847.3 848.8 859.2 868.3 866.1 872.8 848.1 857.6 863.8 871.3 886.7 876.4 876.7 876.9 864.8 863.7 852.4 862.0 878.3 945.3 954.7 963.8 1,076.4 814.8 827.2 817.6 840.3 846.6 846.4 853.0 859.2 856.4 864.6 882.8 900.8 904.2 915.0 896.1 908.8 918.4 926.3 945.1 939.3 944.7 948.6 938.8 943.2 938.4 954.0 976.9 1,090.3 1,104.5 1,106.1 1,197.4 806.1 824.6 815.4 843.4 848.0 850.4 855.0 854.9 838.5 833.6 836.7 837.2 829.7 832.5 802.4 808.7 812.0 818.9 831.2 816.7 812.3 809.1 794.7 788.4 771.2 775.0 785.3 807.8 809.2 823.5 954.6 858.1 873.7 863.2 890.1 895.7 895.1 900.2 901.4 889.5 889.1 896.0 901.8 897.8 902.7 875.8 883.2 888.0 893.2 910.5 900.1 900.1 900.4 887.8 885.4 873.1 880.4 892.5 946.3 947.8 945.7 1,041.5 852.3 864.5 854.2 877.6 884.0 881.9 887.8 892.1 887.3 893.3 907.1 921.0 922.6 931.8 912.2 922.7 930.9 936.5 957.9 952.7 958.6 963.6 954.1 957.7 951.8 965.2 983.3 1,086.7 1,098.5 1,089.5 1,162.2 863.9 882.8 871.9 902.3 907.0 907.9 912.3 910.4 891.6 885.0 885.3 883.2 873.8 874.6 840.8 845.2 846.9 851.8 865.3 849.8 844.3 840.1 824.6 816.4 798.2 799.8 806.1 812.6 800.9 803.3 919.4 733.0 749.4 744.3 763.6 768.4 773.5 781.1 788.1 782.3 789.9 819.7 846.2 849.0 864.6 841.8 861.4 871.0 887.9 888.3 868.9 864.9 854.8 836.1 836.6 823.4 842.4 875.4 999.3 1,038.6 ----786.7 799.2 792.6 813.7 816.7 823.9 834.1 847.4 848.2 867.1 915.3 960.2 970.2 992.2 967.6 994.8 1,008.0 1,026.7 1,026.1 1,006.2 1,002.6 989.3 968.5 971.2 966.2 992.6 1,034.1 1,186.6 1,181.7 ----684.0 703.9 700.3 717.9 724.4 727.7 733.0 734.3 722.6 720.1 733.3 743.2 739.7 749.6 728.6 741.4 747.9 763.2 764.6 745.7 741.5 734.2 717.4 715.9 695.5 707.7 733.3 829.2 905.0 ----438.5 440.3 416.8 422.6 403.6 392.1 380.8 399.3 397.8 402.7 399.5 409.4 408.2 419.8 406.6 405.3 402.8 430.5 411.7 410.7 409.5 416.4 419.6 428.5 434.5 445.6 487.4 --------477.1 481.9 453.8 457.6 439.6 424.2 415.6 431.8 441.9 458.2 441.5 459.4 468.8 479.6 474.1 468.9 476.4 510.7 485.0 483.8 494.9 492.5 502.7 515.1 522.9 547.9 597.1 --------399.9 398.8 380.0 387.7 367.7 360.2 346.1 367.1 354.2 347.7 358.0 360.1 348.3 360.7 340.0 342.7 330.4 351.3 339.9 339.0 325.9 342.5 338.4 343.9 348.1 345.6 380.1 --------307.4 307.7 297.2 303.9 299.5 303.8 296.6 296.8 293.8 294.1 294.4 294.6 294.6 288.0 282.1 278.7 283.3 280.9 282.0 278.9 276.2 283.4 275.9 276.1 271.3 272.3 296.9 --------330.6 333.9 321.1 330.0 331.4 335.0 332.9 333.2 335.4 336.8 340.2 341.4 344.0 338.1 331.1 326.9 334.3 334.5 339.0 338.3 335.1 344.6 336.5 339.1 338.3 336.2 375.3 --------285.6 282.8 274.6 279.2 269.7 274.4 262.3 262.5 254.9 253.9 251.1 250.4 247.7 240.3 235.3 232.4 234.3 229.4 227.4 222.0 219.9 224.9 218.1 216.1 207.4 211.5 222.5 -- -- -- -- Female American Indian or Alaska Native2,3 Both sexes Male Female Asian or Pacific Islander2,4 Both sexes Male Female National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 See footnotes at end of table. 19 20 Table 1. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates, by race and sex: United States, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, and 19802006--Con. [Crude rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified age group; age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for census years and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' Beginning 1970, excludes deaths of nonresidents of the United States. Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards] All races1 Year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White2 Male Female Both sexes Black2 Male Female 5 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 American Indian or Alaska Native2,3 Both sexes Male Female Asian or Pacific Islander2,4 Both sexes Male Female Age-adjusted death rate 2006 . 2005 . 2004 . 2003 . 2002 . 2001 . 2000 . 1999 . 1998 . 1997 . 1996 . 1995 . 1994 . 1993 . 1992 . 1991 . 1990 . 1989 . 1988 . 1987 . 1986 . 1985 . 1984 . 1983 . 1982 . 1981 . 1980 . 1970 . 1960 . 1950 . 1940 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 776.5 798.8 800.8 832.7 845.3 854.5 869.0 875.6 870.6 878.1 894.1 909.8 913.5 926.1 905.6 922.3 938.7 950.5 975.7 970.0 978.6 988.1 982.5 990.0 985.0 1,007.1 1,039.1 1,222.6 1,339.2 1,446.0 1,785.0 924.8 951.1 955.7 994.3 1,013.7 1,029.1 1,053.8 1,067.0 1,069.4 1,088.1 1,115.7 1,143.9 1,155.5 1,177.3 1,158.3 1,180.5 1,202.8 1,215.0 1,250.7 1,246.1 1,261.7 1,278.1 1,271.4 1,284.5 1,279.9 1,308.2 1,348.1 1,542.1 1,609.0 1,674.2 1,976.0 657.8 677.6 679.2 706.2 715.2 721.8 731.4 734.0 724.7 725.6 733.0 739.4 738.6 745.9 725.5 738.2 750.9 761.8 781.0 774.2 778.7 784.5 779.8 783.3 776.6 792.7 817.9 971.4 1,105.3 1,236.0 1,599.4 764.4 785.3 786.3 817.0 829.0 836.5 849.8 854.6 849.3 855.7 869.0 882.3 885.6 897.0 877.7 893.2 909.8 920.2 947.6 943.4 952.8 963.6 959.7 967.3 963.6 984.0 1,012.7 1,193.3 1,311.3 1,410.8 1,735.3 908.2 933.2 936.9 973.9 992.9 1,006.1 1,029.4 1,040.0 1,042.0 1,059.1 1,082.9 1,107.5 1,118.7 1,138.9 1,122.4 1,143.1 1,165.9 1,176.6 1,215.9 1,213.4 1,230.5 1,249.8 1,245.9 1,259.4 1,255.9 1,282.2 1,317.6 1,513.7 1,586.0 1,642.5 1,925.2 648.2 666.5 666.9 693.1 701.3 706.7 715.3 716.6 707.3 707.8 713.6 718.7 717.5 724.1 704.1 716.1 728.8 738.8 759.1 753.3 758.1 764.3 760.7 763.9 758.7 773.6 796.1 944.0 1,074.4 1,198.0 1,550.4 982.0 1,016.5 1,027.3 1,065.9 1,083.3 1,101.2 1,121.4 1,135.7 1,127.8 1,139.8 1,178.4 1,213.9 1,216.9 1,241.2 1,206.7 1,235.4 1,250.3 1,275.5 1,284.3 1,263.1 1,266.7 1,261.2 1,236.7 1,240.5 1,221.3 1,258.4 1,314.8 1,518.1 1,577.5 ----1,215.6 1,252.9 1,269.4 1,319.1 1,341.4 1,375.0 1,403.5 1,432.6 1,430.5 1,458.8 1,524.2 1,585.7 1,592.8 1,632.2 1,587.8 1,626.1 1,644.5 1,670.1 1,677.6 1,650.3 1,650.1 1,634.5 1,600.8 1,600.7 1,580.4 1,626.6 1,697.8 1,873.9 1,811.1 ----- 813.0 845.7 855.3 885.6 901.8 912.5 927.6 933.6 921.6 922.1 940.3 955.9 954.6 969.5 942.5 963.3 975.1 998.1 1,006.8 989.7 994.4 994.4 976.9 980.7 960.1 986.6 1,033.3 1,228.7 1,369.7 ----- 642.1 663.4 650.0 685.0 677.4 686.7 709.3 780.9 770.4 774.0 763.6 771.2 764.8 796.4 759.0 763.9 716.3 761.6 718.6 719.8 720.8 731.7 761.7 757.3 757.0 784.6 867.0 --------- 739.9 775.3 758.1 797.0 794.2 798.9 841.5 925.9 943.9 974.8 924.8 932.0 953.3 1,006.3 970.4 970.6 916.2 999.8 917.4 899.3 926.7 926.1 946.0 945.0 940.1 1,030.2 1,111.5 --------- 555.7 567.7 557.9 592.1 581.1 594.0 604.5 668.2 640.5 625.3 641.7 643.9 618.8 641.6 599.4 608.3 561.8 586.3 563.6 583.7 549.3 577.2 567.9 605.5 604.4 588.0 662.4 --------- 428.6 440.2 443.9 465.7 474.4 492.1 506.4 519.7 522.4 531.8 543.2 554.8 562.7 565.8 558.5 566.2 582.0 581.3 584.2 577.3 576.4 586.5 574.4 565.1 550.4 544.7 589.9 --------- 516.0 534.4 534.7 562.7 578.4 597.4 624.2 641.2 646.9 660.2 676.1 693.4 702.5 709.9 697.3 703.4 716.4 729.6 732.0 732.4 730.5 755.4 724.7 718.8 738.2 710.3 786.5 --------- 362.6 369.3 375.5 392.7 395.9 412.0 416.8 427.5 426.7 432.6 439.6 446.7 452.1 450.4 445.8 453.2 469.3 458.4 451.0 448.1 445.4 456.7 443.1 428.8 410.3 405.3 425.9 -- -- -- -- - - - Data not available. 1 For 19401991, data include deaths among races not shown separately; beginning in 1992, records coded as ``other races'' and records for which race was unknown, not stated, or not classifiable were assigned to the race of previous record; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006, by 21 states and the District of Columbia in 2005, by 15 states in 2004, and by 7 states in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 Includes Aleuts and Eskimos. 4 Includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and Other Asian or Pacific Islander. 5 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' Table 2. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 19972006 [Crude rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and are estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins1 Year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Hispanic Male Female Both sexes Non-Hispanic2 Male Number 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,426,264 2,448,017 2,397,615 2,448,288 2,443,387 2,416,425 2,403,351 2,391,399 2,337,256 2,314,245 1,201,942 1,207,675 1,181,668 1,201,964 1,199,264 1,183,421 1,177,578 1,175,460 1,157,260 1,154,039 1,224,322 1,240,342 1,215,947 1,246,324 1,244,123 1,233,004 1,225,773 1,215,939 1,179,996 1,160,206 133,004 131,161 122,416 122,026 117,135 113,413 107,254 103,740 98,406 95,460 74,250 73,788 68,544 68,119 65,703 63,317 60,172 57,991 55,821 54,348 58,754 57,373 53,872 53,907 51,432 50,096 47,082 45,749 42,585 41,112 2,288,424 2,312,028 2,269,583 2,319,476 2,318,269 2,295,244 2,287,846 2,279,325 2,230,127 2,209,450 1,124,813 1,131,013 1,109,848 1,129,927 1,129,090 1,115,683 1,112,704 1,112,718 1,096,677 1,094,541 Death rate 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810.4 825.9 816.5 841.9 847.3 848.5 854.0 857.0 847.3 848.8 814.8 827.2 817.6 840.3 846.6 846.4 853.0 859.2 856.4 864.6 806.1 824.6 815.4 843.4 848.0 850.4 855.0 854.9 838.5 833.6 300.1 307.3 296.2 305.8 302.2 306.8 303.8 305.7 303.9 309.0 323.9 334.4 321.1 330.7 328.7 332.9 331.3 332.6 336.0 343.2 274.6 278.2 269.7 279.3 274.0 279.0 274.6 277.2 270.0 272.9 897.1 911.2 899.4 924.4 928.8 926.2 929.6 929.9 916.0 913.9 902.8 912.6 900.9 922.9 928.0 923.6 928.1 932.2 925.3 930.4 891.7 910.0 898.0 925.9 929.5 928.6 931.0 927.8 907.1 898.3 968.5 981.8 967.8 993.6 997.5 991.1 993.2 990.7 972.9 967.4 962.0 970.6 957.4 979.1 983.9 975.6 978.5 979.6 969.2 970.6 974.7 992.6 977.7 1,007.6 1,010.6 1,006.1 1,007.3 1,001.3 976.5 964.3 759.1 774.4 768.8 788.8 792.8 798.1 805.5 812.1 805.6 813.5 815.3 825.7 818.7 840.6 842.3 849.7 859.5 872.8 873.7 892.9 708.0 727.6 723.4 741.6 748.0 751.2 756.7 757.3 744.1 741.9 1,163,611 1,181,015 1,159,735 1,189,549 1,189,179 1,179,561 1,175,142 1,166,607 1,133,450 1,114,909 1,944,617 1,967,142 1,933,382 1,979,465 1,981,973 1,962,810 1,959,919 1,953,197 1,912,802 1,895,461 947,966 954,402 938,143 956,194 957,645 945,967 944,781 944,913 931,844 929,703 996,651 1,012,740 995,239 1,023,271 1,024,328 1,016,843 1,015,138 1,008,284 980,958 965,758 286,581 289,163 283,859 287,968 286,573 284,343 282,676 281,979 275,264 273,381 146,729 147,010 144,022 146,136 144,802 143,971 143,297 143,883 141,627 142,241 139,852 142,153 139,837 141,832 141,771 140,372 139,379 138,096 133,637 131,140 Female Non-Hispanic white3 Both sexes Male Female Non-Hispanic black3 Both sexes Male Female National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Age-adjusted death rate4 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 776.5 798.8 800.8 832.7 845.3 854.5 869.0 875.6 870.6 878.1 924.8 951.1 955.7 994.3 1,013.7 1,029.1 1,053.8 1,067.0 1,069.4 1,088.1 657.8 677.6 679.2 706.2 715.2 721.8 731.4 734.0 724.7 725.6 564.0 590.7 586.7 621.2 629.3 658.7 665.7 676.4 665.4 669.3 675.6 717.0 706.8 748.1 766.7 802.5 818.1 830.5 833.6 840.5 468.6 485.3 485.9 515.8 518.3 544.2 546.0 555.9 536.9 538.8 791.4 812.5 814.1 844.5 856.5 864.0 877.9 883.9 878.4 885.3 942.6 966.7 971.1 1,008.0 1,026.5 1,039.8 1,063.8 1,076.4 1,078.2 1,096.4 671.1 690.3 691.4 717.2 725.8 730.9 740.0 741.9 732.4 732.6 777.0 796.6 797.1 826.1 837.5 842.9 855.5 859.8 854.1 859.7 922.8 945.4 949.0 984.0 1,002.2 1,012.8 1,035.4 1,045.5 1,046.7 1,063.2 660.0 677.7 677.5 702.1 709.9 713.5 721.5 722.3 712.8 712.5 1,001.4 1,034.5 1,044.7 1,083.2 1,099.2 1,116.5 1,137.0 1,150.1 1,141.8 1,154.3 1,241.0 1,275.3 1,291.5 1,341.1 1,360.6 1,393.7 1,422.0 1,449.4 1,448.2 1,476.7 828.4 860.5 869.4 899.8 915.3 925.5 941.2 946.0 932.9 934.2 Figures for origin not stated are included in ``all origins'' but are not distributed among specified origins. Includes races other than white and black. 3 Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006, by 21 states and the District of Columbia in 2005, by 15 states in 2004, and by 7 states in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 4 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' 21 22 Table 3. Number of deaths and death rates, by age, race, and sex: United States, 2006 [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Age Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Number 148,602 4,886 633 369 462 2,309 3,484 3,506 3,413 4,268 6,253 9,391 12,721 14,168 13,030 13,369 14,218 14,144 13,178 14,778 22 Rate 786.7 1,407.1 47.1 22.9 26.7 130.8 215.7 242.0 268.0 324.7 457.3 715.6 1,171.2 1,625.1 2,302.6 3,132.8 4,373.3 6,329.2 9,021.0 13,206.0 Female American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Both sexes Male Female Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Both sexes Male Female National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 All ages . . . . . . Under 1 year . . . 14 years . . . . . 59 years . . . . . 1014 years . . . 1519 years . . . 2024 years . . . 2529 years . . . 3034 years . . . 3539 years . . . 4044 years . . . 4549 years . . . 5054 years . . . 5559 years . . . 6064 years . . . 6569 years . . . . 7074 years . . . 7579 years . . . 8084 years . . . . 85 years and over Not stated . . . . . All ages4 . . . . . Under 1 year5 . . . 14 years . . . . . 59 years . . . . . 1014 years . . . 1519 years . . . 2024 years . . . 2529 years . . . 3034 years . . . 3539 years . . . 4044 years . . . 4549 years . . . 5054 years . . . 5559 years . . . 6064 years . . . 6569 years . . . . 7074 years . . . 7579 years . . . 8084 years . . . . 85 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,426,264 . 28,527 . 4,631 . 2,735 . 3,414 . 13,739 . 21,148 . 20,897 . 22,055 . 31,499 . 51,544 . 79,268 . 105,763 . 133,053 . 148,348 . 171,883 . 218,210 . 297,710 . 369,628 . 701,992 . 220 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810.4 690.7 28.4 13.9 16.6 64.4 100.2 100.9 111.9 148.7 229.3 347.7 516.4 730.1 1,110.2 1,656.6 2,554.8 4,033.4 6,524.0 13,253.1 1,201,942 15,980 2,541 1,551 2,074 9,918 16,152 15,181 15,007 20,131 32,019 49,018 66,154 81,373 87,614 98,721 119,444 154,227 173,088 241,578 171 814.8 756.3 30.5 15.4 19.6 90.7 148.0 143.4 150.4 189.0 285.9 435.3 659.7 920.0 1,373.6 2,040.2 3,117.5 4,944.6 7,942.7 14,309.1 1,224,322 12,547 2,090 1,184 1,340 3,821 4,996 5,716 7,048 11,368 19,525 30,250 39,609 51,680 60,734 73,162 98,766 143,483 196,540 460,414 49 806.1 622.0 26.3 12.3 13.3 36.8 49.0 56.5 72.5 107.9 173.1 262.2 378.9 551.0 869.7 1,321.4 2,097.0 3,366.6 5,637.2 12,759.0 2,077,549 18,403 3,233 1,961 2,499 10,142 15,729 15,214 15,913 23,227 38,833 60,500 81,469 105,462 121,646 142,813 185,765 261,623 331,393 641,545 179 858.1 576.0 25.5 12.8 15.6 61.1 94.8 93.6 103.3 137.8 214.0 323.7 479.5 686.5 1,064.0 1,607.4 2,519.6 4,020.7 6,550.9 13,480.4 1,022,328 10,345 1,781 1,111 1,528 7,168 12,007 11,114 10,969 15,107 24,663 38,112 51,569 64,935 72,226 82,594 102,331 136,662 156,342 221,622 142 852.3 632.7 27.5 14.1 18.6 84.1 139.3 132.3 138.7 176.1 269.8 408.3 612.8 861.2 1,309.5 1,973.1 3,060.0 4,914.2 7,982.5 14,576.8 1,055,221 8,058 1,452 850 971 2,974 3,722 4,100 4,944 8,120 14,170 22,388 29,900 40,527 49,420 60,219 83,434 124,961 175,051 419,923 37 863.9 516.5 23.5 11.4 12.5 36.9 46.6 52.2 65.9 98.1 157.3 239.3 348.7 518.0 835.1 1,281.6 2,071.0 3,353.8 5,646.4 12,965.7 289,971 8,858 1,144 631 763 2,952 4,531 4,875 5,170 7,040 10,890 16,254 21,165 23,782 22,614 24,208 26,918 29,260 30,742 48,142 32 733.0 1,303.1 43.3 19.9 22.4 84.7 142.0 163.9 192.9 252.6 373.1 576.3 892.9 1,232.7 1,750.2 2,409.9 3,371.9 4,902.4 7,275.3 12,489.7 141,369 3,972 511 262 301 643 1,047 1,369 1,757 2,772 4,637 6,863 8,444 9,614 9,584 10,839 12,700 15,116 17,564 33,364 10 684.0 1,194.6 39.4 16.8 17.9 37.4 66.5 89.8 124.9 188.2 298.9 455.0 657.4 909.1 1,319.8 1,876.0 2,683.8 4,048.5 6,352.9 12,196.7 14,037 393 94 39 52 291 373 327 381 497 755 904 1,033 1,089 1,137 1,257 1,195 1,245 1,297 1,676 2 438.5 878.0 54.4 15.4 18.3 95.5 126.8 125.3 167.7 221.0 320.7 398.9 539.6 696.2 1,082.8 1,664.5 2,188.0 3,204.4 5,050.6 6,927.3 7,630 242 51 20 27 195 283 242 250 325 459 563 636 658 636 687 608 607 549 591 1 477.1 1,057.8 58.1 15.5 18.7 126.1 186.7 177.7 212.9 284.2 391.4 510.8 688.7 869.8 1,271.0 1,926.1 2,465.9 3,549.3 5,261.1 7,540.2 6,407 151 43 19 25 96 90 85 131 172 296 341 397 431 501 570 587 638 748 1,085 1 399.9 689.9 50.5 * 17.8 63.9 63.1 68.1 119.4 155.6 250.5 292.9 400.6 533.6 911.4 1,430.3 1,959.3 2,933.2 4,906.5 6,633.7 44,707 873 160 104 100 354 515 481 591 735 1,066 1,610 2,096 2,720 2,951 3,605 4,332 5,582 6,196 10,629 7 307.4 414.7 19.6 11.0 10.6 37.4 50.1 39.4 42.6 55.9 90.4 151.8 225.7 350.6 554.8 877.4 1,372.7 2,340.7 3,905.0 8,298.9 23,382 507 76 51 57 246 378 319 375 431 644 952 1,228 1,612 1,722 2,071 2,287 2,814 3,019 4,587 6 330.6 469.7 18.1 10.7 11.8 50.4 72.1 53.0 55.2 67.2 112.4 188.7 283.4 450.2 696.3 1,087.8 1,663.5 2,882.9 4,707.6 9,524.7 21,325 366 84 53 43 108 137 162 216 304 422 658 868 1,108 1,229 1,534 2,045 2,768 3,177 6,042 1 285.6 356.9 21.1 11.4 9.3 23.5 27.2 26.2 30.5 45.2 69.6 118.3 175.3 265.2 431.8 695.7 1,148.2 1,965.0 3,360.5 7,560.2 * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' 1 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. In 2006, multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas 2 3 Includes Aleuts and Eskimos. Includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and Other Asian or were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 4 5 Figures for age not stated are included in ``all ages'' but not distributed among age groups. Death rates for ``under 1 year'' (based on population estimates) differ from infant mortality rates (based on live births); see Pacific Islander. ``Technical Notes.'' Table 4. Number of deaths and death rates by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, age, and sex: United States, 2006 [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins1 Age All ages . . . . . . Under 1 year . . . 14 years . . . . . 59 years . . . . . 1014 years . . . 1519 years . . . 2024 years . . . 2529 years . . . 3034 years . . . 3539 years . . . 4044 years . . . 4549 years . . . 5054 years . . . 5559 years . . . 6064 years . . . 6569 years . . . . 7074 years . . . 7579 years . . . 8084 years . . . . 85 years and over Not stated . . . . . All ages4 . . . . . Under 1 year5 . . . 14 years . . . . . 59 years . . . . . 1014 years . . . 1519 years . . . 2024 years . . . 2529 years . . . 3034 years . . . 3539 years . . . 4044 years . . . 4549 years . . . 5054 years . . . 5559 years . . . 6064 years . . . 6569 years . . . . 7074 years . . . 7579 years . . . 8084 years . . . . 85 years and over 1 3 Hispanic Female 1,224,322 12,547 2,090 1,184 1,340 3,821 4,996 5,716 7,048 11,368 19,525 30,250 39,609 51,680 60,734 73,162 98,766 143,483 196,540 460,414 49 806.1 622.0 26.3 12.3 13.3 36.8 49.0 56.5 72.5 107.9 173.1 262.2 378.9 551.0 869.7 1,321.4 2,097.0 3,366.6 5,637.2 12,759.0 Both sexes 133,004 5,735 987 484 653 2,366 3,566 3,305 3,287 3,822 5,129 6,486 7,549 8,241 8,464 9,550 11,511 14,119 14,653 23,061 36 300.1 590.6 26.4 11.8 16.6 65.3 95.0 79.4 83.7 108.2 164.0 253.6 385.2 549.3 813.9 1,229.6 1,922.0 3,052.6 4,794.7 9,022.8 Male 74,250 3,179 549 283 390 1,831 2,881 2,593 2,431 2,685 3,538 4,277 4,957 5,239 5,032 5,505 6,275 7,224 6,985 8,367 29 323.9 640.7 28.8 13.5 19.3 98.0 141.4 111.7 113.9 142.4 215.6 326.7 507.1 718.7 1,030.0 1,553.4 2,393.6 3,720.7 5,719.9 9,435.5 Female 58,754 2,556 438 201 263 535 685 712 856 1,137 1,591 2,209 2,592 3,002 3,432 4,045 5,236 6,895 7,668 14,694 7 274.6 538.3 24.0 10.1 13.7 30.5 40.0 38.7 47.7 69.0 107.0 177.0 263.9 389.3 622.4 957.8 1,554.8 2,569.3 4,178.9 8,803.5 Both sexes 2,288,424 22,576 3,624 2,247 2,751 11,342 17,520 17,536 18,703 27,600 46,233 72,529 97,894 124,454 139,502 161,919 206,276 283,133 354,417 678,050 118 897.1 714.6 28.9 14.4 16.5 64.1 100.9 106.0 118.5 156.3 238.9 358.3 528.6 744.2 1,132.1 1,686.9 2,597.2 4,092.4 6,612.2 13,450.1 Non-Hispanic2 Male Number 1,124,813 12,683 1,977 1,267 1,679 8,063 13,222 12,544 12,531 17,387 28,364 44,557 60,965 75,878 82,320 92,945 112,885 146,746 165,829 232,883 88 Rate 902.8 784.5 30.8 15.9 19.6 88.9 149.0 151.8 159.7 198.4 296.7 447.7 673.6 934.9 1,397.6 2,072.6 3,162.7 5,017.0 8,061.4 14,558.8 Female 1,163,611 9,893 1,647 980 1,072 3,279 4,298 4,992 6,172 10,213 17,869 27,972 36,929 48,576 57,182 68,974 93,391 136,387 188,588 445,167 30 891.7 641.4 26.9 12.8 13.2 38.0 50.6 60.3 77.8 114.9 182.4 271.9 389.9 564.3 889.0 1,348.6 2,135.6 3,415.2 5,709.7 12,934.8 Non-Hispanic white3 Both sexes 1,944,617 12,906 2,279 1,495 1,858 7,837 12,218 11,942 12,664 19,465 33,733 54,044 73,925 97,191 113,127 133,248 174,227 247,476 316,637 618,253 92 968.5 564.2 25.0 12.9 15.0 59.1 93.2 96.5 107.9 143.5 221.5 331.4 487.4 696.1 1,081.7 1,634.0 2,559.2 4,077.7 6,640.0 13,688.2 Male 947,966 7,284 1,247 839 1,144 5,378 9,175 8,542 8,573 12,463 21,146 33,828 46,599 59,651 67,128 77,056 96,000 129,406 149,284 213,151 72 962.0 621.9 26.7 14.2 18.0 79.0 136.5 137.2 145.2 183.0 278.0 417.1 621.0 869.7 1,327.5 2,000.1 3,100.3 4,983.5 8,103.3 14,841.1 Female 996,651 5,622 1,032 656 714 2,459 3,043 3,400 4,091 7,002 12,587 20,216 27,326 37,540 45,999 56,192 78,227 118,070 167,353 405,102 20 974.7 503.7 23.2 11.7 11.9 38.1 47.6 55.3 70.2 103.7 165.1 246.7 356.7 528.4 851.6 1,306.2 2,107.8 3,400.4 5,718.8 13,150.7 Non-Hispanic black3 Both sexes 286,581 8,507 1,108 616 745 2,890 4,457 4,814 5,106 6,954 10,746 16,058 20,932 23,553 22,408 23,929 26,645 28,976 30,440 47,678 19 759.1 1,339.2 44.3 20.6 23.1 87.1 146.7 171.3 201.6 262.6 384.5 590.6 914.1 1,260.3 1,789.0 2,454.3 3,432.1 4,987.2 7,380.4 12,655.4 Male 146,729 4,714 612 361 453 2,265 3,426 3,463 3,365 4,202 6,161 9,265 12,564 14,020 12,909 13,202 14,063 13,993 13,052 14,628 11 815.3 1,453.3 48.2 23.7 27.6 134.7 223.0 253.7 279.9 336.8 471.1 732.9 1,199.1 1,662.0 2,355.8 3,190.8 4,451.9 6,441.8 9,165.9 13,403.1 Female 139,852 3,793 496 255 292 625 1,031 1,351 1,741 2,752 4,585 6,793 8,368 9,533 9,499 10,727 12,582 14,983 17,388 33,050 8 Both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,426,264 28,527 . 4,631 . 2,735 . 3,414 . 13,739 . 21,148 . . 20,897 22,055 . . 31,499 51,544 . . 79,268 105,763 . 133,053 . 148,348 . 171,883 . 218,210 . 297,710 . . 369,628 701,992 . 220 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810.4 690.7 28.4 13.9 16.6 64.4 100.2 100.9 111.9 148.7 229.3 347.7 516.4 730.1 1,110.2 1,656.6 2,554.8 4,033.4 6,524.0 13,253.1 Male 1,201,942 15,980 2,541 1,551 2,074 9,918 16,152 15,181 15,007 20,131 32,019 49,018 66,154 81,373 87,614 98,721 119,444 154,227 173,088 241,578 171 814.8 756.3 30.5 15.4 19.6 90.7 148.0 143.4 150.4 189.0 285.9 435.3 659.7 920.0 1,373.6 2,040.2 3,117.5 4,944.6 7,942.7 14,309.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 708.0 1,220.1 40.3 17.3 18.4 38.2 68.6 93.5 130.9 196.5 308.4 467.0 673.7 929.8 1,348.2 1,911.3 2,732.5 4,118.7 6,438.9 12,350.5 2 Figures for origin not stated are included in ``all origins'' but not distributed among specified origins. Includes races other than white and black. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. In 2006, multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 4 5 Figures for age not stated are included in ``all ages'' but not distributed among age groups. Death rates for ``under 1 year'' (based on population estimates) differ from infant mortality rates (based on live births); see ``Technical Notes.'' 23 24 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 5. Number of deaths and death rates by age, and age-adjusted death rates, by specified Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006 [Rates are per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates for ``all origins,'' Hispanic, non-Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and non-Hispanic black are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; populations used for computing death rates for Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central and South American, and other and unknown Hispanic are based on the Current Population Survey adjusted to resident population control totals. The control totals are 2000-based population estimates for the United States for July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes''] Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex All ages Under 1 year1 14 years 514 years 1524 years 2534 years 3544 years 4554 years Number All origins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . Mexican . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . Puerto Rican . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . Cuban . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . Central and South American Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . Other and unknown Hispanic Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . Non-Hispanic3 . . . Male . . . . . . Female . . . . White4 . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . Female . . . . Black4 . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . Female . . . . Origin not stated5 Male . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,426,264 1,201,942 1,224,322 133,004 74,250 58,754 75,498 43,516 31,982 16,822 9,285 7,537 12,846 6,601 6,245 13,927 7,245 6,682 13,911 7,603 6,308 2,288,424 1,124,813 1,163,611 1,944,617 947,966 996,651 286,581 146,729 139,852 4,836 2,879 1,957 28,527 15,980 12,547 5,735 3,179 2,556 4,073 2,238 1,835 515 288 227 89 52 37 470 257 213 588 344 244 22,576 12,683 9,893 12,906 7,284 5,622 8,507 4,714 3,793 216 118 98 4,631 2,541 2,090 987 549 438 730 409 321 61 35 26 15 11 4 96 47 49 85 47 38 3,624 1,977 1,647 2,279 1,247 1,032 1,108 612 496 20 15 5 6,149 3,625 2,524 1,137 673 464 836 487 349 84 50 34 26 14 12 89 58 31 102 64 38 4,998 2,946 2,052 3,353 1,983 1,370 1,361 814 547 14 6 8 34,887 26,070 8,817 5,932 4,712 1,220 4,142 3,323 819 461 345 116 135 108 27 718 590 128 476 346 130 28,862 21,285 7,577 20,055 14,553 5,502 7,347 5,691 1,656 93 73 20 42,952 30,188 12,764 6,592 5,024 1,568 4,419 3,415 1,004 594 442 152 113 84 29 943 715 228 523 368 155 36,239 25,075 11,164 24,606 17,115 7,491 9,920 6,828 3,092 121 89 32 83,043 52,150 30,893 8,951 6,223 2,728 5,420 3,827 1,593 1,221 799 422 316 221 95 1,133 783 350 861 593 268 73,833 45,751 28,082 53,198 33,609 19,589 17,700 10,363 7,337 259 176 83 185,031 115,172 69,859 14,035 9,234 4,801 8,269 5,504 2,765 2,030 1,322 708 668 477 191 1,610 994 616 1,458 937 521 170,423 105,522 64,901 127,969 80,427 47,542 36,990 21,829 15,161 573 416 157 281,401 168,987 112,414 16,705 10,271 6,434 9,495 5,822 3,673 2,617 1,659 958 1,112 773 339 1,763 955 808 1,718 1,062 656 263,956 158,198 105,758 210,318 126,779 83,539 45,961 26,929 19,032 740 518 222 390,093 218,165 171,928 21,061 11,780 9,281 11,485 6,402 5,083 3,174 1,797 1,377 2,153 1,312 841 2,172 1,087 1,085 2,077 1,182 895 368,195 205,830 162,365 307,475 173,056 134,419 50,574 27,265 23,309 837 555 282 667,338 327,315 340,023 28,772 14,209 14,563 15,540 7,779 7,761 3,417 1,637 1,780 4,018 2,092 1,926 2,618 1,096 1,522 3,179 1,605 1,574 637,550 312,575 324,975 564,113 278,690 285,423 59,416 27,045 32,371 1,016 531 485 701,992 241,578 460,414 23,061 8,367 14,694 11,062 4,287 6,775 2,646 911 1,735 4,200 1,457 2,743 2,315 663 1,652 2,838 1,049 1,789 678,050 232,883 445,167 618,253 213,151 405,102 47,678 14,628 33,050 881 328 553 220 171 49 36 29 7 27 23 4 2 2 1 1 6 6 118 88 30 92 72 20 19 11 8 66 54 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5564 years 6574 years 7584 years 85 years and over Age not stated Ageadjusted rate2 See footnotes at end of table. Table 5. Number of deaths and death rates by age, and age-adjusted death rates, by specified Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates are per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates for ``all origins,'' Hispanic, non-Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and non-Hispanic black are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; populations used for computing death rates for Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central and South American, and other and unknown Hispanic are based on the Current Population Survey adjusted to resident population control totals. The control totals are 2000-based population estimates for the United States for July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes''] Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex All origins7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . Mexican . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . Puerto Rican . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . Cuban . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . Central and South American Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . Other and unknown Hispanic Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . Non-Hispanic3 Male . . . Female . White4 . . . . Male . . . Female . Black4 . . . . Male . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All ages 810.4 814.8 806.1 300.1 323.9 274.6 260.5 286.3 232.1 442.3 502.9 385.1 785.5 800.9 769.9 178.0 180.6 175.3 669.0 727.8 609.6 897.1 902.8 891.7 968.5 962.0 974.7 759.1 815.3 708.0 Under 1 year1 690.7 756.3 622.0 590.6 640.7 538.3 572.6 629.6 515.6 718.8 * * * * * 382.6 437.1 332.6 * * * 714.6 784.5 641.4 564.2 621.9 503.7 1,339.2 1,453.3 1,220.1 14 years 28.4 30.5 26.3 26.4 28.8 24.0 27.1 30.2 24.1 21.6 23.8 * * * * 18.6 17.0 20.6 56.3 * * 28.9 30.8 26.9 25.0 26.7 23.2 44.3 48.2 40.3 514 years 15.2 17.6 12.8 14.2 16.4 11.8 14.9 17.1 12.7 12.1 14.1 10.0 12.8 * * 7.6 9.6 5.5 28.6 33.7 22.8 15.5 17.8 13.0 14.0 16.2 11.8 21.9 25.8 17.9 1524 years 82.2 119.3 42.8 80.4 120.7 35.2 84.3 125.8 36.0 72.4 109.0 36.3 72.2 124.4 * 54.9 86.1 20.5 145.0 197.2 85.1 82.3 118.6 44.3 76.1 107.6 42.9 115.6 176.9 52.8 2534 years 106.3 146.8 64.3 81.5 112.7 43.1 80.9 112.7 41.3 96.7 144.8 49.2 55.2 83.1 * 61.2 80.8 34.8 192.9 274.1 113.2 112.1 155.7 68.8 102.1 141.1 62.5 185.7 266.0 111.4 3544 years 190.2 238.7 141.6 134.4 176.5 87.1 131.1 169.9 84.6 228.7 309.8 153.0 106.2 139.9 68.0 80.7 110.6 50.3 297.7 393.0 193.7 199.5 249.7 150.3 184.8 233.1 136.3 325.2 405.6 254.1 4554 years Rate6 427.5 541.0 317.7 310.7 403.8 215.3 300.3 382.7 210.2 478.9 703.4 300.0 358.4 462.5 229.5 180.3 228.3 134.6 559.9 766.4 377.2 439.7 555.3 328.5 406.6 515.1 299.8 738.5 944.2 562.2 5564 years 890.9 1,110.0 687.0 657.6 843.6 486.5 657.7 809.3 507.1 920.2 1,243.1 634.7 702.7 1,056.5 398.4 359.8 438.4 296.9 1,048.8 1,442.1 727.6 908.7 1,129.5 703.2 861.2 1,064.0 668.0 1,472.4 1,935.2 1,100.2 6574 years 2,062.1 2,516.2 1,677.9 1,531.0 1,910.7 1,222.7 1,564.8 1,836.3 1,319.1 1,956.8 2,743.8 1,423.9 1,721.2 2,323.7 1,225.4 875.1 1,116.7 719.2 1,956.7 * 1,555.4 2,099.0 2,555.7 1,711.4 2,055.0 2,490.3 1,677.4 2,887.7 3,736.8 2,281.4 7584 years 5,115.0 6,177.7 4,388.3 3,745.7 4,492.6 3,222.9 3,762.3 4,725.1 3,124.2 4,585.9 * * 3,736.1 * 3,231.1 2,784.5 * 2,611.0 4,023.3 * * 5,192.4 6,274.0 4,453.8 5,205.2 6,278.3 4,460.7 5,980.8 7,520.4 5,107.2 85 years and over 13,253.1 14,309.1 12,759.0 9,022.8 9,435.5 8,803.5 9,619.7 * 9,423.5 * * * * * * * * * * * * 13,450.1 14,558.8 12,934.8 13,688.2 14,841.1 13,150.7 12,655.4 13,403.1 12,350.5 Age not stated ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Ageadjusted rate2 776.5 924.8 657.8 564.0 675.6 468.6 574.7 682.8 480.6 718.0 910.8 576.0 570.1 676.9 478.3 370.3 452.4 318.6 742.6 900.8 605.5 791.4 942.6 671.1 777.0 922.8 660.0 1,001.4 1,241.0 828.4 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 . . . Category not applicable. Quantity zero. * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' 1 Death rates for ``under 1 year'' (based on population estimates) differ from infant mortality rates (based on live births); see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 Includes races other than white and black. 4 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. In 2006, multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 5 Includes deaths for which Hispanic origin was not reported on the death certificate. 6 Figures for age not stated are included in ``all ages'' but not distributed among age groups. 7 Figures for origin not stated are included in ``all origins'' but not distributed among specified origins. 25 26 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 6. Abridged life table for the total population, 2006 [For explanation of the columns of the life table, see ``United States Life Tables, 2004,'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Volume 56, Number 9] Probability of dying between ages x to x + n Age 01 . . . . . . 15 . . . . . . 510 . . . . . 1015 . . . . 1520 . . . . 2025 . . . . 2530 . . . . 3035 . . . . 3540 . . . . 4045 . . . . 4550 . . . . 5055 . . . . 5560 . . . . 6065 . . . . 6570 . . . . 7075 . . . . 7580 . . . . 8085 . . . . 8590 . . . . 9095 . . . . 95100 . . . . 100 and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . nqx Number surviving to age x lx 100,000 99,329 99,216 99,147 99,065 98,747 98,253 97,759 97,213 96,495 95,397 93,750 91,352 88,057 83,251 76,661 67,331 54,201 37,806 20,900 7,992 1,737 Number dying between ages x to x + n ndx Person-years lived between ages x to x + n nLx Total number of person-years lived above age x Tx 7,770,878 7,671,468 7,274,423 6,778,533 6,282,945 5,788,319 5,295,787 4,805,758 4,318,288 3,833,908 3,353,991 2,880,873 2,417,786 1,968,832 1,539,853 1,139,253 777,890 472,516 241,553 95,445 25,661 3,911 Expectancy of life at age x ex 77.7 77.2 73.3 68.4 63.4 58.6 53.9 49.2 44.4 39.7 35.2 30.7 26.5 22.4 18.5 14.9 11.6 8.7 6.4 4.6 3.2 2.3 0.006713 0.001138 0.000694 0.000822 0.003214 0.004998 0.005033 0.005583 0.007389 0.011381 0.017264 0.025576 0.036064 0.054578 0.079166 0.121698 0.195003 0.302494 0.447183 0.617600 0.782635 1.000000 671 113 69 81 318 494 495 546 718 1,098 1,647 2,398 3,295 4,806 6,591 9,329 13,130 16,396 16,906 12,908 6,255 1,737 99,409 397,045 495,890 495,588 494,626 492,532 490,029 487,470 484,380 479,917 473,118 463,087 448,954 428,979 400,600 361,364 305,373 230,964 146,108 69,784 21,751 3,911 Table 7. Life expectancy at selected ages, by race and sex: United States, 2006 [Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes''] All races1 Exact age in years 0 .. 1 .. 5 .. 10 . . 15 . . 20 . . 25 . . 30 . . 35 . . 40 . . 45 . . 50 . . 55 . . 60 . . 65 . . 70 . . 75 . . 80 . . 85 . . 90 . . 95 . . 100 . 1 White Female 80.2 79.7 75.8 70.8 65.9 61.0 56.1 51.3 46.4 41.7 37.0 32.5 28.0 23.8 19.7 15.9 12.3 9.3 6.8 4.8 3.3 2.3 Both sexes 78.2 77.6 73.7 68.7 63.8 59.0 54.2 49.5 44.7 40.0 35.4 30.9 26.6 22.5 18.6 14.9 11.5 8.7 6.3 4.5 3.2 2.2 Male 75.7 75.1 71.2 66.3 61.3 56.6 51.9 47.3 42.6 37.9 33.4 29.0 24.9 20.9 17.1 13.6 10.5 7.8 5.7 4.0 2.8 2.0 Female 80.6 80.0 76.1 71.1 66.1 61.3 56.4 51.5 46.7 41.9 37.2 32.6 28.2 23.8 19.8 15.9 12.3 9.3 6.7 4.7 3.3 2.2 Both sexes 73.2 73.2 69.4 64.4 59.5 54.7 50.1 45.5 40.9 36.4 32.0 27.9 24.1 20.4 17.1 13.9 11.1 8.7 6.7 5.1 3.8 2.8 Black Male 69.7 69.7 65.8 60.9 56.0 51.3 46.8 42.4 37.9 33.5 29.2 25.2 21.6 18.2 15.1 12.3 9.8 7.7 5.9 4.5 3.5 2.6 Female 76.5 76.5 72.6 67.7 62.7 57.8 53.0 48.2 43.5 38.9 34.5 30.2 26.1 22.2 18.6 15.1 12.0 9.3 7.1 5.3 3.9 2.8 Both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77.7 77.2 73.3 68.4 63.4 58.6 53.9 49.2 44.4 39.7 35.2 30.7 26.5 22.4 18.5 14.9 11.6 8.7 6.4 4.6 3.2 2.3 Male 75.1 74.7 70.8 65.8 60.9 56.1 51.5 46.9 42.2 37.6 33.1 28.8 24.7 20.7 17.0 13.6 10.5 7.8 5.7 4.1 2.9 2.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Includes races other than white and black. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 27 Table 8. Life expectancy at birth, by race and sex: United States, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, and 19752006 [Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards] All races1 Year 2006 . 20052,3 . 20042,3 . 20032,3 . 20022 . . 20012 . . 20002 . . 1999 . . 1998 . . 1997 . . 1996 . . 1995 . . 1994 . . 1993 . . 1992 . . 1991 . . 1990 . . 1989 . . 1988 . . 1987 . . 1986 . . 1985 . . 1984 . . 1983 . . 1982 . . 1981 . . 1980 . . 1979 . . 1978 . . 1977 . . 1976 . . 1975 . . 1970 . . 1960 . . 1950 . . 1940 . . 2,3 White Female 80.2 79.9 79.9 79.6 79.5 79.4 79.3 79.4 79.5 79.4 79.1 78.9 79.0 78.8 79.1 78.9 78.8 78.5 78.3 78.3 78.2 78.2 78.2 78.1 78.1 77.8 77.4 77.8 77.3 77.2 76.8 76.6 74.7 73.1 71.1 65.2 Both sexes 78.2 77.9 77.9 77.6 77.4 77.4 77.3 77.3 77.3 77.1 76.8 76.5 76.5 76.3 76.5 76.3 76.1 75.9 75.6 75.6 75.4 75.3 75.3 75.2 75.1 74.8 74.4 74.6 74.1 74.0 73.6 73.4 71.7 70.6 69.1 64.2 Male 75.7 75.4 75.4 75.0 74.9 74.8 74.7 74.6 74.5 74.3 73.9 73.4 73.3 73.1 73.2 72.9 72.7 72.5 72.2 72.1 71.9 71.8 71.8 71.6 71.5 71.1 70.7 70.8 70.4 70.2 69.9 69.5 68.0 67.4 66.5 62.1 Female 80.6 80.4 80.4 80.0 79.9 79.9 79.9 79.9 80.0 79.9 79.7 79.6 79.6 79.5 79.8 79.6 79.4 79.2 78.9 78.9 78.8 78.7 78.7 78.7 78.7 78.4 78.1 78.4 78.0 77.9 77.5 77.3 75.6 74.1 72.2 66.6 Both sexes 73.2 72.8 72.8 72.3 72.1 72.0 71.8 71.4 71.3 71.1 70.2 69.6 69.5 69.2 69.6 69.3 69.1 68.8 68.9 69.1 69.1 69.3 69.5 69.4 69.4 68.9 68.1 68.5 68.1 67.7 67.2 66.8 64.1 ------- Black Male 69.7 69.3 69.3 68.8 68.6 68.4 68.2 67.8 67.6 67.2 66.1 65.2 64.9 64.6 65.0 64.6 64.5 64.3 64.4 64.7 64.8 65.0 65.3 65.2 65.1 64.5 63.8 64.0 63.7 63.4 62.9 62.4 60.0 ------Female 76.5 76.1 76.0 75.6 75.4 75.2 75.1 74.7 74.8 74.7 74.2 73.9 73.9 73.7 73.9 73.8 73.6 73.3 73.2 73.4 73.4 73.4 73.6 73.5 73.6 73.2 72.5 72.9 72.4 72.0 71.6 71.3 68.3 -- -- -- Both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77.7 77.4 77.5 77.1 76.9 76.9 76.8 76.7 76.7 76.5 76.1 75.8 75.7 75.5 75.8 75.5 75.4 75.1 74.9 74.9 74.7 74.7 74.7 74.6 74.5 74.1 73.7 73.9 73.5 73.3 72.9 72.6 70.8 69.7 68.2 62.9 Male 75.1 74.9 74.9 74.5 74.3 74.2 74.1 73.9 73.8 73.6 73.1 72.5 72.4 72.2 72.3 72.0 71.8 71.7 71.4 71.4 71.2 71.1 71.1 71.0 70.8 70.4 70.0 70.0 69.6 69.5 69.1 68.8 67.1 66.6 65.6 60.8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - Data not available. 1 Includes races other than white and black. 2 Life expectancies for 20002006 were calculated using a revised methodology and may differ from those previously published; see ``Technical notes.'' 3 Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006, by 21 states and the District of Columbia in 2005, by 15 states in 2004, and by 7 states in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 28 Table 9. Death rates by age and age-adjusted death rates for the 15 leading causes of death in 2006: United States, 19992006 [Rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Age Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) and year All causes 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Diseases of heart (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Malignant neoplasms (C00C97) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cerebrovascular diseases (I60I69) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chronic lower respiratory diseases (J40J47) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All ages1 810.4 825.9 816.5 841.9 847.3 848.5 854.0 857.0 211.0 220.0 222.2 235.6 241.7 245.8 252.6 259.9 187.0 188.7 188.6 191.5 193.2 194.4 196.5 197.0 45.8 48.4 51.1 54.2 56.4 57.4 59.6 60.0 41.6 44.2 41.5 43.5 43.3 43.2 43.4 44.5 Under 1 year2 690.7 692.5 685.2 700.0 695.0 683.4 736.7 736.0 8.4 8.7 10.3 11.0 12.4 11.9 13.0 13.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.6 2.4 1.8 3.4 3.1 3.1 2.5 2.9 2.7 3.3 2.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 14 years 28.4 29.4 29.9 31.5 31.2 33.3 32.4 34.2 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.2 1.2 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 514 years 15.2 16.3 16.8 17.0 17.4 17.3 18.0 18.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 1524 years 82.2 81.4 80.1 81.5 81.4 80.7 79.9 79.3 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 2534 years 106.3 104.4 102.1 103.6 103.6 105.2 101.4 102.2 8.2 8.1 7.9 8.2 7.9 8.0 7.4 7.6 9.0 9.0 9.1 9.4 9.7 10.1 9.8 10.0 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 3544 years 190.2 193.3 193.5 201.6 202.9 203.6 198.9 198.0 28.3 28.9 29.3 30.7 30.5 29.6 29.2 30.2 31.9 33.2 33.4 35.0 35.8 36.8 36.6 37.1 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.8 5.7 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0 4554 years 427.5 432.0 427.0 433.2 430.1 428.9 425.6 418.2 88.0 89.7 90.2 92.5 93.7 92.9 94.2 95.7 116.3 118.6 119.0 122.2 123.8 126.5 127.5 127.6 14.7 15.0 14.9 15.0 15.1 15.1 16.0 15.2 9.1 9.4 8.4 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.5 5564 years 890.9 906.9 910.3 940.9 952.4 964.6 992.2 1,005.0 207.3 214.8 218.8 233.2 241.5 246.9 261.2 269.9 321.2 326.9 333.4 343.0 351.1 356.5 366.7 374.6 33.3 33.0 34.3 35.6 37.2 38.0 41.0 40.6 39.2 42.0 40.4 43.3 42.4 44.1 44.2 47.5 6574 years 2,062.1 2,137.1 2,164.6 2,255.0 2,314.7 2,353.3 2,399.1 2,457.3 490.3 518.9 541.6 585.0 615.9 635.1 665.6 701.7 727.2 742.7 755.1 770.3 792.1 802.8 816.3 827.1 96.3 101.1 107.8 112.9 120.3 123.4 128.6 130.8 149.3 160.5 153.8 163.2 163.0 167.9 169.4 177.2 7584 years 5,115.0 5,260.0 5,275.1 5,463.1 5,556.9 5,582.4 5,666.5 5,714.5 1,383.1 1,460.8 1,506.3 1,611.1 1,677.2 1,725.7 1,780.3 1,849.9 1,263.8 1,274.8 1,280.4 1,302.5 1,311.9 1,315.8 1,335.6 1,331.5 335.1 359.0 386.2 410.7 431.0 443.9 461.3 469.8 363.4 385.6 366.7 383.0 386.7 379.8 386.1 397.8 85 years and over 13,253.1 13,798.6 13,823.5 14,593.3 14,828.3 15,112.8 15,524.4 15,554.6 4,480.8 4,778.4 4,895.9 5,278.4 5,466.8 5,664.2 5,926.1 6,063.0 1,606.1 1,637.7 1,653.3 1,698.2 1,723.9 1,765.6 1,819.4 1,805.8 1,039.6 1,141.8 1,245.9 1,370.1 1,445.9 1,500.2 1,589.2 1,614.8 589.1 637.2 601.7 635.1 637.6 644.7 648.6 646.0 Ageadjusted rate3 776.5 798.8 800.8 832.7 845.3 854.5 869.0 875.6 200.2 211.1 217.0 232.3 240.8 247.8 257.6 266.5 180.7 183.8 185.8 190.1 193.5 196.0 199.6 200.8 43.6 46.6 50.0 53.5 56.2 57.9 60.9 61.6 40.5 43.2 41.1 43.3 43.5 43.7 44.2 45.4 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 9. Death rates by age and age-adjusted death rates for the 15 leading causes of death in 2006: United States, 19992006--Con. [Rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Age Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) and year Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01X59,Y85Y86) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Diabetes mellitus (E10E14) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alzheimer's disease (G30) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Influenza and pneumonia (J10J18) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All ages1 40.6 39.7 38.1 37.6 37.0 35.7 34.8 35.1 24.2 25.3 24.9 25.5 25.4 25.1 24.6 24.5 24.2 24.2 22.5 21.8 20.4 18.9 17.6 16.0 18.8 21.3 20.3 22.4 22.8 21.8 23.2 22.8 Under 1 year2 27.8 26.4 25.8 23.6 23.5 24.2 23.1 22.3 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 6.4 6.5 6.7 8.0 6.5 7.4 7.6 8.4 14 years 9.9 10.3 10.3 10.9 10.5 11.2 11.9 12.4 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 514 years 5.6 6.0 6.5 6.4 6.6 6.9 7.3 7.6 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * * * * * * * * 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 1524 years 38.2 37.4 37.0 37.1 38.0 36.1 36.0 35.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 * * * * * * * * 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 2534 years 37.0 34.9 32.6 31.5 31.5 29.9 29.5 29.6 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.4 * * * * * * * * 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 3544 years 40.2 38.6 37.3 37.8 37.2 35.4 34.1 33.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.3 4.3 4.3 * * * * * * * * 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.4 4554 years 45.5 43.2 40.7 38.8 36.6 34.1 32.6 31.8 13.2 13.4 13.4 13.9 13.7 13.6 13.1 12.9 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 4.6 5.1 4.6 5.2 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.6 5564 years 36.2 35.8 33.2 32.9 31.4 30.3 30.9 30.6 36.2 37.2 37.1 38.5 37.7 37.8 37.8 38.3 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.9 10.0 11.3 10.8 11.2 11.2 10.7 11.9 11.0 6574 years 44.5 46.3 44.0 44.1 44.2 42.8 41.9 44.6 81.8 86.8 87.2 90.8 91.4 91.4 90.7 91.8 20.2 20.5 19.7 20.9 19.7 18.7 18.7 17.4 32.0 35.5 34.6 37.3 37.5 36.3 39.1 37.2 7584 years 105.1 106.1 103.7 101.9 101.3 100.9 95.1 100.5 166.8 177.2 176.9 181.1 182.8 181.4 179.5 178.0 175.6 177.3 168.7 164.4 158.1 147.5 139.6 129.5 127.8 142.2 139.3 151.1 156.9 148.5 160.3 157.0 85 years and over 274.9 279.5 276.7 278.9 275.4 276.4 273.5 282.4 285.2 312.1 307.0 317.5 320.6 321.8 319.7 317.2 848.3 861.6 818.8 802.4 752.3 710.3 667.7 601.3 502.5 593.9 582.6 666.1 696.6 685.6 744.1 751.8 Ageadjusted rate3 39.8 39.1 37.7 37.3 36.9 35.7 34.9 35.3 23.3 24.6 24.5 25.3 25.4 25.3 25.0 25.0 22.6 22.9 21.8 21.4 20.2 19.1 18.1 16.5 17.8 20.3 19.8 22.0 22.6 22.0 23.7 23.5 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 29 30 Table 9. Death rates by age and age-adjusted death rates for the 15 leading causes of death in 2006: United States, 19992006--Con. [Rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Age Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) and year Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Septicemia (A40A41) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intentional self-harm (suicide) (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20014 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (K70,K73K74). . 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. All ages1 Under 1 year2 14 years 514 years 1524 years 2534 years 3544 years 4554 years 5564 years 6574 years 7584 years 85 years and over Ageadjusted rate3 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.1 14.8 14.5 14.6 14.2 13.9 13.2 12.7 11.4 11.5 11.4 11.7 11.7 11.3 11.1 11.0 11.1 11.0 11.0 10.8 11.0 10.8 10.4 10.5 9.2 9.3 9.2 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.4 9.4 3.9 3.9 4.3 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.3 4.4 6.5 7.4 6.6 6.9 7.3 7.7 7.2 7.5 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... * * * * * * * * * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 * * * * * * * * 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 9.9 10.0 10.3 9.7 9.9 9.9 10.2 10.1 0.1 0.1 * * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 12.3 12.4 12.7 12.7 12.6 12.8 12.0 12.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8 15.1 14.9 15.0 14.9 15.3 14.7 14.5 14.3 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.8 7.0 7.4 7.5 7.3 5.2 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.0 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.6 17.2 16.5 16.6 15.9 15.7 15.2 14.4 13.9 17.8 17.7 18.0 18.3 18.0 18.5 17.7 17.4 13.8 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.0 13.0 12.8 12.0 12.8 12.9 12.9 13.1 12.6 12.3 11.9 11.4 14.5 13.9 13.8 13.8 13.6 13.1 12.1 12.2 22.8 23.5 22.6 23.0 22.9 22.7 23.8 23.7 39.4 39.3 38.6 40.1 39.2 40.2 38.0 37.1 32.1 32.6 32.4 32.6 34.7 32.8 31.0 31.2 12.6 12.6 12.3 12.7 13.5 13.3 12.5 13.4 26.0 27.2 27.7 29.5 29.4 30.0 29.8 30.6 111.4 110.3 108.4 109.5 109.1 104.2 100.8 97.6 82.4 81.4 81.6 85.0 86.5 82.3 80.4 79.4 15.9 16.9 16.3 16.4 17.7 17.4 17.6 18.1 29.0 29.0 28.8 30.0 31.4 30.2 31.0 31.9 290.5 288.3 286.6 293.1 288.6 287.7 277.8 268.9 177.3 187.3 186.7 202.5 203.0 205.9 215.7 220.7 15.9 16.9 16.4 16.9 18.0 17.5 19.6 19.3 19.4 19.7 19.7 20.1 21.4 22.2 23.1 23.2 14.5 14.3 14.2 14.4 14.2 14.0 13.5 13.0 11.0 11.2 11.2 11.6 11.7 11.4 11.3 11.3 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.8 10.9 10.7 10.4 10.5 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.5 9.6 Table 9. Death rates by age and age-adjusted death rates for the 15 leading causes of death in 2006: United States, 19992006--Con. [Rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Age Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) and year Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease (I10,I12,I15)5 . . . . . . . . . . . . 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parkinson's disease (G20G21) . . . . . . . . . . 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assault (homicide) (*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20014 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All ages1 Under 1 year2 14 years 514 years 1524 years 2534 years 3544 years 4554 years 5564 years 6574 years 7584 years 85 years and over Ageadjusted rate3 8.0 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.0 6.8 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.6 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.1 7.1 6.0 6.1 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 8.1 7.5 8.0 8.5 7.5 8.2 9.2 8.7 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.5 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * * * * * * * * * * 13.5 13.0 12.2 13.0 12.9 13.3 12.6 12.9 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 * * * * * * * * 11.7 11.8 11.2 11.3 11.2 13.1 10.4 10.5 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 * * * * * * * * 6.9 7.1 6.8 7.0 7.2 9.5 7.1 7.1 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.8 6.3 4.7 4.6 6.9 6.4 6.3 6.3 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.5 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 3.2 2.8 3.0 2.8 3.2 4.0 3.0 3.0 16.8 17.7 17.1 16.9 16.0 15.5 15.1 15.2 12.2 13.0 12.0 12.7 12.2 11.7 11.5 11.0 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.9 2.4 2.6 51.0 55.6 52.6 51.7 48.2 47.7 45.5 43.6 69.8 71.2 67.5 67.8 63.9 64.6 61.9 58.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.5 189.4 210.0 198.5 188.9 180.4 171.9 162.9 152.1 144.8 143.7 135.8 138.2 135.2 134.2 131.9 124.4 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.4 7.5 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.0 6.8 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.4 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.0 6.1 7.1 5.9 6.0 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' . . . Category not applicable. 1 Figures for age not stated included in ``all ages'' but not distributed among age groups. 2 Death rates for ``under 1 year'' (based on population estimates) differ from infant mortality rates (based on live births); see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' 4 Figures include September 11, 2001-related deaths for which death certificates were filed as of October 24, 2002; see ``Technical Notes'' from Deaths: Final Data for 2001. 5 Cause-of-death title was changed in 2006 to reflect the addition of Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15). 31 32 Table 10. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by age: United States, 2006 [The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . . . . . . . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis. . . . . . . . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . (A00,A05,A20A36,A42A44,A48A49, A54A79,A81A82,A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04, B06B09,B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) See footnotes at end of table. All ages 2,426,264 34 6 6,639 652 490 162 9 2 105 34,234 38 5 7,250 12,113 9 Under 1 year 28,527 3 13 8 11 269 1 7 14 years 4,631 1 3 9 4 4 14 88 1 1 1 514 years 6,149 4 1 1 1 7 84 1 15 1524 years 34,887 1 10 4 2 2 22 139 1 1 11 206 2534 years 42,952 11 18 14 4 13 291 61 1,182 3544 years 83,043 1 33 31 22 9 6 870 4 534 4,010 1 4554 years 185,031 2 1 124 97 67 30 1 13 2,260 4 2 2,911 4,377 2 5564 years 281,401 4 1 363 101 83 18 9 4,032 7 2,127 1,722 3 6574 years 390,093 7 911 117 84 33 4 6,064 4 1 843 475 7584 years 667,338 9 1 2,484 168 132 36 1 4 10,745 7 598 107 2 85 years and over 701,992 6 2,677 111 85 26 2 9,392 10 163 11 Not stated 220 1 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 5,897 559,888 7,720 13,686 11,345 53,549 16,525 33,454 3,821 158,664 8,441 41,210 3,976 7,384 14,857 28,372 12,379 13,474 12,886 167 76 1 2 1 1 1 2 16 64 377 15 2 1 2 1 1 11 101 67 907 2 1 1 16 1 2 2 1 3 1 30 305 87 1,644 14 3 18 42 31 5 27 47 13 8 2 23 1 20 1 206 129 3,656 41 29 124 323 87 49 2 155 187 368 181 27 79 5 59 18 377 269 13,917 272 279 465 1,330 361 506 58 2,023 505 2,352 627 145 401 40 267 104 863 562 50,334 1,128 1,524 1,165 4,499 2,406 2,730 451 12,608 1,168 6,115 963 599 1,666 405 1,216 528 1,951 864 101,454 1,823 3,289 1,870 8,626 3,842 6,298 978 31,317 1,642 8,871 821 1,522 3,048 2,273 2,462 1,568 2,925 1,106 137,554 1,814 3,691 2,462 11,709 3,830 8,473 1,071 47,882 1,780 7,961 604 1,897 3,573 5,603 3,085 2,810 2,781 1,502 164,889 1,760 3,515 3,343 16,024 4,161 10,260 928 48,732 2,041 9,346 493 2,049 4,061 11,157 3,412 4,874 2,476 1,079 85,072 865 1,355 1,897 10,992 1,774 5,130 333 15,915 1,067 6,182 278 1,142 2,001 8,887 1,815 3,571 885 1 8 1 3 1 1 Table 10. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by age: United States, 2006--Con. [The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue. . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31,C37C41, C44C49,C51C52,C57C60,C62C63,C66,C68C69, C73C80, C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . . . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . . . . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . . . . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . . . . . . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)1 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) See footnotes at end of table. All ages 55,045 1,327 20,594 21,944 11,111 69 Under 1 year 32 1 31 14 years 132 7 124 1 514 years 298 5 36 256 1 1524 years 662 65 131 465 1 2534 years 828 136 219 460 12 1 3544 years 1,536 154 515 715 150 2 4554 years 3,696 148 1,417 1,398 731 2 5564 years 7,695 188 2,886 2,823 1,789 9 6574 years 12,335 205 4,543 4,735 2,843 9 7584 years 17,974 288 7,007 6,863 3,793 23 85 years and over 9,856 138 3,831 4,074 1,792 21 Not stated 1 1 63,100 14,122 3,996 72,449 2,556 2,377 179 634 19,566 72,432 823,746 631,636 3,257 29,788 2,918 425,425 141,462 3,932 280,031 61,030 219,001 170,248 1,216 816 60,337 107,879 23,855 137,119 8,652 20 65 11 6 9 7 2 61 1 508 346 3 1 22 11 2 9 9 320 18 19 283 142 2 111 60 26 7 2 2 20 1 218 161 7 5 1 1 1 154 1 24 9 120 1 54 1 244 76 34 28 4 2 2 15 363 253 7 2 13 6 7 7 231 2 21 12 196 3 95 521 100 93 165 6 5 1 25 2 1,376 1,076 7 52 6 138 60 7 71 20 51 873 10 36 37 790 21 210 1 717 143 141 673 11 11 35 4 1 4,099 3,307 31 288 31 1,054 422 21 611 210 401 1,903 33 48 86 1,736 110 527 7 1,783 316 192 2,094 46 44 2 80 15 12 15,420 12,339 66 1,358 81 6,699 2,676 92 3,931 1,441 2,490 4,135 85 78 332 3,640 385 2,221 31 5,516 794 232 5,692 98 93 5 108 66 104 47,037 38,095 176 3,586 179 24,990 9,746 354 14,890 5,820 9,070 9,164 203 107 1,225 7,629 1,299 6,341 140 10,584 1,315 304 11,432 185 173 12 77 397 655 80,714 65,477 352 4,130 259 46,706 18,373 596 27,737 9,900 17,837 14,030 228 122 2,801 10,879 2,178 10,518 388 14,193 2,369 401 15,483 275 262 13 76 2,310 3,812 119,102 92,752 608 3,860 359 66,685 24,795 676 41,214 10,420 30,794 21,240 219 116 5,960 14,945 3,174 18,223 849 18,283 4,750 975 21,763 720 673 47 89 9,101 22,915 240,862 180,451 1,123 6,232 806 125,225 41,624 1,041 82,560 14,905 67,655 47,065 319 151 17,309 29,286 6,654 43,719 2,469 11,127 4,134 1,587 15,105 1,200 1,105 95 48 7,669 44,933 314,006 237,339 884 10,277 1,197 153,855 43,739 1,139 108,977 18,298 90,679 71,126 116 95 32,544 38,371 10,030 55,068 4,764 1 1 41 40 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 2 31 5 3 23 16 7 7 3 4 1 33 34 Table 10. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by age: United States, 2006--Con. [The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . . . . . . . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorder of circulatory system . . . . . . . . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . . . . . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . . . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . . . . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) Asthma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . (J44,J47) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects. . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system . . . . (J00J06,J30J39, J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . . . . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . . . . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) See footnotes at end of table. All ages 22,484 13,238 9,246 3,995 56,326 849 55,477 297 214 83 124,583 740 12,551 3,613 107,679 924 16,887 27,644 3,323 424 1,744 27,555 13,050 14,505 3,114 45,344 138 1,841 43,344 21 673 514 112 760 26 734 14,442 10,489 Under 1 year 18 2 16 35 263 18 245 52 52 30 19 2 6 3 2 11 334 1 3 34 5 5 162 5 3 154 5 1 ... ... ... 14,321 5,819 14 years 1 1 3 125 19 106 14 14 43 12 26 5 1 9 97 4 3 3 3 14 4 10 1 ... ... ... 65 515 514 years 12 7 5 5 68 25 43 3 3 115 2 2 99 12 13 70 1 10 2 1 18 4 1 12 1 2 2 2 24 344 1524 years 68 43 25 46 184 13 171 4 4 151 9 1 135 6 1 30 103 8 8 7 26 14 12 9 99 4 6 89 4 2 179 6 173 14 460 2534 years 148 107 41 114 335 6 329 255 5 9 194 47 1 78 204 18 11 9 316 245 71 20 276 4 21 250 1 14 3 324 15 309 4 437 3544 years 444 340 104 278 841 10 831 8 7 1 841 10 86 373 372 3 166 523 73 24 40 2,551 1,732 819 44 785 4 34 745 2 30 7 192 4 188 4 468 4554 years 1,162 795 367 537 2,007 26 1,981 10 9 1 3,924 27 454 566 2,877 20 437 1,354 285 33 87 7,712 4,562 3,150 125 2,245 11 82 2,151 1 55 13 59 1 58 4 668 5564 years 2,153 1,366 787 540 3,154 43 3,111 13 9 4 12,375 49 1,523 492 10,311 50 855 2,805 383 58 178 7,217 3,823 3,394 270 4,368 10 149 4,207 2 57 10 12 3 3 1 720 6574 years 4,104 2,635 1,469 553 6,061 81 5,980 24 18 6 28,236 89 3,273 443 24,431 183 1,750 5,344 520 83 234 4,917 1,783 3,134 467 7,453 17 260 7,171 5 90 46 12 367 7584 years 7,569 4,622 2,947 908 16,668 236 16,432 61 40 21 47,406 200 4,799 626 41,781 392 5,284 9,572 937 99 510 3,778 773 3,005 1,022 14,536 41 575 13,915 5 164 167 35 2 392 85 years and over 6,805 3,321 3,484 976 26,617 372 26,245 108 58 50 31,203 318 2,400 653 27,832 271 8,254 7,238 1,097 91 640 1,026 117 909 1,156 15,388 34 710 14,640 4 251 291 27 1 1 297 Not stated 3 3 4 2 2 4 1 3 3 2 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 10. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by age: United States, 2006--Con. [The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . .(V01X59,Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . (V02V04,V09.0,V09.2, V12V14,V19.0V19.2,V19.4V19.6,V20V79, V80.3V80.5,V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . .(V01,V05V06, V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11,V15V18,V19.3, V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2,V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9, V82.2V82.9,V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae. . . . (W20W31,W35W64,W75W99,X10X39, X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . . . . . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9,*U02,X85X92, X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent. . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . . . . . . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . . . . . . . (A04.7)2 All ages 31,725 237,421 121,599 48,412 Under 1 year 3,462 1,173 1,147 142 14 years 239 548 1,610 615 514 years 126 792 2,258 1,453 1524 years 659 2,120 16,229 11,392 2534 years 1,013 3,364 14,954 7,753 3544 years 1,627 8,029 17,534 7,249 4554 years 2,266 17,354 19,675 7,264 5564 years 2,039 22,624 11,446 4,986 6574 years 2,307 28,683 8,420 3,170 7584 years 5,435 61,387 13,708 3,082 85 years and over 12,508 91,329 14,561 1,290 Not stated 44 18 57 16 45,316 140 588 1,339 11,015 7,348 6,677 6,615 4,518 2,916 2,906 1,240 14 1,181 1,915 73,187 20,823 642 3,579 3,109 27,531 17,503 33,300 16,883 16,417 18,573 12,791 5,782 434 5,131 220 4,911 28 2,521 6,225 1 1 1,005 23 51 27 16 888 ... ... ... 336 6 330 92 92 23 4 12 15 995 38 13 458 199 27 260 ... ... ... 366 42 324 52 2 50 22 1 50 64 805 38 41 256 181 58 231 219 62 157 390 237 153 1 59 5 54 19 1 168 209 4,837 242 193 616 185 2,936 665 4,189 1,978 2,211 5,717 4,827 890 85 602 76 526 13 45 7 136 269 7,201 318 113 436 199 5,267 868 4,985 2,150 2,835 4,725 3,767 958 141 817 45 772 4 62 9 217 355 10,285 628 74 466 296 7,542 1,279 6,591 2,821 3,770 3,020 1,987 1,033 115 1,278 39 1,239 2 118 27 244 405 12,411 1,290 84 491 476 8,234 1,836 7,426 3,481 3,945 2,209 1,185 1,024 66 1,362 22 1,340 1 276 108 151 317 6,460 1,592 49 310 461 2,415 1,633 4,583 2,562 2,021 1,012 468 544 17 492 20 472 2 351 339 95 159 5,250 2,392 33 217 404 483 1,721 2,384 1,689 695 398 158 240 7 163 8 155 2 475 868 78 98 10,626 6,227 34 194 448 340 3,383 2,075 1,562 513 279 84 195 1 136 3 133 4 688 2,346 27 23 13,271 8,031 8 73 228 202 4,729 840 577 263 102 22 80 1 72 72 442 2,515 2 41 4 11 5 11 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 10 8 1 7 19 8 11 6 6 1 Quantity zero. . . . Category not applicable. Cause-of-death title was changed in 2006 to reflect the addition of Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15). 2 Included in ``Certain other intestinal infections (A04,A07A09)'' shown above. Beginning with data year 2006, Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile (A04.7) is shown separately at the bottom of tables showing 113 selected causes and is included in the list of rankable causes; see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Complete confirmation of deaths from selected causes of death, considered to be of public health concern, were not provided by the following states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Washington, and West Virginia; see ``Technical Notes.'' 35 36 Table 11. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by age: United States, 2006 [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . . . . . . . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis. . . . . . . . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . (B04,B06B09,B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81C96) See footnotes at end of table. All ages1 810.4 0.0 * 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 * * 0.0 11.4 0.0 * * * 2.4 4.0 * 2.0 187.0 2.6 4.6 3.8 17.9 5.5 11.2 1.3 53.0 2.8 13.8 1.3 2.5 5.0 9.5 4.1 4.5 4.3 18.4 Under 1 year2 690.7 * * * * * * * * * 6.5 * * * * * * * 4.0 1.8 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 0.8 14 years 28.4 * * * * * * * * * 0.5 * * * * * * * 0.4 2.3 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 0.6 0.8 514 years 15.2 * * * * * * * * * 0.2 * * * * * * * 0.2 2.2 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 0.1 * 0.8 0.7 1524 years 82.2 * * * * * * * * 0.1 0.3 * * * * * 0.5 * 0.2 3.9 * * * 0.1 0.1 * * 0.1 0.1 * * * 0.1 * 0.0 * 0.5 1.6 2534 years 106.3 * * * * * * * * * 0.7 * * * * 0.2 2.9 * 0.3 9.0 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.1 * 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.2 * 0.1 * 0.9 2.0 3544 years 190.2 * * 0.1 0.1 0.1 * * * * 2.0 * * * * 1.2 9.2 * 0.6 31.9 0.6 0.6 1.1 3.0 0.8 1.2 0.1 4.6 1.2 5.4 1.4 0.3 0.9 0.1 0.6 0.2 2.0 3.5 4554 years 427.5 * * 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 * * * 5.2 * * * * 6.7 10.1 * 1.3 116.3 2.6 3.5 2.7 10.4 5.6 6.3 1.0 29.1 2.7 14.1 2.2 1.4 3.8 0.9 2.8 1.2 4.5 8.5 5564 years 890.9 * * 1.1 0.3 0.3 * * * * 12.8 * * * * 6.7 5.5 * 2.7 321.2 5.8 10.4 5.9 27.3 12.2 19.9 3.1 99.1 5.2 28.1 2.6 4.8 9.6 7.2 7.8 5.0 9.3 24.4 6574 years 2,062.1 * * 4.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 * * * 32.1 * * * * 4.5 2.5 * 5.8 727.2 9.6 19.5 13.0 61.9 20.2 44.8 5.7 253.1 9.4 42.1 3.2 10.0 18.9 29.6 16.3 14.9 14.7 65.2 7584 years 5,115.0 * * 19.0 1.3 1.0 0.3 * * * 82.4 * * * * 4.6 0.8 * 11.5 1,263.8 13.5 26.9 25.6 122.8 31.9 78.6 7.1 373.5 15.6 71.6 3.8 15.7 31.1 85.5 26.2 37.4 19.0 137.8 85 years and over 13,253.1 * * 50.5 2.1 1.6 0.5 * * * 177.3 * * * * 3.1 * * 20.4 1,606.1 16.3 25.6 35.8 207.5 33.5 96.9 6.3 300.5 20.1 116.7 5.2 21.6 37.8 167.8 34.3 67.4 16.7 186.1 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 11. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by age: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31,C37C41, C44C49,C51C52,C57C60,C62C63,C66,C68C69, C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . . . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . . . . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . . . . . . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . . . . . . . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)3 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) See footnotes at end of table. All ages1 0.4 6.9 7.3 3.7 0.0 Under 1 year2 * * 0.8 * * 14 years * * 0.8 * * 514 years * 0.1 0.6 * * 1524 years 0.2 0.3 1.1 * * 2534 years 0.3 0.5 1.1 * * 3544 years 0.4 1.2 1.6 0.3 * 4554 years 0.3 3.3 3.2 1.7 * 5564 years 0.6 9.1 8.9 5.7 * 6574 years 1.1 24.0 25.0 15.0 * 7584 years 2.2 53.7 52.6 29.1 0.2 85 years and over 2.6 72.3 76.9 33.8 0.4 21.1 4.7 1.3 24.2 0.9 0.8 0.1 0.2 6.5 24.2 275.1 211.0 1.1 9.9 1.0 142.1 47.2 1.3 93.5 20.4 73.1 56.9 0.4 0.3 20.2 36.0 8.0 45.8 2.9 0.5 1.6 * * * * * 1.5 * * 12.3 8.4 * * * 0.5 * * * * * 7.7 * * * 6.9 * 3.4 * 0.7 0.4 0.2 * * * * 0.1 * * 1.3 1.0 * * * * * * * * * 0.9 * 0.1 * 0.7 * 0.3 * 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 * * * * * * 0.9 0.6 * * * * * * * * * 0.6 * 0.1 * 0.5 * 0.2 * 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 * * * 0.1 * * 3.2 2.5 * 0.1 * 0.3 0.1 * 0.2 0.0 0.1 2.1 * 0.1 0.1 1.9 0.0 0.5 * 1.8 0.4 0.3 1.7 * * * 0.1 * * 10.1 8.2 0.1 0.7 0.1 2.6 1.0 0.1 1.5 0.5 1.0 4.7 0.1 0.1 0.2 4.3 0.3 1.3 * 4.1 0.7 0.4 4.8 0.1 0.1 * 0.2 * * 35.3 28.3 0.2 3.1 0.2 15.3 6.1 0.2 9.0 3.3 5.7 9.5 0.2 0.2 0.8 8.3 0.9 5.1 0.1 12.7 1.8 0.5 13.2 0.2 0.2 * 0.2 0.2 0.2 108.7 88.0 0.4 8.3 0.4 57.7 22.5 0.8 34.4 13.4 21.0 21.2 0.5 0.2 2.8 17.6 3.0 14.7 0.3 33.5 4.2 1.0 36.2 0.6 0.5 * 0.2 1.3 2.1 255.5 207.3 1.1 13.1 0.8 147.9 58.2 1.9 87.8 31.3 56.5 44.4 0.7 0.4 8.9 34.4 6.9 33.3 1.2 75.0 12.5 2.1 81.8 1.5 1.4 * 0.4 12.2 20.2 629.6 490.3 3.2 20.4 1.9 352.5 131.1 3.6 217.9 55.1 162.8 112.3 1.2 0.6 31.5 79.0 16.8 96.3 4.5 140.1 36.4 7.5 166.8 5.5 5.2 0.4 0.7 69.8 175.6 1,846.2 1,383.1 8.6 47.8 6.2 959.8 319.0 8.0 632.8 114.2 518.6 360.7 2.4 1.2 132.7 224.5 51.0 335.1 18.9 210.1 78.0 30.0 285.2 22.7 20.9 1.8 0.9 144.8 848.3 5,928.2 4,480.8 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 16.7 194.0 22.6 2,904.7 825.8 21.5 2,057.4 345.5 1,712.0 1,342.8 2.2 1.8 614.4 724.4 189.4 1,039.6 89.9 37 38 Table 11. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by age: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . . . . . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorder of circulatory system . . . . . . . . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . . . . . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . . . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . . . . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) Asthma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . (J44,J47) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects. . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system . . . . (J00J06,J30J39, J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . . . . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . . . . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) See footnotes at end of table. All ages1 7.5 4.4 3.1 1.3 18.8 0.3 18.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 41.6 0.2 4.2 1.2 36.0 0.3 5.6 9.2 1.1 0.1 0.6 9.2 4.4 4.8 1.0 15.1 0.0 0.6 14.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 4.8 Under 1 year2 * * * 0.8 6.4 * 5.9 1.3 1.3 * 0.7 * * * * * * 8.1 * * 0.8 * * * * 3.9 * * 3.7 * * * * ... ... ... 346.7 14 years * * * * 0.8 * 0.7 * * * 0.3 * * 0.2 * * * 0.6 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ... ... ... 0.4 514 years * * * * 0.2 0.1 0.1 * * * 0.3 * * 0.2 * * * 0.2 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 0.1 1524 years 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 * 0.4 * * * 0.4 * * 0.3 * * 0.1 0.2 * * * 0.1 * * * 0.2 * * 0.2 * * * * 0.4 * 0.4 * 2534 years 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.8 * 0.8 * * * 0.6 * * 0.5 0.1 * 0.2 0.5 * * * 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.7 * 0.1 0.6 * * * * 0.8 * 0.8 * 3544 years 1.0 0.8 0.2 0.6 1.9 * 1.9 * * * 1.9 * 0.2 0.9 0.9 * 0.4 1.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 5.8 4.0 1.9 0.1 1.8 * 0.1 1.7 * 0.1 * * 0.4 * 0.4 * 4554 years 2.7 1.8 0.8 1.2 4.6 0.1 4.6 * * * 9.1 0.1 1.0 1.3 6.6 0.0 1.0 3.1 0.7 0.1 0.2 17.8 10.5 7.3 0.3 5.2 * 0.2 5.0 * 0.1 * * 0.1 * 0.1 * 5564 years 6.8 4.3 2.5 1.7 10.0 0.1 9.8 * * * 39.2 0.2 4.8 1.6 32.6 0.2 2.7 8.9 1.2 0.2 0.6 22.8 12.1 10.7 0.9 13.8 * 0.5 13.3 * 0.2 * * * * * * 6574 years 21.7 13.9 7.8 2.9 32.0 0.4 31.6 0.1 * * 149.3 0.5 17.3 2.3 129.1 1.0 9.3 28.2 2.7 0.4 1.2 26.0 9.4 16.6 2.5 39.4 * 1.4 37.9 * 0.5 0.2 * * * * * 7584 years 58.0 35.4 22.6 7.0 127.8 1.8 125.9 0.5 0.3 0.2 363.4 1.5 36.8 4.8 320.2 3.0 40.5 73.4 7.2 0.8 3.9 29.0 5.9 23.0 7.8 111.4 0.3 4.4 106.7 * 1.3 1.3 0.3 * * * * 85 years and over 128.5 62.7 65.8 18.4 502.5 7.0 495.5 2.0 1.1 0.9 589.1 6.0 45.3 12.3 525.4 5.1 155.8 136.6 20.7 1.7 12.1 19.4 2.2 17.2 21.8 290.5 0.6 13.4 276.4 * 4.7 5.5 0.5 * * * * National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 11. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by age: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . .(V01X59,Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . (V02V04,V09.0,V09.2, V12V14,V19.0V19.2,V19.4V19.6,V20V79, V80.3V80.5,V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . .(V01,V05V06, V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11,V15V18,V19.3, V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2,V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9, V82.2V82.9,V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae. . . . (W20W31,W35W64,W75W99,X10X39, X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae. . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . . . . . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9,*U02,X85X92, X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent. . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) See footnotes at end of table. All ages1 3.5 10.6 79.3 40.6 16.2 Under 1 year2 140.9 83.8 28.4 27.8 3.4 14 years 3.2 1.5 3.4 9.9 3.8 514 years 0.9 0.3 2.0 5.6 3.6 1524 years 1.1 1.6 5.0 38.2 26.8 2534 years 1.1 2.5 8.3 37.0 19.2 3544 years 1.1 3.7 18.4 40.2 16.6 4554 years 1.5 5.2 40.1 45.5 16.8 5564 years 2.3 6.5 71.6 36.2 15.8 6574 years 1.9 12.2 151.6 44.5 16.8 7584 years 3.0 41.7 470.5 105.1 23.6 85 years and over 5.6 236.1 1,724.2 274.9 24.4 15.1 3.4 3.6 3.3 26.0 18.2 15.3 15.3 14.3 15.4 22.3 23.4 0.4 0.6 24.4 7.0 0.2 1.2 1.0 9.2 5.8 11.1 5.6 5.5 6.2 4.3 1.9 0.1 1.7 0.1 1.6 * * 24.3 0.6 * 1.2 0.7 * 21.5 ... ... ... 8.1 * 8.0 * 2.2 * 2.2 * * 6.1 0.2 * 2.8 1.2 0.2 1.6 ... ... ... 2.2 0.3 2.0 * 0.3 * 0.3 0.1 0.2 2.0 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.6 0.4 * 0.1 * 0.1 0.4 0.5 11.4 0.6 0.5 1.5 0.4 6.9 1.6 9.9 4.7 5.2 13.5 11.4 2.1 0.2 1.4 0.2 1.2 0.3 0.7 17.8 0.8 0.3 1.1 0.5 13.0 2.1 12.3 5.3 7.0 11.7 9.3 2.4 0.3 2.0 0.1 1.9 0.5 0.8 23.6 1.4 0.2 1.1 0.7 17.3 2.9 15.1 6.5 8.6 6.9 4.6 2.4 0.3 2.9 0.1 2.8 0.6 0.9 28.7 3.0 0.2 1.1 1.1 19.0 4.2 17.2 8.0 9.1 5.1 2.7 2.4 0.2 3.1 0.1 3.1 0.5 1.0 20.5 5.0 0.2 1.0 1.5 7.6 5.2 14.5 8.1 6.4 3.2 1.5 1.7 * 1.6 0.1 1.5 0.5 0.8 27.8 12.6 0.2 1.1 2.1 2.6 9.1 12.6 8.9 3.7 2.1 0.8 1.3 * 0.9 * 0.8 0.6 0.8 81.4 47.7 0.3 1.5 3.4 2.6 25.9 15.9 12.0 3.9 2.1 0.6 1.5 * 1.0 * 1.0 0.5 0.4 250.5 151.6 * 1.4 4.3 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 3.8 89.3 15.9 10.9 5.0 1.9 0.4 1.5 * 1.4 * 1.4 39 40 Table 11. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by age: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Operations of war and their sequelae . . . . . . . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . . . . . . . (A04.7)4 All ages1 0.0 0.8 2.1 Under 1 year2 * 0.6 * 14 years * 0.1 * 514 years * * * 1524 years * 0.1 * 2534 years * 0.2 * 3544 years * 0.3 0.1 4554 years * 0.6 0.2 5564 years * 1.1 1.1 6574 years * 2.5 4.6 7584 years * 5.3 18.0 85 years and over * 8.3 47.5 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 0.0 Quantity more than zero but less than 0.05. * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' . . . Category not applicable. 1 Figures for age not stated included in ``all ages'' but not distributed among age groups. 2 Death rates for ``under 1 year'' (based on population estimates) differ from infant mortality rates (based on live births); see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 Cause-of-death title was changed in 2006 to reflect the addition of Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15). 4 Included in ``Certain other intestinal infections (A04,A07A09)'' shown above. Beginning with data year 2006, Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile (A04.7) is shown separately at the bottom of tables showing 113 selected causes and is included in the list of rankable causes, see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Complete confirmation of deaths from selected causes of death, considered to be of public health concern, were not provided by the following states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Washington, and West Virginia; see ``Technical Notes.'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 41 Table 12. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006 [Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . (A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . (A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . (A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . .(A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 2,426,264 34 6 6,639 652 490 162 9 2 105 34,234 38 5 7,250 12,113 9 Male 1,201,942 24 2 2,550 425 335 90 3 2 67 15,522 20 4 4,745 8,756 6 Female 1,224,322 10 4 4,089 227 155 72 6 38 18,712 18 1 2,505 3,357 3 Both sexes 2,077,549 25 5 6,165 388 287 101 7 2 79 27,373 13 2 5,759 5,103 5 White1 Male 1,022,328 18 2 2,353 237 182 55 3 2 50 12,450 5 2 3,822 4,193 3 Female 1,055,221 7 3 3,812 151 105 46 4 29 14,923 8 1,937 910 2 Both sexes 289,971 8 1 379 160 121 39 2 23 6,108 24 2 1,094 6,854 2 Black1 Male 148,602 5 145 115 91 24 15 2,717 15 2 694 4,443 1 Female 141,369 3 1 234 45 30 15 2 8 3,391 9 400 2,411 1 5,897 559,888 7,720 13,686 11,345 53,549 16,525 33,454 3,821 158,664 8,441 41,210 3,976 7,384 14,857 28,372 12,379 13,474 12,886 55,045 1,327 20,594 21,944 11,111 3,028 290,069 5,266 10,723 6,653 26,921 10,759 16,559 2,991 89,279 5,477 389 ... ... ... 28,372 7,699 9,412 7,198 30,007 770 10,933 12,385 5,882 2,869 269,819 2,454 2,963 4,692 26,628 5,766 16,895 830 69,385 2,964 40,821 3,976 7,384 14,857 ... 4,680 4,062 5,688 25,038 557 9,661 9,559 5,229 4,874 482,575 6,419 11,959 8,582 45,245 13,103 28,677 3,123 138,814 8,250 34,464 3,014 5,954 13,289 23,202 10,961 12,286 11,850 48,549 1,160 18,636 19,654 9,038 2,488 250,322 4,321 9,476 5,102 22,775 8,419 14,374 2,420 77,476 5,381 327 ... ... ... 23,202 6,811 8,735 6,650 26,521 666 9,871 11,110 4,843 2,386 232,253 2,098 2,483 3,480 22,470 4,684 14,303 703 61,338 2,869 34,137 3,014 5,954 13,289 ... 4,150 3,551 5,200 22,028 494 8,765 8,544 4,195 836 63,082 1,015 1,452 1,916 6,895 2,187 3,868 635 16,493 126 5,752 784 1,240 1,185 4,698 1,138 1,007 765 5,267 137 1,475 1,804 1,844 428 32,556 751 1,045 1,092 3,438 1,515 1,768 515 9,823 66 58 ... ... ... 4,698 714 558 409 2,813 82 801 999 926 408 30,526 264 407 824 3,457 672 2,100 120 6,670 60 5,694 784 1,240 1,185 ... 424 449 356 2,454 55 674 805 918 42 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 12. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . (C17,C23C24,C26C31, C37C41,C44C49,C51C52,C57C60, C62C63,C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . .(I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . . (I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described . . . . . . . .(I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . .(I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis . . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)4 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . .(I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorders of circulatory system . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . .(J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . .(J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . .(J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . .(J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . .(J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J43) Asthma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J45J46) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Female 69 37 32 61 31 30 7 5 2 63,100 14,122 3,996 72,449 2,556 2,377 179 634 19,566 72,432 823,746 631,636 3,257 29,788 2,918 425,425 141,462 3,932 280,031 61,030 219,001 170,248 1,216 816 60,337 107,879 23,855 137,119 8,652 22,484 13,238 9,246 3,995 56,326 849 55,477 297 214 83 124,583 740 12,551 3,613 32,364 6,984 1,592 36,006 913 848 65 315 11,300 21,151 394,840 315,706 1,008 13,677 1,290 224,510 76,089 2,016 146,405 34,157 112,248 75,221 660 431 23,918 50,212 9,415 54,524 3,359 11,836 7,732 4,104 1,772 25,650 362 25,288 119 96 23 59,260 299 6,318 1,296 30,736 7,138 2,404 36,443 1,643 1,529 114 319 8,266 51,281 428,906 315,930 2,249 16,111 1,628 200,915 65,373 1,916 133,626 26,873 106,753 95,027 556 385 36,419 57,667 14,440 82,595 5,293 10,648 5,506 5,142 2,223 30,676 487 30,189 178 118 60 65,323 441 6,233 2,317 54,834 12,553 2,989 57,204 2,161 2,000 161 487 18,517 67,088 707,419 545,974 2,903 22,220 1,985 371,445 123,549 3,289 244,607 50,146 194,461 147,421 958 675 53,980 91,808 18,264 115,864 7,820 19,497 11,613 7,884 3,213 49,401 788 48,613 251 173 78 114,993 657 11,689 2,497 28,332 6,254 1,163 29,060 740 682 58 241 10,706 19,654 337,670 272,117 887 9,755 836 196,396 66,946 1,664 127,786 27,777 100,009 64,243 518 364 21,236 42,125 6,990 45,198 2,992 10,373 6,836 3,537 1,414 22,310 332 21,978 93 73 20 54,043 259 5,784 805 26,502 6,299 1,826 28,144 1,421 1,318 103 246 7,811 47,434 369,749 273,857 2,016 12,465 1,149 175,049 56,603 1,625 116,821 22,369 94,452 83,178 440 311 32,744 49,683 11,274 70,666 4,828 9,124 4,777 4,347 1,799 27,091 456 26,635 158 100 58 60,950 398 5,905 1,692 6,659 1,232 917 12,813 341 325 16 131 682 4,455 97,389 72,253 249 6,845 824 44,530 14,776 534 29,220 9,362 19,858 19,805 228 109 5,564 13,904 4,900 17,045 709 2,482 1,267 1,215 713 5,311 41 5,270 37 34 3 7,730 66 707 957 3,293 567 388 5,772 153 146 7 66 381 1,190 47,276 36,230 87 3,559 404 22,713 7,392 291 15,030 5,410 9,620 9,467 122 55 2,335 6,955 2,126 7,424 312 1,184 678 506 324 2,486 21 2,465 22 21 1 4,136 31 430 423 3,366 665 529 7,041 188 179 9 65 301 3,265 50,113 36,023 162 3,286 420 21,817 7,384 243 14,190 3,952 10,238 10,338 106 54 3,229 6,949 2,774 9,621 397 1,298 589 709 389 2,825 20 2,805 15 13 2 3,594 35 277 534 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 43 Table 12. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . (J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . (J00J06,J30J39,J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . (K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium. . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . (V01X59, Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . (V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . (V01, V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11, V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2, V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9, V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . (V90V99,Y85) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 107,679 924 16,887 27,644 3,323 424 1,744 27,555 13,050 14,505 3,114 45,344 138 Male 51,347 887 8,916 13,728 1,591 253 739 17,866 9,443 8,423 1,376 22,094 70 Female 56,332 37 7,971 13,916 1,732 171 1,005 9,689 3,607 6,082 1,738 23,250 68 Both sexes 100,150 868 15,136 24,463 2,857 350 1,547 24,191 11,413 12,778 2,671 35,793 111 White1 Male 47,195 835 7,984 12,183 1,321 208 654 15,739 8,346 7,393 1,195 17,715 55 Female 52,955 33 7,152 12,280 1,536 142 893 8,452 3,067 5,385 1,476 18,078 56 Both sexes 6,000 49 1,439 2,442 361 59 172 2,349 1,045 1,304 324 8,397 20 Black1 Male 3,252 46 757 1,168 209 33 72 1,519 712 807 117 3,812 11 Female 2,748 3 682 1,274 152 26 100 830 333 497 207 4,585 9 1,841 43,344 21 673 514 112 760 26 734 14,442 10,489 31,725 237,421 121,599 48,412 897 21,115 12 206 514 ... ... ... ... 8,097 5,587 13,981 96,201 78,941 34,065 944 22,229 9 467 ... 112 760 26 734 6,345 4,902 17,744 141,220 42,658 14,347 1,421 34,241 20 599 463 90 446 10 436 8,730 8,246 26,672 206,332 103,853 40,422 692 16,956 12 180 463 ... ... ... ... 4,938 4,403 11,422 82,811 66,843 28,429 729 17,285 8 419 ... 90 446 10 436 3,792 3,843 15,250 123,521 37,010 11,993 349 8,028 58 38 20 259 12 247 5,121 1,808 4,379 26,205 13,917 5,983 169 3,632 21 38 ... ... ... ... 2,811 947 2,202 11,201 9,605 4,333 180 4,396 37 ... 20 259 12 247 2,310 861 2,177 15,004 4,312 1,650 45,316 31,633 13,683 37,769 26,348 11,421 5,660 4,068 1,592 1,181 1,915 921 1,511 260 404 959 1,694 748 1,333 211 361 152 171 122 143 30 28 44 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 12. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae. . . . . . . . . (W20W31,W35W64, W75W99,X10X39, X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . (*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . (A04.7)5 See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 73,187 20,823 642 3,579 3,109 27,531 Male 44,876 10,808 567 2,774 1,819 18,581 Female 28,311 10,015 75 805 1,290 8,950 Both sexes 63,431 19,195 484 2,837 2,349 23,476 White1 Male 38,414 9,829 420 2,174 1,389 15,784 Female 25,017 9,366 64 663 960 7,692 Both sexes 7,934 1,066 140 538 699 3,526 Black1 Male 5,272 648 132 451 389 2,439 Female 2,662 418 8 87 310 1,087 17,503 33,300 16,883 16,417 18,573 12,791 10,327 26,308 14,734 11,574 14,717 10,886 7,176 6,992 2,149 4,843 3,856 1,905 15,090 30,138 15,539 14,599 8,860 5,279 8,818 23,767 13,527 10,240 6,514 4,179 6,272 6,371 2,012 4,359 2,346 1,100 1,965 1,954 1,015 939 9,032 7,113 1,213 1,669 922 747 7,677 6,374 752 285 93 192 1,355 739 5,782 434 5,131 220 4,911 28 2,521 6,225 3,831 417 3,249 181 3,068 28 1,121 2,408 1,951 17 1,882 39 1,843 1,400 3,817 3,581 300 4,220 169 4,051 27 2,046 5,792 2,335 286 2,616 133 2,483 27 926 2,224 1,246 14 1,604 36 1,568 1,120 3,568 1,919 117 718 48 670 427 348 1,303 114 508 45 463 179 136 616 3 210 3 207 248 212 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 45 Table 12. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 14,037 30 19 11 8 207 102 69 Male 7,630 16 11 7 4 99 66 48 Female 6,407 14 8 4 4 108 36 21 Both sexes 44,707 1 65 85 71 14 3 546 1 1 295 87 2 Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male 23,382 1 36 62 55 7 2 256 163 72 2 Female 21,325 29 23 16 7 1 290 1 1 132 15 47 2,447 45 66 84 230 134 138 18 635 21 160 26 30 62 104 79 37 40 194 6 68 71 49 29 1,217 29 45 58 124 88 55 15 339 12 ... ... ... 104 52 26 21 105 4 31 45 25 18 1,230 16 21 26 106 46 83 3 296 9 160 26 30 62 ... 27 11 19 89 2 37 26 24 140 11,784 241 209 763 1,179 1,101 771 45 2,722 44 834 152 160 321 368 201 144 231 1,035 24 415 415 180 83 5,974 165 157 401 584 737 362 41 1,641 18 4 ... ... ... 368 122 93 118 568 18 230 231 88 57 5,810 76 52 362 595 364 409 4 1,081 26 830 152 160 321 ... 79 51 113 467 6 185 184 92 46 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 12. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31, C37C41,C44C49,C51C52,C57C60, C62C63,C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)4 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorders of circulatory system . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) Asthma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male Female 1 1 344 65 14 811 14 14 8 57 169 3,496 2,736 20 133 17 1,880 665 52 1,163 317 846 686 9 10 218 449 106 548 27 79 38 41 22 267 3 264 2 2 508 2 32 20 144 31 5 362 4 4 4 32 62 1,855 1,532 6 80 8 1,082 371 29 682 210 472 356 6 4 101 245 52 231 6 34 20 14 8 137 1 136 2 2 234 16 7 200 34 9 449 10 10 4 25 107 1,641 1,204 14 53 9 798 294 23 481 107 374 330 3 6 117 204 54 317 21 45 18 27 14 130 2 128 274 2 16 13 1,263 272 76 1,621 40 38 2 8 310 720 15,442 10,673 85 590 92 7,570 2,472 57 5,041 1,205 3,836 2,336 21 22 575 1,718 585 3,662 96 426 320 106 47 1,347 17 1,330 7 7 1,352 15 123 139 595 132 36 812 16 16 4 181 245 8,039 5,827 28 283 42 4,319 1,380 32 2,907 760 2,147 1,155 14 8 246 887 247 1,671 49 245 198 47 26 717 8 709 2 2 847 9 88 61 668 140 40 809 24 22 2 4 129 475 7,403 4,846 57 307 50 3,251 1,092 25 2,134 445 1,689 1,181 7 14 329 831 338 1,991 47 181 122 59 21 630 9 621 5 5 505 6 35 78 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 47 Table 12. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . . .(J00J06,J30J39,J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium. . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . (V01X59, Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents . . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . .(V01,V05V06, V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11,V15V18,V19.3, V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2,V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9, V82.2V82.9,V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 454 6 68 225 17 5 8 596 426 170 24 288 Male 211 5 39 110 15 3 5 330 246 84 14 135 Female 243 1 29 115 2 2 3 266 180 86 10 153 Both sexes 1,075 1 244 514 88 10 17 419 166 253 95 866 7 Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male 689 1 136 267 46 9 8 278 139 139 50 432 4 Female 386 108 247 42 1 9 141 27 114 45 434 3 13 274 1 1 1 2 12 1 11 137 117 224 1,483 1,704 930 6 129 1 1 ... ... ... ... 91 65 125 695 1,184 638 7 145 1 ... 2 12 1 11 46 52 99 788 520 292 58 801 15 12 43 3 40 454 318 450 3,401 2,125 1,077 30 398 4 12 ... ... ... ... 257 172 232 1,494 1,309 665 28 403 11 ... 43 3 40 197 146 218 1,907 816 412 867 593 274 1,020 624 396 40 23 29 16 11 7 30 27 22 19 8 8 48 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 12. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae . . . . .(W20W31, W35W64,W75W99,X10X39,X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . (A04.7)5 Both sexes 774 126 7 50 28 324 239 395 154 241 254 119 Male 546 84 5 38 22 220 177 309 132 177 206 105 Female 228 42 2 12 6 104 62 86 22 64 48 14 Both sexes 1,048 436 11 154 33 205 209 813 175 638 427 280 Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male 644 247 10 111 19 138 119 563 153 410 320 228 Female 404 189 1 43 14 67 90 250 22 228 107 52 135 9 95 2 93 12 27 101 9 62 2 60 4 14 34 33 33 8 13 147 8 98 1 97 1 36 58 92 8 63 1 62 1 12 34 55 35 35 24 24 Quantity zero. . . . Category not applicable. 1 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Includes Aleuts and Eskimos. 3 Includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and Other Asian or Pacific Islander. 4 Cause-of-death title was changed in 2006 to reflect the addition of Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15). 5 Included in ``Certain other intestinal infections (A04,A07A09)'' shown above. Beginning with data year 2006, Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile (A04.7) is shown separately at the bottom of tables showing 113 selected causes and is included in the list of rankable causes; see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Complete confirmation of deaths from selected causes of death, considered to be of public health concern, were not provided by the following states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Washington, and West Virginia; see ``Technical Notes.'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 49 Table 13. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006 [Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 2,426,264 34 6 6,639 652 490 162 9 2 105 34,234 38 5 7,250 12,113 9 Male 1,201,942 24 2 2,550 425 335 90 3 2 67 15,522 20 4 4,745 8,756 6 Female 1,224,322 10 4 4,089 227 155 72 6 38 18,712 18 1 2,505 3,357 3 Both sexes 133,004 4 2 282 104 76 28 2 1 16 1,829 5 1 1,121 1,617 2 Hispanic Male 74,250 3 117 64 48 16 1 1 10 932 3 735 1,275 2 Female 58,754 1 2 165 40 28 12 1 6 897 2 1 386 342 Both sexes 2,288,424 30 4 6,352 545 413 132 7 1 89 32,331 32 4 6,105 10,427 7 Non-Hispanic1 Male 1,124,813 21 2 2,430 359 286 73 2 1 57 14,556 16 4 3,993 7,431 4 Female 1,163,611 9 2 3,922 186 127 59 5 32 17,775 16 2,112 2,996 3 5,897 559,888 7,720 13,686 11,345 53,549 16,525 33,454 3,821 158,664 8,441 41,210 3,976 7,384 14,857 28,372 12,379 13,474 12,886 55,045 1,327 20,594 21,944 11,111 3,028 290,069 5,266 10,723 6,653 26,921 10,759 16,559 2,991 89,279 5,477 389 ... ... ... 28,372 7,699 9,412 7,198 30,007 770 10,933 12,385 5,882 2,869 269,819 2,454 2,963 4,692 26,628 5,766 16,895 830 69,385 2,964 40,821 3,976 7,384 14,857 ... 4,680 4,062 5,688 25,038 557 9,661 9,559 5,229 416 26,633 340 518 1,289 2,757 1,816 1,727 180 4,355 204 2,064 465 388 758 1,373 733 431 728 3,094 102 1,136 1,241 610 247 13,856 252 409 710 1,445 1,199 860 161 2,746 110 10 ... ... ... 1,373 468 283 401 1,685 61 625 686 312 169 12,777 88 109 579 1,312 617 867 19 1,609 94 2,054 465 388 758 ... 265 148 327 1,409 41 511 555 298 5,470 532,404 7,361 13,140 10,045 50,710 14,680 31,681 3,630 154,063 8,232 39,087 3,509 6,986 14,081 26,946 11,627 13,020 12,141 51,882 1,222 19,435 20,674 10,487 2,776 275,696 4,998 10,292 5,938 25,420 9,538 15,672 2,820 86,370 5,365 378 ... ... ... 26,946 7,218 9,113 6,787 28,283 707 10,293 11,684 5,563 2,694 256,708 2,363 2,848 4,107 25,290 5,142 16,009 810 67,693 2,867 38,709 3,509 6,986 14,081 ... 4,409 3,907 5,354 23,599 515 9,142 8,990 4,924 50 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 13. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31, C37C41,C44C49,C51C52,C57C60, C62C63,C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)4 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorders of circulatory system . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) Asthma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Hispanic Male Female Both sexes Non-Hispanic1 Male Female 69 37 32 5 1 4 64 36 28 63,100 14,122 3,996 72,449 2,556 2,377 179 634 19,566 72,432 823,746 631,636 3,257 29,788 2,918 425,425 141,462 3,932 280,031 61,030 219,001 170,248 1,216 816 60,337 107,879 23,855 137,119 8,652 22,484 13,238 9,246 3,995 56,326 849 55,477 297 214 83 124,583 740 12,551 3,613 32,364 6,984 1,592 36,006 913 848 65 315 11,300 21,151 394,840 315,706 1,008 13,677 1,290 224,510 76,089 2,016 146,405 34,157 112,248 75,221 660 431 23,918 50,212 9,415 54,524 3,359 11,836 7,732 4,104 1,772 25,650 362 25,288 119 96 23 59,260 299 6,318 1,296 30,736 7,138 2,404 36,443 1,643 1,529 114 319 8,266 51,281 428,906 315,930 2,249 16,111 1,628 200,915 65,373 1,916 133,626 26,873 106,753 95,027 556 385 36,419 57,667 14,440 82,595 5,293 10,648 5,506 5,142 2,223 30,676 487 30,189 178 118 60 65,323 441 6,233 2,317 3,413 717 191 6,287 126 117 9 62 705 2,399 38,348 28,921 169 1,604 155 20,939 6,972 98 13,869 3,426 10,443 6,054 81 64 1,830 4,079 1,249 7,005 281 892 477 415 214 2,966 39 2,927 14 14 3,310 39 286 257 1,744 363 75 3,140 46 41 5 29 423 812 19,974 15,518 59 844 81 11,449 3,780 46 7,623 2,175 5,448 3,085 50 39 798 2,198 552 3,269 118 517 321 196 103 1,439 20 1,419 8 8 1,708 18 174 94 1,669 354 116 3,147 80 76 4 33 282 1,587 18,374 13,403 110 760 74 9,490 3,192 52 6,246 1,251 4,995 2,969 31 25 1,032 1,881 697 3,736 163 375 156 219 111 1,527 19 1,508 6 6 1,602 21 112 163 59,583 13,389 3,797 66,008 2,427 2,258 169 569 18,841 69,948 783,795 601,431 3,085 28,091 2,758 403,588 134,203 3,830 265,555 57,349 208,206 163,909 1,134 752 58,413 103,610 22,565 129,892 8,357 21,550 12,735 8,815 3,776 53,249 808 52,441 282 200 82 121,035 701 12,243 3,343 30,558 6,611 1,515 32,782 866 807 59 284 10,864 20,315 373,933 299,415 948 12,774 1,208 212,497 72,135 1,967 138,395 31,795 106,600 71,988 609 392 23,081 47,906 8,846 51,145 3,235 11,292 7,395 3,897 1,665 24,154 342 23,812 111 88 23 57,420 281 6,131 1,196 29,025 6,778 2,282 33,226 1,561 1,451 110 285 7,977 49,633 409,862 302,016 2,137 15,317 1,550 191,091 62,068 1,863 127,160 25,554 101,606 91,921 525 360 35,332 55,704 13,719 78,747 5,122 10,258 5,340 4,918 2,111 29,095 466 28,629 171 112 59 63,615 420 6,112 2,147 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 51 Table 13. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . . .(J00J06,J30J39,J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium. . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . (V01X59, Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . (V01, V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11, V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2, V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9, V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 107,679 924 16,887 27,644 3,323 424 1,744 27,555 13,050 14,505 3,114 45,344 138 Male 51,347 887 8,916 13,728 1,591 253 739 17,866 9,443 8,423 1,376 22,094 70 Female 56,332 37 7,971 13,916 1,732 171 1,005 9,689 3,607 6,082 1,738 23,250 68 Both sexes 2,728 17 561 1,574 180 35 97 3,592 1,917 1,675 196 2,592 9 Hispanic Male 1,422 14 288 783 102 23 49 2,527 1,577 950 79 1,295 4 Female 1,306 3 273 791 78 12 48 1,065 340 725 117 1,297 5 Both sexes 104,748 907 16,299 26,035 3,134 387 1,642 23,892 11,101 12,791 2,913 42,668 129 Non-Hispanic1 Male 49,812 873 8,619 12,931 1,483 230 688 15,282 7,837 7,445 1,294 20,754 66 Female 54,936 34 7,680 13,104 1,651 157 954 8,610 3,264 5,346 1,619 21,914 63 1,841 43,344 21 673 514 112 760 26 734 14,442 10,489 31,725 237,421 121,599 48,412 897 21,115 12 206 514 ... ... ... ... 8,097 5,587 13,981 96,201 78,941 34,065 944 22,229 9 467 ... 112 760 26 734 6,345 4,902 17,744 141,220 42,658 14,347 103 2,477 3 50 25 7 151 4 147 2,804 1,952 1,762 11,717 12,052 6,556 51 1,238 2 18 25 ... ... ... ... 1,565 1,046 1,040 5,713 9,102 4,981 52 1,239 1 32 ... 7 151 4 147 1,239 906 722 6,004 2,950 1,575 1,736 40,785 18 623 488 104 609 22 587 11,494 8,500 29,835 225,283 109,172 41,727 845 19,833 10 188 488 ... ... ... ... 6,457 4,521 12,856 90,259 69,564 28,988 891 20,952 8 435 ... 104 609 22 587 5,037 3,979 16,979 135,024 39,608 12,739 45,316 31,633 13,683 6,288 4,756 1,532 38,907 26,787 12,120 1,181 1,915 921 1,511 260 404 150 118 128 97 22 21 1,023 1,797 787 1,414 236 383 52 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 13. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae . . . . .(W20W31, W35W64,W75W99,X10X39,X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . (A04.7)5 See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 73,187 20,823 642 3,579 3,109 27,531 17,503 33,300 16,883 16,417 18,573 12,791 Male 44,876 10,808 567 2,774 1,819 18,581 10,327 26,308 14,734 11,574 14,717 10,886 Female 28,311 10,015 75 805 1,290 8,950 7,176 6,992 2,149 4,843 3,856 1,905 Both sexes 5,496 1,189 66 506 225 2,310 1,200 2,177 817 1,360 3,524 2,472 Hispanic Male 4,121 800 63 424 153 1,795 886 1,813 752 1,061 3,004 2,223 Female 1,375 389 3 82 72 515 314 364 65 299 520 249 Both sexes 67,445 19,592 575 3,049 2,866 25,118 16,245 31,035 16,024 15,011 14,959 10,260 Non-Hispanic1 Male 40,576 9,984 503 2,329 1,655 16,710 9,395 24,424 13,946 10,478 11,639 8,613 Female 26,869 9,608 72 720 1,211 8,408 6,850 6,611 2,078 4,533 3,320 1,647 5,782 434 5,131 220 4,911 28 2,521 6,225 3,831 417 3,249 181 3,068 28 1,121 2,408 1,951 17 1,882 39 1,843 1,400 3,817 1,052 94 340 28 312 2 129 260 781 92 249 25 224 2 55 107 271 2 91 3 88 74 153 4,699 339 4,770 192 4,578 26 2,386 5,961 3,026 324 2,983 156 2,827 26 1,062 2,299 1,673 15 1,787 36 1,751 1,324 3,662 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 53 Table 13. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis. . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 1,944,617 21 3 5,883 284 211 73 5 1 64 25,556 8 2 4,648 3,519 3 Male 947,966 15 2 2,234 173 133 40 2 1 41 11,526 2 2 3,094 2,939 1 Female 996,651 6 1 3,649 111 78 33 3 23 14,030 6 1,554 580 2 Both sexes 286,581 8 1 376 158 121 37 2 22 6,045 23 2 1,078 6,767 2 Non-Hispanic black2 Male 146,729 5 144 113 91 22 14 2,688 14 2 683 4,384 1 Female 139,852 3 1 232 45 30 15 2 8 3,357 9 395 2,383 1 Both sexes 4,836 5 3 1 2 74 1 24 69 Origin not stated3 Male 2,879 3 2 1 1 34 1 17 50 Female 1,957 2 1 1 40 7 19 4,463 455,978 6,080 11,437 7,306 42,506 11,308 26,941 2,937 134,408 8,045 32,430 2,561 5,576 12,536 21,835 10,234 11,845 11,119 45,471 1,059 17,496 18,413 8,446 57 2,249 236,393 4,067 9,061 4,399 21,323 7,227 13,507 2,254 74,685 5,269 316 ... ... ... 21,835 6,346 8,444 6,245 24,843 606 9,240 10,427 4,539 31 2,214 219,585 2,013 2,376 2,907 21,183 4,081 13,434 683 59,723 2,776 32,114 2,561 5,576 12,536 ... 3,888 3,401 4,874 20,628 453 8,256 7,986 3,907 26 827 62,475 1,001 1,436 1,901 6,823 2,154 3,839 632 16,360 124 5,689 777 1,223 1,168 4,649 1,125 1,001 754 5,212 135 1,464 1,788 1,818 7 421 32,253 742 1,035 1,085 3,404 1,498 1,753 512 9,738 66 58 ... ... ... 4,649 705 554 405 2,784 81 796 988 914 5 406 30,222 259 401 816 3,419 656 2,086 120 6,622 58 5,631 777 1,223 1,168 ... 420 447 349 2,428 54 668 800 904 2 11 851 19 28 11 82 29 46 11 246 5 59 2 10 18 53 19 23 17 69 3 23 29 14 5 517 16 22 5 56 22 27 10 163 2 1 ... ... ... 53 13 16 10 39 2 15 15 7 6 334 3 6 6 26 7 19 1 83 3 58 2 10 18 ... 6 7 7 30 1 8 14 7 54 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 13. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31, C37C41,C44C49,C51C52,C57C60, C62C63,C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)4 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorder of circulatory system . . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) Asthma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Non-Hispanic black2 Male Female Both sexes Origin not stated3 Male Female 51,403 11,838 2,800 50,950 2,033 1,882 151 425 17,806 64,660 668,937 516,883 2,736 20,610 1,833 350,356 116,517 3,193 230,646 46,634 184,012 141,348 880 616 52,125 87,727 17,034 108,886 7,530 18,604 11,138 7,466 3,007 46,419 749 45,670 236 159 77 111,559 618 11,391 2,246 97,304 26,572 5,890 1,089 25,931 693 641 52 212 10,277 18,844 317,568 256,459 831 8,908 758 184,810 63,106 1,618 120,086 25,538 94,548 61,152 471 327 20,425 39,929 6,451 41,941 2,869 9,848 6,512 3,336 1,314 20,863 312 20,551 85 65 20 52,270 241 5,605 715 45,709 24,831 5,948 1,711 25,019 1,340 1,241 99 213 7,529 45,816 351,369 260,424 1,905 11,702 1,075 165,546 53,411 1,575 110,560 21,096 89,464 80,196 409 289 31,700 47,798 10,583 66,945 4,661 8,756 4,626 4,130 1,693 25,556 437 25,119 151 94 57 59,289 377 5,786 1,531 51,595 6,607 1,222 909 12,671 341 325 16 128 676 4,422 96,353 71,461 247 6,772 817 43,992 14,622 530 28,840 9,230 19,610 19,633 225 106 5,524 13,778 4,851 16,882 705 2,454 1,248 1,206 702 5,242 40 5,202 37 34 3 7,657 66 700 943 5,948 3,265 564 386 5,701 153 146 7 64 378 1,176 46,717 35,787 86 3,511 400 22,412 7,315 290 14,807 5,314 9,493 9,378 119 53 2,323 6,883 2,100 7,349 311 1,170 670 500 318 2,449 21 2,428 22 21 1 4,091 31 425 414 3,221 3,342 658 523 6,970 188 179 9 64 298 3,246 49,636 35,674 161 3,261 417 21,580 7,307 240 14,033 3,916 10,117 10,255 106 53 3,201 6,895 2,751 9,533 394 1,284 578 706 384 2,793 19 2,774 15 13 2 3,566 35 275 529 2,727 104 16 8 154 3 2 1 3 20 85 1,603 1,284 3 93 5 898 287 4 607 255 352 285 1 94 190 41 222 14 42 26 16 5 111 2 109 1 1 238 22 13 203 62 10 2 84 1 1 2 13 24 933 773 1 59 1 564 174 3 387 187 200 148 1 39 108 17 110 6 27 16 11 4 57 57 132 13 6 113 42 6 6 70 2 2 1 7 61 670 511 2 34 4 334 113 1 220 68 152 137 55 82 24 112 8 15 10 5 1 54 2 52 1 1 106 9 7 90 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 55 Table 13. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J00J06,J30J39, J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) .(V01X59,Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . (V01, V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11, V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2, V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9, V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 852 14,563 22,902 2,672 314 1,448 20,605 9,512 11,093 2,475 33,208 102 Male 822 7,694 11,406 1,215 185 606 13,212 6,778 6,434 1,114 16,415 51 Female 30 6,869 11,496 1,457 129 842 7,393 2,734 4,659 1,361 16,793 51 Both sexes 48 1,428 2,414 358 58 170 2,310 1,021 1,289 321 8,334 20 Non-Hispanic black2 Male 45 753 1,157 207 33 70 1,485 690 795 116 3,782 11 Female 3 675 1,257 151 25 100 825 331 494 205 4,552 9 Both sexes 27 35 9 2 5 71 32 39 5 84 Origin not stated3 Male 9 14 6 2 57 29 28 3 45 Female 18 21 3 2 3 14 3 11 2 39 1,321 31,768 17 549 437 83 299 6 293 6,042 6,344 24,895 194,608 91,830 33,930 643 15,711 10 162 437 ... ... ... ... 3,435 3,377 10,361 77,081 57,758 23,493 678 16,057 7 387 ... 83 299 6 293 2,607 2,967 14,534 117,527 34,072 10,437 345 7,969 58 38 19 255 12 243 4,906 1,749 4,300 25,926 13,684 5,871 166 3,605 21 38 ... ... ... ... 2,706 921 2,158 11,066 9,443 4,255 179 4,364 37 ... 19 255 12 243 2,200 828 2,142 14,860 4,241 1,616 2 82 1 1 144 37 128 421 375 129 1 44 1 ... ... ... ... 75 20 85 229 275 96 1 38 ... 1 69 17 43 192 100 33 31,541 21,633 9,908 5,555 3,995 1,560 121 90 31 809 1,580 57,900 17,996 620 1,240 34,265 9,028 189 340 23,635 8,968 146 170 7,813 1,052 118 142 5,188 639 28 28 2,625 413 8 246 42 6 179 24 2 67 18 56 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 13. Number of deaths from 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Accidental discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae . . . . .(W20W31, W35W64,W75W99,X10X39,X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . (A04.7)5 Both sexes 419 2,332 2,116 21,152 13,885 27,952 14,721 13,231 5,408 2,860 Male 358 1,747 1,232 13,983 7,917 21,952 12,777 9,175 3,575 2,008 Female 61 585 884 7,169 5,968 6,000 1,944 4,056 1,833 852 Both sexes 140 522 691 3,474 1,934 1,909 994 915 8,902 7,021 Non-Hispanic black2 Male 132 439 383 2,400 1,195 1,630 903 727 7,566 6,292 Female 8 83 308 1,074 739 279 91 188 1,336 729 Both sexes 1 24 18 103 58 88 42 46 90 59 Origin not stated3 Male 1 21 11 76 46 71 36 35 74 50 Female 3 7 27 12 17 6 11 16 9 2,548 208 3,874 141 3,733 25 1,916 5,533 1,567 196 2,359 108 2,251 25 869 2,116 981 12 1,515 33 1,482 1,047 3,417 1,881 115 710 48 662 423 345 1,274 112 502 45 457 177 135 607 3 208 3 205 246 210 31 1 21 21 6 4 24 1 17 17 4 2 7 4 4 2 2 Quantity zero. . . . Category not applicable. 1 Includes races other than white and black. 2 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 Includes deaths for which Hispanic origin was not reported on the death certificate. 4 Cause-of-death title was changed in 2006 to reflect the addition of Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15). 5 Included in ``Certain other intestinal infections (A04,A07A09)'' shown above. Beginning with data year 2006, Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile (A04.7) is shown separately at the bottom of tables showing 113 selected causes and is included in the list of rankable causes; see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Complete confirmation of deaths from selected causes of death, considered to be of public health concern, were not provided by the following states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Washington, and West Virginia; see ``Technical Notes.'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 57 Table 14. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006 [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system. . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 810.4 0.0 * 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 * * 0.0 11.4 0.0 * * * 2.4 4.0 * Male 814.8 0.0 * 1.7 0.3 0.2 0.1 * * 0.0 10.5 0.0 * * * 3.2 5.9 * Female 806.1 * * 2.7 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 12.3 * * * * 1.6 2.2 * Both sexes 858.1 0.0 * 2.5 0.2 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 11.3 * * * * 2.4 2.1 * White1 Male 852.3 * * 2.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 * * 0.0 10.4 * * * * 3.2 3.5 * Female 863.9 * * 3.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 12.2 * * * * 1.6 0.7 * Both sexes 733.0 * * 1.0 0.4 0.3 0.1 * * 0.1 15.4 0.1 * * * 2.8 17.3 * Black1 Male 786.7 * * 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.1 * * * 14.4 * * * * 3.7 23.5 * Female 684.0 * * 1.1 0.2 0.1 * * * * 16.4 * * * * 1.9 11.7 * 2.0 187.0 2.6 4.6 3.8 17.9 5.5 11.2 1.3 53.0 2.8 13.8 1.3 2.5 5.0 9.5 4.1 4.5 4.3 18.4 0.4 6.9 7.3 3.7 2.1 196.6 3.6 7.3 4.5 18.3 7.3 11.2 2.0 60.5 3.7 0.3 ... ... ... 19.2 5.2 6.4 4.9 20.3 0.5 7.4 8.4 4.0 1.9 177.6 1.6 2.0 3.1 17.5 3.8 11.1 0.5 45.7 2.0 26.9 2.6 4.9 9.8 ... 3.1 2.7 3.7 16.5 0.4 6.4 6.3 3.4 2.0 199.3 2.7 4.9 3.5 18.7 5.4 11.8 1.3 57.3 3.4 14.2 1.2 2.5 5.5 9.6 4.5 5.1 4.9 20.1 0.5 7.7 8.1 3.7 2.1 208.7 3.6 7.9 4.3 19.0 7.0 12.0 2.0 64.6 4.5 0.3 ... ... ... 19.3 5.7 7.3 5.5 22.1 0.6 8.2 9.3 4.0 2.0 190.1 1.7 2.0 2.8 18.4 3.8 11.7 0.6 50.2 2.3 27.9 2.5 4.9 10.9 ... 3.4 2.9 4.3 18.0 0.4 7.2 7.0 3.4 2.1 159.5 2.6 3.7 4.8 17.4 5.5 9.8 1.6 41.7 0.3 14.5 2.0 3.1 3.0 11.9 2.9 2.5 1.9 13.3 0.3 3.7 4.6 4.7 2.3 172.3 4.0 5.5 5.8 18.2 8.0 9.4 2.7 52.0 0.3 0.3 ... ... ... 24.9 3.8 3.0 2.2 14.9 0.4 4.2 5.3 4.9 2.0 147.7 1.3 2.0 4.0 16.7 3.3 10.2 0.6 32.3 0.3 27.5 3.8 6.0 5.7 ... 2.1 2.2 1.7 11.9 0.3 3.3 3.9 4.4 58 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 14. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31, C37C41,C44C49,C51C52,C57C60, C62C63,C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)4 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorders of circulatory system . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Female 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * * * 21.1 4.7 1.3 24.2 0.9 0.8 0.1 0.2 6.5 24.2 275.1 211.0 1.1 9.9 1.0 142.1 47.2 1.3 93.5 20.4 73.1 56.9 0.4 0.3 20.2 36.0 8.0 45.8 2.9 7.5 4.4 3.1 1.3 18.8 0.3 18.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 41.6 0.2 4.2 21.9 4.7 1.1 24.4 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.2 7.7 14.3 267.7 214.0 0.7 9.3 0.9 152.2 51.6 1.4 99.2 23.2 76.1 51.0 0.4 0.3 16.2 34.0 6.4 37.0 2.3 8.0 5.2 2.8 1.2 17.4 0.2 17.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 40.2 0.2 4.3 20.2 4.7 1.6 24.0 1.1 1.0 0.1 0.2 5.4 33.8 282.4 208.0 1.5 10.6 1.1 132.3 43.0 1.3 88.0 17.7 70.3 62.6 0.4 0.3 24.0 38.0 9.5 54.4 3.5 7.0 3.6 3.4 1.5 20.2 0.3 19.9 0.1 0.1 0.0 43.0 0.3 4.1 22.6 5.2 1.2 23.6 0.9 0.8 0.1 0.2 7.6 27.7 292.2 225.5 1.2 9.2 0.8 153.4 51.0 1.4 101.0 20.7 80.3 60.9 0.4 0.3 22.3 37.9 7.5 47.9 3.2 8.1 4.8 3.3 1.3 20.4 0.3 20.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 47.5 0.3 4.8 23.6 5.2 1.0 24.2 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.2 8.9 16.4 281.5 226.9 0.7 8.1 0.7 163.7 55.8 1.4 106.5 23.2 83.4 53.6 0.4 0.3 17.7 35.1 5.8 37.7 2.5 8.6 5.7 2.9 1.2 18.6 0.3 18.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 45.1 0.2 4.8 21.7 5.2 1.5 23.0 1.2 1.1 0.1 0.2 6.4 38.8 302.7 224.2 1.7 10.2 0.9 143.3 46.3 1.3 95.6 18.3 77.3 68.1 0.4 0.3 26.8 40.7 9.2 57.9 4.0 7.5 3.9 3.6 1.5 22.2 0.4 21.8 0.1 0.1 0.0 49.9 0.3 4.8 16.8 3.1 2.3 32.4 0.9 0.8 * 0.3 1.7 11.3 246.2 182.6 0.6 17.3 2.1 112.6 37.4 1.3 73.9 23.7 50.2 50.1 0.6 0.3 14.1 35.1 12.4 43.1 1.8 6.3 3.2 3.1 1.8 13.4 0.1 13.3 0.1 0.1 * 19.5 0.2 1.8 17.4 3.0 2.1 30.6 0.8 0.8 * 0.3 2.0 6.3 250.3 191.8 0.5 18.8 2.1 120.2 39.1 1.5 79.6 28.6 50.9 50.1 0.6 0.3 12.4 36.8 11.3 39.3 1.7 6.3 3.6 2.7 1.7 13.2 0.1 13.0 0.1 0.1 * 21.9 0.2 2.3 16.3 3.2 2.6 34.1 0.9 0.9 * 0.3 1.5 15.8 242.5 174.3 0.8 15.9 2.0 105.6 35.7 1.2 68.7 19.1 49.5 50.0 0.5 0.3 15.6 33.6 13.4 46.5 1.9 6.3 2.8 3.4 1.9 13.7 0.1 13.6 * * * 17.4 0.2 1.3 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 59 Table 14. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Asthma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J00J06,J30J39, J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . (V01X59, Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . (V01, V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11, V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2, V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9, V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 1.2 36.0 0.3 5.6 9.2 1.1 0.1 0.6 9.2 4.4 4.8 1.0 15.1 0.0 Male 0.9 34.8 0.6 6.0 9.3 1.1 0.2 0.5 12.1 6.4 5.7 0.9 15.0 0.0 Female 1.5 37.1 0.0 5.2 9.2 1.1 0.1 0.7 6.4 2.4 4.0 1.1 15.3 0.0 Both sexes 1.0 41.4 0.4 6.3 10.1 1.2 0.1 0.6 10.0 4.7 5.3 1.1 14.8 0.0 White1 Male 0.7 39.3 0.7 6.7 10.2 1.1 0.2 0.5 13.1 7.0 6.2 1.0 14.8 0.0 Female 1.4 43.4 0.0 5.9 10.1 1.3 0.1 0.7 6.9 2.5 4.4 1.2 14.8 0.0 Both sexes 2.4 15.2 0.1 3.6 6.2 0.9 0.1 0.4 5.9 2.6 3.3 0.8 21.2 0.1 Black1 Male 2.2 17.2 0.2 4.0 6.2 1.1 0.2 0.4 8.0 3.8 4.3 0.6 20.2 * Female 2.6 13.3 * 3.3 6.2 0.7 0.1 0.5 4.0 1.6 2.4 1.0 22.2 * 0.6 14.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 4.8 3.5 10.6 79.3 40.6 16.2 0.6 14.3 * 0.1 0.3 ... ... ... ... 5.5 3.8 9.5 65.2 53.5 23.1 0.6 14.6 * 0.3 ... 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.5 4.2 3.2 11.7 93.0 28.1 9.4 0.6 14.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 * 0.2 3.6 3.4 11.0 85.2 42.9 16.7 0.6 14.1 * 0.2 0.4 ... ... ... ... 4.1 3.7 9.5 69.0 55.7 23.7 0.6 14.2 * 0.3 ... 0.1 0.4 * 0.4 3.1 3.1 12.5 101.1 30.3 9.8 0.9 20.3 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.7 * 0.6 12.9 4.6 11.1 66.2 35.2 15.1 0.9 19.2 * 0.1 0.2 ... ... ... ... 14.9 5.0 11.7 59.3 50.8 22.9 0.9 21.3 * 0.2 ... 0.1 1.3 * 1.2 11.2 4.2 10.5 72.6 20.9 8.0 15.1 21.4 9.0 15.6 22.0 9.4 14.3 21.5 7.7 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.1 60 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 14. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae . . . . .(W20W31, W35W64,W75W99,X10X39,X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . (A04.7)5 See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Female 0.6 24.4 7.0 0.2 1.2 1.0 9.2 5.8 11.1 5.6 5.5 6.2 4.3 1.0 30.4 7.3 0.4 1.9 1.2 12.6 7.0 17.8 10.0 7.8 10.0 7.4 0.3 18.6 6.6 0.0 0.5 0.8 5.9 4.7 4.6 1.4 3.2 2.5 1.3 0.7 26.2 7.9 0.2 1.2 1.0 9.7 6.2 12.4 6.4 6.0 3.7 2.2 1.1 32.0 8.2 0.4 1.8 1.2 13.2 7.4 19.8 11.3 8.5 5.4 3.5 0.3 20.5 7.7 0.1 0.5 0.8 6.3 5.1 5.2 1.6 3.6 1.9 0.9 0.4 20.1 2.7 0.4 1.4 1.8 8.9 5.0 4.9 2.6 2.4 22.8 18.0 0.8 27.9 3.4 0.7 2.4 2.1 12.9 6.4 8.8 4.9 4.0 40.6 33.7 0.1 12.9 2.0 * 0.4 1.5 5.3 3.6 1.4 0.4 0.9 6.6 3.6 1.9 0.1 1.7 0.1 1.6 0.0 0.8 2.1 2.6 0.3 2.2 0.1 2.1 0.0 0.8 1.6 1.3 * 1.2 0.0 1.2 * 0.9 2.5 1.5 0.1 1.7 0.1 1.7 0.0 0.8 2.4 1.9 0.2 2.2 0.1 2.1 0.0 0.8 1.9 1.0 * 1.3 0.0 1.3 * 0.9 2.9 4.9 0.3 1.8 0.1 1.7 * 1.1 0.9 6.9 0.6 2.7 0.2 2.5 * 0.9 0.7 3.0 * 1.0 * 1.0 * 1.2 1.0 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 61 Table 14. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis. . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 438.5 * * 0.9 * * * * * * 6.5 * * * * 3.2 2.2 * Male 477.1 * * * * * * * * * 6.2 * * * * 4.1 3.0 * Female 399.9 * * * * * * * * * 6.7 * * * * 2.2 1.3 * Both sexes 307.4 * * 0.4 0.6 0.5 * * * * 3.8 * * * * 2.0 0.6 * Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male 330.6 * * 0.5 0.9 0.8 * * * * 3.6 * * * * 2.3 1.0 * Female 285.6 * * 0.4 0.3 * * * * * 3.9 * * * * 1.8 * * 1.5 76.4 1.4 2.1 2.6 7.2 4.2 4.3 * 19.8 0.7 5.0 0.8 0.9 1.9 3.2 2.5 1.2 1.2 6.1 * 2.1 2.2 1.5 * 1.8 76.1 1.8 2.8 3.6 7.8 5.5 3.4 * 21.2 * * ... ... ... 6.5 3.3 1.6 1.3 6.6 * 1.9 2.8 1.6 * * 76.8 * 1.3 1.6 6.6 2.9 5.2 * 18.5 * 10.0 1.6 1.9 3.9 ... 1.7 * * 5.6 * 2.3 1.6 1.5 * 1.0 81.0 1.7 1.4 5.2 8.1 7.6 5.3 0.3 18.7 0.3 5.7 1.0 1.1 2.2 2.5 1.4 1.0 1.6 7.1 0.2 2.9 2.9 1.2 * 1.2 84.5 2.3 2.2 5.7 8.3 10.4 5.1 0.6 23.2 * * ... ... ... 5.2 1.7 1.3 1.7 8.0 * 3.3 3.3 1.2 * 0.8 77.8 1.0 0.7 4.8 8.0 4.9 5.5 * 14.5 0.3 11.1 2.0 2.1 4.3 ... 1.1 0.7 1.5 6.3 * 2.5 2.5 1.2 * 62 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 14. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31, C37C41,C44C49,C51C52,C57C60, C62C63,C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)4 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorders of circulatory system . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) Asthma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male Female 10.7 2.0 * 25.3 * * * * 1.8 5.3 109.2 85.5 0.6 4.2 * 58.7 20.8 1.6 36.3 9.9 26.4 21.4 * * 6.8 14.0 3.3 17.1 0.8 2.5 1.2 1.3 0.7 8.3 * 8.2 * * * 15.9 * 1.0 0.6 14.2 9.0 1.9 * 22.6 * * * * 2.0 3.9 116.0 95.8 * 5.0 * 67.7 23.2 1.8 42.6 13.1 29.5 22.3 * * 6.3 15.3 3.3 14.4 * 2.1 1.3 * * 8.6 * 8.5 * * * 14.6 * * * 13.2 12.5 2.1 * 28.0 * * * * 1.6 6.7 102.4 75.1 * 3.3 * 49.8 18.3 1.4 30.0 6.7 23.3 20.6 * * 7.3 12.7 3.4 19.8 1.3 2.8 * 1.7 * 8.1 * 8.0 * * * 17.1 * * * 15.2 8.7 1.9 0.5 11.1 0.3 0.3 * * 2.1 5.0 106.2 73.4 0.6 4.1 0.6 52.1 17.0 0.4 34.7 8.3 26.4 16.1 0.1 0.2 4.0 11.8 4.0 25.2 0.7 2.9 2.2 0.7 0.3 9.3 * 9.1 * * * 9.3 * 0.8 1.0 7.4 8.4 1.9 0.5 11.5 * * * * 2.6 3.5 113.7 82.4 0.4 4.0 0.6 61.1 19.5 0.5 41.1 10.7 30.4 16.3 * * 3.5 12.5 3.5 23.6 0.7 3.5 2.8 0.7 0.4 10.1 * 10.0 * * * 12.0 * 1.2 0.9 9.7 8.9 1.9 0.5 10.8 0.3 0.3 * * 1.7 6.4 99.1 64.9 0.8 4.1 0.7 43.5 14.6 0.3 28.6 6.0 22.6 15.8 * * 4.4 11.1 4.5 26.7 0.6 2.4 1.6 0.8 0.3 8.4 * 8.3 * * * 6.8 * 0.5 1.0 5.2 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 63 Table 14. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J00J06,J30J39, J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . (V01X59, Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . (V01, V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11, V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2, V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9, V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes * 2.1 7.0 * * * 18.6 13.3 5.3 0.7 9.0 * Male * 2.4 6.9 * * * 20.6 15.4 5.3 * 8.4 * Female * 1.8 7.2 * * * 16.6 11.2 5.4 * 9.5 * Both sexes * 1.7 3.5 0.6 * * 2.9 1.1 1.7 0.7 6.0 * Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male * 1.9 3.8 0.7 * * 3.9 2.0 2.0 0.7 6.1 * Female * 1.4 3.3 0.6 * * 1.9 0.4 1.5 0.6 5.8 * * 8.6 * * * * * * * 4.3 3.7 7.0 46.3 53.2 29.1 * 8.1 * * * ... ... ... ... 5.7 4.1 7.8 43.5 74.0 39.9 * 9.0 * * ... * * * * 2.9 3.2 6.2 49.2 32.5 18.2 0.4 5.5 * * * * 0.3 * 0.3 3.1 2.2 3.1 23.4 14.6 7.4 0.4 5.6 * * * ... ... ... ... 3.6 2.4 3.3 21.1 18.5 9.4 0.4 5.4 * * ... * 0.6 * 0.5 2.6 2.0 2.9 25.5 10.9 5.5 27.1 37.1 17.1 7.0 8.8 5.3 1.2 0.7 24.2 1.8 * 34.1 * * 14.2 0.2 0.2 7.2 0.3 * 9.1 * * 5.4 64 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 14. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae. . . . . (W20W31,W35W64, W75W99,X10X39, X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . (A04.7)5 Both sexes 3.9 * 1.6 0.9 10.1 Male 5.3 * 2.4 1.4 13.8 Female 2.6 * * * 6.5 Both sexes 3.0 * 1.1 0.2 1.4 Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male 3.5 * 1.6 * 2.0 Female 2.5 * 0.6 * 0.9 7.5 12.3 4.8 7.5 7.9 3.7 11.1 19.3 8.3 11.1 12.9 6.6 3.9 5.4 1.4 4.0 3.0 * 1.4 5.6 1.2 4.4 2.9 1.9 1.7 8.0 2.2 5.8 4.5 3.2 1.2 3.3 0.3 3.1 1.4 0.7 4.2 * 3.0 * 2.9 * * 0.8 6.3 * 3.9 * 3.8 * * * 2.1 * 2.1 * 2.1 * * * 1.0 * 0.7 * 0.7 * 0.2 0.4 1.3 * 0.9 * 0.9 * * 0.5 0.7 * 0.5 * 0.5 * 0.3 0.3 0.0 Quantity more than zero but less than 0.05. * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' . . . Category not applicable. 1 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Includes Aleuts and Eskimos. 3 Includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and Other Asian or Pacific Islander. 4 Cause-of-death title was changed in 2006 to reflect the addition of Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15). 5 Included in ``Certain other intestinal infections (A04,A07A09)'' shown above. Beginning with data year 2006, Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile (A04.7) is shown separately at the bottom of tables showing 113 selected causes and is included in the list of rankable causes; see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Complete confirmation of deaths from selected causes of death, considered to be of public health concern, were not provided by the following states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Washington, and West Virginia; see ``Technical Notes.'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 65 Table 15. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006 [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins1 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis. . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 810.4 0.0 * 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 * * 0.0 11.4 0.0 * * * 2.4 4.0 * Male 814.8 0.0 * 1.7 0.3 0.2 0.1 * * 0.0 10.5 0.0 * * * 3.2 5.9 * Female 806.1 * * 2.7 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 12.3 * * * * 1.6 2.2 * Both sexes 300.1 * * 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 * * * 4.1 * * * * 2.5 3.6 * Hispanic Male 323.9 * * 0.5 0.3 0.2 * * * * 4.1 * * * * 3.2 5.6 * Female 274.6 * * 0.8 0.2 0.1 * * * * 4.2 * * * * 1.8 1.6 * Both sexes 897.1 0.0 * 2.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 * * 0.0 12.7 0.0 * * * 2.4 4.1 * Non-Hispanic2 Male 902.8 0.0 * 2.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 * * 0.0 11.7 * * * * 3.2 6.0 * Female 891.7 * * 3.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 13.6 * * * * 1.6 2.3 * 2.0 187.0 2.6 4.6 3.8 17.9 5.5 11.2 1.3 53.0 2.8 13.8 1.3 2.5 5.0 9.5 4.1 4.5 4.3 18.4 0.4 6.9 7.3 3.7 2.1 196.6 3.6 7.3 4.5 18.3 7.3 11.2 2.0 60.5 3.7 0.3 ... ... ... 19.2 5.2 6.4 4.9 20.3 0.5 7.4 8.4 4.0 1.9 177.6 1.6 2.0 3.1 17.5 3.8 11.1 0.5 45.7 2.0 26.9 2.6 4.9 9.8 ... 3.1 2.7 3.7 16.5 0.4 6.4 6.3 3.4 0.9 60.1 0.8 1.2 2.9 6.2 4.1 3.9 0.4 9.8 0.5 4.7 1.0 0.9 1.7 3.1 1.7 1.0 1.6 7.0 0.2 2.6 2.8 1.4 1.1 60.4 1.1 1.8 3.1 6.3 5.2 3.8 0.7 12.0 0.5 * ... ... ... 6.0 2.0 1.2 1.7 7.4 0.3 2.7 3.0 1.4 0.8 59.7 0.4 0.5 2.7 6.1 2.9 4.1 * 7.5 0.4 9.6 2.2 1.8 3.5 ... 1.2 0.7 1.5 6.6 0.2 2.4 2.6 1.4 2.1 208.7 2.9 5.2 3.9 19.9 5.8 12.4 1.4 60.4 3.2 15.3 1.4 2.7 5.5 10.6 4.6 5.1 4.8 20.3 0.5 7.6 8.1 4.1 2.2 221.3 4.0 8.3 4.8 20.4 7.7 12.6 2.3 69.3 4.3 0.3 ... ... ... 21.6 5.8 7.3 5.4 22.7 0.6 8.3 9.4 4.5 2.1 196.7 1.8 2.2 3.1 19.4 3.9 12.3 0.6 51.9 2.2 29.7 2.7 5.4 10.8 ... 3.4 3.0 4.1 18.1 0.4 7.0 6.9 3.8 66 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 15. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins1 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31,C37C41, C44C49,C51C52,C57C60, C62C63,C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)4 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorders of circulatory system . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Hispanic Male Female Both sexes Non-Hispanic2 Male Female 0.0 0.0 0.0 * * * 0.0 0.0 0.0 21.1 4.7 1.3 24.2 0.9 0.8 0.1 0.2 6.5 24.2 275.1 211.0 1.1 9.9 1.0 142.1 47.2 1.3 93.5 20.4 73.1 56.9 0.4 0.3 20.2 36.0 8.0 45.8 2.9 7.5 4.4 3.1 1.3 18.8 0.3 18.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 41.6 0.2 4.2 21.9 4.7 1.1 24.4 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.2 7.7 14.3 267.7 214.0 0.7 9.3 0.9 152.2 51.6 1.4 99.2 23.2 76.1 51.0 0.4 0.3 16.2 34.0 6.4 37.0 2.3 8.0 5.2 2.8 1.2 17.4 0.2 17.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 40.2 0.2 4.3 20.2 4.7 1.6 24.0 1.1 1.0 0.1 0.2 5.4 33.8 282.4 208.0 1.5 10.6 1.1 132.3 43.0 1.3 88.0 17.7 70.3 62.6 0.4 0.3 24.0 38.0 9.5 54.4 3.5 7.0 3.6 3.4 1.5 20.2 0.3 19.9 0.1 0.1 0.0 43.0 0.3 4.1 7.7 1.6 0.4 14.2 0.3 0.3 * 0.1 1.6 5.4 86.5 65.3 0.4 3.6 0.3 47.2 15.7 0.2 31.3 7.7 23.6 13.7 0.2 0.1 4.1 9.2 2.8 15.8 0.6 2.0 1.1 0.9 0.5 6.7 0.1 6.6 * * * 7.5 0.1 0.6 7.6 1.6 0.3 13.7 0.2 0.2 * 0.1 1.8 3.5 87.1 67.7 0.3 3.7 0.4 49.9 16.5 0.2 33.3 9.5 23.8 13.5 0.2 0.2 3.5 9.6 2.4 14.3 0.5 2.3 1.4 0.9 0.4 6.3 0.1 6.2 * * * 7.5 * 0.8 7.8 1.7 0.5 14.7 0.4 0.4 * 0.2 1.3 7.4 85.9 62.6 0.5 3.6 0.3 44.4 14.9 0.2 29.2 5.8 23.3 13.9 0.1 0.1 4.8 8.8 3.3 17.5 0.8 1.8 0.7 1.0 0.5 7.1 * 7.0 * * * 7.5 0.1 0.5 23.4 5.2 1.5 25.9 1.0 0.9 0.1 0.2 7.4 27.4 307.3 235.8 1.2 11.0 1.1 158.2 52.6 1.5 104.1 22.5 81.6 64.3 0.4 0.3 22.9 40.6 8.8 50.9 3.3 8.4 5.0 3.5 1.5 20.9 0.3 20.6 0.1 0.1 0.0 47.5 0.3 4.8 24.5 5.3 1.2 26.3 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.2 8.7 16.3 300.1 240.3 0.8 10.3 1.0 170.6 57.9 1.6 111.1 25.5 85.6 57.8 0.5 0.3 18.5 38.5 7.1 41.1 2.6 9.1 5.9 3.1 1.3 19.4 0.3 19.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 46.1 0.2 4.9 22.2 5.2 1.7 25.5 1.2 1.1 0.1 0.2 6.1 38.0 314.1 231.4 1.6 11.7 1.2 146.4 47.6 1.4 97.4 19.6 77.9 70.4 0.4 0.3 27.1 42.7 10.5 60.3 3.9 7.9 4.1 3.8 1.6 22.3 0.4 21.9 0.1 0.1 0.0 48.8 0.3 4.7 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 67 Table 15. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins1 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Asthma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . . .(J00J06,J30J39,J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . (V01X59, Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . (V01, V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11, V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2, V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9, V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 1.2 36.0 0.3 5.6 9.2 1.1 0.1 0.6 9.2 4.4 4.8 1.0 15.1 0.0 Male 0.9 34.8 0.6 6.0 9.3 1.1 0.2 0.5 12.1 6.4 5.7 0.9 15.0 0.0 Female 1.5 37.1 0.0 5.2 9.2 1.1 0.1 0.7 6.4 2.4 4.0 1.1 15.3 0.0 Both sexes 0.6 6.2 * 1.3 3.6 0.4 0.1 0.2 8.1 4.3 3.8 0.4 5.8 * Hispanic Male 0.4 6.2 * 1.3 3.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 11.0 6.9 4.1 0.3 5.6 * Female 0.8 6.1 * 1.3 3.7 0.4 * 0.2 5.0 1.6 3.4 0.5 6.1 * Both sexes 1.3 41.1 0.4 6.4 10.2 1.2 0.2 0.6 9.4 4.4 5.0 1.1 16.7 0.1 Non-Hispanic2 Male 1.0 40.0 0.7 6.9 10.4 1.2 0.2 0.6 12.3 6.3 6.0 1.0 16.7 0.1 Female 1.6 42.1 0.0 5.9 10.0 1.3 0.1 0.7 6.6 2.5 4.1 1.2 16.8 0.0 0.6 14.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 4.8 3.5 10.6 79.3 40.6 16.2 0.6 14.3 * 0.1 0.3 ... ... ... ... 5.5 3.8 9.5 65.2 53.5 23.1 0.6 14.6 * 0.3 ... 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.5 4.2 3.2 11.7 93.0 28.1 9.4 0.2 5.6 * 0.1 0.1 * 0.3 * 0.3 6.3 4.4 4.0 26.4 27.2 14.8 0.2 5.4 * * 0.1 ... ... ... ... 6.8 4.6 4.5 24.9 39.7 21.7 0.2 5.8 * 0.1 ... * 0.7 * 0.7 5.8 4.2 3.4 28.1 13.8 7.4 0.7 16.0 * 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 4.5 3.3 11.7 88.3 42.8 16.4 0.7 15.9 * 0.2 0.4 ... ... ... ... 5.2 3.6 10.3 72.4 55.8 23.3 0.7 16.1 * 0.3 ... 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.4 3.9 3.0 13.0 103.5 30.4 9.8 15.1 21.4 9.0 14.2 20.7 7.2 15.3 21.5 9.3 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.2 68 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 15. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins1 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms. . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae . . . . .(W20W31, W35W64,W75W99,X10X39,X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . (A04.7)5 See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Hispanic Male Female Both sexes Non-Hispanic2 Male Female 0.6 24.4 7.0 0.2 1.2 1.0 9.2 5.8 11.1 5.6 5.5 6.2 4.3 1.0 30.4 7.3 0.4 1.9 1.2 12.6 7.0 17.8 10.0 7.8 10.0 7.4 0.3 18.6 6.6 0.0 0.5 0.8 5.9 4.7 4.6 1.4 3.2 2.5 1.3 0.3 12.4 2.7 0.1 1.1 0.5 5.2 2.7 4.9 1.8 3.1 8.0 5.6 0.4 18.0 3.5 0.3 1.8 0.7 7.8 3.9 7.9 3.3 4.6 13.1 9.7 0.1 6.4 1.8 * 0.4 0.3 2.4 1.5 1.7 0.3 1.4 2.4 1.2 0.7 26.4 7.7 0.2 1.2 1.1 9.8 6.4 12.2 6.3 5.9 5.9 4.0 1.1 32.6 8.0 0.4 1.9 1.3 13.4 7.5 19.6 11.2 8.4 9.3 6.9 0.3 20.6 7.4 0.1 0.6 0.9 6.4 5.2 5.1 1.6 3.5 2.5 1.3 1.9 0.1 1.7 0.1 1.6 0.0 0.8 2.1 2.6 0.3 2.2 0.1 2.1 0.0 0.8 1.6 1.3 * 1.2 0.0 1.2 * 0.9 2.5 2.4 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.7 * 0.3 0.6 3.4 0.4 1.1 0.1 1.0 * 0.2 0.5 1.3 * 0.4 * 0.4 * 0.3 0.7 1.8 0.1 1.9 0.1 1.8 0.0 0.9 2.3 2.4 0.3 2.4 0.1 2.3 0.0 0.9 1.8 1.3 * 1.4 0.0 1.3 * 1.0 2.8 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 69 Table 15. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white3 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis. . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 968.5 0.0 * 2.9 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 12.7 * * * * 2.3 1.8 * Male 962.0 * * 2.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 11.7 * * * * 3.1 3.0 * Female 974.7 * * 3.6 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 13.7 * * * * 1.5 0.6 * Both sexes 759.1 * * 1.0 0.4 0.3 0.1 * * 0.1 16.0 0.1 * * * 2.9 17.9 * Non-Hispanic black3 Male 815.3 * * 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.1 * * * 14.9 * * * * 3.8 24.4 * Female 708.0 * * 1.2 0.2 0.2 * * * * 17.0 * * * * 2.0 12.1 * 2.2 227.1 3.0 5.7 3.6 21.2 5.6 13.4 1.5 66.9 4.0 16.2 1.3 2.8 6.2 10.9 5.1 5.9 5.5 22.6 0.5 8.7 9.2 4.2 2.3 239.9 4.1 9.2 4.5 21.6 7.3 13.7 2.3 75.8 5.3 0.3 ... ... ... 22.2 6.4 8.6 6.3 25.2 0.6 9.4 10.6 4.6 2.2 214.7 2.0 2.3 2.8 20.7 4.0 13.1 0.7 58.4 2.7 31.4 2.5 5.5 12.3 ... 3.8 3.3 4.8 20.2 0.4 8.1 7.8 3.8 2.2 165.5 2.7 3.8 5.0 18.1 5.7 10.2 1.7 43.3 0.3 15.1 2.1 3.2 3.1 12.3 3.0 2.7 2.0 13.8 0.4 3.9 4.7 4.8 2.3 179.2 4.1 5.8 6.0 18.9 8.3 9.7 2.8 54.1 0.4 0.3 ... ... ... 25.8 3.9 3.1 2.3 15.5 0.5 4.4 5.5 5.1 2.1 153.0 1.3 2.0 4.1 17.3 3.3 10.6 0.6 33.5 0.3 28.5 3.9 6.2 5.9 ... 2.1 2.3 1.8 12.3 0.3 3.4 4.0 4.6 70 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 15. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white3 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31,C37C41, C44C49,C51C52,C57C60,C62C63, C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15) Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorders of circulatory system . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . (J40J42) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Non-Hispanic black3 Male Female 0.0 0.0 0.0 * * * 25.6 5.9 1.4 25.4 1.0 0.9 0.1 0.2 8.9 32.2 333.1 257.4 1.4 10.3 0.9 174.5 58.0 1.6 114.9 23.2 91.6 70.4 0.4 0.3 26.0 43.7 8.5 54.2 3.8 9.3 5.5 3.7 1.5 23.1 0.4 22.7 0.1 0.1 0.0 55.6 0.3 27.0 6.0 1.1 26.3 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.2 10.4 19.1 322.3 260.3 0.8 9.0 0.8 187.5 64.0 1.6 121.9 25.9 95.9 62.1 0.5 0.3 20.7 40.5 6.5 42.6 2.9 10.0 6.6 3.4 1.3 21.2 0.3 20.9 0.1 0.1 0.0 53.0 0.2 24.3 5.8 1.7 24.5 1.3 1.2 0.1 0.2 7.4 44.8 343.6 254.7 1.9 11.4 1.1 161.9 52.2 1.5 108.1 20.6 87.5 78.4 0.4 0.3 31.0 46.7 10.3 65.5 4.6 8.6 4.5 4.0 1.7 25.0 0.4 24.6 0.1 0.1 0.1 58.0 0.4 17.5 3.2 2.4 33.6 0.9 0.9 * 0.3 1.8 11.7 255.2 189.3 0.7 17.9 2.2 116.5 38.7 1.4 76.4 24.4 51.9 52.0 0.6 0.3 14.6 36.5 12.8 44.7 1.9 6.5 3.3 3.2 1.9 13.9 0.1 13.8 0.1 0.1 * 20.3 0.2 18.1 3.1 2.1 31.7 0.9 0.8 * 0.4 2.1 6.5 259.6 198.8 0.5 19.5 2.2 124.5 40.6 1.6 82.3 29.5 52.7 52.1 0.7 0.3 12.9 38.2 11.7 40.8 1.7 6.5 3.7 2.8 1.8 13.6 0.1 13.5 0.1 0.1 * 22.7 0.2 16.9 3.3 2.6 35.3 1.0 0.9 * 0.3 1.5 16.4 251.3 180.6 0.8 16.5 2.1 109.2 37.0 1.2 71.0 19.8 51.2 51.9 0.5 0.3 16.2 34.9 13.9 48.3 2.0 6.5 2.9 3.6 1.9 14.1 * 14.0 * * * 18.1 0.2 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 71 Table 15. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white3 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) Asthma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J00J06,J30J39, J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . (V01X59, Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . (V01, V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11, V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2, V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9, V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 5.7 1.1 48.5 0.4 7.3 11.4 1.3 0.2 0.7 10.3 4.7 5.5 1.2 16.5 0.1 Male 5.7 0.7 46.4 0.8 7.8 11.6 1.2 0.2 0.6 13.4 6.9 6.5 1.1 16.7 0.1 Female 5.7 1.5 50.5 0.0 6.7 11.2 1.4 0.1 0.8 7.2 2.7 4.6 1.3 16.4 0.0 Both sexes 1.9 2.5 15.8 0.1 3.8 6.4 0.9 0.2 0.5 6.1 2.7 3.4 0.9 22.1 0.1 Non-Hispanic black3 Male 2.4 2.3 17.9 0.3 4.2 6.4 1.2 0.2 0.4 8.3 3.8 4.4 0.6 21.0 * Female 1.4 2.7 13.8 * 3.4 6.4 0.8 0.1 0.5 4.2 1.7 2.5 1.0 23.0 * 0.7 15.8 * 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.1 * 0.1 3.0 3.2 12.4 96.9 45.7 16.9 0.7 15.9 * 0.2 0.4 ... ... ... ... 3.5 3.4 10.5 78.2 58.6 23.8 0.7 15.7 * 0.4 ... 0.1 0.3 * 0.3 2.5 2.9 14.2 114.9 33.3 10.2 0.9 21.1 * 0.2 0.1 * 0.7 * 0.6 13.0 4.6 11.4 68.7 36.2 15.6 0.9 20.0 * 0.1 0.2 ... ... ... ... 15.0 5.1 12.0 61.5 52.5 23.6 0.9 22.1 * 0.2 ... * 1.3 * 1.2 11.1 4.2 10.8 75.2 21.5 8.2 15.7 22.0 9.7 14.7 22.2 7.9 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.1 72 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 15. Death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white3 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae . . . . .(W20W31, W35W64,W75W99,X10X39,X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . (A04.7)5 Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Non-Hispanic black3 Male Female 0.8 28.8 9.0 0.2 1.2 1.1 10.5 6.9 13.9 7.3 6.6 2.7 1.4 1.3 34.8 9.2 0.4 1.8 1.3 14.2 8.0 22.3 13.0 9.3 3.6 2.0 0.3 23.1 8.8 0.1 0.6 0.9 7.0 5.8 5.9 1.9 4.0 1.8 0.8 0.5 20.7 2.8 0.4 1.4 1.8 9.2 5.1 5.1 2.6 2.4 23.6 18.6 0.8 28.8 3.6 0.7 2.4 2.1 13.3 6.6 9.1 5.0 4.0 42.0 35.0 0.1 13.3 2.1 * 0.4 1.6 5.4 3.7 1.4 0.5 1.0 6.8 3.7 1.3 0.1 1.9 0.1 1.9 0.0 1.0 2.8 1.6 0.2 2.4 0.1 2.3 0.0 0.9 2.1 1.0 * 1.5 0.0 1.4 * 1.0 3.3 5.0 0.3 1.9 0.1 1.8 * 1.1 0.9 7.1 0.6 2.8 0.3 2.5 * 1.0 0.8 3.1 * 1.1 * 1.0 * 1.2 1.1 0.0 Quantity more than zero but less than 0.05. * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' . . . Category not applicable. 1 Figures for origin not stated are included in ``all origins'' but not distributed among specified origins. 2 Includes races other than white and black. 3 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 4 Cause-of-death title was changed in 2006 to reflect the addition of Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15). 5 Included in ``Certain other intestinal infections (A04,A07A09)'' shown above. Beginning with data year 2006, Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile (A04.7) is shown separately at the bottom of tables showing 113 selected causes and is included in the list of rankable causes; see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Complete confirmation of deaths from selected causes of death, considered to be of public health concern, were not provided by the following states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Washington, and West Virginia; see ``Technical Notes.'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 73 Table 16. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006 [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis. . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 776.5 0.0 * 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 * * 0.0 11.0 0.0 * * * 2.3 4.0 * Male 924.8 0.0 * 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 * * 0.0 12.1 0.0 * * * 3.1 5.9 * Female 657.8 * * 2.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 10.2 * * * * 1.5 2.2 * Both sexes 764.4 0.0 * 2.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 10.1 * * * * 2.1 2.1 * White1 Male 908.2 * * 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 * * 0.0 11.2 * * * * 2.9 3.4 * Female 648.2 * * 2.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 9.3 * * * * 1.4 0.7 * Both sexes 982.0 * * 1.4 0.5 0.4 0.1 * * 0.0 21.6 0.1 * * * 3.2 18.6 * Black1 Male 1,215.6 * * 1.4 0.9 0.7 0.2 * * * 24.2 * * * * 4.5 26.3 * Female 813.0 * * 1.4 0.3 0.2 * * * * 19.9 * * * * 2.1 12.2 * 1.9 180.7 2.5 4.4 3.7 17.2 5.3 10.8 1.2 51.5 2.7 13.2 1.3 2.4 4.8 9.2 4.0 4.3 4.2 17.9 0.4 6.7 7.1 3.6 0.0 2.3 220.1 3.8 7.8 5.0 20.5 7.7 12.3 2.2 67.0 4.0 0.3 ... ... ... 23.5 5.7 7.5 5.1 23.0 0.6 8.4 9.5 4.5 0.0 1.6 153.6 1.4 1.7 2.7 14.7 3.3 9.5 0.5 40.0 1.7 23.5 2.4 4.2 8.5 ... 2.6 2.2 3.4 14.1 0.3 5.4 5.4 2.9 0.0 1.8 179.9 2.4 4.5 3.2 16.7 4.9 10.6 1.2 52.1 3.1 12.8 1.1 2.2 5.0 8.5 4.1 4.5 4.5 18.2 0.4 7.0 7.4 3.4 0.0 2.2 217.9 3.6 7.9 4.4 19.9 7.0 12.3 2.0 66.8 4.6 0.3 ... ... ... 21.7 5.8 7.9 5.5 23.4 0.6 8.7 9.8 4.3 0.0 1.6 153.6 1.4 1.6 2.3 14.3 3.1 9.3 0.5 41.1 2.0 22.9 2.2 3.9 8.9 ... 2.7 2.2 3.6 14.3 0.4 5.6 5.6 2.7 0.0 2.6 217.4 3.2 4.8 6.8 24.3 7.0 13.6 2.1 56.8 0.4 18.7 2.5 4.4 4.1 18.2 3.9 3.8 2.3 18.0 0.4 4.9 6.1 6.5 * 3.1 284.9 5.7 8.3 9.8 30.6 11.1 14.8 4.1 83.7 0.6 0.5 ... ... ... 50.5 5.8 5.5 2.9 23.6 0.6 6.2 8.6 8.2 * 2.2 176.1 1.5 2.3 4.9 20.2 3.9 12.5 0.7 39.0 0.3 31.6 4.3 7.3 6.8 ... 2.5 2.8 1.9 14.3 0.3 3.9 4.6 5.5 * 74 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 16. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31, C37C41,C44C49,C51C52,C57C60, C62C63,C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)4 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorders of circulatory system . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) Asthma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Female 20.3 4.5 1.3 23.3 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.2 6.3 22.6 261.2 200.2 1.1 9.4 0.9 134.9 45.0 1.2 88.7 19.3 69.4 53.9 0.4 0.3 18.9 34.3 7.5 43.6 2.7 7.2 4.3 2.9 1.3 17.8 0.3 17.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 40.5 0.2 4.1 1.2 34.9 24.5 5.6 1.3 27.4 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.2 9.6 18.4 312.0 248.5 0.8 10.1 1.0 176.5 58.8 1.5 116.1 25.6 90.6 60.0 0.5 0.3 20.0 39.2 7.5 43.9 2.8 9.4 6.0 3.3 1.3 21.2 0.3 20.9 0.1 0.1 0.0 47.6 0.2 5.0 0.9 41.4 17.3 3.9 1.3 20.1 0.8 0.8 0.0 0.2 4.3 24.7 220.4 162.2 1.2 8.3 0.8 103.1 34.2 1.0 67.9 14.0 53.9 48.7 0.3 0.2 17.9 30.2 7.4 42.6 2.6 5.6 3.0 2.7 1.2 15.5 0.2 15.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 35.9 0.2 3.5 1.3 30.8 20.4 4.6 1.1 21.2 0.8 0.7 0.0 0.2 6.7 23.4 255.1 197.0 1.1 8.0 0.7 134.2 45.0 1.2 88.0 18.1 69.9 53.0 0.4 0.3 19.0 33.3 6.5 41.7 2.8 7.2 4.3 2.9 1.2 17.7 0.3 17.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 42.6 0.2 4.4 0.9 37.0 24.6 5.7 1.1 25.4 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.2 10.2 19.1 305.4 245.2 0.8 8.4 0.8 176.3 59.2 1.5 115.7 24.0 91.7 58.8 0.4 0.3 20.2 37.9 6.4 41.7 2.8 9.4 6.1 3.2 1.2 20.9 0.3 20.6 0.1 0.1 0.0 49.2 0.2 5.2 0.7 43.1 17.3 3.9 1.1 17.9 0.8 0.7 0.0 0.2 4.6 25.7 214.3 158.6 1.3 7.2 0.7 101.5 33.7 1.0 66.9 13.1 53.8 48.0 0.3 0.2 18.1 29.4 6.4 41.1 2.6 5.5 3.0 2.6 1.1 15.5 0.3 15.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 38.4 0.2 3.8 1.1 33.2 22.6 4.3 2.9 45.1 1.3 1.2 * 0.4 2.7 18.3 348.7 257.7 0.8 23.1 2.9 161.6 53.3 1.8 106.5 32.7 73.8 69.3 0.7 0.3 20.9 47.4 17.7 61.6 2.7 8.9 4.4 4.6 2.3 19.6 0.1 19.5 0.1 0.1 * 28.1 0.2 2.6 2.7 22.5 27.4 5.3 2.8 49.7 1.5 1.5 * 0.4 4.3 14.7 420.4 320.6 0.7 28.5 3.5 206.4 66.3 2.4 137.7 46.0 91.7 81.6 0.8 0.3 23.0 57.3 19.1 67.1 3.3 10.3 5.5 4.8 2.4 24.4 0.2 24.2 0.1 0.1 * 39.5 0.2 4.0 2.5 32.7 19.4 3.8 2.8 41.6 1.1 1.0 * 0.3 1.9 19.8 296.0 212.5 0.9 18.8 2.5 130.0 44.0 1.4 84.6 23.3 61.4 60.3 0.6 0.3 19.3 40.2 16.4 57.0 2.4 7.8 3.5 4.3 2.2 16.7 0.1 16.6 * * * 21.3 0.2 1.7 2.8 16.6 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 75 Table 16. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . . .(J00J06,J30J39,J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . (V01X59, Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . (V01, V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11, V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2, V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9, V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 0.3 5.3 8.9 1.1 0.1 0.5 8.8 4.1 4.6 1.0 14.5 0.0 Male 0.7 7.5 10.9 1.2 0.2 0.6 12.1 6.3 5.9 1.1 17.8 0.0 Female 0.0 4.0 7.6 0.9 0.1 0.5 5.8 2.2 3.6 0.9 12.4 0.0 Both sexes 0.3 5.4 9.1 1.0 0.1 0.6 9.1 4.3 4.8 1.0 13.0 0.0 White1 Male 0.8 7.6 11.0 1.2 0.2 0.6 12.5 6.5 6.0 1.1 16.3 0.0 Female 0.0 4.1 7.7 0.9 0.1 0.5 6.0 2.3 3.7 0.9 10.8 0.0 Both sexes 0.2 5.5 8.3 1.2 0.2 0.6 7.0 3.0 3.9 1.2 30.2 0.0 Black1 Male 0.5 8.0 9.9 1.7 0.3 0.7 10.2 4.7 5.6 1.1 35.0 * Female * 4.1 7.3 0.9 0.2 0.6 4.4 1.7 2.7 1.2 27.2 * 0.6 13.9 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 4.8 3.5 10.1 75.2 39.8 16.0 0.7 17.0 * 0.2 0.5 ... ... ... ... 5.3 3.7 10.5 75.0 55.2 23.0 0.5 11.8 * 0.2 ... 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.5 4.3 3.2 9.3 73.4 25.5 9.2 0.5 12.4 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 * 0.2 3.8 3.4 9.8 74.7 41.0 16.4 0.6 15.6 * 0.2 0.5 ... ... ... ... 4.2 3.7 10.1 74.3 56.4 23.5 0.4 10.4 * 0.2 ... 0.1 0.4 * 0.4 3.3 3.2 9.1 73.0 26.4 9.5 1.3 28.9 * 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.6 * 0.6 10.4 4.0 13.3 91.0 38.3 15.5 1.6 33.3 * 0.2 0.4 ... ... ... ... 11.2 4.4 15.4 96.1 57.5 24.2 1.1 26.0 * 0.2 ... 0.1 1.2 * 1.2 9.6 3.8 11.6 86.2 22.2 8.1 15.0 21.4 8.8 15.4 21.8 9.1 14.6 22.6 7.8 0.4 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.2 76 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 16. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae . . . . .(W20W31, W35W64,W75W99,X10X39,X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . (A04.7)5 See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 23.8 6.6 0.2 1.2 1.0 9.1 5.6 10.9 5.5 5.4 6.2 4.3 Male 32.1 8.6 0.4 1.9 1.3 12.4 7.6 18.0 10.2 7.8 9.7 7.2 Female 16.2 5.1 0.0 0.5 0.8 5.9 3.8 4.5 1.4 3.1 2.5 1.3 Both sexes 24.6 7.0 0.2 1.2 0.9 9.7 5.7 12.1 6.2 5.9 3.7 2.2 White1 Male 32.9 8.9 0.3 1.8 1.2 13.0 7.7 19.6 11.2 8.4 5.4 3.4 Female 16.9 5.5 0.0 0.6 0.7 6.3 3.9 5.1 1.6 3.5 1.9 0.9 Both sexes 22.8 3.7 0.3 1.3 2.1 9.4 5.9 5.1 2.6 2.4 21.6 16.7 Black1 Male 33.4 5.4 0.6 2.3 2.7 14.1 8.3 9.4 5.3 4.1 37.8 30.8 Female 14.1 2.5 * 0.4 1.6 5.5 4.1 1.4 0.5 0.9 6.4 3.5 1.9 0.2 1.7 0.1 1.6 0.0 0.8 2.0 2.6 0.3 2.2 0.1 2.1 0.0 0.8 2.0 1.3 * 1.2 0.0 1.2 * 0.8 2.0 1.5 0.1 1.7 0.1 1.7 0.0 0.8 2.1 1.9 0.2 2.1 0.1 2.0 0.0 0.8 2.1 1.0 * 1.3 0.0 1.3 * 0.7 2.1 4.9 0.3 1.9 0.1 1.8 * 1.4 1.3 7.0 0.6 2.9 0.2 2.7 * 1.4 1.3 3.0 * 1.0 * 1.0 * 1.4 1.3 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 77 Table 16. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis. . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 642.1 * * 1.6 * * * * * * 9.7 * * * * 3.8 2.4 * Male 739.9 * * * * * * * * * 10.6 * * * * 4.8 3.3 * Female 555.7 * * * * * * * * * 9.2 * * * * 2.7 1.5 * Both sexes 428.6 * * 0.7 0.8 0.7 * * * * 5.4 * * * * 2.4 0.6 * Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male 516.0 * * 1.0 1.4 1.3 * * * * 5.8 * * * * 2.7 1.1 * Female 362.6 * * 0.5 0.4 * * * * * 5.0 * * * * 2.1 * * 1.9 119.4 2.1 3.0 4.1 11.2 6.4 7.1 * 31.2 1.1 7.0 1.0 1.5 3.2 6.0 3.9 2.1 1.7 9.4 * 3.6 3.1 2.4 2.3 135.5 3.0 4.3 6.8 13.3 8.7 6.0 * 37.6 * * ... ... ... 14.4 5.8 3.5 2.1 11.0 * 4.0 4.0 2.7 * 108.3 * 1.9 2.2 9.4 4.3 8.0 * 26.3 * 12.8 1.9 2.6 5.7 ... 2.4 * * 8.1 * 3.4 2.3 2.2 1.2 106.5 2.0 2.0 6.9 10.9 9.6 7.2 0.4 25.2 0.4 6.7 1.2 1.3 2.8 3.9 1.8 1.5 1.9 9.5 0.2 3.9 3.7 1.7 1.7 126.7 3.1 3.4 8.5 12.3 13.9 7.8 0.9 35.3 * * ... ... ... 9.6 2.4 2.2 2.2 12.1 * 4.9 4.8 2.0 0.9 92.2 1.2 0.9 5.8 9.8 6.0 6.8 * 17.7 0.4 12.1 2.2 2.4 4.9 ... 1.3 0.9 1.6 7.5 * 3.0 2.9 1.5 78 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 16. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31, C37C41,C44C49,C51C52,C57C60, C62C63,C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)4 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorders of circulatory system . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) Asthma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male Female * * * * * * 16.9 3.4 * 39.6 * * * * 3.6 11.0 180.4 139.4 0.9 6.1 * 97.4 34.1 2.6 60.8 15.4 45.4 34.2 * * 12.3 21.2 5.8 29.4 1.6 4.3 2.1 2.2 0.9 14.2 * 14.1 * * * 27.4 * 1.7 0.8 15.9 4.0 * 38.0 * * * * 5.1 10.6 207.1 170.2 * 7.7 * 122.4 41.2 3.5 77.8 22.0 55.8 38.6 * * 13.3 24.6 6.3 25.8 * 4.2 2.6 * * 18.1 * 18.0 * * * 29.0 * * * 17.8 3.1 * 40.7 * * * * 2.5 11.4 155.7 113.2 * 4.6 * 76.4 28.0 1.9 46.5 10.0 36.5 30.1 * * 11.5 17.8 5.2 30.9 2.1 4.3 * 2.6 * 11.7 * 11.6 * * * 26.4 * * * 11.5 2.7 0.7 15.8 0.5 0.4 * * 3.4 8.4 157.0 108.5 0.8 6.0 1.0 77.1 25.2 0.6 51.4 11.4 40.0 23.7 0.2 0.2 6.4 17.0 6.1 37.0 1.1 4.4 3.2 1.1 0.4 14.7 * 14.6 * * * 14.4 * 1.3 1.3 12.5 3.2 0.8 18.0 * * * * 5.0 7.4 189.4 136.3 0.6 6.3 1.0 101.3 32.6 0.7 68.0 15.8 52.2 27.1 * * 6.6 20.1 6.1 39.8 1.3 5.9 4.7 1.2 0.6 19.4 * 19.2 * * * 22.3 * 2.3 1.3 10.8 2.3 0.7 14.1 0.5 0.4 * * 2.4 9.1 132.3 87.3 0.9 5.5 0.9 58.9 19.6 0.5 38.8 7.9 30.9 21.0 * * 6.2 14.5 6.1 34.9 0.9 3.2 2.2 1.1 0.3 11.6 * 11.5 * * * 9.1 * 0.6 1.3 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 79 Table 16. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . . .(J00J06,J30J39,J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . (V01X59, Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . (V01, V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11, V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2, V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9, V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) See foot*notes at end of table. Both sexes 24.7 * 3.8 11.5 * * * 22.1 15.0 7.0 1.2 14.1 * Male 26.5 * 5.5 13.2 * * * 24.8 18.0 6.8 * 15.2 * Female 23.6 * 2.8 10.5 * * * 19.4 12.4 7.0 * 13.5 * Both sexes 11.7 * 2.7 5.2 0.9 * * 3.5 1.2 2.3 0.9 8.9 * Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male 18.6 * 3.8 6.3 1.1 * * 4.8 2.2 2.6 1.1 10.7 * Female 7.1 * 2.0 4.3 0.7 * * 2.3 0.4 2.0 0.8 7.6 * * 13.4 * * * * * * * 4.2 3.6 8.5 68.7 56.7 28.7 * 14.4 * * * ... ... ... ... 5.5 4.0 9.3 69.1 79.2 39.7 * 12.8 * * ... * * * * 2.9 3.3 7.5 67.7 34.9 18.0 0.6 8.2 * * * * 0.3 * 0.3 3.0 2.2 4.1 34.0 16.9 7.9 0.8 9.8 * * * ... ... ... ... 3.3 2.3 4.6 34.3 22.1 10.1 0.5 7.1 * * ... * 0.5 * 0.5 2.7 2.0 3.7 33.4 12.5 5.8 26.7 36.8 16.9 7.5 9.5 5.6 1.3 0.7 1.9 * * * 0.3 0.2 0.3 * * * 80 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 16. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by race and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms. . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae . . . . .(W20W31, W35W64,W75W99,X10X39,X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . (A04.7)5 Both sexes 28.0 5.7 * 1.5 1.0 10.4 8.9 11.6 4.6 7.0 7.5 3.3 Male 39.5 8.3 * 2.4 1.5 14.0 12.9 18.3 8.0 10.3 11.9 5.7 Female 16.8 3.7 * * * 6.9 4.9 5.1 1.4 3.7 2.9 * Both sexes 9.1 4.4 * 1.1 0.3 1.4 1.9 5.6 1.2 4.4 2.8 1.8 Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Male 12.0 5.7 * 1.6 * 1.9 2.4 7.9 2.1 5.8 4.4 3.0 Female 6.6 3.4 * 0.6 * 0.9 1.5 3.4 0.3 3.1 1.4 0.6 4.1 * 3.0 * 3.0 * * 1.5 6.2 * 4.0 * 3.9 * * * 2.0 * 2.1 * 2.1 * * * 1.0 * 0.8 * 0.7 * 0.3 0.6 1.3 * 1.1 * 1.1 * * 0.9 0.7 * 0.5 * 0.5 * 0.4 0.4 0.0 Quantity more than zero but less than 0.05. * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' . . . Category not applicable. 1 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Includes Aleuts and Eskimos. 3 Includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and Other Asian or Pacific Islander. 4 Cause-of-death title was changed in 2006 to reflect the addition of Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15). 5 Included in ``Certain other intestinal infections (A04,A07A09)'' shown above. Beginning with data year 2006, Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile (A04.7) is shown separately at the bottom of tables showing 113 selected causes and is included in the list of rankable causes; see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Complete confirmation of deaths from selected causes of death, considered to be of public health concern, were not provided by the following states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Washington, and West Virginia; see ``Technical Notes.'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 81 Table 17. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006 [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins1 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis. . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 776.5 0.0 * 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 * * 0.0 11.0 0.0 * * * 2.3 4.0 * Male 924.8 0.0 * 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 * * 0.0 12.1 0.0 * * * 3.1 5.9 * Female 657.8 * * 2.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 10.2 * * * * 1.5 2.2 * Both sexes 564.0 * * 1.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 * * * 8.3 * * * * 4.0 4.5 * Hispanic Male 675.6 * * 1.4 0.6 0.4 * * * * 9.7 * * * * 5.1 7.0 * Female 468.6 * * 1.5 0.3 0.2 * * * * 7.3 * * * * 2.8 1.9 * Non-Hispanic2 Both sexes 791.4 0.0 * 2.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 11.2 0.0 * * * 2.1 3.9 * Male 942.6 0.0 * 2.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 * * 0.0 12.3 * * * * 2.9 5.7 * Female 671.1 * * 2.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 10.4 * * * * 1.4 2.3 * 1.9 180.7 2.5 4.4 3.7 17.2 5.3 10.8 1.2 51.5 2.7 13.2 1.3 2.4 4.8 9.2 4.0 4.3 4.2 17.9 0.4 6.7 7.1 3.6 0.0 2.3 220.1 3.8 7.8 5.0 20.5 7.7 12.3 2.2 67.0 4.0 0.3 ... ... ... 23.5 5.7 7.5 5.1 23.0 0.6 8.4 9.5 4.5 0.0 1.6 153.6 1.4 1.7 2.7 14.7 3.3 9.5 0.5 40.0 1.7 23.5 2.4 4.2 8.5 ... 2.6 2.2 3.4 14.1 0.3 5.4 5.4 2.9 0.0 1.5 118.0 1.5 2.3 5.5 12.6 7.9 8.0 0.8 20.7 0.8 8.2 1.6 1.7 3.4 7.3 3.2 2.2 2.6 12.9 0.4 5.0 4.7 2.9 * 1.9 143.4 2.4 4.0 6.9 15.1 11.2 8.9 1.8 30.3 1.0 * ... ... ... 18.1 4.7 3.5 2.9 15.6 0.4 6.1 5.7 3.3 * 1.2 100.4 0.7 0.9 4.5 10.7 5.1 7.3 * 13.6 0.7 15.0 3.1 3.1 6.0 ... 2.1 1.3 2.2 10.9 0.3 4.2 3.9 2.5 * 1.9 185.3 2.5 4.6 3.5 17.5 5.1 11.0 1.3 53.9 2.9 13.5 1.3 2.4 4.9 9.3 4.1 4.5 4.3 18.2 0.5 6.8 7.3 3.7 0.0 2.3 225.6 3.9 8.1 4.9 20.9 7.4 12.6 2.2 69.8 4.3 0.3 ... ... ... 23.8 5.8 7.8 5.3 23.5 0.6 8.5 9.8 4.6 0.0 1.7 157.6 1.4 1.7 2.5 15.0 3.1 9.6 0.5 42.1 1.8 24.1 2.4 4.3 8.7 ... 2.7 2.2 3.5 14.3 0.3 5.5 5.5 3.0 0.0 82 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 17. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins1 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31, C37C41,C44C49,C51C52,C57C60, C62C63,C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)4 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorders of circulatory system . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) Asthma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Hispanic Male Female Non-Hispanic2 Both sexes Male Female 20.3 4.5 1.3 23.3 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.2 6.3 22.6 261.2 200.2 1.1 9.4 0.9 134.9 45.0 1.2 88.7 19.3 69.4 53.9 0.4 0.3 18.9 34.3 7.5 43.6 2.7 7.2 4.3 2.9 1.3 17.8 0.3 17.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 40.5 0.2 4.1 1.2 24.5 5.6 1.3 27.4 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.2 9.6 18.4 312.0 248.5 0.8 10.1 1.0 176.5 58.8 1.5 116.1 25.6 90.6 60.0 0.5 0.3 20.0 39.2 7.5 43.9 2.8 9.4 6.0 3.3 1.3 21.2 0.3 20.9 0.1 0.1 0.0 47.6 0.2 5.0 0.9 17.3 3.9 1.3 20.1 0.8 0.8 0.0 0.2 4.3 24.7 220.4 162.2 1.2 8.3 0.8 103.1 34.2 1.0 67.9 14.0 53.9 48.7 0.3 0.2 17.9 30.2 7.4 42.6 2.6 5.6 3.0 2.7 1.2 15.5 0.2 15.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 35.9 0.2 3.5 1.3 14.6 3.2 0.9 29.9 0.6 0.6 * 0.2 4.0 14.0 190.3 144.1 0.8 7.4 0.7 106.4 35.0 0.5 70.8 16.0 54.8 28.8 0.3 0.2 10.0 18.3 6.2 34.2 1.5 4.2 2.2 2.0 0.8 15.0 0.1 14.9 * * * 17.3 0.2 1.5 1.0 16.7 3.7 0.8 33.7 0.6 0.5 * 0.2 6.1 12.2 224.6 175.2 0.6 8.1 0.8 132.8 43.4 0.5 88.9 21.9 67.0 32.8 0.4 0.2 10.6 21.6 6.3 35.9 1.6 5.6 3.3 2.3 0.9 17.4 0.1 17.3 * * * 21.9 * 2.1 0.7 13.1 2.8 1.0 26.8 0.7 0.7 * 0.2 2.6 14.9 162.0 118.9 0.9 6.6 0.6 85.4 28.4 0.5 56.4 11.0 45.5 25.4 0.3 0.1 9.4 15.6 6.1 32.3 1.5 3.1 1.3 1.8 0.8 13.3 * 13.2 * * * 14.3 0.2 1.0 1.2 20.8 4.6 1.3 22.9 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.2 6.5 23.0 265.7 203.9 1.1 9.5 0.9 136.8 45.8 1.3 89.8 19.5 70.3 55.5 0.4 0.3 19.4 35.4 7.6 44.0 2.8 7.4 4.4 3.0 1.3 17.9 0.3 17.7 0.1 0.1 0.0 42.0 0.2 4.3 1.2 25.0 5.7 1.3 27.0 0.8 0.7 0.0 0.2 9.8 18.8 317.9 253.6 0.8 10.3 1.0 179.5 60.0 1.6 117.9 25.8 92.1 62.0 0.5 0.3 20.6 40.5 7.5 44.3 2.9 9.6 6.3 3.4 1.3 21.4 0.3 21.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 49.3 0.2 5.2 1.0 17.6 3.9 1.3 19.7 0.8 0.8 0.0 0.2 4.4 25.2 224.0 164.9 1.2 8.4 0.8 104.2 34.6 1.1 68.5 14.1 54.4 50.2 0.3 0.2 18.4 31.2 7.4 43.2 2.6 5.8 3.1 2.7 1.2 15.6 0.3 15.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 37.4 0.2 3.7 1.4 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 83 Table 17. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins1 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . . .(J00J06,J30J39,J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(V01X59,Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . (V01, V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11, V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2, V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9, V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 34.9 0.3 5.3 8.9 1.1 0.1 0.5 8.8 4.1 4.6 1.0 14.5 0.0 Male 41.4 0.7 7.5 10.9 1.2 0.2 0.6 12.1 6.3 5.9 1.1 17.8 0.0 Female 30.8 0.0 4.0 7.6 0.9 0.1 0.5 5.8 2.2 3.6 0.9 12.4 0.0 Both sexes 14.7 * 3.0 7.3 0.9 0.1 0.4 13.3 6.5 6.8 1.0 12.6 * Hispanic Male 18.9 * 3.6 8.3 1.1 0.2 0.5 18.9 11.2 7.7 0.9 14.6 * Female 11.9 * 2.5 6.6 0.7 * 0.4 8.1 2.2 5.9 1.0 11.1 * Non-Hispanic2 Both sexes 36.3 0.3 5.5 9.1 1.1 0.1 0.6 8.4 3.9 4.5 1.0 14.6 0.0 Male 42.9 0.8 7.7 11.0 1.2 0.2 0.6 11.4 5.7 5.7 1.1 18.0 0.0 Female 32.1 0.0 4.1 7.7 0.9 0.1 0.5 5.6 2.2 3.4 0.9 12.4 0.0 0.6 13.9 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 4.8 3.5 10.1 75.2 39.8 16.0 0.7 17.0 * 0.2 0.5 ... ... ... ... 5.3 3.7 10.5 75.0 55.2 23.0 0.5 11.8 * 0.2 ... 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.5 4.3 3.2 9.3 73.4 25.5 9.2 0.5 12.0 * 0.2 0.1 * 0.3 * 0.3 4.0 3.2 5.5 51.7 31.5 15.3 0.6 13.9 * * 0.4 ... ... ... ... 4.4 3.5 6.1 53.4 45.8 22.3 0.4 10.6 * 0.2 ... * 0.6 * 0.6 3.6 3.0 4.7 49.0 16.8 7.9 0.6 13.9 * 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 5.0 3.5 10.4 76.7 40.7 16.0 0.7 17.2 * 0.1 0.5 ... ... ... ... 5.5 3.7 10.9 76.5 56.2 23.0 0.5 11.9 * 0.2 ... 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.5 4.5 3.2 9.7 75.0 26.4 9.4 15.0 21.4 8.8 14.6 21.2 7.7 14.9 21.3 9.0 0.4 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.2 0.3 84 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 17. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All origins1 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae . . . . .(W20W31, W35W64,W75W99,X10X39,X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . (A04.7)5 See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 23.8 6.6 0.2 1.2 1.0 9.1 5.6 10.9 5.5 5.4 6.2 4.3 Male 32.1 8.6 0.4 1.9 1.3 12.4 7.6 18.0 10.2 7.8 9.7 7.2 Female 16.2 5.1 0.0 0.5 0.8 5.9 3.8 4.5 1.4 3.1 2.5 1.3 Both sexes 16.2 5.1 0.1 1.0 0.6 5.7 3.7 5.3 2.0 3.3 7.3 4.9 Hispanic Male 23.4 6.9 0.2 1.7 0.8 8.5 5.3 8.8 3.8 5.0 11.7 8.3 Female 8.9 3.4 * 0.4 0.4 2.7 2.1 1.8 0.3 1.5 2.3 1.1 Non-Hispanic2 Both sexes 24.7 6.7 0.2 1.2 1.1 9.7 5.8 11.7 6.0 5.7 6.0 4.1 Male 33.2 8.6 0.4 1.9 1.3 13.2 7.8 19.3 11.0 8.3 9.3 6.9 Female 17.0 5.3 0.1 0.5 0.9 6.3 4.0 4.9 1.5 3.3 2.6 1.3 1.9 0.2 1.7 0.1 1.6 0.0 0.8 2.0 2.6 0.3 2.2 0.1 2.1 0.0 0.8 2.0 1.3 * 1.2 0.0 1.2 * 0.8 2.0 2.3 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.8 * 0.5 1.4 3.4 0.4 1.1 0.1 1.0 * 0.5 1.3 1.2 * 0.5 * 0.5 * 0.5 1.4 1.9 0.1 1.9 0.1 1.8 0.0 0.9 2.0 2.4 0.3 2.4 0.1 2.3 0.0 0.9 2.0 1.3 * 1.4 0.0 1.3 * 0.8 2.0 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 85 Table 17. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white3 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salmonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A01A02) Shigellosis and amebiasis . . . . . . . . . . .(A03,A06) Certain other intestinal infections . . . .(A04,A07A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Respiratory tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16) Other tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A17A19) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Scarlet fever and erysipelas . . . . . . . . .(A38,A46) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50A53) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis. . (A83A84,A85.2) Measles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B15B19) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . (A00,A05, A20A36,A42A44,A48A49,A54A79,A81A82, A85.0A85.1,A85.8,A86B04,B06B09, B25B49,B55B99) Malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C14) Malignant neoplasm of esophagus. . . . . . . (C15) Malignant neoplasm of stomach . . . . . . . . (C16) Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C18C21) Malignant neoplasms of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C22) Malignant neoplasm of pancreas. . . . . . . . (C25) Malignant neoplasm of larynx. . . . . . . . . . (C32) Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung . . . . . . . . . . . . (C33C34) Malignant melanoma of skin . . . . . . . . . . (C43) Malignant neoplasm of breast . . . . . . . . . (C50) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri. . . . . . . (C53) Malignant neoplasms of corpus uteri and uterus, part unspecified . . . . . . . . . (C54C55) Malignant neoplasm of ovary . . . . . . . . . . (C56) Malignant neoplasm of prostate . . . . . . . . (C61) Malignant neoplasms of kidney and renal pelvis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C64C65) Malignant neoplasm of bladder. . . . . . . . . (C67) Malignant neoplasms of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C70C72) Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . (C81C96) Hodgkin's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. . . . . . . . (C82C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C88,C90) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C96) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 777.0 0.0 * 2.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 10.2 * * * * 1.9 1.7 * Male 922.8 * * 2.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 * * 0.0 11.2 * * * * 2.7 2.8 * Female 660.0 * * 2.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 * * 0.0 9.4 * * * * 1.2 0.6 * Both sexes 1,001.4 * * 1.4 0.5 0.4 0.1 * * 0.0 22.0 0.1 * * * 3.2 19.1 * Non-Hispanic black3 Male 1,241.0 * * 1.4 0.9 0.7 0.2 * * * 24.7 * * * * 4.6 27.1 * Female 828.4 * * 1.4 0.3 0.2 * * * * 20.3 * * * * 2.2 12.5 * 1.8 184.6 2.5 4.6 3.0 17.0 4.6 10.8 1.2 54.7 3.3 13.1 1.1 2.2 5.1 8.5 4.1 4.7 4.7 18.5 0.5 7.1 7.5 3.4 0.0 2.2 223.4 3.7 8.3 4.2 20.2 6.6 12.6 2.1 69.7 4.9 0.3 ... ... ... 21.9 5.9 8.2 5.8 23.9 0.6 8.8 10.1 4.3 0.0 1.6 157.6 1.4 1.7 2.0 14.5 2.9 9.4 0.5 43.5 2.1 23.5 2.1 4.0 9.2 ... 2.7 2.3 3.8 14.5 0.4 5.7 5.7 2.7 0.0 2.7 221.7 3.3 4.9 6.9 24.7 7.1 13.8 2.2 57.9 0.4 19.0 2.5 4.4 4.1 18.5 3.9 3.8 2.4 18.4 0.4 5.0 6.3 6.6 * 3.2 290.8 5.8 8.5 10.0 31.2 11.3 15.1 4.3 85.4 0.6 0.5 ... ... ... 51.3 6.0 5.6 3.0 24.1 0.6 6.4 8.8 8.3 * 2.3 179.5 1.5 2.4 5.0 20.6 3.9 12.7 0.7 39.8 0.3 32.2 4.4 7.4 6.9 ... 2.5 2.8 2.0 14.5 0.3 4.0 4.7 5.5 * 86 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 17. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white3 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . . .(C17,C23C24,C26C31, C37C41,C44C49,C51C52,C57C60, C62C63,C66,C68C69,C73C80,C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Diabetes mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E10E14) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E46) Other nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . (E50E64) Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Parkinson's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G20G21) Alzheimer's disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G30) Major cardiovascular diseases. . . . . . . . . (I00I78) Diseases of heart. . . . . . (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I00I09) Hypertensive heart disease . . . . . . . . . . (I11) Hypertensive heart and renal disease . . . . (I13) Ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . (I20I25) Acute myocardial infarction . . . . . . (I21I22) Other acute ischemic heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I24) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I20,I25) Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I25.0) All other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease. . . . . . . . . . . . (I20,I25.1I25.9) Other heart diseases . . . . . . . . . . . (I26I51) Acute and subacute endocarditis . . . . (I33) Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis. . . . . . . . . . . . (I30I31,I40) Heart failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I50) All other forms of heart disease . . (I26I28, I34I38,I42I49,I51) Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I10,I12,I15)4 Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) Atherosclerosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I70) Other diseases of circulatory system . . . (I71I78) Aortic aneurysm and dissection . . . . . . . . (I71) Other diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I72I78) Other disorders of circulatory system . . . . (I80I99) Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J18) Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J10J11) Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J12J18) Other acute lower respiratory infections . . . (J20J22) Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis . . . . . (J20J21) Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J22) Chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . (J40J47) Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . (J40J42) Emphysema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J43) Asthma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J45J46) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Non-Hispanic black3 Male Female 20.8 4.7 1.1 20.4 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.2 6.9 24.0 258.9 200.3 1.1 8.0 0.7 136.0 45.7 1.2 89.0 18.2 70.8 54.6 0.4 0.3 19.5 34.4 6.5 41.9 2.8 7.3 4.4 2.9 1.2 17.8 0.3 17.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 44.4 0.2 4.6 0.9 25.2 5.8 1.1 24.7 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.2 10.5 19.5 310.6 250.0 0.8 8.4 0.8 179.3 60.4 1.5 117.4 24.1 93.3 60.6 0.4 0.3 20.7 39.1 6.3 41.7 2.9 9.6 6.3 3.3 1.3 21.1 0.3 20.8 0.1 0.1 0.0 51.2 0.2 5.4 0.7 17.5 3.9 1.1 17.0 0.8 0.7 0.0 0.2 4.7 26.3 217.2 160.9 1.3 7.2 0.6 102.4 34.0 1.0 67.4 13.2 54.1 49.5 0.3 0.2 18.6 30.4 6.4 41.5 2.7 5.6 3.0 2.6 1.2 15.6 0.3 15.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 40.2 0.2 4.0 1.1 23.1 4.5 2.9 45.9 1.3 1.2 * 0.4 2.8 18.6 354.9 262.3 0.8 23.5 3.0 164.1 54.2 1.9 108.1 33.2 74.8 70.8 0.7 0.3 21.3 48.4 18.0 62.8 2.8 9.1 4.4 4.6 2.4 19.9 0.1 19.7 0.1 0.1 * 28.6 0.2 2.6 2.8 28.0 5.4 2.8 50.6 1.6 1.5 * 0.4 4.4 14.9 428.3 326.5 0.7 29.1 3.6 209.8 67.6 2.5 139.7 46.6 93.1 83.4 0.9 0.3 23.6 58.6 19.5 68.4 3.4 10.5 5.6 4.9 2.5 24.7 0.2 24.6 0.1 0.1 * 40.3 0.3 4.1 2.6 19.9 3.9 2.9 42.4 1.1 1.1 * 0.3 1.9 20.2 301.2 216.1 1.0 19.2 2.5 132.0 44.7 1.5 85.9 23.7 62.2 61.5 0.6 0.3 19.6 41.0 16.7 58.0 2.4 7.9 3.5 4.4 2.2 16.9 * 16.8 * * * 21.7 0.2 1.7 2.9 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 87 Table 17. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white3 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Other chronic lower respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J44,J47) Pneumoconioses and chemical effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J60J66,J68) Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . .(J69) Other diseases of respiratory system. . . . . . . . .(J00J06,J30J39,J67,J70J98) Peptic ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K25K28) Diseases of appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . (K35K38) Hernia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K40K46) Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . .(K70,K73K74) Alcoholic liver disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K70) Other chronic liver disease and cirrhosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K73K74) Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K80K82) Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis . . . . . . . (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Acute and rapidly progressive nephritic and nephrotic syndrome . . . . . . . . . (N00N01,N04) Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified . . . . . . . . (N02N03,N05N07,N26) Renal failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19) Other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . (N25,N27) Infections of kidney . . . . . . (N10N12,N13.6,N15.1) Hyperplasia of prostate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N40) Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N70N76) Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome . . . . (O00O07) Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10O99) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . . . . (Q00Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . (V01X59, Y85Y86) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . .(V01V99,Y85) Motor vehicle accidents. . . . . . . . . (V02V04, V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other land transport accidents. . . . . . . . (V01, V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9,V10V11, V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2, V80.6V80.9,V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9, V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9) Water, air and space, and other and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae . . . . . . . .(V90V99,Y85) Nontransport accidents . . . . . . . (W00X59,Y86) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) See footnotes at end of table. Both sexes 38.6 0.3 5.5 9.2 1.0 0.1 0.6 8.6 4.0 4.6 1.0 12.9 0.0 Male 44.8 0.8 7.8 11.2 1.2 0.2 0.6 11.7 5.9 5.8 1.1 16.3 0.0 Female 34.8 0.0 4.1 7.7 1.0 0.1 0.5 5.8 2.3 3.5 0.9 10.7 0.0 Both sexes 23.0 0.2 5.6 8.4 1.3 0.2 0.6 7.1 3.0 4.0 1.2 30.9 0.0 Non-Hispanic black3 Male 33.4 0.5 8.2 10.1 1.7 0.3 0.7 10.4 4.7 5.7 1.1 35.8 * Female 16.9 * 4.1 7.4 0.9 0.1 0.6 4.5 1.8 2.8 1.2 27.7 * 0.5 12.4 * 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 * 0.2 3.6 3.4 10.2 76.1 42.1 16.4 0.6 15.6 * 0.2 0.5 ... ... ... ... 4.0 3.6 10.5 75.6 57.5 23.4 0.4 10.3 * 0.3 ... 0.1 0.3 * 0.3 3.2 3.1 9.5 74.5 27.7 9.8 1.3 29.5 * 0.2 0.2 * 0.7 * 0.6 10.7 4.2 13.7 92.8 39.2 15.9 1.7 34.1 * 0.2 0.4 ... ... ... ... 11.5 4.5 15.7 98.1 59.0 24.8 1.1 26.6 * 0.2 ... * 1.3 * 1.2 9.8 3.9 11.8 87.9 22.7 8.3 15.3 21.6 9.3 15.0 23.3 8.0 0.4 0.7 25.7 7.0 0.6 1.2 34.2 9.0 0.2 0.3 17.9 5.6 0.4 0.5 23.3 3.7 0.7 0.9 34.2 5.5 0.1 0.2 14.4 2.5 88 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 17. Age-adjusted death rates for 113 selected causes and Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006--Con. [Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Non-Hispanic white3 Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Accidental discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified nontransport accidents and their sequelae . . . . .(W20W31, W35W64,W75W99,X10X39,X50X59,Y86) Intentional self-harm (suicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Intentional self-harm (suicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . (*U03,X60X71,X75X84,Y87.0) Assault (homicide). . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means and their sequelae . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3,*U01.5*U01.9, *U02,X85X92,X96Y09,Y87.1) Legal intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y35,Y89.0) Events of undetermined intent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Other and unspecified events of undetermined intent and their sequelae . . . . . (Y10Y21,Y25Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) Operations of war and their sequelae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y36,Y89.1) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y40Y84,Y88) Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile . . . . (A04.7)5 Both sexes 0.2 1.2 0.9 10.5 5.8 13.2 6.8 6.4 2.7 1.4 Male 0.4 1.8 1.2 14.1 7.9 21.4 12.3 9.1 3.6 2.1 Female 0.0 0.6 0.8 6.9 4.0 5.6 1.8 3.8 1.8 0.8 Both sexes 0.3 1.3 2.1 9.7 6.1 5.2 2.7 2.5 22.4 17.4 Non-Hispanic black3 Male 0.6 2.3 2.7 14.5 8.5 9.6 5.4 4.1 39.2 32.0 Female * 0.4 1.7 5.6 4.1 1.4 0.5 1.0 6.7 3.6 1.3 0.1 1.9 0.1 1.8 0.0 0.8 2.1 1.6 0.2 2.4 0.1 2.2 0.0 0.8 2.1 0.9 * 1.5 0.0 1.4 * 0.8 2.1 5.0 0.3 2.0 0.1 1.8 * 1.5 1.3 7.2 0.6 3.0 0.2 2.8 * 1.5 1.3 3.1 * 1.1 * 1.1 * 1.5 1.3 0.0 Quantity more than zero but less than 0.05. * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' . . . Category not applicable. 1 Figures for origin not stated are included in ``all origins'' but not distributed among specified origins. 2 Includes races other than white and black. 3 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 4 Cause-of-death title was changed in 2006 to reflect the addition of Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15). 5 Included in ``Certain other intestinal infections (A04,A07A09)'' shown above. Beginning with data year 2006, Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile (A04.7) is shown separately at the bottom of tables showing 113 selected causes and is included in the list of rankable causes; see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Complete confirmation of deaths from selected causes of death, considered to be of public health concern, were not provided by the following states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Washington, and West Virginia; see ``Technical Notes.'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 89 Table 18. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for injury deaths, by mechanism and intent of death: United States, 2006 [Totals for selected causes of death differ from those shown in other tables that utilize standard mortality tabulation lists; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006. Rates are per 100,000 population; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Figure(s) in brackets [ ] applies to the code or range of codes preceding it. For explanation of asterisks preceding cause-of-death codes, see ``Technical Notes''] Mechanism and intent of death (based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Second Edition, 2004) All injury . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unintentional . . . . . . Suicide . . . . . . . . . . Homicide . . . . . . . . Undetermined . . . . . . Legal intervention/war . Cut/pierce . . . . . . . . . . . Unintentional . . . . . . Suicide . . . . . . . . . . Homicide . . . . . . . . Undetermined . . . . . . Legal intervention/war . Drowning. . . . . . . . . . . . Unintentional . . . . . . Suicide . . . . . . . . . . Homicide . . . . . . . . Undetermined . . . . . . Fall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unintentional. . . . . . . Suicide . . . . . . . . . Homicide . . . . . . . . . Undetermined . . . . . . Fire/hot object or substance . (*U01*U03,V01Y36,Y85Y87,Y89) . . . . . . . . . . .(V01X59,Y85Y86) . . . . . . . . . (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) . . . . . .(*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y34,Y87.2,Y89.9) . . . . . . . . . . (Y35Y36,Y89[.0,.1]) .(W25W29,W45,X78,X99,Y28,Y35.4) . . . . . . . . . . . . (W25W29,W45) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X78) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X99) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y28) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y35.4) . . . . . . . (W65W74,X71,X92,Y21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W65W74) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X71) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X92) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y21) . . . . . . . (W00W19,X80,Y01,Y30) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W00W19) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X80) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y01) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y30) (*U01.3,X00X19,X76X77,X97X98, Y26Y27,Y36.3)2 Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X19) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X76X77) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.3,X97X98) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y26Y27) Legal intervention/war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y36.3) Fire/flame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09,X76,X97,Y26) Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X76) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X97) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y26) Hot object/substance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X10X19,X77,X98,Y27) Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X10X19) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X77) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X98) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y27) Firearm. . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,W32W34,X72X74,X93X95,Y22Y24,Y35.0) Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W32W34) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X72X74) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y22Y24) Legal intervention/war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y35.0) Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W24,W30W31)3 All transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.1,V01V99,X82,Y03,Y32,Y36.1) Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (V01V99) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X82) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.1,Y03) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y32) Legal intervention/war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y36.1) Motor vehicle traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (V02V04[.1,.9],V09.2,V12V14[.3.9], V19[.4.6],V20V28[.3.9],V29V79[.4.9],V80[.3.5],V81.1,V82.1, V83V86[.0.3],V87[.0.8],V89.2)3 Occupant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(V30V79[.4.9],V83V86[.0.3])3 Motorcyclist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (V20V28[.3.9],V29[.4.9])3 Pedal cyclist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (V12V14[.3.9],V19[.4.6])3 Pedestrian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(V02V04[.1,.9],V09.2)3 Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(V80[.3.5],V81.1,V82.1)3 Unspecified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (V87[.0.8],V89.2)3 Pedal cyclist, other . . . . . . (V10V11,V12V14[.0.2],V15V18,V19[.0.3,.8,.9])3 Pedestrian, other . . . . . . . . . . . . . (V01,V02V04[.0],V05,V06,V09[.0,.1,.3,.9])3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 179,065 121,599 33,300 18,573 5,131 462 2,831 128 598 2,080 25 4,279 3,579 402 43 255 21,647 20,823 725 19 80 3,675 3,202 193 152 128 3,577 3,109 192 148 128 98 93 1 4 30,896 642 16,883 12,791 220 360 740 47,878 47,685 137 38 18 43,664 18,277 4,703 688 5,021 13 14,962 238 1,141 Rate 59.8 40.6 11.1 6.2 1.7 0.2 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.0 * 1.4 1.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 7.2 7.0 0.2 * 0.0 1.2 1.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 * 1.2 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * * * 10.3 0.2 5.6 4.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 16.0 15.9 0.0 0.0 * * 14.6 6.1 1.6 0.2 1.7 * 5.0 0.1 0.4 Age-adjusted rate1 58.8 39.8 10.9 6.2 1.7 0.2 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.0 * 1.4 1.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 6.9 6.6 0.2 * 0.0 1.2 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 * 1.2 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 * * * 10.2 0.2 5.5 4.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 15.8 15.7 0.0 0.0 * * 14.4 6.0 1.6 0.2 1.6 * 4.9 0.1 0.4 See footnotes at end of table. 90 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 18. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for injury deaths, by mechanism and intent of death: United States, 2006--Con. [Totals for selected causes of death differ from those shown in other tables that utilize standard mortality tabulation lists; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006. Rates are per 100,000 population; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Figure(s) in brackets [ ] applies to the code or range of codes preceding it. For explanation of asterisks preceding cause-of-death codes, see ``Technical Notes''] Mechanism and intent of death (based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Second Edition, 2004) Other land transport . . . . . . . .(V20V28[.0.2],V29V79[.0.3],V80[.0.2,.6.9], V81V82[.0,.2.9],V83V86[.4.9],V87.9,V88[.0.9],V89[.0,.1,.3,.9],X82,Y03,Y32) Unintentional . . . . . . . . .(V20V28[.0.2],V29V79[.0.3],V80[.0.2,.6.9], V81V82[.0,.2.9],V83V86[.4.9],V87.9,V88[.0.9],V89[.0,.1,.3,.9]) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X82) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y03) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y32) Other transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.1,V90V99,Y36.1) Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (V90V99) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(*U01.1) Legal intervention/war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y36.1) Natural/environmental . . . (W42W43,W53W64,W92W99,X20X39,X51X57)3 Overexertion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X50)3 Poisoning . . . . . . . . (*U01[.6.7],X40X49,X60X69,X85X90,Y10Y19,Y35.2) Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X60X69) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01[.6.7],X85X90) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y19) Legal intervention/war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y35.2) Struck by or against . . . . . . . . (W20W22,W50W52,X79,Y00,Y04,Y29,Y35.3) Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W20W22,W50W52) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X79) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y00,Y04) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y29) Legal intervention/war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y35.3) Suffocation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W75W84,X70,X91,Y20) Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(W75W84) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X70) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X91) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y20) Other specified, classifiable . . . . (*U01[.0,.2,.5],*U03.0,W23,W35W41,W44,W49, W85W91,X75,X81,X96,Y02,Y05Y07,Y25,Y31,Y35[.1,.5],Y36[.0,.2,.4.8],Y85) Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . (W23,W35W41,W44,W49,W85W91,Y85) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03.0,X75,X81) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01[.0,.2,.5],X96,Y02,Y05Y07) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y25,Y31) Legal intervention/war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y35[.1,.5],Y36[.0,.2,.4.8]) Other specified, not elsewhere classified . . . . . .(*U01.8,*U02,X58,X83,Y08,Y33, Y35.6,Y86Y87,Y89[.0.1]) Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(X58,Y86) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(X83,Y87.0) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.8,*U02,Y08,Y87.1) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y33,Y87.2) Legal intervention/war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y35.6,Y89[.0,.1]) Unspecified . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.9,*U03.9,X59,X84,Y09,Y34,Y35.7,Y36.9,Y89.9) Unintentional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X59) Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U03.9,X84) Homicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.9,Y09) Undetermined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Y34,Y89.9) Legal intervention/war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y35.7,Y36.9) Number 1,647 1,454 137 38 18 1,188 1,188 1,588 13 37,286 27,531 6,109 105 3,541 1,061 855 1 204 1 14,179 5,912 7,491 624 152 2,107 1,492 359 167 21 68 2,125 1,064 261 592 175 33 8,760 6,345 141 1,758 515 1 Rate 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.0 * 0.4 0.4 * * 0.5 * 12.5 9.2 2.0 0.0 1.2 * 0.4 0.3 * 0.1 * * 4.7 2.0 2.5 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 2.9 2.1 0.0 0.6 0.2 * Age-adjusted rate1 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.0 * 0.4 0.4 * * 0.5 * 12.4 9.1 2.0 0.0 1.2 * 0.3 0.3 * 0.1 * * 4.7 1.9 2.5 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 2.8 2.0 0.1 0.6 0.2 * 0.0 Quantity more than zero but less than 0.05. Quantity zero. * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' 1 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Codes *U01.3 and Y36.3 cannot be divided separately into the subcategories shown below; therefore, subcategories may not add to the total. 3 Intent of death is unintentional. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 91 Table 19. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for injury by firearms, by race and sex: United States, 19992006 [Rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' A listing of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition, codes included in this table can be found in the note at the bottom of the table] All races Year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Number 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30,896 30,694 29,569 30,136 30,242 29,573 28,663 28,874 26,712 26,657 25,498 26,124 26,098 25,480 24,582 24,700 4,184 4,037 4,071 4,012 4,144 4,093 4,081 4,174 21,721 21,958 21,442 21,763 21,902 21,760 20,945 21,143 18,496 18,788 18,223 18,647 18,714 18,527 17,750 17,942 3,225 3,170 3,219 3,116 3,188 3,233 3,195 3,201 8,409 7,984 7,448 7,659 7,623 7,184 7,054 7,017 7,563 7,226 6,709 6,882 6,798 6,438 6,284 6,184 Rate 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.3 10.4 10.1 10.4 10.5 10.4 10.2 10.3 18.1 18.3 17.6 18.3 18.4 18.2 17.8 18.1 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 9.0 9.1 9.0 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.1 9.2 15.4 15.8 15.5 16.0 16.1 16.2 15.6 15.9 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 21.3 20.4 19.3 20.1 20.2 19.3 19.3 19.4 40.0 38.7 36.4 37.8 37.8 36.4 36.1 36.0 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.0 4.4 9.1 9.6 8.9 8.6 9.3 7.9 8.0 9.5 15.8 16.7 15.0 14.7 15.3 12.9 13.2 16.2 2.4 2.6 2.9 2.6 3.4 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.3 3.2 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.6 3.9 5.7 5.5 5.0 5.7 5.7 5.4 6.2 6.3 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.7 846 758 739 777 825 746 770 833 291 305 281 269 287 240 240 268 253 264 236 229 235 196 196 228 38 41 45 40 52 44 44 40 475 447 398 445 430 389 424 446 400 379 330 366 351 319 352 346 75 68 68 79 79 70 72 100 Female American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Both sexes Male Female Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Both sexes Male Female Age-adjusted rate4 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.2 10.2 10.0 10.3 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.3 18.1 18.3 17.7 18.4 18.6 18.5 18.1 18.4 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 8.7 8.9 8.8 9.0 9.2 9.2 9.0 9.1 15.3 15.7 15.4 16.0 16.2 16.3 15.9 16.2 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 20.1 19.4 18.4 19.0 19.3 18.4 18.4 18.4 37.4 36.4 34.5 35.6 36.0 34.5 34.2 34.1 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.8 4.1 3.8 3.9 4.3 8.5 9.0 8.5 8.2 8.9 7.8 7.9 9.3 14.7 15.7 14.2 14.1 14.8 13.0 13.1 16.1 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.4 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.6 3.1 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.4 3.7 5.4 5.3 4.8 5.4 5.5 5.2 6.0 5.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.6 1 Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006, by 21 states and the District of Columbia in 2005, by 15 states in 2004, and by 7 states in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Includes Aleuts and Eskimos. 3 Includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and Other Asian or Pacific Islander. 4 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Causes of death attributable to injury by firearms include ICD10 codes *U01.4,W32W34,X72X74,X93X95,Y22Y24, and Y35.0. 92 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 20. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for injury by firearms, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 19992006 [Rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. A listing of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition, codes included in this table can be found in the note at the bottom of the table] All origins1 Year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Hispanic Male Female Both sexes Non-Hispanic2 Male Number 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30,896 30,694 29,569 30,136 30,242 29,573 28,663 28,874 26,712 26,657 25,498 26,124 26,098 25,480 24,582 24,700 4,184 4,037 4,071 4,012 4,144 4,093 4,081 4,174 3,464 3,469 3,278 3,319 3,143 3,087 2,891 2,878 3,142 3,144 2,973 2,998 2,834 2,774 2,582 2,549 322 325 305 321 309 313 309 329 27,329 27,103 26,189 26,710 26,944 26,341 25,637 25,877 23,482 23,406 22,436 23,036 23,127 22,573 21,881 22,050 Rate 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.3 10.4 10.1 10.4 10.5 10.4 10.2 10.3 18.1 18.3 17.6 18.3 18.4 18.2 17.8 18.1 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 7.8 8.1 7.9 8.3 8.1 8.3 8.2 8.5 13.7 14.2 13.9 14.6 14.2 14.6 14.2 14.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.0 10.7 10.7 10.4 10.6 10.8 10.6 10.4 10.6 18.8 18.9 18.2 18.8 19.0 18.7 18.3 18.5 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 9.1 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.4 9.4 9.1 9.3 15.6 15.9 15.6 16.0 16.3 16.3 15.7 15.9 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 22.0 21.1 19.9 20.7 20.7 19.8 19.8 20.0 41.4 40.0 37.6 39.1 38.9 37.3 37.1 37.1 4.2 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.5 3,847 3,697 3,753 3,674 3,817 3,768 3,756 3,827 18,312 18,521 18,200 18,457 18,762 18,676 18,042 18,260 15,411 15,672 15,283 15,670 15,881 15,760 15,160 15,384 2,901 2,849 2,917 2,787 2,881 2,916 2,882 2,876 8,294 7,865 7,347 7,566 7,494 7,063 6,958 6,933 7,460 7,122 6,620 6,794 6,681 6,323 6,193 6,114 834 743 727 772 813 740 765 819 Female Non-Hispanic white3 Both sexes Male Female Non-Hispanic black3 Both sexes Male Female Age-adjusted rate4 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.2 10.2 10.0 10.3 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.3 18.1 18.3 17.7 18.4 18.6 18.5 18.1 18.4 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 7.3 7.6 7.5 7.8 7.6 7.8 7.8 8.2 12.7 13.3 13.1 13.6 13.4 13.7 13.6 14.2 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.0 10.5 10.5 10.2 10.5 10.7 10.5 10.3 10.5 18.7 18.8 18.2 18.8 19.1 18.8 18.4 18.7 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 8.6 8.8 8.7 8.8 9.0 9.1 8.8 8.9 15.0 15.3 15.1 15.6 16.0 16.0 15.5 15.8 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 20.8 20.0 19.0 19.7 19.8 18.9 18.9 19.0 38.8 37.7 35.7 36.8 37.0 35.4 35.2 35.2 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.2 3.9 4.1 4.4 Figures for origin not stated are included in ``all origins'' but not distributed among specified origins. Includes races other than white and black. 3 Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006, by 21 states and the District of Columbia in 2005, by 15 states in 2004, and by 7 states in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 4 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Causes of death attributable to injury by firearms include ICD10 codes *U01.4,W32W34,X72X74,X93X95,Y22Y24, and Y35.0. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 93 Table 21. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for drug-induced causes, by race and sex: United States, 19992006 [Rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' A listing of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition, codes included in this table can be found in the note at the bottom of the table] All races Year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Number 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38,396 33,541 30,711 28,723 26,040 21,705 19,720 19,128 24,507 21,208 19,362 18,426 16,734 14,253 13,137 12,885 13,889 12,333 11,349 10,297 9,306 7,452 6,583 6,243 32,866 28,804 26,474 24,683 22,146 18,195 16,388 15,714 20,786 18,152 16,634 15,824 14,170 11,882 10,857 10,506 12,080 10,652 9,840 8,859 7,976 6,313 5,531 5,208 4,790 4,098 3,633 3,527 3,463 3,165 3,034 3,100 3,261 2,677 2,352 2,303 2,307 2,163 2,094 2,191 Rate 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.8 11.3 10.5 9.9 9.0 7.6 7.0 6.9 16.6 14.5 13.4 12.9 11.8 10.2 9.5 9.4 9.1 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.3 5.1 4.6 4.4 13.6 12.0 11.1 10.4 9.4 7.8 7.1 6.9 17.3 15.3 14.1 13.5 12.2 10.4 9.6 9.3 9.9 8.8 8.2 7.4 6.7 5.4 4.7 4.5 12.1 10.5 9.4 9.2 9.2 8.5 8.3 8.6 17.3 14.3 12.8 12.7 12.8 12.2 12.0 12.7 7.4 7.0 6.3 6.1 5.8 5.1 4.9 4.8 12.7 11.5 11.2 9.5 7.5 6.0 5.4 5.8 15.8 13.0 13.5 10.8 8.9 6.6 6.7 6.8 9.6 9.9 9.0 8.2 6.1 5.5 4.1 4.8 2.3 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.3 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 0.8 0.8 1.0 1,529 1,421 1,281 1,224 1,156 1,002 940 909 407 362 354 295 230 184 160 164 253 205 212 168 136 100 99 96 154 157 142 127 94 84 61 68 333 277 250 218 201 161 138 150 207 174 164 131 121 108 87 92 126 103 86 87 80 53 51 58 Female American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Both sexes Male Female Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Both sexes Male Female Age-adjusted rate4 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.7 11.3 10.4 9.9 9.0 7.6 7.0 6.8 16.4 14.4 13.3 12.8 11.7 10.1 9.5 9.4 9.0 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.3 5.1 4.6 4.4 13.5 11.9 11.1 10.4 9.4 7.8 7.1 6.8 17.1 15.1 13.9 13.4 12.1 10.2 9.4 9.2 9.8 8.7 8.1 7.4 6.7 5.3 4.7 4.4 12.9 11.2 10.1 9.9 9.9 9.2 9.0 9.3 18.9 15.8 14.3 14.1 14.2 13.6 13.5 14.3 7.7 7.2 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.4 5.2 5.1 13.4 11.9 11.6 9.9 7.8 6.6 5.6 6.1 16.3 13.4 13.8 11.2 9.0 7.3 6.9 7.2 10.5 10.4 9.4 8.6 6.4 5.8 4.3 5.0 2.3 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.4 3.0 2.6 2.5 1.9 2.1 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 0.8 0.8 1.0 1 Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006, by 21 states and the District of Columbia in 2005, by 15 states in 2004, and by 7 states in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Includes Aleuts and Eskimos. 3 Includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and Other Asian or Pacific Islander. 4 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Causes of death attributable to drug-induced mortality include ICD10 codes D52.1, D59.0, D59.2, D61.1, D64.2, E06.4, E16.0, E23.1, E24.2, E27.3, E66.1, F11.0F11.5, F11.7F11.9, F12.0F12.5, F12.7F12.9, F13.0F13.5, F13.7F13.9, F14.0F14.5, F14.7F14.9, F15.0F15.5, F15.7F15.9, F16.0F16.5, F16.7F16.9, F17.0, F17.3F17.5, F17.7F17.9, F18.0F18.5, F18.7F18.9, F19.0F19.5, F19.7F19.9, G21.1, G24.0, G25.1, G25.4, G25.6, G44.4, G62.0, G72.0, I95.2, J70.2J70.4, K85.3, L10.5, L27.0L27.1, M10.2, M32.0, M80.4, M81.4, M83.5, M87.1, R50.2, R78.1R78.5, X40X44, X60X64, X85, and Y10Y14. In 2006, the list of drug-induced codes was modified to include two new ICD10 codes, Drug-induced acute pancreatitis (ICD10 code K85.3) and Drug-induced fever (ICD10 code R50.2); see ``Technical Notes.'' 94 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 22. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for drug-induced causes, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 19992006 [Rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. A listing of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition, codes included in this table can be found in the note at the bottom of the table] All origins1 Year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Hispanic Male Female Both sexes Non-Hispanic2 Male Number 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38,396 33,541 30,711 28,723 26,040 21,705 19,720 19,128 24,507 21,208 19,362 18,426 16,734 14,253 13,137 12,885 13,889 12,333 11,349 10,297 9,306 7,452 6,583 6,243 2,871 2,596 2,257 2,358 2,137 1,731 1,700 1,965 2,135 1,969 1,671 1,800 1,647 1,335 1,348 1,605 736 627 586 558 490 396 352 360 35,379 30,809 28,339 26,199 23,756 19,799 17,835 16,966 22,262 19,140 17,605 16,497 14,978 12,778 11,656 11,136 Rate 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.8 11.3 10.5 9.9 9.0 7.6 7.0 6.9 16.6 14.5 13.4 12.9 11.8 10.2 9.5 9.4 9.1 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.3 5.1 4.6 4.4 6.5 6.1 5.5 5.9 5.5 4.7 4.8 5.8 9.3 8.9 7.8 8.7 8.2 7.0 7.4 9.2 3.4 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.2 2.1 2.2 13.9 12.1 11.2 10.4 9.5 8.0 7.2 6.9 17.9 15.4 14.3 13.5 12.3 10.6 9.7 9.3 10.1 9.0 8.3 7.6 6.9 5.5 4.9 4.6 14.9 13.1 12.1 11.2 10.0 8.3 7.4 6.9 18.9 16.4 15.3 14.3 12.8 10.8 9.8 9.2 11.1 9.8 9.1 8.2 7.4 5.8 5.1 4.8 12.5 10.8 9.7 9.5 9.4 8.7 8.5 8.7 17.8 14.7 13.1 13.0 13.2 12.5 12.3 12.9 7.6 7.2 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.3 5.0 4.9 13,117 11,669 10,734 9,702 8,778 7,021 6,179 5,830 29,970 26,186 24,201 22,245 19,949 16,367 14,585 13,644 18,634 16,170 14,952 13,959 12,478 10,465 9,439 8,831 11,336 10,016 9,249 8,286 7,471 5,902 5,146 4,813 4,722 4,019 3,577 3,466 3,404 3,099 2,977 3,030 3,212 2,612 2,309 2,256 2,264 2,113 2,050 2,134 1,510 1,407 1,268 1,210 1,140 986 927 896 Female Non-Hispanic white3 Both sexes Male Female Non-Hispanic black3 Both sexes Male Female Age-adjusted rate4 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.7 11.3 10.4 9.9 9.0 7.6 7.0 6.8 16.4 14.4 13.3 12.8 11.7 10.1 9.5 9.4 9.0 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.3 5.1 4.6 4.4 7.2 6.8 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.3 5.4 6.4 10.3 10.0 8.9 9.9 9.3 8.0 8.3 10.3 3.9 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.5 2.4 2.5 13.6 11.9 11.1 10.3 9.4 7.9 7.1 6.8 17.5 15.2 14.1 13.3 12.1 10.4 9.5 9.2 9.8 8.8 8.2 7.4 6.8 5.4 4.8 4.6 14.7 12.8 12.0 11.0 9.9 8.1 7.2 6.8 18.6 16.2 15.0 14.1 12.6 10.6 9.6 8.9 10.8 9.6 8.9 8.0 7.2 5.7 4.9 4.6 13.2 11.4 10.4 10.1 10.1 9.3 9.1 9.4 19.4 16.1 14.6 14.4 14.5 13.8 13.6 14.4 7.9 7.4 6.8 6.6 6.3 5.5 5.3 5.2 Figures for origin not stated are included in ``all origins'' but not distributed among specified origins. Includes races other than white and black. 3 Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006, by 21 states and the District of Columbia in 2005, by 15 states in 2004, and by 7 states in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 4 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Causes of death attributable to drug-induced mortality include ICD10 codes D52.1, D59.0, D59.2, D61.1, D64.2, E06.4, E16.0, E23.1, E24.2, E27.3, E66.1, F11.0F11.5, F11.7F11.9, F12.0F12.5, F12.7F12.9, F13.0F13.5, F13.7F13.9, F14.0F14.5, F14.7F14.9, F15.0F15.5, F15.7F15.9, F16.0F16.5, F16.7F16.9, F17.0, F17.3F17.5, F17.7F17.9, F18.0F18.5, F18.7F18.9, F19.0F19.5, F19.7F19.9, G21.1, G24.0, G25.1, G25.4, G25.6, G44.4, G62.0, G72.0, I95.2, J70.2J70.4, K85.3, L10.5, L27.0L27.1, M10.2, M32.0, M80.4, M81.4, M83.5, M87.1, R50.2, R78.1R78.5, X40X44, X60X64, X85, and Y10Y14. In 2006, the list of drug-induced codes was modified to include two new ICD10 codes, Drug-induced acute pancreatitis (ICD10 code K85.3) and Drug-induced fever (ICD10 code R50.2). National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 95 Table 23. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for alcohol-induced causes, by race and sex: United States, 19992006 [Rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Data for specified races other than white and black should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' A listing of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition, codes included in this table can be found in the note at the bottom of the table] All races Year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Number 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22,073 21,634 21,081 20,687 20,218 20,114 19,643 19,469 16,472 16,238 15,906 15,630 15,272 15,149 14,993 14,894 5,601 5,396 5,175 5,057 4,946 4,965 4,650 4,575 18,917 18,432 17,875 17,437 16,988 16,640 16,223 15,903 14,186 13,917 13,525 13,218 12,926 12,588 12,509 12,277 4,731 4,515 4,350 4,219 4,062 4,052 3,714 3,626 2,172 2,316 2,351 2,406 2,434 2,723 2,712 2,832 1,599 1,698 1,784 1,824 1,798 2,048 1,993 2,100 Rate 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.0 7.0 11.2 11.1 11.0 10.9 10.8 10.8 10.9 10.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.2 7.8 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.0 11.8 11.7 11.5 11.3 11.1 11.0 11.0 10.9 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.1 5.5 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.4 7.3 7.4 7.8 8.5 9.1 9.7 10.0 10.0 11.6 11.4 12.2 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.7 3.9 22.4 20.7 20.5 21.3 19.4 19.3 18.0 20.8 28.6 27.4 26.5 27.8 25.2 25.4 23.7 28.1 16.2 14.1 14.5 15.0 13.6 13.3 12.3 13.5 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.3 3.2 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.1 2.4 2.2 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 573 618 567 582 636 675 719 732 717 655 645 664 597 591 537 589 458 432 417 431 387 387 353 397 259 223 228 233 210 204 184 192 267 231 210 180 199 160 171 145 229 191 180 157 161 126 138 120 38 40 30 23 38 34 33 25 Female American Indian or Alaska Native1,2 Both sexes Male Female Asian or Pacific Islander1,3 Both sexes Male Female Age-adjusted rate4 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1 10.9 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.2 11.4 11.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8 11.2 11.1 11.0 11.0 10.9 10.9 11.1 11.0 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.0 3.0 6.2 6.8 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.9 9.1 9.8 10.4 11.4 12.3 12.8 13.1 15.1 15.3 16.7 3.0 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.3 4.5 25.2 23.7 23.8 25.1 23.2 23.6 22.7 26.7 33.3 32.5 32.4 34.0 31.5 33.0 31.4 38.8 17.8 15.6 16.1 16.9 15.6 15.4 14.9 16.2 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.6 3.5 3.1 3.2 2.8 3.2 2.6 2.9 2.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 1 Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006, by 21 states and the District of Columbia in 2005, by 15 states in 2004, and by 7 states in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Includes Aleuts and Eskimos. 3 Includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and Other Asian or Pacific Islander. 4 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Causes of death attributable to alcohol-induced mortality include ICD10 codes E24.4, F10, G31.2, G62.1, G72.1, I42.6, K29.2, K70, K85.2, K86.0, R78.0, X45, X65, and Y15. In 2006, the list of alcohol-induced codes was modified to include a new ICD10 code, Alcohol-induced acute pancreatitis (ICD10 code K85.2); see ``Technical Notes.'' Inclusion of the new code may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years; see ``Technical Notes.'' 96 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 24. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for alcohol-induced causes, by Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 19992006 [Rates on an annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. A listing of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition, codes included in this table can be found in the note at the bottom of the table] All origins1 Year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Hispanic Male Female Both sexes Non-Hispanic2 Male Number 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22,073 21,634 21,081 20,687 20,218 20,114 19,643 19,469 16,472 16,238 15,906 15,630 15,272 15,149 14,993 14,894 5,601 5,396 5,175 5,057 4,946 4,965 4,650 4,575 2,804 2,658 2,406 2,422 2,408 2,381 2,323 2,184 2,341 2,265 2,056 2,048 2,065 2,026 2,024 1,864 463 393 350 374 343 355 299 320 19,187 18,877 18,567 18,160 17,661 17,593 17,177 17,143 14,055 13,890 13,761 13,490 13,078 13,009 12,843 12,905 Rate 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.0 7.0 11.2 11.1 11.0 10.9 10.8 10.8 10.9 10.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.2 6.3 6.2 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.4 10.2 10.3 9.6 9.9 10.3 10.7 11.1 10.7 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.9 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 11.3 11.2 11.2 11.0 10.7 10.8 10.7 10.8 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.0 6.9 12.0 11.8 11.7 11.4 11.1 10.8 10.8 10.7 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 5.6 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.6 7.5 7.6 8.0 8.7 9.4 10.0 10.3 10.3 11.9 11.7 12.5 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.9 4.0 5,132 4,987 4,806 4,670 4,583 4,584 4,334 4,238 16,114 15,729 15,418 14,977 14,494 14,186 13,815 13,633 11,837 11,610 11,428 11,133 10,783 10,497 10,408 10,337 4,277 4,119 3,990 3,844 3,711 3,689 3,407 3,296 2,128 2,282 2,318 2,367 2,396 2,677 2,672 2,794 1,561 1,670 1,754 1,787 1,768 2,016 1,959 2,066 567 612 564 580 628 661 713 728 Female Non-Hispanic white3 Both sexes Male Female Non-Hispanic black3 Both sexes Male Female Age-adjusted rate4 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1 10.9 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.2 11.4 11.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 9.1 9.1 8.6 9.2 9.5 10.1 10.5 10.3 15.7 16.2 15.1 16.2 17.0 18.1 19.4 18.6 3.0 2.6 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.6 3.0 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 10.4 10.4 10.6 10.5 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.8 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.2 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 10.5 10.4 10.5 10.4 10.2 10.1 10.1 10.2 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.0 6.3 7.0 7.3 7.6 7.9 9.0 9.3 10.0 10.5 11.6 12.5 12.9 13.3 15.4 15.5 16.9 3.0 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.7 4.0 4.4 4.6 Figures for origin not stated are included in ``all origins'' but not distributed among specified origins. Includes races other than white and black. 3 Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006, by 21 states and the District of Columbia in 2005, by 15 states in 2004, and by 7 states in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 4 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Causes of death attributable to alcohol-induced mortality include ICD10 codes E24.4, F10, G31.2, G62.1, G72.1, I42.6, K29.2, K70, K85.2, K86.0, R78.0, X45, X65, and Y15. In 2006, the list of alcohol-induced codes was modified to include a new ICD10 code, Alcohol-induced acute pancreatitis (ICD10 code K85.2). Inclusion of the new code may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years; see ``Technical Notes.'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 97 Table 25. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for ages 15 years and over, by marital status and sex: United States, 2006 [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Population estimates used for computing death rates are based on the Current Population Survey adjusted to July 1, 2006, resident population control totals for the United States; see ``Technical Notes''] Marital status and sex Both sexes . . Never married . Ever married . Married . . . Widowed . . Divorced. . . Not stated . . . Male . . . . . . Never married . Ever married . Married . . . Widowed . . Divorced. . . Not stated . . . Female . . . . . Never married . Ever married . Married . . . Widowed . . Divorced. . . Not stated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 years and over1 2,386,737 258,640 2,115,575 921,539 887,747 306,289 12,522 1,179,625 159,871 1,010,884 621,782 224,304 164,798 8,870 1,207,112 98,769 1,104,691 299,757 663,443 141,491 3,652 1524 years 34,887 32,195 2,591 2,202 44 345 101 26,070 24,368 1,616 1,388 26 202 86 8,817 7,827 975 814 18 143 15 2534 years 42,952 25,556 17,121 12,512 291 4,318 275 30,188 19,134 10,843 7,979 132 2,732 211 12,764 6,422 6,278 4,533 159 1,586 64 3544 years 83,043 29,978 52,187 32,952 1,435 17,800 878 52,150 21,053 30,433 19,173 569 10,691 664 30,893 8,925 21,754 13,779 866 7,109 214 4554 years 5564 years 6574 years 390,093 26,794 360,822 208,237 84,654 67,931 2,477 218,165 16,375 199,899 137,998 24,438 37,463 1,891 171,928 10,419 160,923 70,239 60,216 30,468 586 75 years and over 1,369,330 67,435 1,298,001 436,225 769,309 92,467 3,894 568,893 27,199 539,561 313,549 188,653 37,359 2,133 800,437 40,236 758,440 122,676 580,656 55,108 1,761 Age-adjusted rate2 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Number 281,401 185,031 34,025 42,657 244,672 140,181 146,835 82,576 25,169 6,845 72,668 50,760 2,704 2,193 115,172 29,458 83,986 49,283 2,474 32,229 1,728 69,859 13,199 56,195 33,293 4,371 18,531 465 Rate3 168,987 22,284 144,546 92,412 8,012 44,122 2,157 112,414 11,741 100,126 54,423 17,157 28,546 547 Both sexes . . Never married . Ever married . Married . . . Widowed . . Divorced. . . Male . . . . . . Never married . Ever married . Married . . . Widowed . . Divorced. . . Female . . . . . Never married . Ever married . Married . . . Widowed . . Divorced. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000.1 367.9 1,256.7 707.0 5,953.3 1,326.7 1,013.2 415.3 1,297.1 952.0 8,043.4 1,676.9 987.7 310.6 1,221.9 461.0 5,472.5 1,067.1 82.2 84.7 58.8 54.2 * 112.6 119.3 120.5 99.8 93.2 * 177.0 42.8 44.0 35.0 31.7 * 74.4 106.3 158.8 70.4 56.9 253.2 193.7 146.8 203.8 97.0 77.9 * 299.2 64.3 95.8 47.8 38.6 166.5 120.5 190.2 391.1 145.0 109.0 376.6 330.2 238.7 468.8 175.3 128.5 637.7 454.8 141.6 281.2 116.7 90.0 296.8 233.8 427.5 853.3 366.2 271.5 764.9 728.7 541.0 1,077.4 452.6 324.2 1,204.1 1,023.6 317.7 582.7 284.9 218.8 634.0 485.5 890.9 1,599.2 830.5 650.5 1,353.0 1,446.3 1,110.0 2,105.2 1,020.4 786.0 2,430.1 2,123.0 687.0 1,098.2 654.7 503.1 1,121.0 968.9 2,062.1 3,494.0 1,988.0 1,644.2 2,536.4 3,163.5 2,516.2 4,521.5 2,406.1 2,030.6 3,776.5 4,330.7 1,677.9 2,574.5 1,635.1 1,196.7 2,238.2 2,376.0 7,464.9 10,856.6 7,324.1 5,182.7 9,288.4 9,039.7 8,142.6 11,292.4 7,998.5 6,391.9 12,727.0 10,435.9 7,048.0 10,580.5 6,909.6 3,493.5 8,538.9 8,288.0 1,186.7 1,895.3 1,126.2 835.3 1,615.7 1,637.4 1,370.2 2,184.9 1,288.6 1,026.2 2,455.0 2,093.1 1,037.1 1,610.8 998.9 592.5 1,418.4 1,332.1 . . . Category not applicable. * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' 1 Excludes figures for age not stated. 2 Calculated based on ages 25 years and over. For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 Figures for marital status not stated are included in totals for ``both sexes,'' ``male,'' and ``female'' but are not distributed among specified marital status groups. 98 Table 26. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for ages 2564 years, by educational attainment and sex: Total of 20 reporting states and the District of Columbia using the 2003 version of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death and total of 28 reporting states using the 1989 version of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death, 2006 [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Population estimates used for computing death rates are based on the Current Population Survey adjusted to July 1, 2006, resident population control totals for reporting areas] 20 reporting states and the District of Columbia1 using the 2003 version of the Standard Certificate of Death Education level and sex 2564 years3 2534 years 3544 years 4554 years Number Both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than high school diploma or GED . High school diploma or GED . . . . . . . Some college or collegiate degree. . . . Not stated6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than high school diploma or GED . High school diploma or GED . . . . . . . Some college or collegiate degree. . . . Not stated6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than high school diploma or GED . High school diploma or GED . . . . . . . Some college or collegiate degree. . . . Not stated6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282,885 . 58,774 . 112,032 . 100,364 . 11,715 . 175,046 . 37,810 . 69,281 . 59,721 . 8,234 . 107,839 . 20,964 . 42,751 . 40,643 . 3,481 20,506 5,327 8,280 6,034 865 14,441 4,012 6,010 3,788 631 6,065 1,315 2,270 2,246 234 39,807 9,393 16,262 12,468 1,684 25,066 6,123 10,514 7,239 1,190 14,741 3,270 5,748 5,229 494 89,048 17,875 36,325 31,083 3,765 55,502 11,646 23,225 17,951 2,680 33,546 6,229 13,100 13,132 1,085 Rate8 Both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than high school diploma or GED . High school diploma or GED . . . . . . . Some college or collegiate degree. . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than high school diploma or GED . High school diploma or GED . . . . . . . Some college or collegiate degree. . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than high school diploma or GED . High school diploma or GED . . . . . . . Some college or collegiate degree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 352.1 539.9 496.0 214.2 437.6 655.3 594.2 264.5 267.4 409.7 391.2 167.4 99.3 172.7 148.8 50.3 137.4 232.2 193.8 66.7 59.8 96.9 92.2 35.5 177.0 306.3 255.1 95.5 221.2 357.8 307.8 116.6 132.1 241.3 194.2 76.4 410.4 657.4 578.7 244.8 515.2 838.5 721.1 291.3 307.1 468.3 428.6 200.9 862.2 1,298.3 1,170.6 558.0 1,082.6 1,702.3 1,535.9 678.9 660.8 944.4 883.7 438.3 332.1 528.8 464.8 200.0 420.0 675.1 591.2 243.2 247.3 380.4 344.0 158.7 Both sexes . . . . . . Under 12 years . . 12 years . . . . . . 13 years or more . Male . . . . . . . . . . Under 12 years . . 12 years . . . . . . 13 years or more . Female . . . . . . . . Under 12 years . . 12 years . . . . . . 13 years or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393.5 769.1 537.7 210.6 491.8 912.6 652.0 260.0 297.1 595.0 417.6 165.8 113.8 235.5 174.2 52.3 157.7 302.0 224.4 71.0 68.4 145.2 109.3 35.9 204.2 439.2 293.8 98.6 258.1 510.3 361.9 116.9 151.0 342.0 218.0 82.6 133,524 26,179 51,165 50,779 5,401 80,037 16,029 29,532 30,743 3,733 53,487 10,150 21,633 20,036 1,668 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Both sexes . . . . . . Under 12 years . . 12 years . . . . . . 13 years or more . Not stated7 . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . Under 12 years . . 12 years . . . . . . 13 years or more . Not stated7 . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . Under 12 years . . 12 years . . . . . . 13 years or more . Not stated7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287,105 59,419 129,835 86,521 11,330 177,753 38,650 80,638 50,807 7,658 109,352 20,769 49,197 35,714 3,672 20,748 4,543 9,666 5,623 916 14,624 3,355 7,016 3,572 681 6,124 1,188 2,650 2,051 235 39,985 8,504 18,670 11,134 1,677 25,113 5,704 12,117 6,155 1,137 14,872 2,800 6,553 4,979 540 5564 years Age-adjusted rate4 28 reporting states2 using the 1989 version of the Standard Certificate of Death Years of school completed5 and sex 2564 years3 2534 years 3544 years 4554 years Number 89,003 17,337 41,480 26,690 3,496 55,432 11,510 26,435 15,097 2,390 33,571 5,827 15,045 11,593 1,106 Rate8 443.0 857.2 594.2 240.7 564.3 1,067.9 754.1 288.2 326.9 616.8 432.8 198.2 912.4 1,580.1 1,140.7 541.3 1,127.9 1,947.0 1,469.5 648.5 708.3 1,205.3 867.7 432.6 361.3 685.8 482.5 197.6 457.2 841.5 613.5 238.5 268.5 506.7 354.3 159.1 137,369 29,035 60,019 43,074 5,241 82,584 18,081 35,070 25,983 3,450 54,785 10,954 24,949 17,091 1,791 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 5564 years Age-adjusted rate4 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 . . . Category not applicable. 1 Includes data for California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Includes data for Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin; see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 4 Excludes figures for age not stated. Calculated based on ages 2564 years. For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' 5 For rates, the definition of educational attainment differs for the numerator and denominator; see ``Technical Notes.'' 6 Includes deaths that occurred in states that reported the unrevised education attainment item on the death certificate and in states that did not have an education item on the death certificate. 7 Includes deaths that occurred in states that reported the revised education attainment item on the death certificate and in states that did not have an education item on the death certificate. 8 Figures for education not stated are included in totals for ``both sexes,'' ``male,'' and ``female'' but are not distributed among specified years of education. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 99 Table 27. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for ages 15 years and over, by injury at work, race, and sex: United States, 2006 [Rates per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' For a discussion of injury at work, see ``Technical Notes''] Race and sex 15 years and over1 1524 years 2534 years 3544 years 4554 years Number All races3, both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . White4, both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black4, both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,298 4,869 429 4,562 4,200 362 565 513 52 495 456 39 437 403 34 46 41 5 905 832 73 769 708 61 107 96 11 1,114 1,027 87 942 871 71 135 126 9 Rate All races3, both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . White4, both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black4, both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 4.2 0.4 2.3 4.4 0.4 1.9 3.7 0.3 1.2 2.1 0.2 1.3 2.4 0.2 0.7 1.2 * 2.2 4.0 0.4 2.4 4.3 0.4 1.9 3.5 * 2.6 4.7 0.4 2.7 4.9 0.4 2.4 4.7 * 2.9 5.5 0.4 3.0 5.5 0.4 2.9 5.5 * 2.8 5.4 0.4 2.9 5.6 0.4 2.6 5.5 * 1.7 3.6 0.3 1.7 3.7 0.3 1.4 3.1 * 2.2 4.2 0.3 2.3 4.3 0.3 2.0 3.8 0.4 1,264 1,167 97 1,059 980 79 149 133 16 891 826 65 785 727 58 83 79 4 629 561 68 570 511 59 45 38 7 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 5564 years 65 years and over Age-adjusted rate2 . . . Category not applicable. * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' 1 Excludes figures for age not stated. 2 Calculated based on ages 15 years and over. For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 Includes races other than white and black. 4 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 100 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 28. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for injury at work, by race and sex: United States, 19932006 [Includes ages 15 years and over; excludes figures for age not stated. Rates on annual basis per 100,000 population in specified group; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are based on populations enumerated as of April 1 for 2000 and estimated as of July 1 for all other years; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. For a discussion of injury at work, see ``Technical Notes''] All other1 All races Year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes White1 Male Female Both sexes Total1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Female Number 2006 . 2005 . 2004 . 2003 . 2002 . 20012 . 2000 . 1999 . 1998 . 1997 . 1996 . 1995 . 1994 . 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,298 5,113 5,157 5,025 5,305 8,303 5,430 5,651 5,543 5,666 5,778 5,872 5,987 5,847 4,869 4,670 4,729 4,609 4,859 7,181 4,969 5,152 5,036 5,144 5,280 5,334 5,425 5,352 429 443 428 416 446 1,122 461 499 507 522 498 538 562 495 4,562 4,351 4,458 4,272 4,568 7,093 4,657 4,805 4,804 4,785 4,940 5,007 5,103 4,979 4,200 3,991 4,111 3,929 4,199 6,211 4,270 4,385 4,366 4,352 4,535 4,550 4,642 4,581 362 360 347 343 369 882 387 420 438 433 405 457 461 398 Rate 2006 . 2005 . 2004 . 2003 . 2002 . 20012 . 2000 . 1999 . 1998 . 1997 . 1996 . 1995 . 1994 . 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 3.7 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.4 6.6 4.6 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 3.8 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.9 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.6 6.9 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 3.1 2.0 2.3 2.0 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.7 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.5 5.3 3.7 4.4 3.9 4.8 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 1.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.0 3.1 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.7 3.8 3.6 4.0 3.9 5.4 4.3 4.9 4.5 5.3 5.1 5.5 5.7 5.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 1.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 736 762 699 753 737 1,210 773 846 739 881 838 865 884 868 669 679 618 680 660 970 699 767 670 792 745 784 783 771 67 83 81 73 77 240 74 79 69 89 93 81 101 97 565 573 545 577 559 849 591 659 587 684 649 692 710 677 513 512 482 530 500 680 536 598 535 626 582 627 632 608 52 61 63 47 59 169 55 61 52 58 67 65 78 69 Age-adjusted rate3 2006 . 2005 . 2004 . 2003 . 2002 . 20012 . 2000 . 1999 . 1998 . 1997 . 1996 . 1995 . 1994 . 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 3.7 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.4 6.6 4.6 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.4 3.8 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.9 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.5 6.8 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.9 3.1 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.7 3.7 5.3 3.9 4.5 4.1 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.4 5.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.1 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 3.1 2.3 2.6 2.3 2.8 2.6 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.8 4.0 3.8 4.3 4.1 5.5 4.6 5.1 4.7 5.5 5.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 1.1 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 1 Multiple-race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006, by 21 states and the District of Columbia in 2005, by 15 states in 2004, and by 7 states in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Figures include September 11, 2001, terrorism-related deaths for which death certificates were filed as of October 24, 2002; see ``Technical Notes'' from National Vital Statistics Reports, ``Deaths: Final data for 2001,'' Volume 52, Number 3. 3 For method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 101 Table 29. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for major causes of death: United States, each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, 2006 [Rates per 100,000 population; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Numbers after causes of death are categories of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10). The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the ICD10; see ``Technical Notes.'' For explanation of asterisks preceding cause-of-death codes, see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] All causes Ageadjusted rate1 776.5 952.4 775.9 724.1 888.9 700.2 716.8 714.8 784.0 892.9 711.3 858.8 629.6 747.4 781.1 847.6 730.3 794.7 915.2 930.1 775.0 793.0 719.7 813.7 672.8 961.2 848.3 781.4 735.3 843.7 724.9 736.6 775.5 701.2 843.6 726.9 840.8 920.4 770.5 800.8 747.4 864.6 740.5 908.3 783.9 706.3 721.7 781.0 722.5 941.3 746.6 822.8 724.6 648.7 615.5 1,312.0 997.6 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease (B20B24) Ageadjusted rate1 4.0 4.2 * 2.4 2.8 3.3 1.7 3.4 6.1 37.3 9.7 7.2 * * 3.0 2.2 * 1.1 1.9 8.1 * 8.1 2.7 1.8 1.0 6.7 2.1 * 1.4 2.9 * 5.8 2.2 7.3 4.7 * 2.0 2.6 1.4 2.9 2.4 5.9 * 4.2 4.5 1.3 * 3.1 1.4 1.2 0.9 * 12.9 * * * * Malignant neoplasms (C00C97) Ageadjusted rate1 180.7 197.7 177.4 155.7 196.0 162.3 157.7 177.8 191.4 198.7 172.0 180.4 147.6 163.2 187.2 197.7 179.6 180.5 211.2 203.5 193.8 186.8 186.7 191.0 171.2 209.2 196.2 179.6 176.9 183.2 182.6 182.3 158.3 169.0 192.8 183.2 198.0 194.8 181.3 190.8 181.7 193.2 171.9 204.7 174.5 136.4 171.8 183.9 174.2 205.9 181.2 175.4 121.1 108.2 110.0 169.1 288.5 Diabetes mellitus (E10E14) Ageadjusted rate1 23.3 29.3 25.6 19.0 26.9 22.1 16.6 19.2 20.5 30.6 21.7 20.6 18.1 23.0 21.6 25.8 21.9 24.7 25.9 35.5 21.4 22.4 15.4 26.8 21.4 23.8 23.4 23.0 22.1 12.8 21.2 25.9 30.5 18.3 24.9 26.3 29.6 30.3 28.2 22.2 16.2 25.0 27.1 27.1 26.1 26.1 24.9 21.8 24.4 33.1 19.7 23.7 65.3 42.5 27.3 162.7 * Area United States2 . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . . California . . . . . . Colorado. . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . Idaho. . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Indiana. . . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Kansas. . . . . . . . Kentucky. . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . Maine . . . . . . . . Maryland. . . . . . . Massachusetts . . . Michigan . . . . . . . Minnesota . . . . . . Mississippi. . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . . New Hampshire . . New Jersey . . . . . New Mexico. . . . . New York . . . . . . North Carolina . . . North Dakota . . . . Ohio . . . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . Oregon. . . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . . . Rhode Island . . . . South Carolina . . . South Dakota . . . . Tennessee. . . . . . Texas. . . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . . . Virginia. . . . . . . . Washington . . . . . West Virginia . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . Wyoming . . . . . . Puerto Rico3 . . . . . Virgin Islands3 . . . . Guam3 . . . . . . . . American Samoa3 . . Northern Marianas3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 2,426,264 46,977 3,354 46,365 27,901 237,126 29,521 29,260 7,204 5,344 170,066 67,808 9,432 10,613 102,171 55,622 27,362 24,553 40,102 40,045 12,294 43,582 53,450 86,042 37,028 28,564 54,681 8,472 14,899 18,872 10,060 70,356 15,296 148,806 74,716 5,868 106,825 35,427 31,380 125,539 9,690 38,761 7,084 56,838 157,150 13,764 5,048 57,690 46,120 20,672 46,153 4,311 28,206 624 679 266 170 Rate 810.4 1,021.5 500.6 751.9 992.6 650.4 621.1 834.9 844.1 919.0 940.1 724.1 733.7 723.7 796.2 881.0 917.5 888.3 953.4 933.9 930.3 776.1 830.3 852.3 716.6 981.4 935.9 896.9 842.5 756.2 765.1 806.4 782.6 770.8 843.6 922.8 930.7 989.8 847.9 1,009.1 907.6 897.0 906.0 941.2 668.5 539.8 809.1 754.8 721.1 1,136.8 830.6 837.1 718.1 574.6 397.0 460.3 206.2 Number 12,113 189 10 138 74 1,176 83 127 54 217 1,753 684 18 8 382 141 16 28 81 338 12 483 182 184 53 187 120 6 24 74 12 539 39 1,471 427 2 232 89 50 367 27 256 8 256 1,034 28 6 251 100 22 52 3 476 6 2 2 Rate 4.0 4.1 * 2.2 2.6 3.2 1.7 3.6 6.3 37.3 9.7 7.3 * * 3.0 2.2 * 1.0 1.9 7.9 * 8.6 2.8 1.8 1.0 6.4 2.1 * 1.4 3.0 * 6.2 2.0 7.6 4.8 * 2.0 2.5 1.4 3.0 2.5 5.9 * 4.2 4.4 1.1 * 3.3 1.6 1.2 0.9 * 12.1 * * * * Number 559,888 9,899 790 9,919 6,177 54,140 6,550 7,044 1,780 1,178 40,415 14,474 2,171 2,306 24,084 12,903 6,359 5,343 9,394 8,853 3,089 10,350 13,407 20,192 9,079 6,236 12,519 1,943 3,430 4,226 2,534 17,180 3,147 35,284 17,318 1,387 24,975 7,491 7,309 29,172 2,250 8,853 1,570 13,051 34,939 2,615 1,214 13,829 11,055 4,613 10,925 927 4,806 108 118 32 38 Rate 187.0 215.2 117.9 160.9 219.8 148.5 137.8 201.0 208.6 202.6 223.4 154.6 168.9 157.2 187.7 204.4 213.2 193.3 223.3 206.5 233.7 184.3 208.3 200.0 175.7 214.3 214.3 205.7 194.0 169.3 192.7 196.9 161.0 182.8 195.5 218.1 217.6 209.3 197.5 234.5 210.8 204.9 200.8 216.1 148.6 102.5 194.6 180.9 172.8 253.7 196.6 180.0 122.4 99.4 69.0 55.4 46.1 Number 72,449 1,453 109 1,206 839 7,376 677 782 191 184 5,172 1,657 271 320 2,795 1,682 804 749 1,141 1,536 343 1,237 1,132 2,830 1,158 707 1,493 249 437 294 296 2,454 606 3,848 2,234 208 3,761 1,166 1,139 3,466 206 1,136 262 1,715 5,201 496 175 1,632 1,543 743 1,212 126 2,589 40 32 27 19 Rate 24.2 31.6 16.3 19.6 29.8 20.2 14.2 22.3 22.4 31.6 28.6 17.7 21.1 21.8 21.8 26.6 27.0 27.1 27.1 35.8 26.0 22.0 17.6 28.0 22.4 24.3 25.6 26.4 24.7 11.8 22.5 28.1 31.0 19.9 25.2 32.7 32.8 32.6 30.8 27.9 19.3 26.3 33.5 28.4 22.1 19.5 28.0 21.4 24.1 40.9 21.8 24.5 65.9 36.8 18.7 46.7 * See footnotes at end of table. 102 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 29. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for major causes of death: United States, each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Numbers after causes of death are categories of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10). The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the ICD10; see ``Technical Notes.'' For explanation of asterisks preceding cause-of-death codes, see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Diseases of heart (I00I09,I11,I13,I20I51) Ageadjusted rate1 200.2 253.3 167.2 164.2 233.0 192.5 151.6 177.3 201.2 260.0 175.1 213.2 147.2 168.5 204.4 217.2 184.7 183.6 235.5 232.3 174.0 205.6 169.5 227.0 133.9 270.9 224.4 168.4 165.0 226.7 178.3 200.9 172.6 233.1 195.3 181.5 216.1 251.1 160.0 207.1 200.8 200.2 177.0 233.3 197.4 156.3 175.5 190.8 165.8 236.9 181.1 189.4 146.7 175.7 196.7 304.9 72.2 Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease (I10,I12,I15)4 Ageadjusted rate1 7.5 9.2 6.3 6.5 7.1 9.4 5.3 7.2 4.6 9.4 7.2 12.2 7.3 7.8 6.8 8.0 6.2 6.2 7.5 8.9 5.6 6.9 5.5 7.2 8.1 12.8 6.5 4.7 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.1 7.4 8.1 6.5 8.9 6.1 8.7 5.9 4.0 8.4 7.5 8.7 7.3 6.0 4.3 6.8 7.0 10.1 6.2 3.8 11.9 * * * * Parkinson's disease (G20G21) Ageadjusted rate1 6.3 6.0 9.6 7.7 5.1 5.9 6.5 6.3 5.0 4.3 5.5 5.7 6.2 8.2 6.6 6.6 7.8 7.8 6.2 6.8 6.9 6.9 5.6 7.1 7.9 4.8 6.1 6.2 7.4 5.4 6.8 5.6 9.3 4.0 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.1 8.5 7.1 5.8 6.5 7.5 6.3 6.7 9.3 7.4 6.2 7.6 5.4 7.2 5.9 2.7 * * * * Alzheimer's disease (G30) Ageadjusted rate1 22.6 30.3 24.7 31.4 23.9 24.1 27.7 16.2 20.4 18.3 17.0 25.7 12.2 28.1 20.6 25.2 26.3 24.3 26.7 30.5 29.0 17.1 19.4 21.7 22.2 25.0 24.1 19.6 22.6 14.7 26.5 16.5 17.7 9.1 26.4 33.6 27.0 23.5 29.0 18.9 20.3 31.5 29.8 34.6 25.9 21.4 26.2 22.3 38.3 21.8 24.2 21.8 34.0 * * * * Area United States2 . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . . California . . . . . . Colorado. . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . Idaho. . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Indiana. . . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Kansas. . . . . . . . Kentucky. . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . Maine . . . . . . . . Maryland. . . . . . . Massachusetts . . . Michigan . . . . . . . Minnesota . . . . . . Mississippi. . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . . New Hampshire . . New Jersey . . . . . New Mexico. . . . . New York . . . . . . North Carolina . . . North Dakota . . . . Ohio . . . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . Oregon. . . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . . . Rhode Island . . . . South Carolina . . . South Dakota . . . . Tennessee. . . . . . Texas. . . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . . . Virginia. . . . . . . . Washington . . . . . West Virginia . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . Wyoming . . . . . . Puerto Rico3 . . . . . Virgin Islands3 . . . . Guam3 . . . . . . . . American Samoa3 . . Northern Marianas3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 19,566 291 29 493 160 1,948 244 264 46 26 1,433 404 96 113 852 433 301 245 265 282 108 361 421 738 433 139 397 68 157 109 92 539 180 848 508 60 901 272 346 1,184 80 279 74 383 1,246 168 51 436 466 121 445 31 100 2 8 Rate 6.5 6.3 4.3 8.0 5.7 5.3 5.1 7.5 5.4 4.5 7.9 4.3 7.5 7.7 6.6 6.9 10.1 8.9 6.3 6.6 8.2 6.4 6.5 7.3 8.4 4.8 6.8 7.2 8.9 4.4 7.0 6.2 9.2 4.4 5.7 9.4 7.8 7.6 9.3 9.5 7.5 6.5 9.5 6.3 5.3 6.6 8.2 5.7 7.3 6.7 8.0 6.0 2.5 * * * * Number 72,432 1,497 73 2,066 783 8,146 1,058 728 189 117 4,689 1,820 201 400 2,794 1,696 1,121 830 1,153 1,282 477 915 1,560 2,331 1,299 744 1,632 226 500 281 372 1,649 348 2,021 2,265 318 3,565 928 1,231 3,311 297 1,364 329 2,115 4,887 390 186 1,574 2,470 496 1,596 112 1,267 13 6 2 Rate 24.2 32.6 10.9 33.5 27.9 22.3 22.3 20.8 22.1 20.1 25.9 19.4 15.6 27.3 21.8 26.9 37.6 30.0 27.4 29.9 36.1 16.3 24.2 23.1 25.1 25.6 27.9 23.9 28.3 11.3 28.3 18.9 17.8 10.5 25.6 50.0 31.1 25.9 33.3 26.6 27.8 31.6 42.1 35.0 20.8 15.3 29.8 20.6 38.6 27.3 28.7 21.7 32.3 * * * * Number 631,636 12,583 645 10,607 7,431 64,871 6,124 7,490 1,866 1,566 44,305 16,478 2,244 2,399 27,007 14,375 7,172 5,849 10,353 10,026 2,815 11,268 12,947 24,255 7,525 8,097 14,749 1,869 3,445 5,013 2,501 19,548 3,411 50,470 17,271 1,527 27,886 9,798 6,620 33,744 2,718 9,030 1,757 14,642 38,782 2,932 1,244 14,021 10,604 5,311 11,451 994 5,720 163 194 60 21 Rate 211.0 273.6 96.3 172.0 264.4 177.9 128.8 213.7 218.6 269.3 244.9 176.0 174.6 163.6 210.5 227.7 240.5 211.6 246.1 233.8 213.0 200.7 201.1 240.3 145.6 278.2 252.4 197.9 194.8 200.9 190.2 224.1 174.5 261.4 195.0 240.1 243.0 273.7 178.9 271.2 254.6 209.0 224.7 242.5 165.0 115.0 199.4 183.5 165.8 292.1 206.1 193.0 145.6 150.1 113.4 103.8 25.5 Number 23,855 456 20 422 230 3,162 210 311 43 56 1,830 942 115 110 896 533 252 203 326 382 91 378 424 768 457 385 430 53 163 114 83 557 101 1,613 715 61 1,164 244 363 971 56 378 81 544 1,427 112 31 500 446 228 398 20 455 10 3 12 1 Rate 8.0 9.9 3.0 6.8 8.2 8.7 4.4 8.9 5.0 9.6 10.1 10.1 8.9 7.5 7.0 8.4 8.5 7.3 7.8 8.9 6.9 6.7 6.6 7.6 8.8 13.2 7.4 5.6 9.2 4.6 6.3 6.4 5.2 8.4 8.1 9.6 10.1 6.8 9.8 7.8 5.2 8.7 10.4 9.0 6.1 4.4 5.0 6.5 7.0 12.5 7.2 3.9 11.6 * * * * See footnotes at end of table. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 103 Table 29. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for major causes of death: United States, each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Numbers after causes of death are categories of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10). The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the ICD10; see ``Technical Notes.'' For explanation of asterisks preceding cause-of-death codes, see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Cerebrovascular diseases (I60I69) Ageadjusted rate1 43.6 55.3 47.2 34.5 58.8 44.9 38.9 36.3 41.7 36.9 35.3 51.3 43.2 51.8 45.3 49.0 42.9 46.5 50.3 51.5 41.3 43.6 37.6 44.7 39.4 53.4 49.5 41.3 43.8 39.6 35.5 35.8 37.6 29.8 52.4 49.3 45.1 53.4 47.9 43.4 31.2 51.6 42.9 54.9 48.3 36.4 37.8 48.8 42.9 47.6 44.6 45.3 40.7 43.0 72.1 * * Influenza and pneumonia (J10J18) Ageadjusted rate1 17.8 18.6 13.5 18.1 23.9 21.8 15.4 18.5 15.1 12.6 9.7 19.7 16.2 15.8 20.1 17.0 18.8 19.4 21.3 19.6 16.6 19.9 22.5 15.8 10.8 20.8 19.3 15.0 15.8 19.8 15.1 13.5 18.0 22.5 19.6 15.1 15.0 22.7 12.5 16.1 19.5 16.4 16.5 24.9 17.3 18.2 10.8 17.9 12.7 20.6 15.7 22.6 24.9 * * * * Chronic lower respiratory diseases (J40J47) Ageadjusted rate1 40.5 46.7 37.2 43.7 47.4 39.1 49.3 35.5 37.5 21.5 35.9 45.1 19.4 46.6 36.9 50.8 45.3 49.9 55.0 39.6 49.3 34.3 34.5 42.9 33.3 46.7 47.3 53.6 44.2 49.0 44.4 30.3 45.5 30.1 45.9 34.5 47.9 57.1 45.7 35.4 38.2 43.2 39.7 47.8 39.9 31.9 46.3 37.4 43.1 56.6 38.8 67.0 27.2 * * * * Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (K70,K73K74) Ageadjusted rate1 8.8 9.6 7.3 11.6 8.5 10.9 9.9 7.0 8.1 9.3 10.3 7.5 6.5 8.6 8.2 7.8 5.0 7.7 7.9 7.8 9.3 6.9 7.1 9.1 6.0 9.0 7.3 10.8 6.7 11.4 6.9 7.1 15.2 5.9 8.6 7.6 8.7 11.9 10.4 7.3 8.9 10.2 10.1 9.7 11.0 6.7 7.8 7.1 8.9 11.0 7.6 12.4 4.7 * 15.7 * * Area United States2 . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . . California . . . . . . Colorado. . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . Idaho. . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Indiana. . . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Kansas. . . . . . . . Kentucky. . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . Maine . . . . . . . . Maryland. . . . . . . Massachusetts . . . Michigan . . . . . . . Minnesota . . . . . . Mississippi. . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . . New Hampshire . . New Jersey . . . . . New Mexico. . . . . New York . . . . . . North Carolina . . . North Dakota . . . . Ohio . . . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . Oregon. . . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . . . Rhode Island . . . . South Carolina . . . South Dakota . . . . Tennessee. . . . . . Texas. . . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . . . Virginia. . . . . . . . Washington . . . . . West Virginia . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . Wyoming . . . . . . Puerto Rico3 . . . . . Virgin Islands3 . . . . Guam3 . . . . . . . . American Samoa3 . . Northern Marianas3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 137,119 2,740 177 2,226 1,884 15,039 1,532 1,547 384 221 8,925 3,889 665 725 5,989 3,238 1,718 1,489 2,197 2,195 670 2,365 2,880 4,752 2,219 1,585 3,247 461 922 847 494 3,468 739 6,398 4,572 428 5,828 2,085 1,978 7,151 421 2,291 442 3,407 9,366 674 264 3,523 2,725 1,072 2,829 236 1,562 41 69 14 11 Rate 45.8 59.6 26.4 36.1 67.0 41.3 32.2 44.1 45.0 38.0 49.3 41.5 51.7 49.4 46.7 51.3 57.6 53.9 52.2 51.2 50.7 42.1 44.7 47.1 42.9 54.5 55.6 48.8 52.1 33.9 37.6 39.7 37.8 33.1 51.6 67.3 50.8 58.3 53.4 57.5 39.4 53.0 56.5 56.4 39.8 26.4 42.3 46.1 42.6 59.0 50.9 45.8 39.8 37.8 40.3 * * Number 56,326 918 49 1,166 772 7,338 614 800 138 76 2,454 1,463 257 225 2,668 1,129 770 647 927 833 269 1,082 1,750 1,679 630 621 1,285 169 345 426 212 1,315 353 4,892 1,705 138 1,947 879 522 2,716 268 724 173 1,535 3,342 343 77 1,281 814 459 1,014 117 953 11 13 4 4 Rate 18.8 20.0 7.3 18.9 27.5 20.1 12.9 22.8 16.2 13.1 13.6 15.6 20.0 15.3 20.8 17.9 25.8 23.4 22.0 19.4 20.4 19.3 27.2 16.6 12.2 21.3 22.0 17.9 19.5 17.1 16.1 15.1 18.1 25.3 19.3 21.7 17.0 24.6 14.1 21.8 25.1 16.8 22.1 25.4 14.2 13.5 12.3 16.8 12.7 25.2 18.2 22.7 24.3 * * * * Number 124,583 2,309 140 2,799 1,498 12,829 1,932 1,458 344 126 8,912 3,387 293 644 4,731 3,291 1,655 1,501 2,407 1,687 783 1,832 2,535 4,474 1,770 1,378 3,017 579 878 1,066 603 2,862 888 6,329 4,017 283 6,054 2,192 1,828 5,621 485 1,935 376 2,980 7,639 591 320 2,697 2,662 1,267 2,354 345 1,041 9 13 11 4 Rate 41.6 50.2 20.9 45.4 53.3 35.2 40.6 41.6 40.3 21.7 49.3 36.2 22.8 43.9 36.9 52.1 55.5 54.3 57.2 39.3 59.2 32.6 39.4 44.3 34.3 47.3 51.6 61.3 49.7 42.7 45.9 32.8 45.4 32.8 45.4 44.5 52.7 61.2 49.4 45.2 45.4 44.8 48.1 49.3 32.5 23.2 51.3 35.3 41.6 69.7 42.4 67.0 26.5 * * * * Number 27,555 489 46 716 259 3,840 463 273 74 54 2,185 664 91 124 1,071 510 167 224 359 342 147 408 508 981 325 267 458 113 123 291 100 674 308 1,223 804 51 1,096 445 422 1,057 106 479 82 636 2,385 134 55 567 601 237 452 69 188 16 22 1 Rate 9.2 10.6 6.9 11.6 9.2 10.5 9.7 7.8 8.7 9.3 12.1 7.1 7.1 8.5 8.3 8.1 5.6 8.1 8.5 8.0 11.1 7.3 7.9 9.7 6.3 9.2 7.8 12.0 7.0 11.7 7.6 7.7 15.8 6.3 9.1 8.0 9.5 12.4 11.4 8.5 9.9 11.1 10.5 10.5 10.1 5.3 8.8 7.4 9.4 13.0 8.1 13.4 4.8 * 12.9 * * See footnotes at end of table. 104 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 29. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for major causes of death: United States, each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Numbers after causes of death are categories of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10). The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the ICD10; see ``Technical Notes.'' For explanation of asterisks preceding cause-of-death codes, see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis (N00N07,N17N19,N25N27) Ageadjusted rate1 14.5 22.2 12.6 8.8 19.3 8.0 12.1 13.7 16.5 11.1 10.5 21.7 11.8 9.2 19.2 20.8 5.7 18.8 21.0 25.2 15.7 14.1 18.5 15.8 12.8 22.5 17.1 11.9 12.2 22.0 11.6 17.1 13.2 11.0 18.9 6.5 13.8 15.4 8.7 19.0 12.9 18.9 6.2 12.4 15.3 11.1 7.4 19.2 6.6 20.8 15.4 11.2 24.2 * * * * Accidents (V01X59,Y85Y86) Ageadjusted rate1 39.8 53.8 51.9 53.8 49.1 31.6 42.1 34.6 37.9 38.1 46.0 43.8 31.7 47.0 34.3 38.7 35.4 41.5 57.5 56.6 40.6 26.1 32.0 34.9 35.2 63.8 49.7 55.8 35.9 44.5 33.7 28.7 67.1 25.9 47.0 39.5 40.2 56.3 40.5 39.4 36.4 53.2 53.0 54.2 41.0 30.9 45.2 35.7 41.1 62.2 42.7 58.9 29.6 29.1 26.5 * * Motor vehicle accidents5 Ageadjusted rate1 15.0 26.6 13.1 21.4 25.9 12.2 12.3 10.1 16.4 6.8 18.9 18.9 11.9 20.4 10.9 15.0 14.6 17.4 22.0 23.7 14.3 12.9 7.3 11.5 11.6 33.3 18.8 27.3 14.8 17.9 9.5 8.8 24.1 8.1 19.2 17.9 11.7 21.8 13.5 12.8 7.8 24.1 24.2 22.8 16.8 13.9 14.1 12.5 11.4 23.1 13.5 29.7 12.3 * * * * Intentional self-harm (suicide) (*U03,X60X84,Y87.0) Ageadjusted rate1 10.9 12.4 20.0 16.0 13.3 9.2 15.2 8.0 10.4 5.1 12.6 10.0 9.2 15.6 7.8 13.0 11.1 13.8 14.6 11.6 11.0 8.6 6.7 11.1 10.6 11.4 13.5 19.7 11.2 19.5 11.0 6.5 18.0 6.6 12.2 13.6 11.2 15.0 15.2 10.8 8.1 11.9 16.0 14.2 10.3 15.8 12.0 11.1 12.3 14.1 11.9 21.7 6.6 * * * * Area United States2 . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . . California . . . . . . Colorado. . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . Idaho. . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Indiana. . . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Kansas. . . . . . . . Kentucky. . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . Maine . . . . . . . . Maryland. . . . . . . Massachusetts . . . Michigan . . . . . . . Minnesota . . . . . . Mississippi. . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . . New Hampshire . . New Jersey . . . . . New Mexico. . . . . New York . . . . . . North Carolina . . . North Dakota . . . . Ohio . . . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . Oregon. . . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . . . Rhode Island . . . . South Carolina . . . South Dakota . . . . Tennessee. . . . . . Texas. . . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . . . Virginia. . . . . . . . Washington . . . . . West Virginia . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . Wyoming . . . . . . Puerto Rico3 . . . . . Virgin Islands3 . . . . Guam3 . . . . . . . . American Samoa3 . . Northern Marianas3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 45,344 1,104 44 565 616 2,676 472 567 152 68 2,620 1,668 179 130 2,502 1,372 225 594 922 1,074 252 767 1,406 1,673 711 673 1,118 132 249 475 160 1,645 262 2,351 1,661 59 1,758 594 353 3,084 167 846 62 768 2,995 210 52 1,400 423 468 962 58 950 7 17 3 9 Rate 15.1 24.0 6.6 9.2 21.9 7.3 9.9 16.2 17.8 11.7 14.5 17.8 13.9 8.9 19.5 21.7 7.5 21.5 21.9 25.0 19.1 13.7 21.8 16.6 13.8 23.1 19.1 14.0 14.1 19.0 12.2 18.9 13.4 12.2 18.8 9.3 15.3 16.6 9.5 24.8 15.6 19.6 7.9 12.7 12.7 8.2 8.3 18.3 6.6 25.7 17.3 11.3 24.2 * * * * Number 121,599 2,506 316 3,352 1,415 11,375 1,917 1,302 329 224 8,917 3,879 441 682 4,451 2,480 1,188 1,198 2,446 2,422 572 1,456 2,214 3,590 1,919 1,856 3,009 558 683 1,091 460 2,590 1,297 5,235 4,156 275 4,821 2,039 1,586 5,299 434 2,315 452 3,307 9,140 715 301 2,703 2,679 1,177 2,524 306 1,166 30 40 13 12 Rate 40.6 54.5 47.2 54.4 50.3 31.2 40.3 37.1 38.5 38.5 49.3 41.4 34.3 46.5 34.7 39.3 39.8 43.3 58.2 56.5 43.3 25.9 34.4 35.6 37.1 63.8 51.5 59.1 38.6 43.7 35.0 29.7 66.4 27.1 46.9 43.2 42.0 57.0 42.9 42.6 40.7 53.6 57.8 54.8 38.9 28.0 48.2 35.4 41.9 64.7 45.4 59.4 29.7 27.6 23.4 * * Number 45,316 1,224 85 1,323 729 4,464 591 363 140 40 3,466 1,751 157 298 1,416 954 457 491 932 1,017 193 727 487 1,176 610 968 1,111 264 270 442 129 774 469 1,599 1,704 114 1,367 787 510 1,625 89 1,044 193 1,379 3,907 342 91 962 743 420 769 153 493 13 17 2 5 Rate 15.1 26.6 12.7 21.5 25.9 12.2 12.4 10.4 16.4 6.9 19.2 18.7 12.2 20.3 11.0 15.1 15.3 17.8 22.2 23.7 14.6 12.9 7.6 11.6 11.8 33.3 19.0 27.9 15.3 17.7 9.8 8.9 24.0 8.3 19.2 17.9 11.9 22.0 13.8 13.1 8.3 24.2 24.7 22.8 16.6 13.4 14.6 12.6 11.6 23.1 13.8 29.7 12.6 * * * * Number 33,300 580 135 979 376 3,334 730 292 91 30 2,440 923 120 222 1,010 824 334 379 622 492 158 495 450 1,139 554 325 799 189 202 486 151 585 352 1,326 1,106 90 1,325 537 579 1,396 90 524 125 874 2,347 362 81 876 809 269 670 116 259 12 17 3 Rate 11.1 12.6 20.1 15.9 13.4 9.1 15.4 8.3 10.7 5.2 13.5 9.9 9.3 15.1 7.9 13.1 11.2 13.7 14.8 11.5 12.0 8.8 7.0 11.3 10.7 11.2 13.7 20.0 11.4 19.5 11.5 6.7 18.0 6.9 12.5 14.2 11.5 15.0 15.6 11.2 8.4 12.1 16.0 14.5 10.0 14.2 13.0 11.5 12.6 14.8 12.1 22.5 6.6 * * * * See footnotes at end of table. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 105 Table 29. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for major causes of death: United States, each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Numbers after causes of death are categories of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10). The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the ICD10; see ``Technical Notes.'' For explanation of asterisks preceding cause-of-death codes, see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Assault (homicide) (*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Ageadjusted rate1 6.2 9.8 6.1 8.9 8.5 6.9 3.7 3.9 6.1 23.3 7.0 7.1 2.1 2.6 6.7 5.9 2.5 4.1 4.6 12.8 1.5 10.2 2.9 7.2 2.5 11.0 7.1 3.8 3.1 8.9 1.6 5.3 7.0 5.0 7.0 * 5.9 6.4 3.1 6.4 3.6 9.1 2.9 8.0 6.1 2.0 * 5.3 3.4 5.4 3.5 * Alcohol-induced causes6 Ageadjusted rate1 7.0 5.0 21.6 10.8 5.8 11.0 10.6 4.7 6.3 13.9 8.7 5.4 4.8 8.7 4.6 5.0 5.7 6.4 5.0 5.0 7.4 4.9 5.2 6.4 6.8 5.4 6.2 14.3 5.8 8.3 6.6 4.9 17.7 5.3 6.5 9.8 5.6 9.5 11.6 3.6 8.1 7.4 12.1 7.4 6.1 6.9 8.6 4.3 9.8 6.7 7.1 15.9 Drug-induced causes7 Ageadjusted rate1 12.7 10.3 12.6 16.0 11.3 11.0 13.3 12.8 9.9 22.4 16.2 9.6 10.0 10.4 11.1 12.2 6.9 10.7 18.1 19.0 12.3 13.9 15.3 16.3 7.1 13.1 13.2 12.5 7.4 18.7 11.8 11.3 22.8 9.8 12.5 * 13.9 17.8 15.2 14.9 16.6 14.7 5.7 16.9 10.6 20.7 13.3 8.6 14.6 21.2 11.4 12.2 Injury by firearms8 Ageadjusted rate1 10.2 16.8 17.1 15.9 15.1 9.1 10.4 5.0 9.2 20.6 11.1 12.2 2.5 12.6 8.0 11.6 6.3 10.9 12.5 19.3 7.3 12.1 3.2 11.4 6.3 16.6 13.0 12.4 7.7 16.5 6.1 5.7 14.5 5.1 12.7 6.7 9.6 13.4 10.0 10.9 4.2 14.0 9.7 15.4 10.4 9.7 8.0 10.5 8.4 13.2 7.5 15.0 Area United States2 . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . . California . . . . . . Colorado. . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . Idaho. . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Indiana. . . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Kansas. . . . . . . . Kentucky. . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . Maine . . . . . . . . Maryland. . . . . . . Massachusetts . . . Michigan . . . . . . . Minnesota . . . . . . Mississippi. . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . . New Hampshire . . New Jersey . . . . . New Mexico. . . . . New York . . . . . . North Carolina . . . North Dakota . . . . Ohio . . . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . Oregon. . . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . . . Rhode Island . . . . South Carolina . . . South Dakota . . . . Tennessee. . . . . . Texas. . . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . . . Virginia. . . . . . . . Washington . . . . . West Virginia . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 18,573 445 43 549 234 2,616 181 132 50 150 1,214 687 28 38 865 375 73 114 192 554 20 568 183 722 128 318 412 35 55 219 20 449 135 962 622 11 666 226 113 769 39 391 21 486 1,467 52 13 410 221 97 194 9 Rate 6.2 9.7 6.4 8.9 8.3 7.2 3.8 3.8 5.9 25.8 6.7 7.3 2.2 2.6 6.7 5.9 2.4 4.1 4.6 12.9 1.5 10.1 2.8 7.2 2.5 10.9 7.1 3.7 3.1 8.8 1.5 5.1 6.9 5.0 7.0 * 5.8 6.3 3.1 6.2 3.7 9.0 2.7 8.0 6.2 2.0 * 5.4 3.5 5.3 3.5 * Number 22,073 249 143 664 171 3,932 526 186 58 82 1,746 500 65 129 610 332 185 184 232 221 114 294 371 695 371 159 385 149 105 217 100 466 351 1,101 610 64 708 353 475 503 95 351 98 485 1,371 144 63 348 663 137 424 88 Rate 7.4 5.4 21.3 10.8 6.1 10.8 11.1 5.3 6.8 14.1 9.7 5.3 5.1 8.8 4.8 5.3 6.2 6.7 5.5 5.2 8.6 5.2 5.8 6.9 7.2 5.5 6.6 15.8 5.9 8.7 7.6 5.3 18.0 5.7 6.9 10.1 6.2 9.9 12.8 4.0 8.9 8.1 12.5 8.0 5.8 5.6 10.1 4.6 10.4 7.5 7.6 17.1 Number 38,396 466 85 959 307 4,026 660 458 83 129 2,928 912 131 147 1,423 773 199 292 766 800 166 805 1,021 1,661 378 368 765 121 131 471 160 1,009 435 1,949 1,120 16 1,606 619 584 1,834 179 641 43 1,030 2,452 481 83 670 970 378 642 64 Rate 12.8 10.1 12.7 15.6 10.9 11.0 13.9 13.1 9.7 22.2 16.2 9.7 10.2 10.0 11.1 12.2 6.7 10.6 18.2 18.7 12.6 14.3 15.9 16.5 7.3 12.6 13.1 12.8 7.4 18.9 12.2 11.6 22.3 10.1 12.6 * 14.0 17.3 15.8 14.7 16.8 14.8 5.5 17.1 10.4 18.9 13.3 8.8 15.2 20.8 11.6 12.4 Number 30,896 780 111 982 426 3,363 497 173 79 134 2,083 1,144 33 180 1,036 742 193 299 531 831 105 678 211 1,157 329 475 767 120 141 405 82 492 283 1,002 1,133 46 1,114 482 384 1,371 47 616 77 943 2,422 224 54 816 546 253 424 80 Rate 10.3 17.0 16.6 15.9 15.2 9.2 10.5 4.9 9.3 23.0 11.5 12.2 2.6 12.3 8.1 11.8 6.5 10.8 12.6 19.4 7.9 12.1 3.3 11.5 6.4 16.3 13.1 12.7 8.0 16.2 6.2 5.6 14.5 5.2 12.8 7.2 9.7 13.5 10.4 11.0 4.4 14.3 9.8 15.6 10.3 8.8 8.7 10.7 8.5 13.9 7.6 15.5 See footnotes at end of table. 106 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 29. Number of deaths, death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for major causes of death: United States, each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, 2006--Con. [Rates per 100,000 population; age-adjusted rates are per 100,000 U.S. standard population; see ``Technical Notes.'' Populations used for computing death rates are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes.'' Numbers after causes of death are categories of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10). The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the ICD10; see ``Technical Notes.'' For explanation of asterisks preceding cause-of-death codes, see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Assault (homicide) (*U01*U02,X85Y09,Y87.1) Ageadjusted rate1 18.1 44.2 * * * Alcohol-induced causes6 Ageadjusted rate1 4.4 * * * * Drug-induced causes7 Ageadjusted rate1 6.6 * * * * Injury by firearms8 Ageadjusted rate1 17.4 43.2 * * * Area Puerto Rico3 . . . . . Virgin Islands3 . . . . Guam3 . . . . . . . . American Samoa3 . . Northern Marianas3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 724 43 12 3 4 Rate 18.4 39.6 * * * Number 179 18 9 2 Rate 4.6 * * * * Number 252 1 1 Rate 6.4 * * * * Number 699 42 7 1 Rate 17.8 38.7 * * * * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' Quantity zero. 1 Death rates are affected by the population composition of the area. Age-adjusted death rates should be used for comparisons between areas; for method of computation, see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Excludes data for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas. 3 Age-adjusted death rates for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas are calculated using different age groups in the weighting procedure; see ``Technical Notes.'' 4 Cause-of-death title was changed in 2006 to reflect the addition of Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15); see ``Technical Notes.'' 5 ICD10 codes for Motor vehicle accidents are V02V04, V09.0, V09.2, V12V14, V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6, V20V79, V80.3V80.5, V81.0V81.1, V82.0V82.1, V83V86, V87.0V87.8, V88.0V88.8, V89.0, and V89.2; see ``Technical Notes.'' 6 Causes of death attributable to alcohol-induced mortality include ICD10 codes E24.4, F10, G31.2, G62.1, G72.1, I42.6, K29.2, K70, K85.2, K86.0, R78.0, X45, X65, and Y15. In 2006, the list of alcohol-induced codes was modified to include a new ICD10 code, Alcohol-induced acute pancreatitis (ICD10 code K85.2); see ``Technical Notes.'' 7 Causes of death attributable to drug-induced mortality include ICD10 codes D52.1, D59.0, D59.2, D61.1, D64.2, E06.4, E16.0, E23.1, E24.2, E27.3, E66.1, F11.0F11.5, F11.7F11.9, F12.0F12.5, F12.7F12.9, F13.0F13.5, F13.7F13.9, F14.0F14.5, F14.7F14.9, F15.0F15.5, F15.7F15.9, F16.0F16.5, F16.7F16.9, F17.0, F17.3F17.5, F17.7F17.9, F18.0F18.5, F18.7F18.9, F19.0F19.5, F19.7F19.9, G21.1, G24.0, G25.1, G25.4, G25.6, G44.4, G62.0, G72.0, I95.2, J70.2J70.4, K85.3, L10.5, L27.0L27.1, M10.2, M32.0, M80.4, M81.4, M83.5, M87.1, R50.2, R78.1R78.5, X40X44, X60X64, X85, and Y10Y14. In 2006, the list of drug-induced codes was modified to include two new ICD10 codes, Drug-induced acute pancreatitis (ICD10 code K85.3) and Drug-induced fever (ICD10 code R50.2); see ``Technical Notes.'' 8 ICD10 codes for Injury by firearms are *U01.4, W32W34, X72X74, X93X95, Y22Y24, and Y35.0; see ``Technical Notes.'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 107 Table 30. Infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality rates by race and sex: United States, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, and 19752006 [Rates are infant (under 1 year), neonatal (under 28 days), and postneonatal (28 days11 months) deaths per 1,000 live births in specified group. Beginning in 1980, race for live births is tabulated according to race of mother; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards] All other1 All races Year Race of mother 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 White1 Female Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Total1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Female Both sexes Male Infant mortality rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.69 6.87 6.79 6.85 6.97 6.85 6.91 7.06 7.20 7.23 7.32 7.59 8.02 8.37 8.52 8.94 9.22 9.81 9.95 10.08 10.35 10.64 10.79 11.16 11.52 11.93 12.60 7.32 7.56 7.47 7.60 7.64 7.52 7.57 7.72 7.83 7.95 8.02 8.33 8.81 9.25 9.39 10.00 10.26 10.81 10.99 11.17 11.55 11.91 11.90 12.31 12.77 13.14 13.93 6.03 6.15 6.09 6.07 6.27 6.14 6.21 6.36 6.54 6.47 6.59 6.81 7.20 7.43 7.61 7.84 8.13 8.77 8.86 8.94 9.10 9.32 9.62 9.96 10.21 10.66 11.21 5.56 5.73 5.66 5.72 5.79 5.65 5.68 5.77 5.95 6.03 6.07 6.29 6.57 6.82 6.92 7.30 7.56 8.08 8.36 8.48 8.80 9.17 9.30 9.61 9.94 10.34 10.86 6.10 6.32 6.22 6.36 6.42 6.21 6.22 6.35 6.47 6.67 6.67 6.99 7.22 7.56 7.69 8.26 8.51 9.01 9.35 9.45 9.87 10.39 10.38 10.66 11.08 11.50 12.12 4.99 5.11 5.07 5.05 5.13 5.06 5.11 5.15 5.41 5.36 5.44 5.55 5.89 6.05 6.12 6.30 6.56 7.10 7.31 7.45 7.67 7.88 8.17 8.49 8.73 9.12 9.52 10.60 10.92 10.92 11.09 11.41 11.33 11.44 11.94 11.92 11.76 12.18 12.61 13.47 14.07 14.44 15.07 15.52 16.33 16.08 16.46 16.72 16.84 17.05 17.80 18.31 18.82 20.19 11.54 11.98 12.01 12.24 12.24 12.44 12.57 12.94 13.01 12.83 13.31 13.53 14.82 15.58 15.72 16.53 16.96 17.60 17.33 18.06 18.45 18.33 18.37 19.44 20.07 20.36 21.89 9.61 9.82 9.77 9.90 10.55 10.18 10.26 10.90 10.79 10.65 11.01 11.65 12.08 12.52 13.10 13.57 14.03 15.02 14.79 14.80 14.91 15.28 15.69 16.11 16.49 17.24 18.43 13.29 13.73 13.79 14.01 14.36 14.02 14.09 14.56 14.31 14.16 14.68 15.12 15.83 16.52 16.85 17.57 17.96 18.61 18.54 18.75 18.90 19.01 19.15 19.98 20.48 20.81 22.19 14.38 15.15 15.19 15.53 15.43 15.48 15.50 15.92 15.75 15.47 16.04 16.34 17.49 18.33 18.38 19.38 19.62 20.02 20.04 20.63 20.91 20.76 20.67 21.95 22.45 22.54 24.16 12.16 12.27 12.33 12.43 13.25 12.52 12.63 13.16 12.82 12.82 13.27 13.86 14.12 14.67 15.26 15.71 16.25 17.15 16.99 16.83 16.81 17.22 17.58 17.96 18.44 19.03 20.15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Race of child3 1980 1979 1978 1977 1976 1975 1970 1960 1950 1940 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.60 13.07 13.78 14.12 15.24 16.07 20.01 26.04 29.21 47.02 13.93 14.50 15.26 15.75 16.82 17.86 22.37 29.33 32.75 52.45 11.21 11.56 12.23 12.40 13.57 14.18 17.52 22.59 25.48 41.29 11.00 11.42 12.01 12.34 13.31 14.17 17.75 22.91 26.77 43.23 12.27 12.82 13.37 13.90 14.81 15.94 19.95 26.01 30.21 48.32 9.65 9.94 10.58 10.68 11.71 12.30 15.42 19.64 23.13 37.84 19.12 19.81 21.06 21.68 23.50 24.23 30.92 43.21 44.46 73.78 20.73 21.47 23.15 23.71 25.51 26.24 34.20 47.88 48.87 82.21 17.47 18.09 18.90 19.58 21.42 22.17 27.53 38.46 39.93 65.19 21.37 21.78 23.11 23.64 25.54 26.21 32.65 44.32 43.91 72.94 23.27 23.66 25.39 25.91 27.83 28.32 36.18 49.12 48.27 81.07 19.43 19.85 20.77 21.30 23.19 24.03 29.01 39.43 39.44 64.61 Race of mother2 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.45 4.54 4.52 4.62 4.66 4.54 4.63 4.73 4.80 4.77 4.77 4.91 5.12 5.29 5.37 5.59 5.85 6.23 4.84 4.93 4.94 5.08 5.06 4.97 5.06 5.11 5.21 5.20 5.18 5.36 5.58 5.75 5.84 6.17 6.50 6.79 4.05 4.12 4.09 4.14 4.25 4.08 4.17 4.33 4.37 4.32 4.34 4.44 4.64 4.81 4.89 4.98 5.16 5.63 3.72 3.79 3.78 3.87 3.89 3.78 3.82 3.88 3.98 3.99 3.97 4.08 4.20 4.29 4.35 4.53 4.79 5.15 4.05 4.10 4.14 4.26 4.27 4.15 4.16 4.19 4.31 4.37 4.31 4.50 4.55 4.64 4.72 5.01 5.38 5.66 Neonatal mortality rate 3.37 3.46 3.41 3.46 3.50 3.39 3.46 3.56 3.63 3.59 3.62 3.64 3.83 3.92 3.96 4.04 4.17 4.60 7.00 7.18 7.19 7.40 7.55 7.37 7.60 7.94 7.91 7.74 7.86 8.13 8.60 9.02 9.19 9.52 9.86 10.30 7.58 7.88 7.82 8.14 8.03 8.06 8.39 8.60 8.63 8.36 8.59 8.71 9.51 9.90 10.02 10.54 10.79 11.08 6.40 6.47 6.54 6.64 7.05 6.65 6.79 7.25 7.17 7.09 7.12 7.53 7.65 8.11 8.32 8.47 8.89 9.49 8.82 9.07 9.13 9.40 9.51 9.21 9.38 9.77 9.55 9.40 9.56 9.85 10.21 10.69 10.83 11.25 11.55 11.92 9.49 9.96 9.95 10.40 10.13 10.15 10.39 10.72 10.51 10.12 10.45 10.63 11.32 11.76 11.83 12.56 12.69 12.84 8.12 8.14 8.27 8.37 8.87 8.25 8.35 8.79 8.56 8.65 8.65 9.05 9.07 9.59 9.79 9.89 10.38 10.97 See footnotes at end of table. 108 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 30. Infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality rates by race and sex: United States, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, and 19752006--Con. [Rates are infant (under 1 year), neonatal (under 28 days), and postneonatal (28 days11 months) deaths per 1,000 live births in specified group. Beginning in 1980, race for live births is tabulated according to race of mother; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards] All other1 All races Year Race of mother --Con. 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.32 6.46 6.71 6.96 7.00 7.28 7.70 8.02 8.48 6.95 7.11 7.42 7.75 7.66 8.01 8.48 8.81 9.31 5.65 5.79 5.97 6.13 6.31 6.52 6.88 7.20 7.60 5.27 5.40 5.72 6.00 6.09 6.31 6.69 6.99 7.39 5.84 5.96 6.34 6.75 6.72 6.98 7.39 7.73 8.19 2 White1 Female Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Total1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Female Both sexes Male Neonatal mortality rate 4.67 4.82 5.05 5.21 5.41 5.61 5.94 6.20 6.54 10.33 10.68 10.79 11.00 10.87 11.41 12.04 12.51 13.21 11.22 11.72 11.83 12.00 11.66 12.46 13.15 13.52 14.27 9.42 9.61 9.70 9.95 10.06 10.33 10.88 11.48 12.13 12.05 12.30 12.31 12.62 12.32 12.93 13.62 13.98 14.62 13.14 13.52 13.59 13.81 13.22 14.20 14.86 15.16 15.91 10.93 11.05 10.98 11.39 11.40 11.63 12.34 12.77 13.29 Race of child3 1980 1979 1978 1977 1976 1975 1970 1960 1950 1940 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.48 8.87 9.49 9.88 10.92 11.58 15.08 18.73 20.50 28.75 9.31 9.79 10.54 11.00 12.03 12.91 16.96 21.24 23.34 32.56 7.60 7.89 8.38 8.70 9.75 10.18 13.10 16.09 17.50 24.74 7.48 7.88 8.39 8.75 9.66 10.38 13.77 17.24 19.37 27.20 8.29 8.80 9.34 9.83 10.73 11.70 15.55 19.66 22.18 30.85 6.62 6.92 7.38 7.60 8.52 8.98 11.88 14.70 16.40 23.33 12.52 12.89 14.01 14.66 16.31 16.78 21.43 26.86 27.54 39.71 13.51 13.91 15.54 16.02 17.68 18.21 23.87 30.04 30.76 44.87 11.49 11.83 12.43 13.27 14.90 15.31 18.91 23.62 24.23 34.45 14.08 14.31 15.47 16.08 17.92 18.32 22.76 27.83 27.80 39.90 15.32 15.45 17.17 17.60 19.47 19.78 25.37 31.13 31.09 44.78 12.81 13.14 13.72 14.52 16.32 16.81 20.07 24.49 24.44 34.89 Race of mother2 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.24 2.34 2.27 2.23 2.31 2.31 2.28 2.33 2.40 2.45 2.55 2.67 2.90 3.07 3.14 3.35 3.38 3.59 3.64 3.62 3.64 3.68 3.79 3.88 3.82 3.91 4.13 2.48 2.63 2.53 2.52 2.58 2.55 2.51 2.61 2.62 2.75 2.84 2.97 3.22 3.50 3.55 3.82 3.76 4.01 4.04 4.06 4.13 4.15 4.23 4.30 4.29 4.34 4.62 1.98 2.03 2.00 1.94 2.03 2.06 2.04 2.03 2.16 2.14 2.24 2.37 2.56 2.62 2.72 2.86 2.97 3.14 3.21 3.15 3.13 3.19 3.31 3.44 3.33 3.46 3.61 1.84 1.94 1.87 1.84 1.89 1.87 1.86 1.88 1.97 2.04 2.09 2.21 2.37 2.54 2.58 2.76 2.78 2.93 3.09 3.08 3.08 3.17 3.22 3.29 3.25 3.35 3.47 2.05 2.22 2.07 2.09 2.15 2.06 2.06 2.16 2.16 2.30 2.36 2.49 2.67 2.92 2.97 3.25 3.14 3.35 3.51 3.49 3.53 3.64 3.65 3.68 3.68 3.77 3.93 Postneonatal mortality rate 1.62 1.65 1.66 1.58 1.63 1.67 1.66 1.60 1.78 1.77 1.81 1.91 2.06 2.13 2.16 2.26 2.39 2.49 2.65 2.64 2.62 2.67 2.76 2.88 2.79 2.92 2.98 3.60 3.73 3.72 3.69 3.86 3.96 3.83 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.32 4.47 4.88 5.06 5.25 5.55 5.66 6.03 5.75 5.77 5.93 5.84 6.18 6.39 6.28 6.31 6.97 3.96 4.10 4.19 4.10 4.21 4.37 4.18 4.34 4.38 4.47 4.72 4.82 5.32 5.68 5.69 5.99 6.16 6.52 6.11 6.34 6.62 6.33 6.71 6.98 6.92 6.84 7.62 3.22 3.36 3.23 3.26 3.50 3.53 3.47 3.64 3.62 3.56 3.90 4.11 4.42 4.42 4.78 5.10 5.13 5.53 5.37 5.18 5.21 5.33 5.63 5.78 5.61 5.76 6.30 4.47 4.67 4.66 4.60 4.85 4.81 4.70 4.79 4.76 4.77 5.11 5.27 5.61 5.83 6.02 6.32 6.41 6.69 6.49 6.45 6.59 6.40 6.83 7.05 6.86 6.83 7.57 4.89 5.19 5.24 5.13 5.30 5.32 5.11 5.20 5.24 5.34 5.60 5.71 6.17 6.57 6.54 6.82 6.93 7.18 6.90 7.10 7.33 6.95 7.46 7.75 7.59 7.38 8.25 4.04 4.13 4.06 4.06 4.38 4.27 4.28 4.36 4.26 4.17 4.62 4.81 5.04 5.08 5.47 5.81 5.87 6.19 6.07 5.77 5.83 5.83 6.18 6.32 6.10 6.26 6.87 See footnotes at end of table. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 109 Table 30. Infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality rates by race and sex: United States, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, and 19752006--Con. [Rates are infant (under 1 year), neonatal (under 28 days), and postneonatal (28 days11 months) deaths per 1,000 live births in specified group. Beginning in 1980, race for live births is tabulated according to race of mother; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards] All other1 All races Year Race of child 1980 1979 1978 1977 1976 1975 1970 1960 1950 1940 1 White1 Female Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Total1 Male Female Both sexes Black1 Male Female Both sexes Male 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.13 4.20 4.30 4.24 4.32 4.49 4.93 7.31 8.71 18.27 4.62 4.71 4.72 4.75 4.79 4.95 5.41 8.10 9.41 19.89 3.61 3.67 3.85 3.71 3.83 4.00 4.42 6.49 7.98 16.55 3.52 3.54 3.63 3.59 3.65 3.80 3.98 5.66 7.40 16.03 3.98 4.02 4.03 4.07 4.08 4.24 4.40 6.35 8.04 17.47 3.02 3.03 3.20 3.08 3.19 3.33 3.54 4.94 6.73 14.50 6.61 6.92 7.05 7.01 7.19 7.45 9.49 16.35 16.92 34.07 7.22 7.57 7.60 7.69 7.83 8.03 10.33 17.84 18.11 37.35 5.97 6.25 6.48 6.31 6.52 6.86 8.62 14.84 15.70 30.74 7.29 7.47 7.64 7.56 7.63 7.89 9.89 16.48 16.10 33.05 7.95 8.21 8.22 8.32 8.36 8.54 10.81 17.99 17.18 36.29 6.62 6.71 7.05 6.78 6.88 7.22 8.94 14.95 15.00 29.72 Multiple-race data were reported for deaths by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006, by 21 states and the District of Columbia in 2005, by 15 states in 2004, and by 7 states in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' Multiple-race data were reported for births by 23 areas in 2006, by 19 areas in 2005, by 15 areas in 2004, and by 6 areas in 2003; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Infant deaths are based on race of child as stated on the death certificate; live births are based on race of mother as stated on the birth certificate; see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 Infant deaths are based on race of child as stated on the death certificate; live births are based on race of parents as stated on the birth certificate; see ``Technical Notes.'' 110 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 31. Number of infant deaths and infant mortality rates for 130 selected causes by race: United States, 2006 [Rates are infant deaths (under 1 year) per 100,000 live births in specified group. Infant deaths are based on race of decedent; live births are based on race of mother. The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Number Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) All causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certain infectious and parasitic diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A00B99) Certain intestinal infectious diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A00A08) Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of infectious origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A09) Tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A16A19) Tetanus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A33,A35) Diphtheria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A36) Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A37) Meningococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A39) Septicemia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A40A41) Congenital syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A50) Gonococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A54) Viral diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80B34) Acute poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A80) Varicella (chickenpox) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B01) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B05) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B20B24) Mumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B26) Other and unspecified viral diseases . . . . (A81B00,B02B04,B06B19,B25,B27B34) Candidiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B37) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B50B54) Pneumocystosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B59) All other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases . . . . (A20A32,A38,A42A49, A51A53,A55A79,B35B36,B38B49,B55B58,B60B99) Neoplasms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00D48) Malignant neoplasms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C00C97) Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C81C85) Leukemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C91C95) Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms . . . . . . . (C00C80,C88,C90,C96C97) In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D00D48) Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D89) Anemias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D50D64) Hemorrhagic conditions and other diseases of blood and blood-forming organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D65D76) Certain disorders involving the immune mechanism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (D80D89) Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E00E88) Short stature, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E34.3) Nutritional deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E40E64) Cystic fibrosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (E84) Volume depletion, disorders of fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance . . . . . (E86E87) All other endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases . . . . . . . (E00E32,E34.0E34.2, E34.4E34.9,E65E83,E85,E88) Diseases of the nervous system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00G98) Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G00,G03) Infantile spinal muscular atrophy, type I (Werdnig-Hoffman) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G12.0) Infantile cerebral palsy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G80) Anoxic brain damage, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (G93.1) Other diseases of nervous system. . . . . . . . . . (G04,G06G11,G12.1G12.9,G20G72, G81G92,G93.0,G93.2G93.9,G95G98) Diseases of the ear and mastoid process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (H60H93) Diseases of the circulatory system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I00I99) Pulmonary heart disease and diseases of pulmonary circulation . . . . . . . . . . (I26I28) Pericarditis, endocarditis and myocarditis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I30,I33,I40) Cardiomyopathy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I42) Cardiac arrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(I46) Cerebrovascular diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (I60I69) All other diseases of circulatory system. . . . (I00I25,I31,I34I38,I44I45,I47I51,I70I99) Diseases of the respiratory system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(J00J98) See footnotes at end of table. All races1 28,527 479 16 1 8 11 269 120 7 113 15 1 38 141 76 1 31 44 65 102 11 62 29 207 11 9 11 53 123 373 61 8 7 60 237 3 543 81 9 115 15 142 181 692 White2 18,403 274 10 6 10 156 70 3 67 6 16 114 64 1 25 38 50 71 3 45 23 155 7 6 11 37 94 274 44 8 5 39 178 2 343 43 4 79 10 89 118 401 Black2 8,858 181 4 1 2 1 102 42 4 38 8 1 20 22 9 4 5 13 21 3 12 6 42 3 2 13 24 83 16 2 19 46 1 174 35 4 29 5 49 52 252 All races1 668.8 11.2 * * * * * * * 6.3 * * 2.8 * * * * * 2.6 * * * 0.9 3.3 1.8 * 0.7 1.0 1.5 2.4 * 1.5 0.7 4.9 * * * 1.2 2.9 8.7 1.4 * * 1.4 5.6 * 12.7 1.9 * 2.7 * 3.3 4.2 16.2 Rate White2 555.9 8.3 * * * * * * * 4.7 * * 2.1 * * * * * 2.0 * * * * 3.4 1.9 * 0.8 1.1 1.5 2.1 * 1.4 0.7 4.7 * * * 1.1 2.8 8.3 1.3 * * 1.2 5.4 * 10.4 1.3 * 2.4 * 2.7 3.6 12.1 Black2 1,329.1 27.2 * * * * * * * 15.3 * * 6.3 * * * * * 5.7 * * * 3.0 3.3 * * * * * 3.2 * * * 6.3 * * * * 3.6 12.5 * * * * 6.9 * 26.1 5.3 * 4.4 * 7.4 7.8 37.8 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 111 Table 31. Number of infant deaths and infant mortality rates for 130 selected causes by race: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates are infant deaths (under 1 year) per 100,000 live births in specified group. Infant deaths are based on race of decedent; live births are based on race of mother. The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Number Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) . . . . . . . . . . .(J00J06) . . . . . . . . . . .(J10J18) . . . . . . . . . . .(J10J11) . . . . . . . . . . .(J12J18) . . . . . . . . . . .(J20J21) . . . . . . . . . . .(J40J42) . . . . . . . . . . .(J45J46) . . . . . . . . . . . . . (J69) . . . . . . . . (J22,J30J39, J43J44,J47J68,J70J98) Diseases of the digestive system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (K00K92) Gastritis, duodenitis, and noninfective enteritis and colitis . . . . . . . . . . (K29,K50K55) Hernia of abdominal cavity and intestinal obstruction without hernia . . . . (K40K46,K56) All other and unspecified diseases of digestive system. . . .(K00K28,K30K38,K57K92) Diseases of the genitourinary system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N00N95) Renal failure and other disorders of kidney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (N17N19,N25,N27) Other and unspecified diseases of genitourinary system . . . . . . . . (N00N15,N20N23, N26,N28N95) Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P96) Newborn affected by maternal factors and by complications of pregnancy, labor and delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00P04) Newborn affected by maternal hypertensive disorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00.0) Newborn affected by other maternal conditions which may be unrelated to present pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P00.1P00.9) Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P01) Newborn affected by incompetent cervix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P01.0) Newborn affected by premature rupture of membranes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P01.1) Newborn affected by multiple pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P01.5) Newborn affected by other maternal complications of pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P01.2P01.4,P01.6P01.9) Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord and membranes . . . . . . . (P02) Newborn affected by complications involving placenta . . . . . . . . . . (P02.0P02.3) Newborn affected by complications involving cord . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P02.4P02.6) Newborn affected by chorioamnionitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P02.7) Newborn affected by other and unspecified abnormalities of membranes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P02.8P02.9) Newborn affected by other complications of labor and delivery. . . . . . . . . . . . (P03) Newborn affected by noxious influences transmitted via placenta or breast milk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P04) Disorders related to length of gestation and fetal malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . (P05P08) Slow fetal growth and fetal malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P05) Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P07) Extremely low birth weight or extreme immaturity . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P07.0,P07.2) Other low birth weight or preterm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P07.1,P07.3) Disorders related to long gestation and high birth weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P08) Birth trauma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P10P15) Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P20P21) Intrauterine hypoxia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P20) Birth asphyxia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P21) Respiratory distress of newborn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P22) Other respiratory conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . (P23P28) Congenital pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P23) Neonatal aspiration syndromes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P24) Interstitial emphysema and related conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P25) Pulmonary hemorrhage originating in the perinatal period. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P26) Chronic respiratory disease originating in the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . (P27) Atelectasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P28.0P28.1) All other respiratory conditions originating in the perinatal period . . . . . (P28.2P28.9) Infections specific to the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P35P39) See footnotes at end of table. Acute upper respiratory infections . . . . . . . . . . . . Influenza and pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Influenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acute bronchitis and acute bronchiolitis . . . . . . . . . Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified . . . . . . . . . . . Asthma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids . . . . . . . . . . Other and unspecified diseases of respiratory system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All races1 11 263 18 245 52 19 6 11 330 582 323 67 192 180 154 26 14,321 3,150 84 80 1,683 444 824 214 201 1,140 563 54 522 1 102 61 4,940 99 4,841 3,683 1,158 22 344 109 235 825 1,207 104 50 150 178 258 398 69 998 White2 7 161 13 148 35 9 4 7 178 328 158 49 121 125 106 19 8,646 1,946 50 57 1,026 250 486 156 134 711 367 41 302 1 64 38 2,732 64 2,668 2,037 631 16 241 74 167 513 781 68 39 110 109 141 268 46 617 Black2 3 90 5 85 14 8 2 4 131 226 153 11 62 46 42 4 5,087 1,082 33 21 597 175 313 53 56 376 165 11 200 32 23 2,013 28 1,985 1,508 477 6 84 29 55 279 384 32 10 35 63 112 116 16 337 All races1 * 6.2 * 5.7 1.2 * * * 7.7 13.6 7.6 1.6 4.5 4.2 3.6 0.6 335.7 73.8 2.0 1.9 39.5 10.4 19.3 5.0 4.7 26.7 13.2 1.3 12.2 * 2.4 1.4 115.8 2.3 113.5 86.3 27.1 * 0.5 8.1 2.6 5.5 19.3 28.3 2.4 1.2 3.5 4.2 6.0 9.3 1.6 23.4 Rate White2 * 4.9 * 4.5 1.1 * * * 5.4 9.9 4.8 1.5 3.7 3.8 3.2 * 261.2 58.8 1.5 1.7 31.0 7.6 14.7 4.7 4.0 21.5 11.1 1.2 9.1 * 1.9 1.1 82.5 1.9 80.6 61.5 19.1 * * 7.3 2.2 5.0 15.5 23.6 2.1 1.2 3.3 3.3 4.3 8.1 1.4 18.6 Black2 * 13.5 * 12.8 * * * * 19.7 33.9 23.0 * 9.3 6.9 6.3 * 763.3 162.3 5.0 3.2 89.6 26.3 47.0 8.0 8.4 56.4 24.8 * 30.0 * 4.8 3.5 302.0 4.2 297.8 226.3 71.6 * * 12.6 4.4 8.3 41.9 57.6 4.8 * 5.3 9.5 16.8 17.4 * 50.6 112 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 31. Number of infant deaths and infant mortality rates for 130 selected causes by race: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates are infant deaths (under 1 year) per 100,000 live births in specified group. Infant deaths are based on race of decedent; live births are based on race of mother. The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Number Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Bacterial sepsis of newborn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P36) Omphalitis of newborn with or without mild hemorrhage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P38) All other infections specific to the perinatal period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P35,P37,P39) Hemorrhagic and hematological disorders of newborn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P50P61) Neonatal hemorrhage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P50P52,P54) Hemorrhagic disease of newborn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P53) Hemolytic disease of newborn due to isoimmunization and other perinatal jaundice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P55P59) Hematological disorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P60P61) Syndrome of infant of a diabetic mother and neonatal diabetes mellitus . . (P70.0P70.2) Necrotizing enterocolitis of newborn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P77) Hydrops fetalis not due to hemolytic disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P83.2) Other perinatal conditions . . . . . . . . (P29,P70.3P70.9,P71P76,P78P81,P83.0P83.1, P83.3P83.9,P90P96) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. . . . . . (Q00Q99) Anencephaly and similar malformations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q00) Congenital hydrocephalus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q03) Spina bifida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q05) Other congenital malformations of nervous system . . . . . . . . (Q01Q02,Q04,Q06Q07) Congenital malformations of heart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q20Q24) Other congenital malformations of circulatory system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q25Q28) Congenital malformations of respiratory system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q30Q34) Congenital malformations of digestive system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q35Q45) Congenital malformations of genitourinary system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q50Q64) Congenital malformations and deformations of musculoskeletal system, limbs and integument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q65Q85) Down's syndrome. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q90) Edward's syndrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Q91.0Q91.3) Patau's syndrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Q91.4Q91.7) Other congenital malformations and deformations . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q10Q18,Q86Q89) Other chromosomal abnormalities, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . (Q92Q99) Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R99) Sudden infant death syndrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R95) Other symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R00R53,R55R94,R96R99) All other diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (residual) External causes of mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01,V01Y84) Accidents (unintentional injuries) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (V01X59) Transport accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (V01V99) Motor vehicle accidents . . . . . . . . . (V02V04,V09.0,V09.2,V12V14,V19.0V19.2, V19.4V19.6,V20V79,V80.3V80.5,V81.0V81.1,V82.0V82.1,V83V86, V87.0V87.8,V88.0V88.8,V89.0,V89.2) Other and unspecified transport accidents . . . . . (V01,V05V06,V09.1,V09.3V09.9, V10V11,V15V18,V19.3,V19.8V19.9,V80.0V80.2,V80.6V80.9, V81.2V81.9,V82.2V82.9,V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9,V90V99) Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W00W19) Accidental discharge of firearms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W32W34) Accidental drowning and submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W65W74) Accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W75) Other accidental suffocation and strangulation . . . . . . . . . . . (W76W77,W81W84) Accidental inhalation and ingestion of food or other objects causing obstruction of respiratory tract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W78W80) Accidents caused by exposure to smoke, fire and flames. . . . . . . . . . . . (X00X09) Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances . . . . . . . . . . . (X40X49) Other and unspecified accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . (W20W31,W35W64,W85W99, X10X39,X50X59) See footnotes at end of table. All races1 807 191 725 618 1 13 93 12 530 168 1,400 5,819 336 88 23 390 1,396 236 437 108 518 619 97 509 322 538 202 3,462 2,323 1,139 25 1,598 1,147 142 140 2 23 51 588 193 62 27 16 45 White2 492 125 493 420 1 9 63 5 301 128 873 4,383 275 63 17 304 1,042 166 330 75 388 458 76 383 247 408 151 2,244 1,516 728 14 1,029 730 100 99 1 17 45 336 127 44 18 9 34 Black2 280 57 202 175 3 24 6 207 23 464 1,161 44 22 5 72 289 61 85 23 108 131 16 101 60 102 42 1,059 717 342 6 497 358 31 30 1 5 5 217 60 16 7 6 11 All races1 18.9 * 4.5 17.0 14.5 * * 2.2 * 12.4 3.9 32.8 136.4 7.9 2.1 0.5 9.1 32.7 5.5 10.2 2.5 12.1 14.5 2.3 11.9 7.5 12.6 4.7 81.2 54.5 26.7 0.6 37.5 26.9 3.3 3.3 * 0.5 * 1.2 13.8 4.5 1.5 0.6 * 1.1 Rate White2 14.9 * 3.8 14.9 12.7 * * 1.9 * 9.1 3.9 26.4 132.4 8.3 1.9 * 9.2 31.5 5.0 10.0 2.3 11.7 13.8 2.3 11.6 7.5 12.3 4.6 67.8 45.8 22.0 * 31.1 22.1 3.0 3.0 * * * 1.4 10.2 3.8 1.3 * * 1.0 Black2 42.0 * 8.6 30.3 26.3 * * 3.6 * 31.1 3.5 69.6 174.2 6.6 3.3 * 10.8 43.4 9.2 12.8 3.5 16.2 19.7 * 15.2 9.0 15.3 6.3 158.9 107.6 51.3 * 74.6 53.7 4.7 4.5 * * * * 32.6 9.0 * * * * National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 113 Table 31. Number of infant deaths and infant mortality rates for 130 selected causes by race: United States, 2006--Con. [Rates are infant deaths (under 1 year) per 100,000 live births in specified group. Infant deaths are based on race of decedent; live births are based on race of mother. The asterisks (*) preceding the cause-of-death codes indicate that they are not part of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition; see ``Technical Notes.'' Cause-of-death coding changes in 2006 may affect comparability of data between 2006 and previous years for various causes of death; see ``Technical Notes''] Number Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Assault (homicide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01,X85Y09) Assault (homicide) by hanging, strangulation and suffocation. . . . . . . . . . . . . (X91) Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.4,X93X95) Neglect, abandonment and other maltreatment syndromes . . . . . . . . . . . (Y06Y07) Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means . . . . . . . . . . . (*U01.0*U01.3, *U01.5*U01.9,X85X90,X92,X96X99,Y00Y05,Y08Y09) Complications of medical and surgical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y40Y84) Other external causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Y10Y36) All races1 336 34 6 75 221 23 92 White2 220 20 2 50 148 16 63 Black2 109 13 4 24 68 7 23 All races1 7.9 0.8 * 1.8 5.2 0.5 2.2 Rate White2 6.6 0.6 * 1.5 4.5 * 1.9 Black2 16.4 * * 3.6 10.2 * 3.5 * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' Quantity zero. 1 Includes races other than white and black. 2 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported for deaths by 25 states and the District of Columbia, and for births, by 23 states; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' NOTE: Complete confirmation of deaths from selected causes of death, considered to be of public health concern, were not provided by the following states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Washington, and West Virginia; see ``Technical Notes.'' 114 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table 32. Number of infant and neonatal deaths and mortality rates, by race for the United States, each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, and by sex for the United States, 2006 [Rates are infant deaths (under 1 year) per 1,000 live births in specified group. Infant deaths are based on race of decedent; live births are based on race of mother. See ``Technical Notes''] Infant deaths All races1 Sex and area United States3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . . . California. . . . . . . Colorado . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . Delaware. . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . Georgia . Hawaii . . Idaho . . . Illinois . . Indiana . . Iowa . . . Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana. Maine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 28,527 15,980 12,547 571 76 651 350 2,835 404 260 99 96 1,717 1,206 107 165 1,309 708 208 292 438 629 89 616 370 940 381 488 603 73 149 257 87 632 173 1,407 1,033 50 1,170 432 267 1,138 76 522 82 733 2,486 273 36 765 407 155 462 54 Rate 6.69 7.32 6.03 9.03 6.91 6.36 8.54 5.04 5.71 6.22 8.26 11.26 7.25 8.11 5.64 6.82 7.25 7.99 5.12 7.13 7.52 9.92 6.29 7.95 4.76 7.37 5.18 10.60 7.41 5.84 5.57 6.42 6.05 5.49 5.78 5.63 8.08 5.80 7.77 8.00 5.48 7.63 6.14 8.40 6.88 8.69 6.22 5.10 5.53 7.10 4.68 7.41 6.39 7.04 White2 Number 18,403 10,345 8,058 288 31 534 220 2,171 354 164 52 12 1,014 540 17 156 835 510 185 218 351 232 84 263 285 572 278 172 406 53 123 188 77 363 141 848 550 36 736 284 233 728 59 222 50 431 1,835 258 35 407 312 135 308 47 Rate 5.56 6.10 4.99 6.73 4.46 6.04 6.86 4.78 5.48 4.86 6.20 * 5.91 5.76 * 6.70 6.00 6.67 4.90 6.05 6.79 6.21 6.21 5.98 4.57 5.78 4.70 7.11 6.10 4.95 5.22 5.77 5.68 4.40 5.68 4.90 5.95 4.89 6.05 6.79 5.31 6.19 5.65 5.67 5.26 6.77 5.49 5.10 5.55 5.37 4.38 6.74 5.03 6.57 Black2 Number 8,858 4,886 3,972 275 6 69 125 413 39 83 44 83 678 639 13 4 432 195 15 61 82 389 2 331 75 345 63 308 186 1 20 56 6 242 8 500 451 1 429 77 15 381 14 296 6 294 589 4 1 325 35 20 130 2 Rate 13.29 14.38 12.16 14.17 * 16.93 15.72 12.05 12.39 14.77 14.30 14.46 11.91 12.93 * * 13.68 18.66 * 19.25 15.00 15.82 * 11.75 7.99 14.94 8.32 14.60 14.92 * 10.61 15.70 * 11.53 * 9.18 15.05 * 16.87 15.39 * 15.21 * 13.76 * 16.01 11.97 * * 13.32 7.37 28.57 18.28 * All races1 Number 18,989 10,564 8,425 365 41 446 202 1,955 309 199 72 60 1,124 787 84 112 885 438 132 175 258 388 60 448 280 660 241 304 399 33 94 167 57 450 109 947 711 31 784 238 180 815 62 344 43 490 1,586 189 20 529 260 81 311 34 Rate 4.45 4.84 4.05 5.77 3.73 4.35 4.93 3.48 4.37 4.76 6.01 7.04 4.75 5.29 4.43 4.63 4.90 4.94 3.25 4.27 4.43 6.12 4.24 5.78 3.60 5.18 3.28 6.60 4.90 2.64 3.52 4.17 3.96 3.91 3.64 3.79 5.56 3.60 5.21 4.41 3.70 5.47 5.01 5.53 3.61 5.81 3.97 3.53 3.07 4.91 2.99 3.87 4.30 4.43 Neonatal deaths White2 Number 12,302 6,863 5,439 176 18 378 120 1,510 275 124 36 7 654 358 15 109 608 304 119 139 212 132 56 192 216 399 184 105 263 23 77 125 48 277 86 582 377 25 489 159 163 507 47 139 30 268 1,185 184 19 281 198 69 207 28 Rate 3.72 4.05 3.37 4.11 * 4.27 3.74 3.33 4.26 3.67 4.29 * 3.81 3.82 * 4.68 4.37 3.98 3.15 3.86 4.10 3.54 4.14 4.37 3.46 4.03 3.11 4.34 3.95 2.15 3.27 3.84 3.54 3.35 3.47 3.37 4.08 3.40 4.02 3.80 3.71 4.31 4.50 3.55 3.15 4.21 3.54 3.63 * 3.71 2.78 3.44 3.38 3.91 Black2 Number 5,876 3,224 2,652 186 5 39 77 281 25 66 33 52 453 412 11 1 245 132 7 31 43 250 2 241 58 242 37 195 126 1 13 32 5 155 6 321 309 1 293 42 8 289 12 203 3 214 361 2 1 226 24 12 92 1 Rate 8.82 9.49 8.12 9.58 * 9.57 9.68 8.20 7.94 11.75 10.73 9.06 7.96 8.33 * * 7.76 12.63 * 9.78 7.87 10.17 * 8.55 6.18 10.48 4.89 9.25 10.10 * * 8.97 * 7.38 * 5.89 10.31 * 11.52 8.40 * 11.54 * 9.44 * 11.65 7.34 * * 9.26 5.06 * 12.94 * Maryland . . . . . Massachusetts . Michigan . . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . . Missouri . . . . . Montana . . . . . Nebraska. . . . . Nevada. . . . . . New Hampshire. New Jersey . . New Mexico . . New York . . . North Carolina. North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 115 Table 32. Number of infant and neonatal deaths and mortality rates, by race for the United States, each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, and by sex for the United States, 2006--Con. [Rates are infant deaths (under 1 year) per 1,000 live births in specified group. Infant deaths are based on race of decedent; live births are based on race of mother. See ``Technical Notes''] Infant deaths All races1 Sex and area Puerto Rico . . . . Virgin Islands . . . Guam. . . . . . . . American Samoa . Northern Marianas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 426 9 45 16 9 Rate 8.77 * 13.27 * * White2 Number 414 2 1 Rate 9.46 * * * * Black2 Number 12 7 1 Rate * * * * * All races1 Number 324 7 27 7 6 Rate 6.67 * 7.96 * * Neonatal deaths White2 Number 316 2 Rate 7.22 * * * * Black2 Number 8 5 1 Rate * * * * * * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' Quantity zero. 1 Includes races other than white and black. 2 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported for deaths by 25 states and the District of Columbia, and for births, by 23 states; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 3 Excludes data for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas. Table 33. Number of maternal deaths and maternal mortality rates for selected causes, by race: United States, 2006 [Maternal causes are those assigned to categories A34, O00O95, and O98O99 of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition. An increasing number of states use a separate item regarding pregnancy status on the death certificate to help identify these deaths; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates are per 100,000 live births in specified group; see ``Technical Notes''] Number All other Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Maternal causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A34,O00O95,O98O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O07) Ectopic pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00) Spontaneous abortion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O03) Medical abortion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O04) Other abortion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O05) Other and unspecified pregnancy with abortive outcome. . . . . . . . (O01O02,O06O07) Other direct obstetric causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A34,O10O92) Eclampsia and pre-eclampsia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O11,O13O16) Hemorrhage of pregnancy and childbirth and placenta previa . . (O20,O44O46,O67,O72) Complications predominately related to the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . (A34,O85O92) Obstetrical tetanus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A34) Obstetric embolism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O88) Other complications predominately related to the puerperium . . . (O85O87,O89O92) All other direct obstetric causes . . . . (O10,O12,O21O43,O47O66,O68O71,O73O75) Obstetric death of unspecified cause. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O95) Indirect obstetric causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O98O99) Maternal causes more than 42 days after delivery or termination of pregnancy. . (O96O97) Death from any obstetric cause occurring more than 42 days but less than one year after delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O96) Death from sequelae of direct obstetric causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O97) All races 569 26 15 5 6 394 54 39 109 41 68 192 23 126 191 180 11 White1 313 10 5 3 2 207 30 21 54 21 33 102 17 79 133 129 4 Total1 256 16 10 2 4 187 24 18 55 20 35 90 6 47 58 51 7 1 Rate All other1 All races 13.3 0.6 * * * * * 9.2 1.3 0.9 2.6 * 1.0 1.6 4.5 0.5 3.0 4.5 4.2 * White1 9.5 * * * * * * 6.3 0.9 0.6 1.6 * 0.6 1.0 3.1 * 2.4 4.0 3.9 * Total1 26.8 * * * * * * 19.6 2.5 * 5.8 * 2.1 3.7 9.4 * 4.9 6.1 5.3 * Black1 32.7 * * * * * * 24.0 3.3 * 7.1 * * 4.8 11.9 * 6.2 6.2 5.3 * Black1 218 12 10 1 1 160 22 12 47 15 32 79 5 41 41 35 6 * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' Quantity zero. 1 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported for deaths by 25 states and the District of Columbia, and for births, by 23 states; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' 116 Table 34. Number of maternal deaths and maternal mortality rates for selected causes, by Hispanic origin and race for non-Hispanic population: United States, 2006 [Maternal causes are those assigned to categories A34, O00O95, and O98O99 of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD10), Second Edition. An increasing number of states use a separate item regarding pregnancy status on the death certificate to help identify these deaths; see ``Technical Notes.'' Rates per 100,000 live births in specified group; see ``Technical Notes.'' Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic persons are not tabulated separately by race; data for non-Hispanic persons are tabulated by race. Data for Hispanic origin should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys; see ``Technical Notes''] Number Cause of death (based on ICD10, 2004) Maternal causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A34,O00O95,O98O99) Pregnancy with abortive outcome. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00O07) Ectopic pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O00) Spontaneous abortion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O03) Medical abortion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O04) Other abortion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O05) Other and unspecified pregnancy with abortive outcome. . . . (O01O02,O06O07) Other direct obstetric causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A34,O10O92) Eclampsia and pre-eclampsia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O11,O13O16) Hemorrhage of pregnancy and childbirth and placenta previa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(O20,O44O46,O67,O72) Complications predominately related to the puerperium . . . . . . . (A34,O85O92) Obstetrical tetanus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(A34) Obstetric embolism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O88) Other complications predominately related to the puerperium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O85O87,O89O92) All other direct obstetric causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O10,O12,O21O43,O47O66,O68O71,O73O75) Obstetric death of unspecified cause. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O95) Indirect obstetric causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (O98O99) Maternal causes more than 42 days after delivery or termination of pregnancy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Death from any obstetric cause occurring more than 42 days but than one year after delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Death from sequelae of direct obstetric causes . . . . . . . . . . . All origins1 569 26 15 5 6 394 54 39 109 41 68 192 23 126 Hispanic 106 4 1 1 2 75 12 13 10 5 5 40 3 24 Non-Hispanic2 463 22 14 4 4 319 42 26 99 36 63 152 20 102 Non-Hispanic white3 210 6 4 2 135 19 8 44 16 28 64 14 55 Non-Hispanic black3 215 12 10 1 1 157 21 12 47 15 32 77 5 41 All origins1 13.3 0.6 * * * * * 9.2 1.3 0.9 2.6 * 1.0 1.6 4.5 0.5 3.0 Hispanic 10.2 * * * * * * 7.2 * * * * * * 3.8 * 2.3 Rate Non-Hispanic2 14.5 0.7 * * * * * 10.0 1.3 0.8 3.1 * 1.1 2.0 4.8 0.6 3.2 Non-Hispanic white3 9.1 * * * * * * 5.8 * * 1.9 * * 1.2 2.8 * 2.4 Non-Hispanic black3 34.8 * * * * * * 25.4 3.4 * 7.6 * * 5.2 12.5 * 6.6 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 . . . . (O96O97) less . . . . . . . (O96) . . . . . . . (O97) 191 180 11 45 44 1 146 136 10 89 86 3 40 34 6 4.5 4.2 * 4.3 4.2 * 4.6 4.3 * 3.9 3.7 * 6.5 5.5 * * Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; see ``Technical Notes.'' Quantity zero. 1 All origins includes origin not stated; specified origins exclude origins not stated. 2 Includes races other than white and black. 3 Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple-race data were reported for deaths by 25 states and the District of Columbia, and for births, by 23 states; see ``Technical Notes.'' The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas; see ``Technical Notes.'' National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 117 Technical Notes Nature and sources of data Data in this report are based on information from all death certificates filed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia and are processed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Data for 2006 are based on records of deaths that occurred during 2006 and were received as of March 21, 2008. The U.S. Standard Certificate of Death--which is used as a model by the states--was revised in 2003 (38). Prior to 2003, the Standard Certificate of Death had not been revised since 1989. This report includes data for the 21 states (California, Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming) and the District of Columbia that used the 2003 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death in 2006, and for the remaining 29 states that collected and reported death data in 2006 based on the 1989 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death. The 1989 and 2003 revisions are described in detail elsewhere (3841). Because most of the items presented in this report appear largely comparable despite changes to item wording and format in the 2003 death certificate revision, data from both groups of states are combined unless otherwise stated. Data for Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Marianas are included in tables showing data by state, but are not included in U.S. totals. Mortality statistics are based on information coded by the states and provided to NCHS through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program and from copies of original certificates received by NCHS from state registration offices. In 2006, all the states and the District of Columbia participated in this program and submitted part or all of the mortality data for 2006 in electronic data files to NCHS. All areas provided precoded medical (cause-of-death) data to NCHS except Illinois, New Jersey, and West Virginia. Medical data submitted by Alaska and the District of Columbia were recoded by NCHS using copies of the death certificates. Louisiana provided precoded medical data to NCHS for part of the year. For 2006, all states submitted precoded demographic data for all deaths. Data for the entire United States refer to events occurring within the United States. Data shown for geographic areas are by place of residence. Beginning with 1970, mortality statistics for the United States exclude deaths of nonresidents of the United States. All data exclude fetal deaths. Mortality statistics for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas exclude deaths of nonresidents for each area. For Guam, however, mortality statistics exclude deaths that occurred to a resident of any place other than Guam or the United States. Cause-of-death classification The mortality statistics presented in this report were compiled in accordance with World Health Organization (WHO) regulations, which specify that member nations classify and code causes of death in accordance with the current revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). The ICD provides the basic guidance used in virtually all countries to code and classify causes of death. Effective with deaths occurring in 1999, the United States began using the Tenth Revision of this classification (ICD10) (42). In 2004, the second edition of ICD10 was adopted (6). For earlier years, causes of death were classified according to the revisions then in use-- 19791998, Ninth Revision; 19681978, Eighth Revision, adapted for use in the United States; 19581967, Seventh Revision; and 19491957, Sixth Revision. Changes in classification of causes of death due to these revisions may result in discontinuities in cause-of-death trends. Consequently, cause-of-death comparisons among revisions require consideration of comparability ratios and, where available, estimates of their standard errors. Comparability ratios between the Ninth and Tenth revisions, Eighth and Ninth revisions, Seventh and Eighth revisions, and Sixth and Seventh revisions may be found in other NCHS reports and indepen dent tabulations (2224,4345). Rules for coding a cause or causes of death may sometimes require modification when evidence suggests it will improve the quality of cause-of-death data. Prior to 1999, such modifications were made only when a new ICD revision was implemented. A process for updating the ICD was introduced with ICD10 that allows for midrevision changes. These changes, however, may affect comparability of data between years for select causes of death. Minor changes may be implemented every year, whereas major changes may be implemented every three years (e.g., 2003 data year). In data year 2006, major changes were implemented; these are discussed in subsequent sec tions of this report. The ICD not only details disease classification but also provides definitions, tabulation lists, the format of the death certificate, and the rules for coding cause of death. Cause-of-death data presented in this publication were coded by procedures outlined in annual issues of the NCHS Instruction Manual (46,47). The ICD includes rules for selecting the underlying cause of death and regulations on the use of the ICD. Before data year 1968, mortality medical data were based on manual coding of an underlying cause of death for each certificate in accordance with WHO rules. Effective with data year 1968, NCHS converted to computerized coding of the underlying cause and manual coding of all causes (multiple causes) on the death certificate. In this system, called ``Automated Classification of Medical Entities'' (ACME) (48), multiple-cause codes are input to computer software that uses WHO rules to select the underlying cause. All cause-of-death data in this report are coded using ACME. The ACME system is used to select the underlying cause of death for all death certificates in the United States. In addition, NCHS has developed two computer systems as inputs to ACME. Beginning with 1990 data, the Mortality Medical Indexing, Classification, and Retrieval system (MICAR) (49,50) was introduced to automate the coding of multiple causes of death. In addition, MICAR provides more detailed information on the conditions reported on death certificates than is available through the ICD code structure. Beginning with data year 1993, SuperMICAR, an enhancement of the MICAR system, was introduced, allowing for literal entry of the multiple cause-of-death text as reported by the certifier. This information is then automatically processed by the MICAR and ACME computer systems. Records that cannot be automatically processed by MICAR or SuperMICAR are manually multiple-cause coded and then further processed through 118 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 ACME. In 2006, SuperMICAR was used to process all of the nation's death records. In this report, tabulations of cause-of-death statistics are based solely on the underlying cause of death. The underlying cause is defined by WHO as ``the disease or injury which initiated the train of events leading directly to death, or the circumstances of the accident or violence which produced the fatal injury'' (6). The underlying cause is selected from the conditions entered by the physician in the cause of-death section of the death certificate. When more than one cause or condition is entered by the physician, the underlying cause is determined by the sequence of conditions on the certificate, provisions of the ICD, and associated selection rules and modifications. Generally, more medical information is reported on death certificates than is directly reflected in the underlying cause of death. This is captured in NCHS multiple cause-of-death statistics (5153). implications for the analysis of mortality trends by cause of death. For some causes of death, the discontinuity in trend can be substantial (23,24). Therefore, considerable caution should be used in analyzing cause-of-death trends for periods of time that extend across more than one revision of the ICD. Codes added and deleted in 2006 Effective with data year 2006, 18 new ICD10 codes were added as valid, underlying cause-of-death codes. These are B33.4, Hantavirus (cardio)pulmonary syndrome [HPS][HCPS]; G90.4, Auto nomic dysreflexia; I15.0, Renovascular hypertension; I15.9, Sec ondary hypertension, unspecified; K22.7, Barrett's esophagus; K85.0, Idiopathic acute pancreatitis; K85.1, Biliary acute pancreatitis; K85.2, Alcohol-induced acute pancreatitis; K85.3, Drug-induced acute pan creatitis; K85.8, Other acute pancreatitis; K85.9, Acute pancreatitis, unspecified; M31.7, Microscopic polyangiitis; M79.7, Fibromyalgia; P91.6, Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy of newborn; R29.6, Ten dency to fall, not elsewhere classified; R50.2, Drug-induced fever; R50.8, Other specified fever; and W46, Contact with hypodermic needle. At the same time, four ICD10 codes were deleted from the list of valid underlying cause-of-death codes: I25.2, Old myocardial infarction; K85, Acute pancreatitis; R50.0, Fever with chills; and R50.1, Persistent fever. In 2006, the category title ``Essential (primary) hypertension and hypertensive renal disease'' was changed to ``Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease'' in the 113 causes of death list to reflect the addition of a new code, Secondary hypertension (ICD10 code I15) (54). In 2006, nine deaths were assigned to secondary hypertension. Tabulation lists and cause-of-death ranking Tabulation lists for ICD10 are published in the NCHS Instruc tion Manual, Part 9, ``ICD10 Cause-of-Death Lists for Tabulating Mortality Statistics'' (updated January 2007 to include the External Cause of Injury Mortality Matrix and WHO updates to ICD10 for data year 2006) (54). For this report, two tabulation lists are used: the List of 113 Selected Causes of Death, used for deaths of all ages, and the List of 130 Selected Causes of Infant Death, used for infants. These lists are also used to rank leading causes of death for the two population groups. For the List of 113 Selected Causes of Death, the group titles of Major cardiovascular diseases (ICD10 codes I00I78), and Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (ICD10 codes R00R99), are not ranked. In addition, category titles that begin with the words ``other'' and ``all other'' are not ranked to determine the leading causes of death. When one of the titles that represents a subtotal is ranked--for example, Tuberculosis (ICD10 codes A16A19)--its component parts are not ranked--in this case, Respiratory tuberculosis (ICD10 code A16) and Other tuberculosis (ICD10 codes A17A19). For the List of 130 Selected Causes of Infant Death, the same ranking procedures are used except that the category of major cardiovascular diseases is not on the list. More detail regarding ranking procedures can be found in ``Deaths: Leading Causes for 2006'' (4). Leading cause-of-death trends discussed in this report are based on cause-of-death data according to ICD10 for 19992006 and ICD9 for the most comparable cause-of-death titles for 19791998. Tables showing ICD9 categories that are comparable to ICD10 titles in the List of 113 Selected Causes of Death may be found in ``Comparability of Cause of Death Between ICD9 and ICD10: Preliminary Estimates'' (24) and ``Deaths: Final Data for 1999'' (21). Although in some cases categories from the List of 113 Selected Causes of Death are identical to those in the earlier List of 72 Selected Causes of Death used with ICD9, caution must be used because many of these categories are not comparable even though the cause-of-death titles may be the same. Trend data for 19791998 that are classified by ICD9 but sorted into the List of 113 Selected Causes of Death developed for ICD10 can be found on the mortality website at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/statab/hist001r.pdf. Revision of the ICD and resulting changes in classification and rules for selecting the underlying cause of death have important Codes for terrorism Beginning with data for 2001, NCHS introduced categories *U01*U03 for classifying and coding deaths due to acts of terrorism. The asterisks before the category codes indicate that they are not part of the ICD10. Deaths classified to the terrorism categories are included in the 113 causes of death list in the categories for Assault (homicide) and Intentional self-harm (suicide), and in the 130 causes of death list for infants in the category for Assault (homicide). Additional information on these new categories can be found at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/otheract/icd9/terrorism_code.htm. No deaths were assigned to the terrorism categories in 2006. Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile The number of deaths from Enterocolitis due to Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) (ICD10 code A04.7) has increased dramatically in recent years, from 793 deaths in 1999 to 6,225 deaths in 2006. Data for C. difficile are included in tables showing data for 113 selected causes of death in ``Certain other intestinal infections (A04, A07A09),'' but were previously not identified separately. Because of the increasing importance of this cause of death, beginning with data year 2006, data for C. difficile are shown separately at the bottom of tables showing 113 selected causes, and C. difficile has been added to the list of rankable causes. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 119 Quality of reporting and processing cause of death One index of the quality of reporting causes of death is the proportion of death certificates coded to Chapter XVIII--Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (ICD10 codes R00R99). Although deaths occur for which underlying causes are impossible to determine, the proportion coded to R00R99 indicates the consideration given to the cause-of-death statement by the medical certifier. This proportion also may be used as a rough measure of specificity of medical diagnoses made by the certifier in various areas. In 2006, the percentage of all reported deaths in the United States assigned to Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified, was 1.31 percent, unchanged from 2005 and very near the per centage in 2000 (1.33 percent) and 2001 (1.34 percent), but higher than that of 2002 (1.23 percent), 2003 (1.28 percent), and 2004 (1.26 percent). The percentage in the 1990s ranged from 1.08 to 1.18 percent. Rules for coding a cause or causes of death may sometimes require modification when evidence suggests it will improve the quality of cause-of-death data. These changes, however, may affect compa rability of data between years for selected causes of death. The implementation of changes in coding rules in 2006 had an impact on several mortality causes--and the comparison of 2006 with 2005 data for these causes--in the following ways: + The large increase in deaths from Viral hepatitis (ICD10 codes B15B19) and the concurrent decrease in deaths from Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae (ICD10 codes A00, A05, A20A36, A42A44, A48A49, A54A79, A81A82, A85.0A85.1, A85.8, A86B04, B06B09, B25B49, B55B99) were primarily due to a coding change. Most of the deaths that would have previously been assigned to Sequelae of viral hepatitis (ICD10 code B94.2) instead were assigned to Chronic viral hepatitis C (ICD10 code B18.2) in 2006. + Coding-rule changes in 2006 to Unspecified dementia (ICD10 code F03) caused decreases in several causes of death and a subsequent increase in the number of deaths assigned to ICD10 code F03. Four notable causes of death were affected by this change: Anemias (ICD10 codes D50D64), Nutritional deficien cies (ICD10 codes E40E64), Diseases of heart (heart disease) (ICD10 codes I00I09, I11, I13, I20I51), and Essential hyper tension and hypertensive renal disease (hypertension) (ICD10 codes I10, I12, I15). + The decrease in deaths from Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) (ICD10 codes I60I69) is due, in part, to a coding change that resulted in some of the deaths that would have previously been coded to stroke instead being assigned to Vascular dementia (ICD10 code F01). + The decrease in deaths from Atherosclerosis (ICD10 code I70) is due, in part, to a coding change. Some of the deaths that would have previously been coded to Atherosclerosis instead were assigned to Heart failure (ICD10 code I50). + The large increase in Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified (ICD10 codes N02N03, N05N07, N26) is largely due to a coding change in the assignment of chronic kidney disease. In 2006, chronic kidney disease was assigned to Unspecified chronic nephritic syndrome (ICD10 code N03.9) rather than Disorder of kidney and ureter, unspecified (ICD10 code N28.9), as it had been assigned in previous years. + The large decrease in infant deaths from Birth asphyxia (ICD10 code P21) is largely due to the introduction of a new ICD10 code and resulting coding rule change. Many deaths which would have previously been assigned to P21 were instead assigned to new ICD10 code P91.6, Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy of new born. + The decrease in infant deaths from Congenital malformations of respiratory system (ICD10 codes Q30Q34) was largely due to coding changes recommended by WHO that resulted in fewer deaths being assigned to Q33.6, Hypoplasia and dysplasia of lung. Rare causes of death Selected causes of death considered to be of public health concern are routinely confirmed by states according to agreed-upon procedures between state vital statistics programs and the National Center for Health Statistics. These causes, termed infrequent and rare causes of death, are listed in the NCHS Instruction Manual, Parts 2a, 11, and 20 (47,55,56). For data year 2006, complete confirmation of deaths from infre quent and rare causes was not provided by 18 states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Washington, and West Virginia. Injury mortality by mechanism and intent Injury mortality data are presented using the external cause of injury mortality matrix for ICD10 (Table 18). In this framework, cause-of-injury deaths are organized principally by mechanism (e.g., firearm or poisoning), and secondarily by manner or intent of death (e.g., unintentional, suicide, homicide, etc.). The number of deaths for selected causes in this framework may differ from those shown in tables that use the standard mortality tabulation lists. Following WHO conventions, standard mortality tabu lations (Table 10) present external causes of death (ICD10 codes *U01*U03 and V01Y89); in contrast, the matrix (Table 18) excludes deaths classified to Complications of medical and surgical care (ICD10 codes Y40Y84 and Y88). For additional information on injury data presented in this framework, see http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/ otheract/ice/matrix10.htm and ``Deaths: Injuries, 2002'' (57). Codes for firearm deaths Causes of death attributable to firearm mortality include ICD10 codes *U01.4, Terrorism involving firearms (homicide); W32W34, Accidental discharge of firearms; X72X74, Intentional self-harm (suicide) by discharge of firearms; X93X95, Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms; Y22Y24, Discharge of firearms, undetermined intent; and Y35.0, Legal intervention involving firearm discharge. Deaths from injury by firearms exclude deaths due to explosives and other causes indirectly related to firearms. 120 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Codes for drug-induced deaths Two new codes, K85.3 and R50.2, were added to the list of codes for drug-induced causes in 2006. Addition of the two codes did not affect the number of deaths from drug-induced causes in 2006, as no deaths were assigned to the new codes during the data year. Causes of death attributable to drug-induced mortality now are ICD10 codes: D52.1, Drug-induced folate deficiency anemia; D59.0, Drug-induced hemolytic anemia; D59.2, Drug-induced nonautoim mune hemolytic anemia; D61.1, Drug-induced aplastic anemia; D64.2, Secondary sideroblastic anemia due to drugs and toxins; E06.4, Drug-induced thyroiditis; E16.0, Drug-induced hypoglycemia without coma; E23.1, Drug-induced hypopituitarism; E24.2, Druginduced Cushing's syndrome; E27.3, Drug-induced adrenocortical insufficiency; E66.1, Drug-induced obesity; selected codes from the ICD10 title of mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use, specifically, F11.0F11.5, F11.7F11.9, F12.0F12.5, F12.7F12.9, F13.0F13.5, F13.7F13.9, F14.0F14.5, F14.7F14.9, F15.0F15.5, F15.7F15.9, F16.0F16.5, F16.7F16.9, F17.0, F17.3F17.5, F17.7F17.9, F18.0F18.5, F18.7F18.9, F19.0F19.5, F19.7F19.9; G21.1, Other drug-induced secondary parkinsonism; G24.0, Drug-induced dystonia; G25.1, Drug-induced tremor; G25.4, Drug-induced chorea; G25.6, Drug-induced tics and other tics of organic origin; G44.4, Drug-induced headache, not elsewhere classi fied; G62.0, Drug-induced polyneuropathy; G72.0, Drug-induced myopathy; I95.2, Hypotension due to drugs; J70.2, Acute druginduced interstitial lung disorders; J70.3, Chronic drug-induced inter stitial lung disorders; J70.4, Drug-induced interstitial lung disorder, unspecified; K85.3, Drug-induced acute pancreatitis; L10.5, Druginduced pemphigus; L27.0, Generalized skin eruption due to drugs and medicaments; L27.1, Localized skin eruption due to drugs and medicaments; M10.2, Drug-induced gout; M32.0, Drug-induced sys temic lupus erythematosus; M80.4, Drug-induced osteoporosis with pathological fracture; M81.4, Drug-induced osteoporosis; M83.5, Other drug-induced osteomalacia in adults; M87.1, Osteonecrosis due to drugs; R50.2, Drug-induced fever; R78.1, Finding of opiate drug in blood; R78.2, Finding of cocaine in blood; R78.3, Finding of hallucinogen in blood; R78.4, Finding of other drugs of addictive potential in blood; R78.5, Finding of psychotropic drug in blood; X40X44, Accidental poisoning by and exposure to drugs, medica ments and biological substances; X60X64, Intentional self-poisoning (suicide) by and exposure to drugs, medicaments and biological substances; X85, Assault (homicide) by drugs, medicaments and biological substances; and Y10Y14, Poisoning by and exposure to drugs, medicaments and biological substances, undetermined intent. Drug-induced causes exclude accidents, homicides, and other causes indirectly related to drug use, as well as newborn deaths associated with the mother's drug use. Alcoholic cardiomyopathy; K29.2, Alcoholic gastritis; K70, Alcoholic liver disease; K85.2, Alcohol-induced acute pancreatitis; K86.0, Alcohol-induced chronic pancreatitis; R78.0, Finding of alcohol in blood; X45, Accidental poisoning by and exposure to alcohol; X65, Intentional self-poisoning by and exposure to alcohol; and Y15, Poisoning by and exposure to alcohol, undetermined intent. Alcoholinduced causes exclude accidents, homicides, and other causes indirectly related to alcohol use, as well as newborn deaths associ ated with maternal alcohol use. Race and Hispanic origin The 2003 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death allows the reporting of more than one race (multiple races) (38). This change was implemented to reflect the increasing diversity of the population of the United States and to be consistent with the decennial census. The race and ethnicity items on the revised certificate are compliant with the 1997 ``Revision of the Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and Administrative Reporting,'' issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). This revision replaced standards that were issued in 1977 (8). The new standards mandate the collection of more than one race where applicable for federal data (7). In addition, the new certificate is compliant with the OMB-mandated minimum set of five races to be reported for federal data. Multiple race includes any combination of white, black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN), Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander (NHOPI). If two or more specific subgroups such as Korean and Chinese are reported, these count as a single race of Asian rather than as multiple races. The number of states reporting multiple race has rapidly increased, from 7 states in 2003 to 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006: + In 2003, multiple race was reported on the revised death certifi cates of California, Idaho, Montana, and New York, as well as on the unrevised certificates of Hawaii, Maine, and Wisconsin. + In 2004, multiple race was reported for the entire year on the revised death certificates of California, Idaho, Michigan, Montana, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Washington, and Wyoming, as well as on the unrevised certificates of Hawaii, Maine, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. New Hampshire began reporting multiple race in mid-April 2004 upon implementing the revised certificate. + In 2005, multiple race was reported for the entire year on the revised death certificates of California, Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming as well as on the unrevised certificates of Hawaii, Maine, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. The District of Columbia began reporting multiple race in March 2005 upon implementing the revised certificate. + In 2006, multiple race was reported on the revised death certifi cates of California, Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming as well as on the unrevised certificates of Hawaii, Maine, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Codes for alcohol-induced deaths In 2006, a new code, K85.2, was added to the list of codes for alcohol-induced deaths. During the 2006 data year, 302 deaths were assigned to this code. Causes of death attributable to alcohol-induced mortality now are ICD10 codes: E24.4, Alcohol-induced pseudo Cushing's syndrome; F10, Mental and behavioral disorders due to alcohol use; G31.2, Degeneration of nervous system due to alcohol; G62.1, Alcoholic polyneuropathy; G72.1, Alcoholic myopathy; I42.6, National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 121 In 2006, more than one race was reported for 0.4 percent of the records in the 25 multiple-race reporting states and the District of Columbia (Table I). Although still uncommon, multiple races were reported more often for younger decedents than for older decedents (1.9 percent of decedents under age 25 years compared with 0.6 percent of decedents aged 2564 years and 0.3 percent of decedents aged 65 years and over). No decedent was reported as having more than four races. Of those records where more than one race was reported, the NHOPI category was reported in combination with another race (46.0 percent) more often than the other categories (white, 0.4 percent; black, 0.7 percent; Asian, 4.9 percent; and AIAN, 18.1 percent). Data from the vital records of the remaining 25 states are based on the 1989 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death and follow the 1977 OMB standard, allowing only a single race to be reported (8,41). In addition, these states report a minimum set of four races as stipulated in the 1977 standard. These are white, black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander (API). In order to provide uniformity and comparability of data during the transition period, before all or most of the data becomes available in the new multiple-race format, it is necessary to ``bridge'' the responses of those for whom more than one race was reported (multiple race) to a single race. The bridging procedure is similar to that used to bridge multiracial population estimates (10,11). Multiracial decedents are imputed to a single race (white, black, AIAN, or API) according to their combination of races, Hispanic origin, sex, and age indicated on the death certificate. The imputation procedure is described in detail at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/dvs/Multiple_race_documentation_ 5-10-04.pdf. Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the death certificate. Therefore, data shown by race include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin, and data for Hispanic origin include persons of any race. In this report, unless otherwise specified, deaths of persons of Hispanic origin are included in the totals for each race group--white, black, AIAN, and API--according to the decedent's race as reported on the death certificate. Data shown for Hispanic persons include all persons of Hispanic origin of any race. Mortality data for the Hispanic-origin population are based on deaths of residents of all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Data year 1997 was the first year in which mortality data for the Hispanic population were available for the entire United States. Quality of race and Hispanic origin data--Death rates for Hispanic, AIAN, and API persons should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies in reporting Hispanic origin or race on the death cer tificate as compared with censuses, surveys, and birth certificates. Studies have shown underreporting on death certificates of AIAN, API, and Hispanic decedents, as well as undercounts of these groups in censuses (16,58,59). A number of studies have been conducted on the reliability of race reported on the death certificate by comparing it with race reported on another data collection instrument, such as the census or a survey (16,58,59). Inconsistencies may arise because of differences in who provides race information on the compared records. Race information on the death certificate is reported by a funeral director as provided by an informant or, in the absence of an informant, on the basis of observation. In contrast, race on the census or the Current Population Survey (CPS) is obtained while the individual is alive; in these cases, race is self-reported or reported by another member of the household familiar with the individual and, therefore, may be considered more valid. A high level of agreement between the death certificate and the census or survey report is essential to assure unbiased death rates by race. Studies (16,58,59) show that a person self-reported as AIAN or API on census or survey records was sometimes reported as white on the death certificate. The net effect of misclassification is an under estimation of deaths and death rates for races other than white and black. In addition, undercoverage of minority groups in the census and resultant population estimates introduces biases into death rates by race (16,5861). Unlike the 1990 census, coverage error in the 2000 census was found to be statistically significant only for the non-Hispanic white population (overcounted by approximately 1.13 percent) and non-Hispanic black population (undercounted by approximately 1.84 percent) (60). Using the National Longitudinal Mortality Study, Arias et al. exam ined the reliability of race and Hispanic origin reported on about 250,000 death certificates compared with that reported on a total of 26 Current Population Surveys conducted by the U.S. Bureau of the Census for 19791998 (16). Agreement between the two sources was found to be excellent for the white and black populations, both exhibiting CPS to death certificate ratios of 1.00. On the other hand, substantial differ ences were found for other race groups. The ratio of CPS to death certificates was found to be 1.30 for the AIAN population and 1.07 for the API population, indicating net underreporting on death certificates of 30 percent for AIAN and 7 percent for API. The ratio of deaths for CPS to death certificates for Hispanics was found to be 1.05 percent, indicating a net underreporting on death certificates for the Hispanic population of 5 percent. Data on the Central and South American and Other Hispanic origin populations are affected by whether a state submits literal text to NCHS, thereby making it possible to identify decedents as being of Central and South American origin. Other races and race not stated--Beginning in 1992, all records coded as ``other races'' (0.32 percent of total deaths in 2006) were assigned to the specified race of the previous record. Records for which race was unknown, not stated, or not classifiable (0.20 percent) were assigned the racial designation of the previous record. Infant and maternal mortality rates--For 19892006, as in pre vious years, infant and maternal deaths continue to be tabulated by the race of the decedent. However, beginning with the 1989 data year, the method of tabulating live births by race was changed from race of parents to race of mother, as stated on the birth certificate. This change affects infant and maternal mortality rates because live births are the denominators of these rates (40,62). To improve continuity and ease of interpretation, trend data by race in this report have been retabulated by race of mother for all years beginning with the 1980 data year. Quantitatively, the change in the basis for tabulating live births by race results in more white births and fewer black births and births of other races. Consequently, infant and maternal mortality rates under the new tabulating procedure tend to be about 2 percent lower for white infants and about 5 percent higher for black infants than when they are computed by the previous method of tabulating live births by race of parents. Rates for most other minority races also are higher when computed by race of mother (63,64). 122 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table I. Deaths by race: California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming, 2006 [By state of occurrence] Race Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . One race . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIAN2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NHOPI3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Two or more races. . . . . . . . . . . . Two races . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIAN2 and white . . . . . . . . . . Asian and white. . . . . . . . . . . Black and white. . . . . . . . . . . NHOPI3 and white . . . . . . . . . Asian and NHOPI3 . . . . . . . . . Black and AIAN2 . . . . . . . . . . Black and Asian . . . . . . . . . . AIAN2 and Asian . . . . . . . . . . Black and NHOPI3 . . . . . . . . . AIAN2 and NHOPI3 . . . . . . . . . Three races . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asian, NHOPI3, and white. . . . . Black, AIAN2, and white . . . . . . Black, Asian, and white . . . . . . AIAN2, Asian, and white . . . . . . AIAN2, NHOPI3, and white . . . . Black, NHOPI3, and white. . . . . Black, AIAN2, and Asian . . . . . . Black, Asian, and NHOPI3. . . . . AIAN2, Asian, and NHOPI3 . . . . Four races . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIAN2, Asian, NHOPI3, and white Black, Asian, AIAN2, and white . . Black, Asian, NHOPI3, and white. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deaths 1,276,225 1,271,520 1,091,647 124,774 32,833 11,994 8,650 1,622 4,705 4,285 1,630 741 605 523 491 174 73 27 11 10 412 325 40 12 12 8 6 5 3 1 8 5 2 1 Percent of deaths 100.0 99.6 85.5 9.8 2.6 0.9 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Quantity more than zero but less than 0.05. 1 Includes records for which race was reported as ``other.'' Future processing assigns ``other'' race to one of the recognized categories. ``Other'' race comprises a wide variety of responses; however, the most common is to check ``other'' and not provide future specification or to report a Hispanic group as a race. 2 AIAN is American Indian or Alaska Native. 3 NHOPI is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Infant mortality rates for the Hispanic-origin population are based on numbers of resident infant deaths reported to be of Hispanic origin and numbers of resident live births by Hispanic origin of mother for the United States. In computing infant mortality rates, deaths and live births of unknown origin are not distributed among the specified Hispanic and non-Hispanic groups. In the United States in 2006, the percentage of infant deaths of unknown origin was 0.8 percent and the percentage of live births to mothers of unknown origin was 0.7 percent. Small numbers of infant deaths for specific Hispanic-origin groups result in infant mortality rates subject to relatively large random variation (see ``Random variation''). Infant mortality rates by Hispanic origin are less subject to reporting error when based on linked files of infant deaths and live births (36,37). Infant mortality rates calculated from the general mortality file for specified race and Hispanic origin contain errors because of reporting problems that affect the classification of race and Hispanic origin on the birth and death certificates for the same infant. Infant mortality rates by specified race and Hispanic origin are more accurate when based on the linked file of infant deaths and live births (36,37). The linked file computes infant mortality rates using the race and Hispanic origin of the mother from the birth certificate in both the numerator and denomi nator of the rate. In addition, the mother's race and Hispanic origin from the birth certificate is considered to be more accurately reported than the infant's race and Hispanic origin from the death certificate--on the birth certificate, race is generally reported by the mother at the time of delivery, whereas on the death certificate, the infant's race and Hispanic origin is reported by an informant, usually the mother but sometimes the funeral director. Estimates of reporting errors have been made by comparing rates based on the linked files with those in which the infant's race is based on information from the death certificate (36,58). Life tables The life table provides a comprehensive measure of the effect of mortality on life expectancy. It is composed of sets of values showing the mortality experience of a hypothetical group of infants born at the same time and subject throughout their lifetime to the age-specific death rates of a particular time period, usually a given year. Prior to National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 123 data year 1997, U.S. life tables were abridged and constructed by reference to a standard table (63). In addition, the age range for these life tables was limited to 5-year age groups ending with the age group 85 years and over. Beginning with final data reported for 1997, the life table methodology was changed from previous annual reports, with a revised methodology used for 19971999 data and a newly revised methodology for 20002006 data. For data years 19971999, complete life tables were constructed by single years of age extending to age 100 years (65) using a revised methodology similar to that of the 19891991 decennial life tables (66). The revised methodology offers comparability with decennial life table methodology, greater accuracy, and greater age detail. A comparison of the two methods shows small differences in resulting values for life expectancy (65). Although the revised method produces complete life tables (by single years of age), the life table data shown in this report are summarized in 5-year age groupings. To calculate the probability of dying at each age, the revised methodology used vital statistics death rates for ages under 85 years, and mortality data from the Medicare program for ages 85 years and over. The Medicare data are shown to be significantly more reliable than vital statistics data when modeling the probability of dying at the oldest ages (67). Life table data shown in this report for data years 20002006 are based on the newly revised methodology and may differ from figures previously published. Complete life tables by single years of age extending to age 100 years were constructed using a methodology similar to that developed for the 19992001 decennial life tables (68). To calculate the probability of dying at each age, the newly revised methodology used vital statistics death rates for ages under 66 years, and modeled probabilities of death for ages 66 to 100 years based on blended vital statistics and Medicare probabilities of dying (68). Com plete life tables for 20002006 based on the newly revised method ology, along with a more comprehensive description of the methodology, will be published in a forthcoming report. Educational attainment Beginning in 2003, some registration areas adopted the new U.S. Standard Certificate of Death, which includes a revised educa tional attainment item, replacing the 1989 version which had focused on highest school grade completed. Neither the new nor old item captures vocational training. The change establishes consistency with U.S. Census Bureau data to improve the ability to identify specific degrees and persons who had completed 12 years of education but did not hold either a high school diploma or General Educational Development (GED) high school equivalency diploma. The previous item also had been used inappropriately and inaccurately to infer degree status. Based on testing by the U.S. Census Bureau, the new item identifies about 2 percent more persons with less than a high school diploma or equivalent, 13 percent fewer persons with a high school diploma, and 8 percent more persons with at least some college (71). In 2006, the District of Columbia and 20 states used the preferred question: California, Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. The unrevised education item continued to be used by 28 states: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minne sota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. Table 26 shows mortality data by educational attainment for states using the 2003 version of the standard death certificate and, separately, for states using the 1989 version. All data shown were approximately 80 percent or more complete on a place-of-occurrence basis. Data for Georgia and Rhode Island were excluded because the educational attainment item was not on their certificates. Age-adjusted death rates by educational attainment were computed based on the age-specific rates and the standard population for those aged 2564 years. Data for those aged 65 years and over are not shown because reporting quality is poorer at older ages (72). Rates by educational attainment for states using the unrevised certificate are affected by differences between measurement of edu cation for the numerator, which is based on the number of years of education completed as reported on the 1989 revision of the death certificate, and the denominator, which is based on highest degree completed as reported on the 2000 Census and the Current Population Surveys (71). Table II shows a 2002 to 2006 comparison of the percent distri bution of deaths by measures of educational attainment for areas using the revised certificate in 2006. However, South Dakota is excluded from this table because that state first began reporting education in 2004 and has no comparison data for 2002. Causes of death contributing to changes in life expectancy A life table partitioning technique was used to estimate causes of death contributing to changes in life expectancy in this report. The method partitions changes into component additive parts and identi fies the causes of death having the greatest influence, positive or negative, on changes in life expectancy (17,69,70). Marital status Age-specific and age-adjusted death rates by marital status are shown by sex in Table 25. Mortality data by marital status are generally of high quality. A study of death certificate data using the 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey showed a high level of consistency in reporting marital status (61). Age-adjusted death rates by marital status were computed based on age-specific rates and the standard population for those aged 25 years and over. Although age-specific death rates by marital status are shown for the age group 1524 years, they are not included in the computation of the age-adjusted rate because of their high variability, particularly for the widowed population. Furthermore, the age groups 7584 years and 85 years and over are combined because of high variability in death rates among those aged 85 years and over, particularly for the never-married population. Injury at work Information on deaths attributed to injuries at work is derived from a separate item on the death certificate that asks the medical certifier whether the death resulted from an injury sustained at work. This item is on the death certificate of all states. Number of deaths, age-specific death rates, and age-adjusted death rates for injury at work are shown in Tables 27 and 28. Deaths, crude death rates, and 124 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table II. Percent distribution of deaths by education items: California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming, 2002 and 2006 [By state of occrrence. Excludes nonresidents of the United States. Because of rounding, the sum of the subgroups may not add to the total] 2002 Years of school completed Total . . . . . . . . . Under 12 years . 12 years . . . . . 13 years or more Not stated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Percent distribution 100.0 27.8 40.8 28.1 3.3 Educational attainment Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than high school diploma or GED . High school diploma or GED . . . . . . . Some college or collegiate degree. . . . Not stated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2006 Percent distribution 100.0 27.4 40.1 30.8 1.7 NOTE: GED is General Education Development high school equivalency diploma. age-adjusted death rates for injury at work are shown for those aged 15 years and over. Age-adjusted death rates for injury at work were computed using age-specific death rates and the 2000 U.S. standard population for those aged 15 years and over; see ``Computing rates.'' Maternal mortality Maternal mortality rates are computed on the basis of the number of live births. The maternal mortality rate indicates the likelihood of a pregnant woman dying of maternal causes. The rates are calculated by dividing the number of maternal deaths in a calendar year by the number of live births registered for the same period and are presented as rates per 100,000 live births. The number of live births used in the denominator is an approximation of the population of pregnant women who are at risk of a maternal death. Maternal deaths are defined by WHO as ``the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irre spective of the duration and the site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management, but not from accidental or incidental causes'' (6). Included in these deaths are ICD10 codes A34, O00O95, and O98O99. If a state death certificate includes a separate question regarding pregnancy status, a positive response to the question is interpreted as if ``pregnant'' were reported in Part II of the cause-of-death section of the death certificate. If a specified length of time is not provided by the medical certifier, the pregnancy is assumed to have terminated 42 days or less prior to death. Furthermore, if only indirect maternal causes of death (i.e., a previously existing disease or a disease that developed during pregnancy not due to direct obstetric causes but aggravated by physiological effects of pregnancy) are reported in Part I and pregnancy is reported in either Part I or Part II, the death is classified as a maternal death. An evaluation study for the 19951997 period found that 35 per cent more maternal deaths were identified through surveillance efforts than by solely using the death certificate. A number of explanations accounted for the lower ascertainment from death certificates, including lack of information reported in the cause-of-death section, use of fewer sources, and some differences in identification (74). This differential is conceivably decreasing because of changes in the coding of indirect maternal causes under ICD10 that accounted for a nearly 13 percent increase in maternal deaths compared with ICD9, and the increasing use of a pregnancy status checkbox on death certificates. Infant mortality Infant mortality rates are the most commonly used index for measuring the risk of dying during the first year of life. The rates presented in this report are calculated by dividing the number of infant deaths in a calendar year by the number of live births registered for the same period, and are presented as rates per 1,000 or per 100,000 live births. For final birth figures used in the denominator for infant mortality rates, see ``Births: Final Data for 2006'' (73). In contrast to infant mortality rates based on live births, infant death rates are based on the estimated population under 1 year of age. Infant death rates that appear in tabulations of age-specific death rates in this report are calculated by dividing the number of infant deaths by the July 1, 2006, population estimate of persons under 1 year of age, based on 2000 census populations. These rates are presented per 100,000 population in this age group. Because of differences in the denominators, infant death rates may differ from infant mortality rates. Another data source is available for infant mortality--the linked file of live births and infant deaths. Data from this source differs from the infant mortality data presented in this report because the linked file includes only events in which both the birth and the death occur in the United States, and late-filed births. Processing of the linked file allows for further exclusion of infant records due to duplicates and records with additional information that raise questions about an infant's age. Although the differences are usually minuscule, infant mortality rates based on the linked file tend to be somewhat smaller than those based on data from the general mortality file as presented in this report. The linked file is the preferred source for infant mortality by race because it uses the mother's self-reported race from the child's birth certificate (36,37), which is more reliable than the infant's race listed on the death certificate, and because the numerator and denominator are referring to the same person's race. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 125 The 2003 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death introduced a standard question format with categories to take advan tage of additional codes available in ICD10 for deaths with a con nection to pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium. As states revise their certificates, most are expected to introduce the standard item or replace pre-existing questions with it, allowing for wider adoption of a pregnancy status item nationwide and greater standardization of the particular item used. As of 2006, 32 states and the District of Columbia have a separate question related to pregnancy status of female dece dents around the time of their death, and 2 states have a prompt encouraging certifiers to report recent pregnancies on the death cer tificate. However, at least six different questions were used in the 32 states, reflecting the mix of states using the 2003 standard format and states with pre-existing questions. The number of maternal deaths has increased most years since 2003 as a result of direct and indirect effects of inclusion of a pregnancy status item on the 2003 version of the standard death certificate (75). For states that already had a separate question, additional guidance was provided in 2003 for identifying maternal deaths, resulting in more deaths being identified. For states that adopt the standard item, addi tional information is available for use in identifying maternal deaths. U.S. Census Bureau and are based on the 2000 census counts by age, race, and sex, modified for consistency with U.S. Office of Management and Budget race categories as of 1977 and historical categories for death data (8). The modification procedures are described in detail elsewhere (10,11). Computing rates Except for infant and maternal mortality rates, rates are on an annual basis per 100,000 estimated population residing in the specified area. Infant and maternal mortality rates are per 1,000 or per 100,000 live births. Comparisons made in the text among rates, unless otherwise specified, are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance. Lack of comment in the text about any two rates does not mean that the difference was tested and found not to be significant at this level. Age-adjusted rates (R) are used to compare relative mortality risks among groups and over time. However, they should be viewed as relative indexes rather than as actual measures of mortality risk. They were computed by the direct method--that is, by applying agespecific death rates (Ri) to the U.S. standard population age distribution (Table VIII): R = Population bases for computing rates Populations used for computing death rates and life tables shown in this report represent the population residing in the United States, enumerated as of April 1 for census years and estimated as of July 1 for all other years. Population estimates used to compute death rates for the United States for 2006 are shown by race for 5-year age groups in Table III and are available by single years of age at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/datawh/statab/unpubd/mortabs.htm (76). Population estimates in Table IV for Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and Other Hispanic populations, and population estimates by marital status in Table V, are based on the Current Population Survey adjusted to resident population control totals for the United States (77) and, as such, are subject to sampling variation; see ``Random varia tion.'' The control totals used are 2000-based population estimates for the United States for July 1, 2006 (76). Population estimates by educational attainment, shown in Table VI, are also based on the Current Population Survey adjusted to resident population control totals (77), and similarly subject to sampling variation (see ``Random variation''). The control totals used are 2000 based population estimates for July 1, 2006, for the 20 states and District of Columbia that reported mortality data by educational attain ment using the 2003 version of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death, and for the 28 states that reported it using the 1989 version (76). Population estimates for each state, shown in Table VII, were estimated from state-level postcensal population estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006 (76). Population esti mates for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, also shown in Table VII, are based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006 (78). Population estimates for each state and territory are not subject to sampling variation because the sources used in demographic analysis are complete counts. Death rates shown in this report for 19912006 are based on populations consistent with the 2000 census levels (7685). These estimates were produced under a collaborative arrangement with the O Psi Ps i Ri where Psi is the standard population for age group i and Ps is the total U.S. standard population (all ages combined). Beginning with the 1999 data year, a new population standard was adopted by NCHS for use in age-adjusting death rates. Based on the projected year 2000 population of the United States, the new standard replaces the 1940 standard population that had been used for over 50 years. The new population standard affects levels of mortality and, to some extent, trends and group comparisons. Of particular note are the effects on race mortality comparisons. For detailed discussion, see Age Standardization of Death Rates: Implementation of the Year 2000 Standard (86). Beginning with 2003 data, the traditional standard million population along with corresponding standard weights to six decimal places were replaced by the projected year 2000 population age distribution (see Table VIII). The effect of the change is negligible and does not significantly affect comparability with age-adjusted rates cal culated using the previous method. All age-adjusted rates shown in this report are based on the 2000 U.S. standard population. The 2000 standard population used for computing age-adjusted rates and standard errors, excluding those by marital status, education, injury at work, and the U.S. territories, is shown in Table VIII. Age-adjusted rates by marital status were computed by applying the age-specific death rates to the U.S. standard population for those aged 25 years and over. Although age-specific death rates by marital status are shown for the age group 1524 years, they are not included in the calculation of age-adjusted rates because of their high variability, particularly for the widowed population. Age groups 7584 and 85 years and over are combined because of high variability in death rates in the 85 years and over age group, particularly for the never-married popu lation. The 2000 standard population used for computing age-adjusted rates and standard errors by marital status is shown in Table IX. Age-adjusted rates by educational attainment were computed by applying the age-specific death rates to the U.S. standard population Table III. Estimated population by 5-year age groups, specified by race and sex: United States, 2006 [Populations are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes''] All races Age Total . . . . . . . . . . Under 1 year . . . . 14 years . . . . . . 59 years . . . . . . 1014 years . . . . 1519 years . . . . 2024 years . . . . 2529 years . . . . 3034 years . . . . 3539 years . . . . 4044 years . . . . 4549 years . . . . 5054 years . . . . 5559 years . . . . 6064 years . . . . 6569 years . . . . 7074 years . . . . 7579 years . . . . 8084 years . . . . 85 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total 299,398,484 4,130,153 16,287,483 19,709,887 20,627,397 21,324,186 21,111,240 20,709,480 19,706,499 21,185,785 22,481,165 22,797,569 20,480,605 18,224,445 13,362,238 10,375,554 8,541,290 7,381,027 5,665,664 5,296,817 Male 147,512,152 2,113,000 8,328,759 10,077,345 10,562,775 10,934,864 10,910,090 10,584,270 9,980,383 10,649,913 11,200,369 11,261,856 10,027,772 8,845,291 6,378,589 4,838,842 3,831,425 3,119,130 2,179,201 1,688,278 Female 151,886,332 2,017,153 7,958,724 9,632,542 10,064,622 10,389,322 10,201,150 10,125,210 9,726,116 10,535,872 11,280,796 11,535,713 10,452,833 9,379,154 6,983,649 5,536,712 4,709,865 4,261,897 3,486,463 3,608,539 Total 242,097,490 3,195,144 12,656,593 15,341,394 15,984,247 16,589,322 16,598,751 16,255,430 15,410,430 16,859,692 18,148,180 18,689,902 16,990,194 15,362,824 11,433,261 8,884,631 7,372,783 6,506,857 5,058,762 4,759,093 White Male 119,950,187 1,634,944 6,478,908 7,861,500 8,202,648 8,526,941 8,619,076 8,397,691 7,909,696 8,580,133 9,142,649 9,334,865 8,415,936 7,539,745 5,515,362 4,186,040 3,344,176 2,780,946 1,958,554 1,520,377 Female 122,147,303 1,560,200 6,177,685 7,479,894 7,781,599 8,062,381 7,979,675 7,857,739 7,500,734 8,279,559 9,005,531 9,355,037 8,574,258 7,823,079 5,917,899 4,698,591 4,028,607 3,725,911 3,100,208 3,238,716 Total 39,558,375 679,743 2,640,651 3,173,713 3,410,741 3,483,624 3,189,873 2,973,776 2,680,310 2,787,284 2,918,506 2,820,607 2,370,486 1,929,321 1,292,057 1,004,519 798,313 596,846 422,552 385,453 Black Male 18,889,595 347,235 1,343,119 1,612,454 1,732,181 1,765,676 1,615,317 1,448,550 1,273,706 1,314,430 1,367,398 1,312,406 1,086,117 871,801 565,892 426,742 325,112 223,473 146,082 111,904 Female 20,668,780 332,508 1,297,532 1,561,259 1,678,560 1,717,948 1,574,556 1,525,226 1,406,604 1,472,854 1,551,108 1,508,201 1,284,369 1,057,520 726,165 577,777 473,201 373,373 276,470 273,549 American Indian or Alaska Native Total 3,201,342 44,763 172,947 253,379 284,580 304,812 294,124 260,891 227,149 224,893 235,424 226,646 191,443 156,420 105,009 75,520 54,615 38,853 25,680 24,194 Male 1,599,082 22,877 87,832 128,765 144,298 154,603 151,547 136,148 117,448 114,346 117,269 110,211 92,349 75,652 50,038 35,668 24,656 17,102 10,435 7,838 Female 1,602,260 21,886 85,115 124,614 140,282 150,209 142,577 124,743 109,701 110,547 118,155 116,435 99,094 80,768 54,971 39,852 29,959 21,751 15,245 16,356 Asian or Pacific Islander Total 14,541,277 210,503 817,292 941,401 947,829 946,428 1,028,492 1,219,383 1,388,610 1,313,916 1,179,055 1,060,414 928,482 775,880 531,911 410,884 315,579 238,471 158,670 128,077 Male 7,073,288 107,944 418,900 474,626 483,648 487,644 524,150 601,881 679,533 641,004 573,053 504,374 433,370 358,093 247,297 190,392 137,481 97,609 64,130 48,159 Female 7,467,989 102,559 398,392 466,775 464,181 458,784 504,342 617,502 709,077 672,912 606,002 556,040 495,112 417,787 284,614 220,492 178,098 140,862 94,540 79,918 126 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Estimates of the July 1, 2006, U.S. resident population by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, prepared under a collaborative arrangement with the U.S. Census Bureau. 2007. Table IV. Estimated population by 5-year age groups, according to specified Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex: United States, 2006 [Populations for all origins, Hispanic, non-Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and non-Hispanic black are postcensal estimates based on the 2000 census, estimated as of July 1, 2006; populations for Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central and South American, and other and unknown Hispanic are based on the Current Population Survey adjusted to resident population control totals. Due to rounding, population estimates for Hispanic subgroups may not add to Hispanic control totals. The control totals are 2000-based population estimates for the United States for July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes''] Hispanic origin, race for non-Hispanic population, and sex Total Under 1 year 14 years 59 years 1014 years 1519 years 2024 years 2529 years 3034 years 3539 years 4044 years 4549 years 5054 years 5559 years 6064 years 6569 years 7074 years 7579 years 8084 years 85 years and over All origins . . . . 299,398,484 4,130,153 16,287,483 19,709,887 20,627,397 21,324,186 21,111,240 20,709,480 19,706,499 21,185,785 22,481,165 22,797,569 20,480,605 18,224,445 13,362,238 10,375,554 8,541,290 7,381,027 5,665,664 5,296,817 Male . . . 147,512,152 2,113,000 8,328,759 10,077,345 10,562,775 10,934,864 10,910,090 10,584,270 9,980,383 10,649,913 11,200,369 11,261,856 10,027,772 8,845,291 6,378,589 4,838,842 3,831,425 3,119,130 2,179,201 1,688,278 Female. . . 151,886,332 2,017,153 7,958,724 9,632,542 10,064,622 10,389,322 10,201,150 10,125,210 9,726,116 10,535,872 11,280,796 11,535,713 10,452,833 9,379,154 6,983,649 5,536,712 4,709,865 4,261,897 3,486,463 3,608,539 Hispanic . . . . Male . . . Female. . Mexican. . . Male . . . Female. . Puerto Rican . . . Male . . Female. . Cuban . . . Male . . Female. . Central and South American . Male . . Female. . Other Hispanic . . Male . . Female. . Non-Hispanic1 . Male . . Female. . White . . . . Male . . . Female. . Black . . . . Male . . Female. . 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . 44,321,038 22,925,050 21,395,988 28,978,493 15,198,098 13,780,395 3,803,495 1,846,250 1,957,245 1,635,407 824,225 811,182 971,036 496,208 474,828 711,345 355,473 355,872 71,651 39,323 32,328 21,773 18,355 3,418 3,734,003 1,905,977 1,828,026 2,689,793 1,355,297 1,334,496 281,828 147,350 134,478 96,647 47,816 48,831 4,090,814 2,092,993 1,997,821 2,898,581 1,471,776 1,426,805 355,065 184,409 170,656 92,081 49,256 42,825 3,942,042 2,016,440 1,925,602 2,708,488 1,378,190 1,330,298 340,715 170,292 170,423 110,698 62,540 48,158 3,622,784 1,867,487 1,755,297 2,390,077 1,247,237 1,142,840 334,251 165,826 168,425 90,820 42,249 48,571 3,752,043 2,037,649 1,714,394 2,524,593 1,393,934 1,130,659 302,051 150,667 151,384 96,118 44,601 51,517 4,162,800 2,321,535 1,841,265 2,847,506 1,599,045 1,248,461 328,499 161,919 166,580 91,202 41,565 49,637 3,928,907 2,134,606 1,794,301 2,613,191 1,431,311 1,181,880 285,749 143,358 142,391 113,386 59,564 53,822 3,532,474 1,885,430 1,647,044 2,280,518 1,250,445 1,030,073 268,441 134,289 134,152 124,848 66,816 58,032 3,127,439 1,640,876 1,486,563 1,855,248 1,001,487 853,761 265,349 123,612 141,737 172,733 91,110 81,623 2,557,380 1,309,249 1,248,131 1,550,962 807,075 743,887 238,416 105,664 132,752 103,601 62,618 40,983 1,959,827 977,571 982,256 1,202,436 631,059 571,377 185,515 82,284 103,231 82,757 40,517 42,240 1,500,183 728,988 771,195 852,753 434,423 418,330 168,832 86,042 82,790 81,233 31,628 49,605 1,039,986 488,551 551,435 590,995 284,981 306,014 115,558 47,411 68,147 77,015 41,539 35,476 776,685 354,385 422,300 397,735 197,667 200,068 107,985 44,632 63,353 61,159 29,268 31,891 598,914 262,153 336,761 336,233 150,968 185,265 54,217 20,861 33,356 63,931 27,193 36,738 462,524 194,159 268,365 251,033 103,833 147,200 41,374 18,287 23,087 70,275 28,451 41,824 305,611 122,117 183,494 162,013 60,799 101,214 33,137 12,583 20,554 37,269 19,484 17,785 255,586 88,676 166,910 114,993 43,098 71,895 24,862 7,441 17,421 47,861 19,655 28,206 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,824,250 4,011,834 3,812,416 2,079,364 1,044,641 1,034,723 255,077,446 124,587,102 130,490,344 200,791,915 98,539,642 102,252,273 37,751,497 17,997,898 19,753,599 122,834 58,794 64,040 43,421 24,258 19,163 514,766 277,225 237,541 150,969 78,284 72,685 577,287 297,248 280,039 167,789 90,303 77,486 593,190 305,919 287,271 188,958 99,503 89,455 624,524 312,681 311,843 183,120 99,509 83,611 684,230 372,541 311,689 145,056 75,905 69,151 769,252 456,483 312,769 126,331 62,520 63,811 771,744 428,618 343,126 144,835 71,752 73,083 710,128 355,276 354,852 148,542 78,603 69,939 693,398 352,390 341,008 140,710 72,280 68,430 523,052 267,835 255,217 141,343 66,053 75,290 370,070 167,517 202,553 119,044 56,199 62,845 302,898 131,182 171,716 94,462 45,708 48,754 187,071 86,680 100,391 69,338 27,936 41,402 150,201 57,691 92,510 59,609 25,128 34,481 9,598,869 4,484,457 5,114,412 8,154,480 3,852,575 4,301,905 974,993 413,749 561,244 98,000 39,653 58,347 46,541 23,482 23,059 7,942,376 3,569,272 4,373,104 6,807,896 3,096,501 3,711,395 776,348 315,887 460,461 61,386 25,464 35,922 38,456 18,120 20,336 6,918,503 2,924,971 3,993,532 6,068,945 2,596,690 3,472,255 581,005 217,223 363,782 32,633 10,264 22,369 40,558 18,988 21,570 5,360,053 2,057,084 3,302,969 4,768,620 1,842,257 2,926,363 412,444 142,397 270,047 37,586 8,373 29,213 30,282 10,110 20,172 5,041,231 1,599,602 3,441,629 4,516,673 1,436,218 3,080,455 376,740 109,139 267,601 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 3,159,117 12,553,480 15,619,073 16,685,355 17,701,402 17,359,197 16,546,680 15,777,592 17,653,311 19,353,726 20,240,189 18,520,778 16,724,262 12,322,252 1,616,792 6,422,782 7,984,352 8,546,335 9,067,377 8,872,441 8,262,735 7,845,777 8,764,483 9,559,493 9,952,607 9,050,201 8,116,303 5,890,038 1,542,325 6,130,698 7,634,721 8,139,020 8,634,025 8,486,756 8,283,945 7,931,815 8,888,828 9,794,233 10,287,582 9,470,577 8,607,959 6,432,214 2,287,461 9,129,572 11,545,128 12,352,717 13,251,200 13,114,643 12,375,496 11,733,562 13,560,982 15,231,096 16,306,565 15,165,932 13,963,066 10,457,881 1,171,212 4,678,892 5,918,510 6,344,141 6,804,441 6,721,952 6,225,042 5,903,158 6,811,549 7,606,026 8,110,729 7,504,335 6,858,715 5,056,699 1,116,249 4,450,680 5,626,618 6,008,576 6,446,759 6,392,691 6,150,454 5,830,404 6,749,433 7,625,070 8,195,836 7,661,597 7,104,351 5,401,182 635,233 2,500,301 2,995,819 3,226,584 3,318,229 3,038,389 2,809,986 2,532,296 2,648,314 2,794,596 2,718,885 2,289,938 1,868,883 1,252,514 324,356 1,271,020 1,521,756 1,638,515 1,681,355 1,536,512 1,365,181 1,202,056 1,247,562 1,307,687 1,264,169 1,047,799 843,574 547,961 310,877 1,229,281 1,474,063 1,588,069 1,636,874 1,501,877 1,444,805 1,330,240 1,400,752 1,486,909 1,454,716 1,242,139 1,025,309 704,553 Includes races other than white and black. SOURCE: Population estimates for specified Hispanic subgroups are based on unpublished tabulations prepared by the Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division, U.S. Census Bureau, 2008. Population estimates for all origins, Hispanic, non-Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and non-Hispanic black were prepared under a collaborative arrangement with the U.S. Census Bureau, 2007. 127 128 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table V. Estimated population for those aged 15 years and over by marital status, 10-year age groups and sex: United States, 2006 [Population estimates are based on the Current Population Survey adjusted to resident population controls for the United States. The control totals used are 2000-based population estimates for the United States for July 1, 2006] Marital status and sex All races . . . . . Never married Ever married . Married . . . Widowed . . Divorced . . All races, male . Never married Ever married . Married . . . Widowed . . Divorced . . All races, female Never married Ever married . Married . . . Widowed . . Divorced . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 years and over 238,643,547 70,301,863 168,341,684 130,342,566 14,911,783 23,087,335 116,430,243 38,498,733 77,931,510 65,315,174 2,788,664 9,827,672 122,213,304 31,803,130 90,410,174 65,027,392 12,123,119 13,259,663 1524 years 42,435,433 38,029,155 4,406,278 4,059,089 40,748 306,441 21,844,955 20,225,785 1,619,170 1,489,646 15,400 114,124 20,590,478 17,803,370 2,787,108 2,569,443 25,348 192,317 2534 years 40,415,992 16,093,398 24,322,594 21,978,116 114,944 2,229,534 20,564,651 9,386,760 11,177,891 10,245,373 19,449 913,069 19,851,341 6,706,638 13,144,703 11,732,743 95,495 1,316,465 3544 years 43,666,960 7,664,426 36,002,534 30,230,510 381,012 5,391,012 21,850,288 4,490,494 17,359,794 14,919,902 89,231 2,350,661 21,816,672 3,173,932 18,642,740 15,310,608 291,781 3,040,351 4554 years 43,278,150 4,999,262 38,278,888 30,418,473 894,862 6,965,553 21,289,613 2,734,152 18,555,461 15,201,514 205,469 3,148,478 21,988,537 2,265,110 19,723,427 15,216,959 689,393 3,817,075 5564 years 31,586,662 2,127,628 29,459,034 22,574,259 1,860,245 5,024,530 15,223,865 1,058,526 14,165,339 11,757,341 329,702 2,078,296 16,362,797 1,069,102 15,293,695 10,816,918 1,530,543 2,946,234 6574 years 18,916,851 766,850 18,150,001 12,665,110 3,337,523 2,147,368 8,670,269 362,155 8,308,114 6,795,950 647,105 865,059 10,246,582 404,695 9,841,887 5,869,160 2,690,418 1,282,309 75 years and over 18,343,499 621,144 17,722,355 8,417,009 8,282,449 1,022,897 6,986,602 240,861 6,745,741 4,905,448 1,482,308 357,985 11,356,897 380,283 10,976,614 3,511,561 6,800,141 664,912 SOURCE: Population estimates based on unpublished tabulations prepared by the Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division of the U.S. Census Bureau, 2008. for those aged 2564 years. Data for those aged 65 years and over are not shown because reporting quality is poorer for older ages (72). The year 2000 standard population used for computing age-adjusted rates and standard errors by education is shown in Table X. Age-adjusted rates for injury at work were computed by applying the age-specific death rates to the U.S. standard population for those aged 15 years and over. The 2000 standard population used for computing age-adjusted rates and standard errors for injury at work is shown in Table XI. Age-adjusted rates for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas were computed by applying the age-specific death rates to the U.S. standard population. Age groups for 75 years and over were combined because population counts were unavailable by age group over 75 years. The 2000 standard population used for computing age-adjusted rates and stan dard errors for the territories is shown in Table XII. Using the same standard population, death rates for the total population and for each race-sex group were adjusted separately. The age-adjusted rates were based on 10-year age groups. Age-adjusted death rates are not comparable with crude rates. Death rates for the Hispanic population are based only on events to persons reported as Hispanic. Rates for non-Hispanic white persons are based on the sum of all events to white decedents reported as non-Hispanic and white decedents with origin not stated. Hispanic origin is not imputed if it is not reported. (87,88). When the number of deaths is small, perhaps fewer than 100, random variation tends to be relatively large. Therefore, consid erable caution must be observed in interpreting statistics based on small numbers of deaths. Measuring random variability--To quantify the random variation associated with mortality statistics, one must make an assumption regarding the appropriate underlying distribution. Deaths, as infrequent events, can be viewed as deriving from a Poisson probability distri bution. The Poisson distribution is simple conceptually and computa tionally, and provides reasonable, conservative variance estimates for mortality statistics when the probability of dying is relatively low (87). Using the properties of the Poisson distribution, the standard error (SE) associated with the number of deaths (D) is: 1. SE(D) = var(D) = D where var(D) denotes the variance of D. The standard error associated with crude and age-specific death rates (R) assumes that the population denominator (P) is a constant and is: 2. SE(R) = OE var D ( P ) = OEP1 var(D) = OEPD = 2 2 R D Random variation The mortality data presented in this report, with the exception of data for 1972, are not subject to sampling error. In 1972, mortality data were based on a 50 percent sample of deaths because of resource constraints. Mortality data, even based on complete counts, may be affected by random variation--that is, the number of deaths that actually occurred may be considered as one of a large series of possible results that could have arisen under the same circumstances The coefficient of variation or relative standard error (RSE) is a useful measure of relative variation. The RSE is calculated by dividing the statistic (e.g., number of deaths, death rate) into its standard error and multiplying by 100. For the number of deaths: RSE(D) = 100 SE(D) D = 100 D = 100 D OE 1 D For crude and age-specific death rates: RSE(R) = 100 Thus: R / D SE(R) = 100 R = 100 R OE 1 D National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 129 Table VI. Estimated population for those aged 2564 years, by educational attainment and sex: Total of 20 reporting states and the District of Columbia using the 2003 version of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death and total of 28 reporting states using the 1989 version of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death, 2006 [Population estimates are based on the Current Population Survey adjusted to resident population controls. The control totals used are 2000-based population estimates for reporting states for July 1, 2006; see ``Technical Notes''] 20 reporting states and the District of Columbia1 using the 2003 version of the Standard Certificate of Death Education level and sex All races Both sexes . . . . . . . . Less than high school diploma or GED . . . High school diploma or GED . . . . . . . . Some college or collegiate degree. . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than high school diploma or GED . . . High school diploma or GED . . . Some college or collegiate degree. . . Female. . . . . . . . . . . Less than high school diploma or GED . . . High school diploma or GED . . . . . . . . Some college or collegiate degree. . . 2564 years 2534 years 3544 years 4554 years 5564 years 28 reporting states2 using the 1989 version of the Standard Certificate of Death Years of school completed and sex 2564 years 2534 years 3544 years 4554 years 5564 years All races . . 80,333,059 20,656,348 22,493,544 21,696,413 15,486,754 Both sexes . . . . . . . . 72,954,449 18,228,167 19,578,595 20,091,140 15,056,547 . . 10,886,264 3,084,534 3,066,279 2,719,063 2,016,388 . . 22,587,881 5,564,229 6,375,336 6,277,471 4,370,845 . . 46,858,914 12,007,585 13,051,929 12,699,879 9,099,521 Under 12 years . . . . 7,725,349 1,928,951 1,936,367 2,022,531 1,837,500 12 years . . . . . . . . 24,147,391 5,550,268 6,354,151 6,981,335 5,261,637 13 years or more . . . 41,081,709 10,748,948 11,288,077 11,087,274 7,957,410 . . 40,005,874 10,507,588 11,333,348 10,771,893 7,393,045 Male. . . . . . . . . . . . 36,144,973 9,271,285 9,729,402 9,822,326 7,321,960 . . 5,769,894 1,728,020 1,711,363 1,388,914 941,597 Under 12 years . . . . 4,234,962 1,110,748 1,117,693 1,077,848 928,673 . . 11,660,489 3,101,327 3,415,444 3,220,956 1,922,762 . . 22,575,491 5,678,241 6,206,541 6,162,023 4,528,686 12 years . . . . . . . . 12,367,284 3,126,741 3,348,602 3,505,454 2,386,487 13 years or more . . . 19,542,727 5,033,796 5,263,107 5,239,024 4,006,800 . . 40,327,185 10,148,760 11,160,196 10,924,520 8,093,709 Female . . . . . . . . . . 36,809,476 8,956,882 9,849,193 10,268,814 7,734,587 .. 5,116,370 1,356,514 1,354,916 1,330,149 1,074,791 Under 12 years . . . . 3,490,387 818,203 818,674 944,683 908,827 . . 10,927,392 2,462,902 2,959,892 3,056,515 2,448,083 . . 24,283,423 6,329,344 6,845,388 6,537,856 4,570,835 12 years . . . . . . . . 11,780,107 2,423,527 3,005,549 3,475,881 2,875,150 13 years or more . . . 21,538,982 5,715,152 6,024,970 5,848,250 3,950,610 1 Includes data for California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming; see ``Technical Notes.'' 2 Includes data for Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin, and West Virginia; see ``Technical Notes.'' SOURCE: Population estimates based on unpublished tabulations prepared by the Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division, U.S. Census Bureau, 2008. 3. RSE(D) = RSE(R) = 100 OE 1 D The standard error of the age-adjusted death rate (R ) is: 4. where: + Ri is the age-specific rate for the i th age group + Psi is the age-specific standard population for the i th age group from the U.S. standard population age distribution (see Table VIII and age-adjusted death rate under ``Definition of terms'') + Ps is the total U.S. standard population (all ages combined) + Di is the number of deaths for the i th age group The RSE for the age-adjusted rate, RSE(R), is calculated by dividing SE(R) from Formula 4 by the age-adjusted death rate, R , and multiplying by 100: RSE(R) = 100 SE(R) R SE(R) = OE ( ) OE {( ) ( )} Psi 2 Ps var (Ri) = i For tables showing infant and maternal mortality rates based on live births (B) in the denominator, calculation of the standard error assumes random variability in both the numerator and denominator. The standard error for the infant mortality rate (IMR) is: 5. SE(IMR) = i Psi Ps 2 Ri2 Di OE var(D) + IMR c var(B) E(B)2 = OE D B 2+ D2 B3 where the number of births, B, is also assumed to be distributed according to a Poisson distribution and E(B) is the expectation of B. The RSE for the IMR is: 6. RSE(IMR) = 100 SE(IMR) = 100 IMR OE 1 1 + D B For maternal mortality rates, Formulas 5 and 6 may be used, substituting the maternal mortality rate for the IMR. Formulas 16 may be used for all tables presented in this report except for death rates and age-adjusted death rates shown in Tables 5, 25, and 26, which are calculated using population figures that are subject to sampling error. Tables 5, 25, and 26--Death rates for Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and Other Hispanic populations in Table 5, by marital status in Table 25, and by educational attainment in Table 26 are based on population estimates derived from the Current Population Survey for 130 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table VII. Estimated population for the United States, each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas, 2006 [Populations for the United States are postcensal estimates produced in 2007 based on the 2000 census estimated as of July 1, 2006. Populations for each state, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Marianas are postcensal estimates produced in 2007 based on the 2000 census estimated as of July 1, 2006] Area United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alabama. . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . . California . . . . . . Colorado . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . Idaho . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . . Kentucky . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . Maine . . . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . Massachusetts . . . Michigan . . . . . . Minnesota . . . . . . Mississippi . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . Montana. . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total 299,398,484 4,599,030 670,053 6,166,318 2,810,872 36,457,549 4,753,377 3,504,809 853,476 581,530 18,089,888 9,363,941 1,285,498 1,466,465 12,831,970 6,313,520 2,982,085 2,764,075 4,206,074 4,287,768 1,321,574 5,615,727 6,437,193 10,095,643 5,167,101 2,910,540 5,842,713 944,632 1,768,331 Area Nevada . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina . South Dakota. . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . Virginia . . . . . Washington . . . West Virginia . . Wisconsin . . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total 2,495,529 1,314,895 8,724,560 1,954,599 19,306,183 8,856,505 635,867 11,478,006 3,579,212 3,700,758 12,440,621 1,067,610 4,321,249 781,919 6,038,803 23,507,783 2,550,063 623,908 7,642,884 6,395,798 1,818,470 5,556,506 515,004 3,927,776 108,605 171,019 57,794 82,459 Puerto Rico . . . . . Virgin Islands . . . . Guam . . . . . . . . American Samoa . Northern Marianas . SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Estimates of the July 1, 2006, U.S. resident population by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, prepared under a collaborative arrangement with the U.S. Census Bureau, 2007. Table VIII. United States standard population Age All ages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Under 1 year . . . 14 years . . . . . 514 years . . . . 1524 years . . . . 2534 years . . . . 3544 years . . . . 4554 years . . . . 5564 years . . . . 6574 years . . . . 7584 years . . . . 85 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Population 274,633,642 3,794,901 15,191,619 39,976,619 38,076,743 37,233,437 44,659,185 37,030,152 23,961,506 18,135,514 12,314,793 4,259,173 Table IX. United States standard population for ages 25 years and over Age 25 years and over 2534 years . . . . 3544 years . . . . 4554 years . . . . 5564 years . . . . 6574 years . . . . 75 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Population 177,593,760 37,233,437 44,659,185 37,030,152 23,961,506 18,135,514 16,573,966 Table X. United States standard population for ages 2564 years Age Population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142,884,280 37,233,437 44,659,185 37,030,152 23,961,506 2006, and adjusted to resident population control totals. As a result, the rates are subject to sampling variability in the denominator as well as random variability in the numerator. For crude and age-specific death rates (R), the standard error is calculated as: 7. SE(R) = R 2564 2534 3544 4554 5564 years . years . years . years . years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OE 1 b + 0.67 a + D P ( ) For age-adjusted death rates (R ) Psi 2 1 b Ps R i2 Di + 0.67 a + Pi i where a and b in Formulas 7 and 8 represent parameters presented 8. SE(R) = OE {( ) [ ( )]} National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 131 Table XI. United States standard population for ages 15 years and over Age 15 years and over 1524 years . . . . 2534 years . . . . 3544 years . . . . 4554 years . . . . 5564 years . . . . 65 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Population 215,670,503 38,076,743 37,233,437 44,659,185 37,030,152 23,961,506 34,709,480 maternal mortality rates, the normal approximation performs well when the number of deaths is 100 or greater. For age-adjusted rates, the criterion for use of the normal approximation is somewhat more com plicated (63,86,91). Formula 9 is used to calculate 95 percent confi dence limits for the death rate when the normal approximation is appropriate: 9. L(R) = R 1.96(SE(R)) and U(R) = R + 1.96(SE(R)) in Table XIII, which are derived from the CPS data for 2006 and 2007 and vary depending on the subgroup of interest (89,90). Suppression of unreliable rates--Beginning with 1989 data, an asterisk is shown in place of a crude or age-specific death rate based on fewer than 20 deaths, the equivalent of an RSE of 23 percent or more. The limit of 20 deaths is a convenient, if somewhat arbitrary, benchmark, below which rates are considered to be too statistically unreliable for presentation. For infant and maternal mortality rates, the same threshold of fewer than 20 deaths is used to determine whether an asterisk is presented in place of the rate. For age-adjusted death rates, the suppression criterion is based on the sum of age-specific deaths; i.e., if the sum of the age-specific deaths is less than 20, an asterisk replaces the rate. These procedures are used throughout this report except for death rates shown in Tables 5, 25, and 26. In Tables 5, 25, and 26, sampling variability in the population denominator has a substantial impact on the overall variability in the death rate. Therefore, the number of deaths in the numerator is not used as the sole suppression factor. RSEs for rates shown in Tables 5, 25, and 26 are derived from Formulas 7 and 8 by dividing the result of Formula 7 by the crude/age-specific rate, and the result of Formula 8 by the age-adjusted rate, and then multiplying by 100. Rates are replaced by asterisks if the calculated RSE is 23 percent or more. In some cases, for smaller population subgroups, the estimated sample population from the CPS may be zero, even though deaths are pre sented for the subgroups. In these cases, the death rate is incalculable and automatically replaced with an asterisk. Confidence intervals and statistical tests based on 100 deaths or more--When the number of deaths is large, a normal approximation may be used in calculating confidence intervals and statistical tests. How large, in terms of number of deaths, is to some extent subjective. In general, for crude and age-specific death rates and for infant and where L(R) and U(R) are the lower and upper limits of the confidence interval, respectively. The resulting 95 percent confidence interval can be interpreted to mean that the chances are 95 in 100 that the ``true'' death rate falls between L(R) and U(R). For example, suppose that the crude death rate for Malignant neoplasms is 187.0 per 100,000 population based on 559,888 deaths. Lower and upper 95 percent confidence limits using Formula 9 are calculated as: L(187.0) = 187.0 1.96(.25) = 186.5 and U(188.7) = 187.0 + 1.96(.25) = 187.5 Thus, the chances are 95 in 100 that the true death rate for malignant neoplasms is between 186.5 and 187.5. Formula 9 can also be used to calculate 95 percent confidence intervals for the number of deaths, age-adjusted death rates, infant mortality rates, and other mortality statistics when the normal approximation is appropriate by replacing R with D, R, IMR, etc. When testing the difference between two rates, R1 and R2 (each based on 100 or more deaths), the normal approximation may be used to calculate a test statistic, z, such that: 10. z = R1 R 2 SE(R1)2 + SE(R2 )2 If ?z? 1.96, then the difference between the rates is statistically significant at the 0.05 level. If ?z? < 1.96, then the difference is not statistically significant. Formula 10 can also be used to perform tests for other mortality statistics when the normal approximation is appropriate (when both statistics being compared meet the normal criteria) by replacing R1 and R2 with D1 and D2, R and R , etc. For 1 2 example, suppose that the female age-adjusted death rate for Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus, and lung (lung cancer) is 40.5 per 100,000 U.S. standard population in 2005 (R1) and 40.0 per 100,000 U.S. standard population in 2006 (R2). The standard error for each of these figures, SE(R1) and SE(R2), is calculated using Formula 4. A test using Formula 10 can determine if the decrease in the age-adjusted rate is statistically significant: z= 40.5 40.0 Table XII. United States standard population for the territories Age All ages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Under 1 year . . . 14 years . . . . . 514 years . . . . 1524 years . . . . 2534 years . . . . 3544 years . . . . 4554 years . . . . 5564 years . . . . 6574 years . . . . 75 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Population 274,633,642 3,794,901 15,191,619 39,976,619 38,076,743 37,233,437 44,659,185 37,030,152 23,961,506 18,135,514 16,573,966 (0.155)2 + (0.153)2 = 2.30 Because z = 2.30 > 1.96, the decrease from 2005 to 2006 in the female age-adjusted death rate for lung cancer is statistically significant. Confidence intervals and statistical tests based on fewer than 100 deaths--When the number of deaths is not large (fewer than 100), the Poisson distribution cannot be approximated by the normal distribution. The normal distribution is symmetrical, with a range from to + . As a result, confidence intervals based on the normal distribution also have this range. The number of deaths or the death rate, however, cannot be less than zero. When the number of deaths is very small, 132 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Table XIII. Current Population Survey standard error parameters for death rates in Tables 5, 25, and 26 Total Characteristic Table 5 All origins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic subgroups (Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and Other Hispanic). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 25 All marital status groups combined. . . . . . . . . . . . Marital status subgroups (Never married, Ever married, Married, Widowed, Divorced) . . . . . . Table 26 All education groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education subgroups (under 12 years, 12 years, 13 years or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Category not applicable. NOTE: The a and b parameters are averages of the 2006 and 2007 Current Population Survey standard error parameters. White, black, nonHispanic white, or non-Hispanic black b 0 ... 0 2,652 0 1,206 a 0.000000 ... ... ... ... ... b 0 ... ... ... ... ... a Hispanic b 0 3,809 ... ... ... ... a 0.000000 ... 0.000000 0.000009 0.000000 0.000005 0.000000 0.000087 ... ... ... ... approximating confidence intervals for deaths and death rates using the normal distribution will sometimes produce lower confidence limits that are negative. The Poisson distribution, in contrast, is an asymmetric distribution with zero as a lower bound--confidence limits based on this distribution will never be less than zero. A simple method based on the more general family of gamma distributions, of which the Poisson is a member, can be used to approximate confidence intervals for deaths and death rates when the number of deaths is small (86,91). For more information regarding how the gamma method is derived, see Deri vation of the gamma method at the end of this section. Calculations using the gamma method can be made using com monly available spreadsheet programs or statistical software (e.g., Excel, SAS) that include an inverse gamma function. In Excel, the function ``gammainv(probability, alpha, beta)'' returns values associated with the inverse gamma function for a given probability between 0 and 1. For 95 percent confidence limits, the probability associated with the lower limit is .05/2 = .025 and with the upper limit, 1-(.05/2) = .975. Alpha and beta are parameters associated with the gamma distribution. For the number of deaths and crude and age-specific death rates, alpha = D (the number of deaths) and beta = 1. In Excel, the following formulas can be used to calculate lower and upper 95 percent confidence limits for the number of deaths and crude and age-specific death rates: L(D) = GAMMAINV(.025, D, 1) and U(D) = GAMMAINV(.975, D+1, 1) Confidence limits for the death rate are then calculated by dividing L(D) and U(D) by the population (P) at risk of dying (see Formula 17). Alternatively, 95 percent confidence limits can be estimated using the lower and upper confidence limit factors shown in Table XIV. For the number of deaths, D, and the death rate, R, 11. L(D) = L x D and U(D) = U x D 12. L(R) = L x R and U(R) = U x R where L and U in both formulas are the lower and upper confidence limit factors that correspond to the appropriate number of deaths, D, in Table XIV. For example, suppose that the death rate for AIAN females aged 14 years is 50.5 per 100,000 and based on 43 deaths. Applying Formula 12, values for L and U from Table XIV for 43 deaths are multiplied by the death rate, 50.5, such that: L(R) = L(50.5) = 0.723705 x 50.5 = 36.5 and U(R) = U(50.5) = 1.346993 x 50.5 = 68.0 These confidence limits indicate that the chances are 95 out of 100 that the actual death rate for AIAN females aged 14 years is between 36.5 and 68.0 per 100,000. Although the calculations are similar, confidence intervals based on small numbers for age-adjusted death rates, infant and maternal mortality rates, and rates that are subject to sampling variability in the denominator are somewhat more complicated (63,86). Refer to the most recent version of the Mortality Technical Appendix for more details at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/datawh/statab/pubd/ta.htm. When comparing the difference between two rates (R1 and R2), where one or both of the rates are based on fewer than 100 deaths, a comparison of 95 percent confidence intervals may be used as a statistical test. If the 95 percent confidence intervals do not overlap, then the difference can be said to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level. A simple rule of thumb is: If R1 > R2, then test if L(R1) >U(R2), or if R2 > R1, then test if L(R2) > U(R1). Positive tests denote statistical significance at the 0.05 level. For example, suppose that AIAN females aged 14 years have a death rate (R1) of 50.5 based on 43 deaths and API females aged 14 years have a death rate (R2) of 21.1 per 100,000 based on 84 deaths. The 95 percent confidence limits for R1 and R2 calculated using Formula 12 would be: L(R1) = L(50.5) = 0.723705 x 50.5 = 36.5 and U(R1) = U1(50.5) = 1.346993 x 50.5 = 68.0 L(R2) = L(21.1) = 0.797639 x 21.1 = 16.8 and U(R2) = U(21.1) = 1.238068 x 21.1 = 26.1 Because R1 > R2 and L(R1) > U(R2), it can be concluded that the difference between the death rates for AIAN females aged 14 years and API females of the same age is statistically significant at the 0.05 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 133 Table XIV. Lower and upper 95 percent confidence limit factors for the number of deaths and death rate when the number of deaths is less than 100 Number of deaths (D) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20 . 21 . 22 . 23 . 24 . 25 . 26 . 27 . 28 . 29 . 30 . 31 . 32 . 33 . 34 . 35 . 36 . 37 . 38 . 39 . 40 . 41 . 42 . 43 . 44 . 45 . 46 . 47 . 48 . 49 . 50 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lower confidence limit (L) 0.025318 0.121105 0.206224 0.272466 0.324697 0.366982 0.402052 0.431729 0.457264 0.479539 0.499196 0.516715 0.532458 0.546709 0.559692 0.571586 0.582537 0.592663 0.602065 0.610826 0.619016 0.626695 0.633914 0.640719 0.647147 0.653233 0.659006 0.664493 0.669716 0.674696 0.679451 0.683999 0.688354 0.692529 0.696537 0.700388 0.704092 0.707660 0.711098 0.714415 0.717617 0.720712 0.723705 0.726602 0.729407 0.732126 0.734762 0.737321 0.739806 0.742219 Upper confidence limit (U) 5.571643 3.612344 2.922424 2.560397 2.333666 2.176579 2.060382 1.970399 1.898311 1.839036 1.789276 1.746799 1.710030 1.677830 1.649348 1.623937 1.601097 1.580431 1.561624 1.544419 1.528606 1.514012 1.500491 1.487921 1.476197 1.465232 1.454947 1.445278 1.436167 1.427562 1.419420 1.411702 1.404372 1.397400 1.390758 1.384422 1.378368 1.372578 1.367033 1.361716 1.356613 1.351709 1.346993 1.342453 1.338079 1.333860 1.329788 1.325855 1.322053 1.318375 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number of deaths (D) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lower confidence limit (L) 0.744566 0.746848 0.749069 0.751231 0.753337 0.755389 0.757390 0.759342 0.761246 0.763105 0.764921 0.766694 0.768427 0.770122 0.771779 0.773400 0.774986 0.776539 0.778060 0.779549 0.781008 0.782438 0.783840 0.785215 0.786563 0.787886 0.789184 0.790459 0.791709 0.792938 0.794144 0.795330 0.796494 0.797639 0.798764 0.799871 0.800959 0.802029 0.803082 0.804118 0.805138 0.806141 0.807129 0.808102 0.809060 0.810003 0.810933 0.811848 0.812751 Upper confidence limit (U) 1.314815 1.311367 1.308025 1.304783 1.301637 1.298583 1.295616 1.292732 1.289927 1.287198 1.284542 1.281955 1.279434 1.276978 1.274582 1.272245 1.269965 1.267738 1.265564 1.263440 1.261364 1.259335 1.257350 1.255408 1.253509 1.251649 1.249828 1.248045 1.246298 1.244587 1.242909 1.241264 1.239650 1.238068 1.236515 1.234992 1.233496 1.232028 1.230586 1.229170 1.227778 1.226411 1.225068 1.223747 1.222448 1.221171 1.219915 1.218680 1.217464 level. That is, taking into account random variability, API females aged 14 years have a death rate significantly lower than that for AIAN females of the same age. This test may also be used to perform tests for other statistics when the normal approximation is not appropriate for one or both of the statistics being compared, by replacing R1 and R2 with D1 and D2, R1 and R2, etc. Users of the method of comparing confidence intervals should be aware that this method is a conservative test for statistical significance--the difference between two rates may, in fact, be sta tistically significant even though confidence intervals for the two rates overlap (92). Caution should be observed when interpreting a nonsignificant difference between two rates, especially when the lower and upper limits being compared overlap only slightly. Derivation of the gamma method--For a random variable X that follows a gamma distribution (y,z), where y and z are the parameters that determine the shape of the distribution (93), E(X) = yz and Var(X) = yz2. For the number of deaths, D, E (D) = D and Var (D) = D. It follows that y = D and z = 1, and thus: 13. D ~ (D,1) From Equation 13, it is clear that the shape of the distribution of deaths depends only on the number of deaths. 134 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 For the death rate, R, E(R ) = R and Var (R ) = D/P 2. It follows, in this case, that y = D and z = P 1, and thus: 14. R ~ (D,P 1) A useful property of the gamma distribution is that for X ~ (y,z), X can be divided by z such that X/z ~ (y,1). This converts the gamma distribution into a simplified, standard form dependent only on parameter y. Expressing Equation 14 in its simplified form gives: = D ~ (D,1) P 1 From Equation 15, it is clear that the shape of the distribution of the death rate is also dependent solely on the number of deaths. Using the results of Equations 13 and 15, the inverse gamma distribution can be used to to calculate upper and lower confidence limits. Lower and upper 100(1) percent confidence limits for the number of deaths, L(D) and U(D), are estimated as: 15. 16. L(D) = 1(D,1)( / 2) and U(D) = 1(D+1,1)(1 / 2) where 1 represents the inverse of the gamma distribution and D+1 in the formula for U(D) reflects a continuity correction, which is necessary because D is a discrete random variable and the gamma distribution is a continuous distribution. For a 95 percent confidence interval, = .05. For the death rate, it can be shown that: L(D) U(D) and U(R) = P P For more detail regarding the derivation of the gamma method and its application to age-adjusted death rates and other mortality statistics, see ``References'' (63,86,91). 17. L(R) = R Definition of terms Infant deaths--Deaths of infants aged under 1 year. Neonatal deaths--Deaths of infants aged 027 days. Postneonatal deaths--Deaths of infants aged 28 days1 year. Crude death rate--Total deaths per 100,000 population for a specified period. This rate represents the average chance of dying during a specified period for persons in the entire population. Age-specific death rate--Deaths per 100,000 population in a specified age group, such as 14 years or 59 years, for a specified period. Age-adjusted death rate--The death rate used to make compari sons of relative mortality risks across groups and over time. This rate should be viewed as a construct or an index rather than a direct or actual measure of mortality risk. Statistically, it is a weighted average of age-specific death rates, where the weights represent the fixed population proportions by age. Acknowledgments This report was prepared in the Division of Vital Statistics under the general direction of Robert N. Anderson, Chief, Mortality Statistics Branch (MSB). Elizabeth Arias and Brian Rostron of MSB provided content related to life expectancy. Robert N. Anderson and Sherry Murphy of MSB and David W. Justice of the Data Acquisition and Evaluation Branch (DAEB) contributed to the ``Technical Notes.'' The Systems, Programming, and Statistical Resources Branch (SPSRB) provided computer programming support and produced statistical tables under the general direction of Nicholas F. Pace, Chief, SPSRB. Jaleh Mousavi of SPSRB prepared the final mortality file. Jordan Sacks, Annie Liu, Candace Cosgrove, Bonita Gross, Jaleh Mousavi, John Birken, and Manju Sharma of SPSRB produced statistical tables. Annie Liu managed the population data. Staff of MSB provided content and table review. Vanetta Harrington of the Statistical Support Services Most Efficient Organization in NIOSH/Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies provided content review. Registration Methods staff and staff of DAEB provided consultation to state vital statistics offices regarding collection of the death certificate data on which this report is based. This report was edited by Demarius V. Miller, Jane Sudol, and Laura Drescher of CDC/CCHIS/ NCHM/Division of Creative Services, Writer-Editor Services Branch, and typeset by Jacqueline M. Davis of CDC/CCHIS/NCHM/Division of Creative Services, Graphic Services Branch. Graphics were produced by Michael W. Jones, CDC/CCHIS/NCHM/Division of Creative Services, Graphic Services Branch, NOVA contractor. Availability of mortality data Mortality data are available in publications, unpublished tables, and electronic products as described on the NCHS mortality website at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm. More detailed analysis than this report provides can be derived from the mortality public-use data set issued each data year. Since 1968, the data set has been available through NCHS in ASCII format and can now be downloaded from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data_access/Vitalstatsonline.htm. Addi tional resources available from NCHS include Vital Statistics of the United States, Mortality; Vital and Health Statistics, Series 20 reports; and National Vital Statistics Reports. 136 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 14, April 17, 2009 Copyright information Contents Abstract. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Highlights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Mortality experience in 2006. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Results and Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Deaths and death rates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Death rates by age and sex. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Expectation of life at birth and at specified ages . . . . . . . . . . 7 Leading causes of death . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Injury mortality by mechanism and intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Drug-induced mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Alcohol-induced mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Marital status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Educational attainment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Injury at work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 State of residence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Infant mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Maternal mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 List of Detailed Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Technical Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 All material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated. Suggested citation Heron MP, Hoyert DL, Murphy SL, Xu JQ, Kochanek KD, Tejada-Vera B. Deaths: Final data for 2006. National vital statistics reports; vol 57 no 14. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2009. National Center for Health Statistics Director Edward J. Sondik, Ph.D. Acting Co-Deputy Directors Jennifer H. Madans, Ph.D. Michael H. Sadagursky Division of Vital Statistics Director, Charles J. Rothwell U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics 3311 Toledo Road Hyattsville, MD 20782 OFFICIAL BUSINESS PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300 To receive this publication regularly, contact the National Center for Health Statistics by calling 18002324636 E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov Internet: www.cdc.gov/nchs CS202690-C T34790 (04/2009) DHHS Publication No. (PHS) 20091120 MEDIA MAIL POSTAGE & FEES PAID CDC/NCHS PERMIT NO. G-284 ...
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