12-7-09 - Psychology 152 Class Notes 12/7/09 Review...

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Psychology 152 – Class Notes – 12/7/09 Review – Designate a time to hold a group review after Wednesday Rule-governed behavior Direct-acting and Not-direct acting I. Rules that are easy to follow. The outcome, as stated by the rules is both sizable and probable. The delay of the outcome is not crucial (essential). o If it comes immediately or a little later, that’s not the major issue. o Something that is large in terms of effect and the rule is probable. II. Hard Rules to follow . The outcome, as stated by the rule(s) is either too small or too improbable and the delay is not critical (essential). o Immediacy is not important. o These rules either specify something that is improbable or too improbable o Example: smoking III. The problem with delayed outcomes : o A. This delay is NOT a long stimulus-response (S-R) chain. To assume that it is, suggests that stimuli will be reliably repeated and uninterrupted. Example: This behavior is not controlled by the immediate contingency at the time. Putting box tops in the mail. 3 weeks pass. Then the prize comes. It’s not like pressing a lever (putting box tops in the mail) and getting a drop of water (getting the prize) The point is there are no bridging stimuli between the initial stimuli and the response o B. There are NO bridging stimuli. Bridging stimuli – stimuli that occur between two temporally and environmentally separate events and have relationships with both of them. IV. Rule governed behavior is the behavior specified by a rule that occurs as the result of the statement of that rule.
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This note was uploaded on 01/07/2010 for the course PSYCH 152 taught by Professor Rodneyclark during the Spring '09 term at Allegheny.

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12-7-09 - Psychology 152 Class Notes 12/7/09 Review...

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