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May_22 [Compatibility Mode]

# May_22 [Compatibility Mode] - Friday May 22 Today we're...

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Friday, May 22 Today, we're going to: - Wrap up Chapter 12 - Get a good start, and maybe finish, Chapter 13 - ...And probably talk a bit about the assignment at some point. I may discuss False Dichotomies as well.

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Joint Method of Agreement and Difference Pretty much what it sounds like – the combination of the two methods. A, B, and C occur with x, y and z. A, D, and E occur with w, t, and x B and C occur with y and z. A is the cause, effect or necessary part of the cause of x This method allows us to find both the necessary and (perhaps jointly) sufficient conditions.
The Method of Residues The method of Residues entails a process of elimination – given a set of phenomenon and a set of possible causes, if we remove the phenomenon we can account for and the causes we know the effects of, the remaining phenomenon must be caused by the remaining phenomenon. A, B, and C occur with x, y, and z. B is known to cause y, and C is known to cause z. Therefore, A must cause x.

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Method of Concomitant Variation When a correlation can be established between variation in a phenomenon and variation in a cause, we can conclude there is a connection between the phenomenon and cause. There are two kinds of correlations possible – direct and inverse So, A goes up, x goes up -> direct correlation A goes up, x goes down -> indirect correlation Check page 546 for an overview on the 5 methods.
12.5 Limitations of Mill's Methods Having discussed Mill's Methods, note that they are limited. Mil claimed that these methods allow the discovery and proof of causal connections – this is an overstatement. One problem is that they require picking out relevant circumstances as possible causes for the phenomenon we're interested in. However, there are always circumstances we're just not going to consider. We presume certain circumstances or sets of circumstances are relevant. When we get this wrong, there's no method that can set us right, and we will subsequently misunderstand causal relations.

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May_22 [Compatibility Mode] - Friday May 22 Today we're...

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